20,081 results match your criteria oxide emission

High-yield synthesis of silver nanowires for transparent conducting PET films.

Beilstein J Nanotechnol 2021 1;12:624-632. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Baghdad-ul-Jadid Campus, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan.

Silver nanowires (AgNWs) with ultrahigh purity and high yield were successfully synthesized by employing a modified facile polyol method using PVP as a capping and stabilizing agent. The reaction was carried out at a moderate temperature of 160 °C under mild stirring for about 3 h. The prepared AgNWs exhibited parallel alignment on a large scale and were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and PL spectroscopy. Read More

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Ultrasensitive, high-throughput, and rapid simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 antigens and IgG/IgM antibodies within 10 min through an immunoassay biochip.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 07 20;188(8):262. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Institute of Marine Science and Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao, 266000, China.

COVID-19 is now a severe threat to global health. Facing this pandemic, we developed a space-encoding microfluidic biochip for high-throughput, rapid, sensitive, simultaneous quantitative detection of SARS-CoV-2 antigen proteins and IgG/IgM antibodies in serum. The proposed immunoassay biochip integrates the advantages of graphene oxide quantum dots (GOQDs) and microfluidic chip and is capable of conducting multiple SARS-CoV-2 antigens or IgG/IgM antibodies of 60 serum samples simultaneously with only 2 μL sample volume of each patient. Read More

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Nitric oxide release activated near-Infrared photothermal agent for synergistic tumor treatment.

Biomaterials 2021 Jul 13;276:121017. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Guangdong Province & Ministry of Education, College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, 518060, PR China. Electronic address:

Activatable phototherapeutic agents (PTA) in one system with synergistic gas therapy (GT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) hold great promise for highly efficient tumor treatments. In this study, an activatable multifunctional platform with photothermal conversion "turn on" features via nitric oxide (NO) release for synergistic GT and PTT was rationally designed using an aryl N-nitrosamine (NO-donating unit) functionalized aza-BODIPY framework (S-NO). As expected, after NO release from S-NO, the product (Red-S) showed obviously enhanced heat production performance under a longer excited wavelength via improved near-infrared light absorption and decreased fluorescence emission. Read More

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Nanostructured Indium Oxide Thin Films as a Room Temperature Toluene Sensor.

ACS Omega 2021 Jul 1;6(27):17442-17454. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Thin Films & Nanomaterials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana State 500 007, India.

Toluene gas is the most toxic and affects the respiratory system of humans, and thereby, its detection at lower levels is an important task. Herein, we report a room temperature-operatable indium oxide-based chemiresistive gas sensor, which detects 50 ppm toluene vapors. Nanocrystalline indium oxide (InO) films were sprayed on a pre-cleaned glass substrate using a cost-effective spray pyrolysis method at different substrate temperatures in the range of 350-500 °C. Read More

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Self-Catalyzed AlGaAs Nanowires and AlGaAs/GaAs Nanowire-Quantum Dots on Si Substrates.

J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 2021 Jul 23;125(26):14338-14347. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College London, London WC1E 7JE, United Kingdom.

Self-catalyzed AlGaAs nanowires (NWs) and NWs with a GaAs quantum dot (QD) were monolithically grown on Si(111) substrates via solid-source molecular beam epitaxy. This growth technique is advantageous in comparison to the previously employed Au-catalyzed approach, as it removes Au contamination issues and renders the structures compatible with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology applications. Structural studies reveal the self-formation of an Al-rich AlGaAs shell, thicker at the NW base and thinning towards the tip, with the opposite behavior observed for the NW core. Read More

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Growth Performance Can Be Increased Under High Nitrate and High Salt Stress Through Enhanced Nitrate Reductase Activity in Anthocyanin Over-Producing Mutant Plants.

Front Plant Sci 2021 1;12:644455. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Plant Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.

Nitrogen is one of the most important macro-nutrients for plant growth and crop productivity. The amount of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers supplied to crops has dramatically increased, leading to a notable rise in crop yields. However, excessive nitrogen use has an enormous negative impact on ecosystems and human health through the emission of intense greenhouse gases, such as nitric oxide derived from the nitrate (NO ) assimilation cascade. Read More

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An observation approach in evaluation of ozone production to precursor changes during the COVID-19 lockdown.

Atmos Environ (1994) 2021 Oct 14;262:118618. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Institute for Environmental and Climate Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 511443, China.

