48 results match your criteria p=052 tests


Effect of Warm-Up and Sodium Bicarbonate Ingestion on 4-km Cycling Time-Trial Performance.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2021 Apr 8:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Purpose: To examine whether an ecologically valid, intermittent, sprint-based warm-up strategy impacted the ergogenic capacity of individualized sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion on 4-km cycling time-trial (TT) performance.

Methods: A total of 8 male cyclists attended 6 laboratory visits for familiarization, determination of time to peak blood bicarbonate, and 4 × 4-km cycling TTs. Experimental beverages were administered doubleblind. Read More

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Impact of donor blood type on outcomes after prolonged allograft ischemic times.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jan 12. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Objective: The study objective was to determine the influence of allograft ischemic time on heart transplant outcomes among ABO donor organ types given limited prior reports of its survival impact.

Methods: We identified 32,454 heart transplants (2000-2016) from the United Network for Organ Sharing database. Continuous and categoric variables were analyzed by parametric and nonparametric testing. Read More

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January 2021

Gait Retraining Improves Running Impact Loading and Function in Previously Injured U.S. Military Cadets: A Pilot Study.

Mil Med 2020 Nov 20. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, One University Parkway, High Point University, High Point, NC 27268, USA.

Introduction: Running-related musculoskeletal injury (RRI) among U.S. military service members continues to negatively impact force readiness. Read More

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November 2020

Study of the Risk and Preventive Factors for Progress of Mild Cognitive Impairment to Dementia.

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 2020 Jan-Dec;35:1533317520925324

Department of Psychiatric Control and Prevention, Shanghai Pudong New Area Mental Health Center, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To evaluate the risk factors for progress of mild cognitive impairment to dementia.

Methods: This study was based on the epidemiological survey in 2011 (No. PKJ2010-Y26) and contained 441 MCI individuals. Read More

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February 2021

Vagus nerve stimulation for patients with refractory epilepsy: Demographic features and neuropsychological outcomes of the VNS Taiwan child neurology society database.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 10 10;111:107186. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Vagus Nerve Stimulation Study Group of Taiwan Child Neurology Society.

Objectives: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established adjunctive therapy for medically refractory epilepsy, which is commonly associated with cognitive impairment, especially in children in whom seizures may disrupt development that is essential to their intellectual and social maturation. The Taiwan Child Neurology Society intends to expand the use of VNS by reporting the experience in a nationwide population, displaying the demographic features and neuropsychological outcomes of VNS.

Methods: The enrollment included 105 patients of all ages and seizure types who underwent VNS implantation for refractory epilepsy. Read More

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October 2020

Resilience factors, race/ethnicity and sleep disturbance among diverse older females with hypertension.

J Affect Disord 2020 06 3;271:255-261. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Population Health, Center for Healthful Behavior Change, New York University Langone Health, 180 Madison Avenue, 7th Floor,7-23C, New York, NY 10016, United States.

Background: This study examined the relationships between resilience and sleep disturbance in a diverse sample of older women with a history of hypertension and whether this relationship is moderated by individuals' race/ethnicity.

Methods: Sample includes 700 females from a community-based study in Brooklyn, New York with a mean age of 60.7 years (SD=6. Read More

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Predicting Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test Performance From Foot Characteristics.

J Sport Rehabil 2020 Feb 5:1-6. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Context: The lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) is associated with injury risk; however, ankle range of motion impacts YBT-LQ. Arch height and foot sensation impact static balance, but these characteristics have not yet been evaluated relative to YBT-LQ.

Objective: Determine if arch height index (AHI), forefoot sensation (SEN), and ankle dorsiflexion predict YBT-LQ composite score (CS). Read More

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February 2020

Post-concussion driving management among athletic trainers.

Brain Inj 2019 16;33(13-14):1652-1659. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

: To describe and compare athletic trainer (AT) post-concussion driving management practices and opinions.: Cross-sectional.: A survey was sent via email to 8,723 ATs (10. Read More

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September 2020

Impact of Once- Versus Twice-Daily Tacrolimus Dosing on Medication Adherence in Stable Renal Transplant Recipients: A Canadian Single-Center Randomized Controlled Trial.

Can J Kidney Health Dis 2019 17;6:2054358119867993. Epub 2019 Aug 17.

Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.

