6,757 results match your criteria outbreak spain

Addressing the 'hypoxia paradox' in severe COVID-19: literature review and report of four cases treated with erythropoietin analogues.

Mol Med 2021 Sep 26;27(1):120. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Clinical Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hermann-Rein-Str.3, 37075, Göttingen, Germany.

Background: Since fall 2019, SARS-CoV-2 spread world-wide, causing a major pandemic with estimated ~ 220 million subjects affected as of September 2021. Severe COVID-19 is associated with multiple organ failure, particularly of lung and kidney, but also grave neuropsychiatric manifestations. Overall mortality reaches > 2%. Read More

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September 2021

COVID-19 pandemic: lessons learned from more than a century of pandemics and current vaccine development for pandemic control.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Basel, Switzerland; Department of Molecular Medicine, The University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Department of Clinical; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address:

Pandemic dynamics and health care responses are markedly different during the COVID-19 pandemic than in earlier outbreaks. Compared with established infectious disease such as influenza, we currently know relatively little about the origin, reservoir, cross-species transmission and evolution of SARS-CoV-2. Health care services, drug availability, laboratory testing, research capacity and global governance are more advanced than during 20th century pandemics, although COVID-19 has highlighted significant gaps. Read More

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September 2021

Evidence of autochthonous transmission of urinary schistosomiasis in Almeria (southeast Spain): An outbreak analysis.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Sep 21;44:102165. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Urology, Hospital del Poniente, Ctra. de Almerimar 31, 04700, El Ejido, Almería, Spain.

Background: Schistosomiasis is endemic in 78 countries belonging to tropical and subtropical areas. However, autochthonous transmission of urogenital schistosomiasis was reported in Corsica (France) in 2013. We present evidence of autochthonous transmission of urogenital schistosomiasis in Almería (Spain) in 2003. Read More

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September 2021

Efficiency in the governance of the Covid-19 pandemic: political and territorial factors.

Global Health 2021 09 21;17(1):113. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Instituto Multidisciplinar de Empresa, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007, Salamanca, Spain.

Background: The pandemic generated by Covid-19 has changed the way of life of citizens around the world in a short time, affecting all areas of society directly or indirectly, which is facing a global health crisis with different national responses implemented by governments. Several months into the pandemic, the first after-effects of Covid-19 are beginning to be felt by citizens, who are questioning the management carried out so far. In order to improve the performance of governmental decisions to reduce the impact of the pandemic during the coming months, we calculated the levels of efficiency in the management of health resources. Read More

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September 2021

Equine Herpesvirus 1 Variant and New Marker for Epidemiologic Surveillance, Europe, 2021.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Oct;27(10):2738-2739

Equine herpesvirus 1 isolates from a 2021 outbreak of neurologic disease in Europe have a mutation, A713G, in open reading frame 11 not detected in 249 other sequences from equine herpesvirus 1 isolates. This single-nucleotide polymorphism could help identify horses infected with the virus strain linked to this outbreak. Read More

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October 2021

Health outcomes and psychosocial risk exposures among healthcare workers during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Saf Sci 2022 Jan 16;145:105499. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Research Group on Psychosocial Risks, Organization of Work and Health (POWAH), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.

The aim is to describe the health and psychosocial risk factors of Spanish healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A cross-sectional study by means of an online questionnaire (April-May 2020). The data comes from the database resulting from the COTS project "Working conditions, insecurity, and health in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic". Read More

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January 2022

Insights into the origin of the invasive populations of Trioza erytreae in Europe using microsatellite markers and mtDNA barcoding approaches.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 20;11(1):18651. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA), Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología, CV-315 Km 10.7, 46113, Moncada, Valencia, Spain.