The increase of surface ozone during the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown in China has aroused great concern. In this study, we combine 1.5 years of measurements for ozone, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and nitrogen oxide (NO) at four sites to investigate the effect of COVID-19 lockdown on surface ozone in Dongguan, an industrial city in southern China. Read More

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October 2021

How could simulated dewatering of slurry mitigate nitrous oxide emissions from fall and spring injections? - A modelling study in a Chernozem soil in Western Canada.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 6;796:148758. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Process-based ecosystem models, such as ecosys, can be useful tools to gain insights and accurately project nitrous oxide (NO) inventories in national, regional and global scales, and to explore potential emission reduction strategies. Our objectives are to investigate how the ecosys model simulate the effects of fall and spring slurry injections on NO production and if de-watering slurry could become a potential NO mitigation strategy for both fall and spring injections. The ecosys model was used to simulate hourly NO fluxes from 2014 to 2017 in a cropping system with and without slurry (fall and spring additions) in comparison with field measurements in Alberta, Canada. Read More

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Radiopharmaceutical and Eu doped gadolinium oxide nanoparticles mediated triple-excited fluorescence imaging and image-guided surgery.

J Nanobiotechnology 2021 Jul 16;19(1):212. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Beijing Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, The State Key Laboratory of Management and Control for Complex Systems, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) is a novel optical imaging technique that has been applied in clinic using various radionuclides and radiopharmaceuticals. However, clinical application of CLI has been limited by weak optical signal and restricted tissue penetration depth. Various fluorescent probes have been combined with radiopharmaceuticals for improved imaging performances. Read More

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Tree manipulation experiment for the short-term effect of tree cutting on NO emission: A evaluation using Bayesian hierarchical modeling.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 9;288:117725. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Japan.

Considerable uncertainty exists with regard to the effects of thinning and harvesting on NO emissions as a result of changes caused in the belowground environment by tree cutting. To evaluate on the effects of changes in the belowground environment on NO emissions from soils, we conducted a tree manipulation experiment in a Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) stand without soil compaction or slash falling near measurement chambers and measured NO emission at distances of 50 and 150 cm from the tree stem (stump) before and after cutting. In addition, we inferred the effects of logging on the emission using a hierarchical Bayesian (HB) model. Read More

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Microbial Communities and Interactions of Nitrogen Oxides With Methanogenesis in Diverse Peatlands of the Amazon Basin.

Front Microbiol 2021 29;12:659079. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States.

Tropical peatlands are hotspots of methane (CH) production but present high variation and emission uncertainties in the Amazon region. This is because the controlling factors of methane production in tropical peats are not yet well documented. Although inhibitory effects of nitrogen oxides (NO ) on methanogenic activity are known from pure culture studies, the role of NO in the methane cycling of peatlands remains unexplored. Read More

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Contaminant emissions as indicators of chemical elements in the snow along a latitudinal gradient in southern Andes.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 15;11(1):14530. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Chemistry, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA, USA.

The chemical composition of snow provides insights on atmospheric transport of anthropogenic contaminants at different spatial scales. In this study, we assess how human activities influence the concentration of elements in the Andean mountain snow along a latitudinal transect throughout Chile. The concentration of seven elements (Al, Cu, Fe, Li, Mg, Mn and Zn) was associated to gaseous and particulate contaminants emitted at different spatial scales. Read More

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SiO:P,Dy nano-thin film phosphor: Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties.

Appl Radiat Isot 2021 Jul 3;176:109857. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

A nano-sized thin film layer of phosphorus-dysprosium doped silicon oxide (SiO:P,Dy) was successfully synthesized using the sol-gel method combined with spin coating technique. The surface morphology, structure, and luminescence properties of the synthesized thin film were characterized using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared-Attenuated Total Reflectance (FTIR-ATR), and Photoluminescence (PL). The average surface roughness was measured as 22. Read More

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Tracking the dissolution behavior of zinc oxide nanoparticles in skimmed milk powder solutions.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 2;365:130520. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

School of Environment, Hangzhou Institute for Advanced Study, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou 310024, Zhejiang Province, China; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are recently recommended as food additives owing to their outstanding nutritive function. Therefore, understanding their comprehensive information and stability in food samples is highly necessitated. However, the characterization of ZnO NPs in the complex food matrices remains a great challenge, limiting an in-depth understanding of their transformation during food storage. Read More

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Structural and Morphological Characterization of Bio-templated Reduced Graphene Oxide and their Antibacterial Efficacy.

J Clust Sci 2021 Jul 6:1-12. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences B-II, Jain University, Bengaluru, India.

We would like to report the eco-friendly synthesis of reduced graphene oxide using aqueous extract of (rhizome), dried fruit and seed parts of and the whole shell part of by simple steam bath technique. The structural and morphological characteristics of prepared reduced graphene oxides were determined by UV-Visible spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy (FTIR), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The Surface Plasmon Resonance at 260-280 nm ensured the reduced graphene oxide formation. Read More

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Sensitive aptasensing of ciprofloxacin residues in raw milk samples using reduced graphene oxide and nanogold-functionalized poly(amidoamine) dendrimer: An innovative apta-platform towards electroanalysis of antibiotics.