Background: Prevalence of immunosuppressant nonadherence in renal transplant recipients is high despite negative clinical outcomes associated with nonadherence. Simplification of dosing has been demonstrated to improve adherence in renal transplant recipients as measured through electronic monitoring and self-report.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend previous findings by measuring adherence with multiple methods in a Canadian sample. Read More

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Reduction of Particles in the Operating Room Using Ultraviolet Air Disinfection and Recirculation Units.

J Arthroplasty 2018 07 5;33(7S):S196-S200. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Airborne bacteria are a major source for wound contamination during total joint arthroplasty. Crystalline ultraviolet C (C-UVC) filter units were designed to disinfect and recirculate air in the operating room (OR). This preliminary study assessed the particle reducing capacity of C-UVC units in a highly controlled OR setting. Read More

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Effect of General Anesthesia versus Conscious Sedation for Stroke Thrombectomy on Angiographic Workflow in a Randomized Trial: A Post Hoc Analysis of the SIESTA Trial.

Radiology 2018 03 30;286(3):1016-1021. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

From the Departments of Neuroradiology (J.A.R.P., M.B., M.A.M.) and Neurology (S.S., S.N., P.A.R., W.H., J.B.), Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose To investigate whether the sedation mode (ie, conscious sedation [CS] vs general anesthesia [GA]) affects the angiographic workflow applied for treatment of endovascular stroke in a post hoc analysis of a recent randomized controlled trial, Sedation versus Intubation for Endovascular Stroke Treatment (SIESTA). Materials and Methods SIESTA was an institutional review board-approved, single-center, prospective, randomized, parallel-group, open-label treatment trial with a blinded end-point evaluation to compare GA with CS for treatment of endovascular stroke in 73 and 77 patients, respectively. By using descriptive data from SIESTA, the influence of the mode of sedation on angiographic workflow during treatment for endovascular stroke (eg, procedure times) and other radiologic outcome parameters (eg, radiation exposure) were analyzed. Read More

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Unwrapping a First Aid Tourniquet From Its Plastic Wrapper With and Without Gloves Worn: A Preliminary Study.

J Spec Oper Med Fall 2017;17(3):25-34

Background: The purpose of this study was to gather data about unwrapping a packaged limb tourniquet from its plastic wrapper while wearing different types of gloves. Because already unwrapped tourniquets require no time to unwrap, unwrapping data may provide insights into the issue of having tourniquets unwrapped when stowed in a first aid kit of a Serviceperson at war.

Materials And Methods: In a laboratory setting, 36 tests of nine glove groups were performed in which four people, gloved and ungloved, unwrapped tourniquets. Read More

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December 2017

Refractive Outcomes of 20 Eyes Undergoing ICL Implantation for Correction of Hyperopic Astigmatism.

J Refract Surg 2017 Sep;33(9):604-609

Purpose: To analyze 1-week, 1-month, and 12-month postoperative refractive outcomes of eyes that under-went ICL implantation to correct hyperopic astigmatism.

Methods: The study enrolled 20 eyes of patients with an average age of 32 years (range: 21 to 40 years). The outcomes of spherical and cylindrical refraction, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), vault, and angle parameters were evaluated 1 week, 1 month, and 12 months postoperatively. Read More

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September 2017

High Frequency of GBA Gene Mutations in Dementia With Lewy Bodies Among Ashkenazi Jews.

JAMA Neurol 2016 Dec;73(12):1448-1453

Center for Neurodegeneration, Neurological Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel2Sagol School for Neuroscience, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Importance: Mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene are a risk factor for the development of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). These mutations are common among Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) and appear to have an effect on the natural history of the disease.

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and genetic characteristics of an AJ cohort of patients diagnosed with DLB, assess the association of phenotype of DLB with GBA mutations, and explore the effects of these mutations on the clinical course of the disease. Read More

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December 2016

Induced Sputum Analysis in Subjects With Systemic Sclerosis.

Respir Care 2016 Oct 7;61(10):1369-73. Epub 2016 Jun 7.

Department of Rheumatology.

Background: Induced sputum is a noninvasive tool, aimed at collecting cellular and soluble materials from lung airways. Induced sputum sampling analysis has been validated in chronic obstructive lung diseases as well as in various diffuse interstitial lung disorders. Our objective was to evaluate the utility of induced sputum speciments of cellular and soluble materials noninvasively sampled from the lung airways of subjects with systemic sclerosis compared with healthy controls and determine possible correlation with disease manifestations. Read More

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October 2016

STUDY OF THE PREVALENCE OF AUTOIMMUNE THYROID DISEASE IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER.