The African citrus psyllid Trioza erytreae is one of the major threats to citrus industry as the vector of the incurable disease known as huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening. The psyllid invaded the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula 6 years ago. The invasion alarmed citrus growers in the Mediterranean basin, the largest citrus producing area in Europe, which is still free of HLB. Read More

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September 2021

Expanded tracking of a Beijing Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain involved in an outbreak in France.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Sep 17:102167. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Servicio de Microbiología Clínica y Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio, Marañón, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), Madrid, Spain; CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

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September 2021

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Higher Education: Characterizing the Psychosocial Context of the Positive and Negative Affective States Using Classification and Regression Trees.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:714397. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Our aim is to analyze the extent to which the psychosocial aspects can characterize the affective states of the teachers, administrative staff, and undergraduate and postgraduate students during the quarantine. A questionnaire was answered by 1,328 people from the community of the (UB), Spain. The survey was partially designed , collecting indicators related to sociodemographic variables, the impact of COVID on the subjects or in their personal context, the psychosocial context of coexistence and perceived social support, characteristics related to the physical context during the quarantine, and labor conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Differences Between the Psychological Symptoms of Health Workers and General Community After the First Wave of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Spain.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:644212. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Mind, Emotion and Behavioural Research Laboratory (MEB Lab), Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, València, Spain.

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has worsened the physical and mental health of the general population. Healthcare workers have a high risk of suffering a mental disorder after the first wave. In this way, psychologists, who deal with mental health issues and are considered as healthcare workers in many countries, are of interest in this context. Read More

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September 2021

First report of interspecific transmission of sarcoptic mange from Iberian ibex to wild boar.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Sep 19;14(1):481. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Espacio Natural de Sierra Nevada and Wildlife Ecology & Health Group (WE&H), Pinos Genil, Granada, Spain.

Background: Sarcoptic mange is a globally distributed parasitic disease caused by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei. This mite has a certain degree of host specificity, although interspecific transmission can occur among phylogenetically related species or through prey-predator mediated exposure. In 2018, a wild boar (Sus scrofa) with lesions compatible with sarcoptic mange was hunted in Ports de Tortosa i Beseit Natural Park (PTB, north-eastern Spain), where an active epizootic outbreak of sarcoptic mange is affecting Iberian ibexes (Capra pyrenaica) since 2014. Read More

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September 2021

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection: Effect on reproductive performance and milk yield in dairy herds.

Vet J 2021 Sep 16;277:105747. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Anatomy and Animal Production Department, Veterinary Faculty of Lugo, Santiago de Compostela University, Campus Universitario s/n, 27002, Lugo, Spain. Electronic address:

The impact of an outbreak of bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) on reproductive performance and milk production was investigated in 28 Spanish dairy herds using an observational study design. Mean calving to conception interval (CCI), mean number of inseminations per conception (AI/P) and mean daily milk yield were recorded from herds affected by outbreaks. Infection was confirmed by evidence of viral transmission to young stock (heifers 9-24 months) and persistently infected animals, after previous BVD-free status. Read More

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September 2021

Canine distemper virus in wildlife in southwestern Europe.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de León, León, 24071, Spain.

Multi-host pathogens emerging and re-emerging at the wildlife-domestic animal interface affect wildlife management and conservation. This is the case of canine distemper virus (CDV), a paramyxovirus closely related to human measles virus and rinderpest virus of cattle. With an area of 10,603 km , Asturias region in Atlantic Spain is a hotspot of carnivore diversity, which includes the largest wolf (Canis lupus) and Eurasian brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) populations in southwestern Europe. Read More

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September 2021

Mumps virus outbreak related to a water pipe (narghile) shared smoking.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed) 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Laboratorio Regional de Salud Pública de la Comunidad de Madrid, Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: This study describes a mumps outbreak among a group of young people who shared a same narghile to smoking. Saliva and blood samples were obtained from 3 cases for RT-PCR and serology respectively.

Methods: The notification of a mumps case started an epidemiological investigation. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes among Patients with Covid-19 in Different Regions of the World.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Jan;31(1):S11-S15

Department of Pediatrics, The Sixth People's Hospital of Chengdu, China.