Anal Chim Acta 2021 Aug 6;1174:338736. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

The constant need of humans and animals for food resources was led to overuse of antibiotics as vital medicines. In this regard, we are now facing major concern about the risks on the food safety and environment owing to their uncontrolled disposal. Hence, the progress of simple and sensitive approaches for fast monitoring of antibiotic levels is highly desirable. Read More

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Synergistic biocidal effects of metal oxide nanoparticles-assisted ultrasound irradiation: Antimicrobial sonodynamic therapy against Streptococcus mutans biofilms.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Jul 8:102432. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.; Fellowship in Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.. Electronic address:

Background: Antimicrobial sonodynamic therapy (aSDT) is an adjunctive modality, which uses ultrasound irradiation to kill microbial cells by the activation of a sonosensitizer. The aim of this study was to evaluated the synergistic biocidal effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO NPs) as the metal oxide nanoparticles (MONPs)-assisted ultrasound irradiation against Streptococcus mutans biofilms.

Materials And Methods: Following preparation and characterization of MONPs, cellular uptake and generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were assessed. Read More

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Adsorption performance and mechanisms of mercaptans removal from gasoline oil using core-shell AC-based adsorbents.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

CAS Key Laboratory of Urban Pollutant Conversion, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, 361021, China.

Sulfur compound detection such as mercaptans in liquid fuels is undesirable because sulfur is the main sourcing emission of sulfur oxide (SO) into the air. The use of activated carbon (AC) has proven to efficiently remove mercaptans. In the meantime, it is limited by the generation of the second pollution in oil and the difficulties of recovery and regeneration. Read More

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Responses of soil N O emissions and their abiotic and biotic drivers to altered rainfall regimes and co-occurring wet N deposition in a semi-arid grassland.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Microbial Ecology Centre LEM, INRAE UMR 1418, CNRS UMR 5557, VetAgroSup, Université de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France.

Global change factors such as changed rainfall regimes and nitrogen (N) deposition contribute to increases in the emission of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N O) from the soil. In previous research, N deposition has often been simulated by using a single or a series of N addition events over the course of a year, but wet N deposition actually co-occurs with rainfall. How soil N O emissions respond to altered rainfall amount and frequency, wet N deposition, and their interactions is still not fully understood. Read More

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A multi-emission analysis of organic and inorganic pollutants during the combustion of sludge with high and low calorific value coals.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

College of Environment, Hohai University, No. 1 Xikang Road, Nanjing, 210098, China.

To achieve allowable gas emission limits and eliminate the high cost and challenges associated with pre-treatment of sludge before incineration, a new technique was proposed to co-incinerate wet printing and dyeing sludge with different calorific values of coal while conducting a full evaluation of organic and inorganic emission of pollutants. Different proportions (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%) of the wet sludge-coal slurry (peat) were incinerated using a commercialized fluid bed (circulating) incinerator. The results showed the that flue gas emitted contained sulfur oxides (SO), nitrogen oxides (NO), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and heavy metals in bottom ash. Read More

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Synergistic Effects of Aquatic Plants and Cyanobacterial Blooms on the Nitrous Oxide Emission from Wetlands.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Ecological Sciences and Engineering, College of Environment and Ecology, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400045, China.

Wetlands provide a habitat for the symbiosis of multiple plants and play a significant role in global NO emissions. The metabolic traits and effects on microorganisms, which regulate the conversion of nitrogen to NO, varies with plant species. The frequent occurrences of cyanobacterial blooms in wetlands can also have a positive or negative effect on denitrification, entangling NO emissions. Read More

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High-sensitivity and wide-temperature-range dual-mode optical thermometry under dual-wavelength excitation in a novel double perovskite tellurate oxide.

Dalton Trans 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

School of Science, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065, P. R. China.

Novel double perovskite SrLaLiTeO6 (abbreviated as SLLT):Mn4+,Dy3+ phosphors synthesized using a solid-state reaction strategy exhibit distinct dual-emission of Mn4+ and Dy3+. High-sensitivity and wide-temperature-range dual-mode optical thermometry was exploited taking advantage of the diverse thermal quenching between Mn4+ and Dy3+ and the decay lifetime of Mn4+. The thermometric properties in the range of 298-673 K were investigated by utilizing the fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) of Dy3+ (4F9/2 → 6H13/2)/Mn4+ (2Eg → 4A2g) and the Mn4+ (2Eg → 4A2g) lifetime under 351 nm and 453 nm excitation, respectively. Read More

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Diurnal variability in soil nitrous oxide emissions is a widespread phenomenon.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Bailrigg, Lancaster, UK.