Endocr Pract 2016 Jan 24;22(1):16-21. Epub 2015 Sep 24.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of thyroid disorders in patients with a positive biopsy for breast cancer prior to specific antitumor treatment.

Methods: The frequency and pattern of thyroid disorders were evaluated in 112 patients with breast cancer (G1) and 125 control patients (G2) by analyzing serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies, and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies. In addition, the expression of estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was assessed in the breast biopsies by immunohistochemistry. Read More

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January 2016

Prosodic and semantic affect perception in remitted patients with bipolar I disorder.

J Clin Psychiatry 2015 Jun;76(6):e779-86

Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, General and Social Psychiatry Division, Anichstrasse 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria

Objective: Bipolar disorder is associated with impairments in emotion processing that are present during both mood episodes and periods of remission. In this context, most previous studies have investigated facial emotion recognition abilities. In contrast, the current study focused on the perception of prosodic and semantic affect. Read More

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Correlation of postoperative midfoot position with outcome following reconstruction of the stage II adult acquired flatfoot deformity.

Foot Ankle Int 2015 Mar 14;36(3):239-47. Epub 2015 Jan 14.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA

Background: No studies investigating the effect of the midfoot (talonavicular joint) position on clinical outcomes following flatfoot reconstruction have been performed. The purpose of our study was to determine whether a postoperative abducted or adducted forefoot alignment, as determined from anteroposterior (AP) radiographs, was associated with a difference in outcomes using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS).

Methods: Midfoot abduction was defined on postoperative AP radiographs, evaluated at a mean of 1. Read More

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High sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), cardiovascular events and mortality in the aged: a prospective 9-year follow-up study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2015 Jan-Feb;60(1):112-7. Epub 2014 Oct 13.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Department of Internal Medicine, Turku City Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Objective: The clinical utility of application of hsCRP categorization and the association of hsCRP with vascular disease (VD) events are less studied among the aged. This study investigated whether an elevated hsCRP has an additive effect on conventional vascular risk factors in predicting cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality among the aged.

Methods And Results: a prospective population-based study with a 9-year follow-up among persons aged ≥64 and without VD and C-reactive protein (CRP)<10mg/L at baseline (n=771). Read More

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Obstacle crossing following stroke improves over one month when the unaffected limb leads, but not when the affected limb leads.

Gait Posture 2014 Jan 2;39(1):213-7. Epub 2013 Aug 2.

Physiotherapy, Melbourne School of Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Physiotherapy Department, Austin Health, Heidelberg West, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

While it is well established that obstacle crossing is impaired following stroke, it is not known whether obstacle crossing improves as gait improves following stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine whether obstacle crossing changed over a one month time period in people with a recent stroke. Twenty participants receiving rehabilitation following a recent stroke were tested on two occasions one month apart. Read More

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January 2014

The prognostic and predictive value of KRAS oncogene substitutions in lung adenocarcinoma.

Cancer 2013 Jun 22;119(12):2268-74. Epub 2013 Mar 22.

University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, School of Medicine/Hematology-Oncology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: The prognostic and therapeutic implications of the spectrum of v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) oncogene substitutions in lung cancer remain poorly understood. The objective of this study was to determine whether KRAS oncogene substitutions differed with regard to prognosis or predictive value in lung adenocarcinoma.

Methods: KRAS oncogene substitutions and mutant allele-specific imbalance (MASI) were determined in patients with lung adenocarcinoma, and the associations with overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and chemotherapy interactions were assessed. Read More

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Preferential hyperacuity perimeter and prognostic factors for metamorphopsia after idiopathic epiretinal membrane surgery.

Am J Ophthalmol 2013 Jan 27;155(1):109-117.e3. Epub 2012 Sep 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To document changes in metamorphopsia via preferential hyperacuity perimeter and to identify prognostic factors related to favorable metamorphopsia outcome after idiopathic epiretinal membrane surgery.

Design: Prospective, consecutive, interventional case series.

Methods: We prospectively included 29 eyes of 27 patients who underwent successful vitrectomy for idiopathic epiretinal membrane. Read More

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January 2013

GATA binding protein 3 is down-regulated in bladder cancer yet strong expression is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in invasive tumor.