The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak began in China in December 2019 and rapidly spread globally. Up to July 2020, the number of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had been increasing in the USA, Italy, England, Spain and numerous other countries. Patients with this disease in different countries present with different clinical manifestations and different prognosis. Read More

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January 2021

Reaction-diffusion spatial modeling of COVID-19: Greece and Andalusia as case examples.

Phys Rev E 2021 Aug;104(2-1):024412

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-4515, USA.

We examine the spatial modeling of the outbreak of COVID-19 in two regions: the autonomous community of Andalusia in Spain and the mainland of Greece. We start with a zero-dimensional (0D; ordinary-differential-equation-level) compartmental epidemiological model consisting of Susceptible, Exposed, Asymptomatic, (symptomatically) Infected, Hospitalized, Recovered, and deceased populations (SEAIHR model). We emphasize the importance of the viral latent period (reflected in the exposed population) and the key role of an asymptomatic population. Read More

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Shift in Social Media App Usage During COVID-19 Lockdown and Clinical Anxiety Symptoms: Machine Learning-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.

JMIR Ment Health 2021 Sep 15;8(9):e30833. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, United States.

Background: Anxiety symptoms during public health crises are associated with adverse psychiatric outcomes and impaired health decision-making. The interaction between real-time social media use patterns and clinical anxiety during infectious disease outbreaks is underexplored.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the usage pattern of 2 types of social media apps (communication and social networking) among patients in outpatient psychiatric treatment during the COVID-19 surge and lockdown in Madrid, Spain and their short-term anxiety symptoms (7-item General Anxiety Disorder scale) at clinical follow-up. Read More

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September 2021

PREparedness, REsponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for disability-inclusive pandemic responses and systemic disparities reduction derived from a scoping review and thematic analysis.

Int J Equity Health 2021 09 14;20(1):204. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Health Sciences, Departments of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, and Sociology, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA.

Background: People with disabilities (PwD) have been facing multiple health, social, and economic disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from structural disparities experienced for long time. This paper aims to present the PREparedness, RESponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for a disability-inclusive pandemic responses and systematic disparities reduction.

Methods: Scoping review with a thematic analysis was conducted on the literature published up to mid-September 2020, equating to the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Advances and highlights in biomarkers of allergic diseases.

Allergy 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), University of Zurich, Davos, Switzerland.

During the past years, there has been a global outbreak of allergic diseases, presenting a considerable medical and socioeconomical burden. A large fraction of allergic diseases is characterized by a type 2 immune response involving Th2 cells, type 2 innate lymphoid cells, eosinophils, mast cells, and M2 macrophages. Biomarkers are valuable parameters for precision medicine as they provide information on the disease endotypes, clusters, precision diagnoses, identification of therapeutic targets, and monitoring of treatment efficacies. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of COVID-19 on stock market efficiency: Evidence from developed countries.

Oktay Ozkan

Res Int Bus Finance 2021 Dec 29;58:101445. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

This study investigates the impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on stock market efficiency for six hard-hit developed countries, namely, the United States (US), Spain, the United Kingdom (UK), Italy, France, and Germany. Applying the wild bootstrap automatic variance ratio test on daily stock market data from July 29, 2019 to January 25, 2021, it is found that all stock markets used in this study deviate from market efficiency during some periods of the pandemic. Deviations from market efficiency are seen more in the stock markets of the US and UK during the COVID-19 outbreak than in other stock markets. Read More

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December 2021

Platinum chloride-based viability RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2 detection in complex samples.

Sci Rep 2021 09 13;11(1):18120. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Preservation and Food Safety Technologies, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, IATA-CSIC, Av. Agustín Escardino 7, 46980, Paterna, Valencia, Spain.