Manual measurements of nitrous oxide (N O) emissions with static chambers are commonly practised. However, they generally do not consider the diurnal variability of N O flux, and little is known about the patterns and drivers of such variability. We systematically reviewed and analysed 286 diurnal data sets of N O fluxes from published literature to (i) assess the prevalence and timing (day or night peaking) of diurnal N O flux patterns in agricultural and forest soils, (ii) examine the relationship between N O flux and soil temperature with different diurnal patterns, (iii) identify whether non-diurnal factors (i. Read More

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Organic fertility inputs synergistically increase denitrification-derived nitrous oxide emissions in agroecosystems.

Ecol Appl 2021 Jul 7:e02403. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Plant Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Soil fertility in organic agriculture relies on microbial cycling of nutrient inputs from legume cover crops and animal manure. However, large quantities of labile carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in these amendments may promote the production and emission of nitrous oxide (N O) from soils. Better ecological understanding of the N O emission controls may lead to new management strategies to reduce these emissions. Read More

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Manganese Dioxide (-MnO₂) and Graphene Oxide (GO) Nanocomposites: An Efficient Promotor for the Oxidative Deprotection of Trimethylsilyl, Tetrahydropyranyl and Methoxymethyl Ethers.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2021 12;21(12):6016-6023

Departments of Nanotechnology, Faculty of Engineering, University of Guilan, Rasht, 41996-13776, Iran.

Manganese dioxide (-MnO₂) and graphene oxide (GO nanocomposites were prepared and successfully characterized using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR), field emission scanning-electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) mapping methods and Xray diffraction (XRD) analyses. This reagent is an efficient catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of trimethylsilyl (TMS), tetrahedropyranyl (THP), and methoxymethyl ethers (MOM) to their corresponding carbonyl compounds in the presence of K₂CO₃. All reactions were performed in -hexane under mild and completely heterogeneous reaction conditions. Read More

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December 2021

Cerebral Blood Flow of the Neonatal Brain after Hypoxic-Ischemic Injury.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective:  Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in infants can have long-term adverse neurodevelopmental effects and markedly reduce quality of life. Both the initial hypoperfusion and the subsequent rapid reperfusion can cause deleterious effects in brain tissue. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) assessment in newborns with HIE can help detect abnormalities in brain perfusion to guide therapy and prognosticate patient outcomes. Read More

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Composting-a solution of eliminating a nitrite-rich wastewater by reusing it as a moisture conditioning agent.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 28;284:131365. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Beijing Agro-Biotechnology Research Center, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, 100089, China.

Composting could be applied to dispose various organic solid wastes and liquid wastes. Literature suggested that reusing a nitrogen-rich wastewater as a composting moisture conditioning agent could promote the maturity and nitrogen content of compost. However, it's unclear whether a nitrite-rich wastewater could be eliminated by composting because of the toxicity of nitrite. Read More

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Myco-nanotechnological approach to synthesize silver oxide nanocuboids using endophytic fungus isolated from Citrus pseudolimon plant.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jun 29;206:111948. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Biotechnology, Sir J. C. Bose Technical Campus, Kumaun University, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, 263136, India; Department of Chemistry, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, 263002, India. Electronic address:

The current study reports the isolation of Colletotrichum plurivorum, an endophytic fungus from a Citrus pseudolimon plant and its utilization in the green synthesis of silver oxide nanocuboids (AgO NCs) at room temperature. The synthesized nanocrystals were thoroughly characterized by UV-vis, FTIR spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses. Electron microscopic images confirmed the formation of cuboid shaped particles having size 200-250 nm in length and 80-150 nm in width, whereas, XRD and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern confirms the formation of cubic AgO nanocrystals. Read More

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Anthropogenic emission inventory of multiple air pollutants and their spatiotemporal variations in 2017 for the Shandong Province, China.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jun 28;288:117666. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

School of Water Conservancy and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan, 250022, China.

Shandong is the most populous and highly industrialized province in eastern China, and the resultant poor air quality is a cause for widespread concern. This study combines bottom-up and top-down approaches to develop a high-resolution anthropogenic emission inventory of air pollutants for 2017. The inventory was developed based on updated emission factors and detailed activity data. Read More

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Simultaneous hydrogen production and ibuprofen degradation by green synthesized CuO/TNTAs photoanode.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 29;284:131360. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, 804, Taiwan.

This study aimed to produce a clean energy, hydrogen, and to remove pollutants simultaneously in water by photoelectrochemical (PEC) method. The photo-anode of cuprous oxide modified titanate nanotube arrays (CuO/TNTAs) was synthesized by using lactic acid, green tea, and coffee as reductants individually. The characterizations of CuO/TNTAs were performed by ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) to investigate the physical and chemical properties such as structure, crystallization, element contents, and optical performance. Read More

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