Hum Pathol 2012 Nov 18;43(11):2033-40. Epub 2012 May 18.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

Although GATA binding protein 3, a zinc finger transcription factor and an estrogen receptor-regulated gene, has recently been suggested as a marker for urothelium, prognostic significance of GATA binding protein 3 expression in bladder tumor remains unclear. We immunohistochemically stained for GATA binding protein 3 in urothelial neoplasm and matched nonneoplastic bladder tissue specimens. GATA binding protein 3 was positive in 125 (86%; 13 [9%] weak, 44 [30%] moderate, and 68 [47%] strong) of 145 bladder tumors, which was significantly lower than in benign urothelium (104/106 [98%]; 3 [3%] weak, 30 [28%] moderate, and 71 [67%] strong) (P=. Read More

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November 2012

Advanced hemodynamic monitoring before and after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: implications for selection of patients--a prospective study.

Radiology 2012 Jan 24;262(1):343-52. Epub 2011 Oct 24.

2nd Medical Department, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Ismaninger Strasse 22, D-81675 Munich, Germany.

Purpose: To investigate immediate and short-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on cardiocirculatory, hepatic, and renal function and characterize predictors for TIPS outcome in terms of organ function after TIPS.

Materials And Methods: This prospective study was approved by the ethics committee at a university hospital and was conducted in a medical intensive care unit. Informed consent was obtained. Read More

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January 2012

Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates and infant neurobehavior.

Neurotoxicol Teratol 2011 Sep-Oct;33(5):558-66. Epub 2011 Aug 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, United States.

Objective: To examine the association of prenatal exposure to bisphenol A and select common phthalates with infant neurobehavior measured at 5 weeks.

Methods: We compared the concentration of maternal urinary metabolites of bisphenol A and phthalates at two distinct time points in pregnancy (16w, 26w) with scores on the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) at 5 weeks of age in a cohort of 350 mother/infant pairs.

Results: Prenatal exposure to BPA was not significantly associated with neurobehavioral outcomes at 5 weeks. Read More

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January 2012

Case-control analysis of cochlear implant performance in elderly patients.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2010 May;136(5):432-8

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.

Objective: To characterize speech perception performance in elderly cochlear implant users compared with younger adult users.

Design: Case-control retrospective analysis from January 1, 1999, to January 28, 2008.

Setting: Tertiary care, academic practice cochlear implant program. Read More

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Bacillus coagulans: a viable adjunct therapy for relieving symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis according to a randomized, controlled trial.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2010 Jan 12;10. Epub 2010 Jan 12.

David R Mandel MD Inc, Mayfield Village, OH 44143, USA.

Background: Lactic acid-producing bacteria (LAB) probiotics demonstrate immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory effects and the ability to lessen the symptoms of arthritis in both animals and humans. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-design, clinical pilot trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of the LAB probiotic preparation, Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086, on symptoms and measures of functional capacity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in combination with pharmacological anti-arthritic medications.

Methods: Forty-five adult men and women with symptoms of RA were randomly assigned to receive Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 or placebo once a day in a double-blind fashion for 60 days in addition to their standard anti-arthritic medications. Read More

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January 2010

Prediction of clear cell renal cell carcinoma by integrity of cell-free DNA in serum.

Urology 2010 Feb 4;75(2):262-5. Epub 2009 Dec 4.

Department of Urology, CHU of St-Etienne, University Jean-Monnet, St-Etienne, France.

Objectives: To hypothesize that serum cell-free DNA integrity may be clinically useful for prediction of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (cRCC). The integrity of cell-free DNA released from cancer cells was different from that released from apoptotic cells.

Methods: We collected peripheral blood samples from 78 patients before surgery; among these patients, 22 with tumor, both pre- and postoperation, and 42 controls without tumor. Read More

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February 2010

Erythropoietin response to anemia and its association with autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic patients without advanced renal failure.

J Diabetes Complications 2010 Mar-Apr;24(2):90-5. Epub 2009 Mar 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Aim: We aim to investigate erythropoietin (EPO) response to anemia and its association with autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic patients without advanced renal failure.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 211 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without advanced renal failure [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >40 ml/min/1.73 m(2)]. Read More

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Sex differences in pain drawing area for individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007 Mar;37(3):115-21

Department of Physical Therapy, Brooks Center for Rehabilitation Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610-0154, USA.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Objectives: To (1) determine the association between pain severity and pain drawing area for men and women; (2) determine if sex differences exist in pain severity or pain drawing area; (3) determine the relative influence of pain severity, anatomical location of pain, personality, and psychological coping factors on pain drawing area for men and women.

Background: Pain drawings have been postulated to assist in clinical decision making regarding classification and treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Read More

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