Isolation, contact tracing and restrictions on social movement are being globally implemented to prevent and control onward spread of SARS-CoV-2, even though the infection risk modelled on RNA detection by RT-qPCR remains biased as viral shedding and infectivity are not discerned. Thus, we aimed to develop a rapid viability RT-qPCR procedure to infer SARS-CoV-2 infectivity in clinical specimens and environmental samples. We screened monoazide dyes and platinum compounds as viability molecular markers on five SARS-CoV-2 RNA targets. Read More

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September 2021

Mathematical modeling of intervention and low medical resource availability with delays: Applications to COVID-19 outbreaks in Spain and Italy.

Math Biosci Eng 2021 06;18(5):5865-5920

Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB T6G 2G1, Canada.

Infectious diseases have been one of the major causes of human mortality, and mathematical models have been playing significant roles in understanding the spread mechanism and controlling contagious diseases. In this paper, we propose a delayed SEIR epidemic model with intervention strategies and recovery under the low availability of resources. Non-delayed and delayed models both possess two equilibria: the disease-free equilibrium and the endemic equilibrium. Read More

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Modeling and staged assessments of the controllability of spread for repeated outbreaks of COVID-19.

Nonlinear Dyn 2021 Sep 6:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

School of Mechanical Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin, 300387 China.

SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) has been causing an outbreak of a new type of pneumonia globally, and repeated outbreaks have already appeared. Among the studies on the spread of the COVID-19, few studies have investigated the repeated outbreaks in stages, and the quantitative condition of a controllable spread has not been revealed. In this paper, a brief compartmental model is developed. Read More

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September 2021

Intensive care unit professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain: social and work-related variables, COVID-19 symptoms, worries, and generalized anxiety levels.

Acute Crit Care 2021 Aug 31;36(3):232-241. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Departamento de Psicología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain.

Background: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 outbreak has been identified as a pandemic and global health emergency. It presents as a severe acute respiratory disease. The rapid dissemination of the disease created challenges for healthcare systems and forced healthcare workers (HCWs) to deal with many clinical and nonclinical stresses. Read More

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Effects of maternal psychological distress and perception of COVID-19 on prenatal attachment in a large sample of Italian pregnant women.

J Affect Disord 2021 Sep 4;295:665-672. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Department of Cultures, Education and Society, University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy.

Background: Evidence concerning the impact of COVID-19-related stress exposure on prenatal attachment in pregnant women is unknown. In this study we sought to assess the effect of psychological distress and risk perception of COVID-19 on prenatal attachment in a Italian sample of pregnant women.

Methods: 1179 pregnant women completed an anonymous online survey and self-report questionnaires measuring socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics, psychological distress (STAI Form Y-1-2 and BDI-II), prenatal attachment (PAI) and risk perception of COVID-19. Read More

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September 2021

Classification of measles breakthrough cases in an elimination setting using a comprehensive algorithm of laboratory results: why highly sensitive and specific IgM assays are important.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: In 2006, a measles outbreak occurred in Catalonia (Spain), six years after endemic measles was declared eliminated. The aim of this study was to classify 19 confirmed measles breakthrough cases (BC) using a high-performance avidity assay developed in 2010.

Methods: Serum specimens were tested by indirect IgG, indirect IgM, capture IgM enzyme immunoassay, an endpoint-titer IgG avidity assay, and a plaque reduction neutralization assay. Read More

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September 2021

A pandemic recap: lessons we have learned.

World J Emerg Surg 2021 09 10;16(1):46. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery, and Surgical Critical Care, LAC+USC Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA.

On January 2020, the WHO Director General declared that the outbreak constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The world has faced a worldwide spread crisis and is still dealing with it. The present paper represents a white paper concerning the tough lessons we have learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Attitudes of Spanish hospital staff towards COVID-19 vaccination and vaccination rates.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(9):e0257002. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Preventive Medicine Department-Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Spain.

Background: COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy seems to be universal across countries and subgroups, and so are its determinants. We studied the willingness and factors associated with the decision to be vaccinated against COVID-19 in healthcare workers (HCW) in a Spanish tertiary hospital. Furthermore, we compared the percentage of willingness to vaccinate against COVID with actual vaccination rates among HCW in our hospital. Read More

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September 2021