126,846 results match your criteria orthopaedic trauma


Practicability of a Virtual Consultation to Evaluate the Shoulder Joint.

Z Orthop Unfall 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Clinic for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Bonn, Germany.

Objective: In the course of the corona pandemic, resource conservation and the protection of further infections have made it necessary to break new ground in the organisation of orthopaedic and trauma surgery consultations. One solution is consistent digitisation and the offer of video consultation hours. In this study, non-contact examination of patients with shoulder disorders is described and critically examined. Read More

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September 2021

Erectile Dysfunction after Conservative Treatment of Sacral Fractures in Males without Injury to the Urinary System.

Z Orthop Unfall 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bakirkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: This study aimed to determine the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) reported by patients, and to define the prognostic relationship between ED and conservatively treated sacral fracture without urethral injury.

Methods: Patients aged between 20 - 50 years who were sexually active and had no known sexual dysfunction prior to the trauma were included in the study. Seventy-seven patients (47 married, 30 single) treated conservatively for sacral fracture between April 2012 and February 2017 were retrospectively screened. Read More

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September 2021

Chitosan hydrogel/3D-printed poly(ε-caprolactone) hybrid scaffold containing synovial mesenchymal stem cells for cartilage regeneration based on tetrahedral framework nucleic acid recruitment.

Biomaterials 2021 Sep 15;278:121131. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People's Republic of China; Institute of Orthopedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing Key Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine in Orthopedics, Key Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Trauma & War Injuries PLA, No. 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100853, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Articular cartilage (AC) injury repair has always been a difficult problem for clinicians and researchers. Recently, a promising therapy based on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been developed for the regeneration of cartilage defects. As endogenous articular stem cells, synovial MSCs (SMSCs) possess strong chondrogenic differentiation ability and articular specificity. Read More

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September 2021

Trends in Leadership at Shoulder and Elbow Fellowships: A Cross-Sectional Demographic Review.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective: To determine educational characteristics, trends, and demographics among shoulder and elbow fellowship leaders (FLs).

Background: Fellowship leaders in shoulder and elbow impart lasting impact on trainees and field development. Four previous studies have analyzed the characteristics and career path trends among orthopedic surgery subspecialty FLs (spine, adult reconstruction, trauma, and sports medicine). Read More

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September 2021

Is a periacetabular osteotomy as efficacious in retroversion as it is in dysplasia? : The role of femoral anteversion on outcome.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):757-764

Orthopaedics, University College Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for acetabular dysplasia. It has also been proposed as a treatment for patients with acetabular retroversion. By reviewing a large cohort, we aimed to test whether outcome is equivalent for both types of morphology and identify factors that influenced outcome. Read More

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September 2021

Surgical Management of Focal Chondral Defects of the Talus: A Bayesian Network Meta-analysis.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Sep 20:3635465211029642. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Orthopaedic, Trauma, and Reconstructive Surgery, RWTH University Hospital, Aachen, Germany.

Background: No consensus has been reached regarding the optimal surgical treatment for focal chondral defects of the talus.

Purpose: A Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted to compare the clinical scores and complications of mosaicplasty, osteochondral auto- and allograft transplant, microfracture, matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte transplant, and autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) for chondral defects of the talus at midterm follow-up.

Study Design: Bayesian network meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

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September 2021

Retrospective analysis of 35 pediatric femoral neck fractures.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşcıoğlu City Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Pediatric proximal femur fracture is extremely rare trauma comparing to other fractures. The proximal femur fracture is 1% of all pediatric fractures. The aim of current study is to compare the incidence of early complications and outcomes of pediatric proximal femur fractures regarding fracture types retrospectively. Read More

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September 2021

Is primary total hip arthroplasty in patients with Down's syndrome associated with increased complications at 2 years follow-up?

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, 200 Trent Drive, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.

Introduction: Previous reports on primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Down's syndrome (DS) are often small and/or lack a comparison cohort, and thus it is challenging to draw meaningful conclusions about this group. The purpose of this study was to report on the post-operative complications in patients with DS undergoing primary THA, compared to a non-DS cohort.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we evaluated patients from 2010 to 2018 using a national database. Read More

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September 2021

Validation of a translated version of the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) cervical myelopathy score in an Arabic speaking population.

SICOT J 2021 14;7:50. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Assiut University Hospitals, 71515 Assiut, Egypt.

Introduction: Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy (DCM) is a growing disorder. Standardization of its assessment tools is an integral part of its management. The modified Japanese orthopedic association (mJOA) score is one of the most commonly used tools. Read More

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September 2021

A study into the effect of Shirota in preventing antibiotic associated diarrhoea including infection in patients with spinal cord injuries: a multicentre randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

EClinicalMedicine 2021 Oct 11;40:101098. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Royal Buckinghamshire Hospital, Aylesbury, United Kingdom.

Background: Antibiotic Associated Diarrhoea (AAD) and Infection (CDI) are of major concern in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation.

Methods: A multi-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (the ECLISP) trial, was conducted in three tertiary spinal cord injury centre in the UK to assess the efficacy of consuming a probiotic beverage containing at least 6.5 × 10 live Shirota (LcS) in preventing AAD and CDI and in patients with SCI and to determine whether proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and under nutrition-risk are risk factors for AAD/CDI. Read More

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October 2021

Aligned fibrin/functionalized self-assembling peptide interpenetrating nanofiber hydrogel presenting multi-cues promotes peripheral nerve functional recovery.

Bioact Mater 2022 Feb 12;8:529-544. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, PR China.

Nerve guidance conduits with hollow lumen fail to regenerate critical-sized peripheral nerve defects (15 mm in rats and 25 mm in humans), which can be improved by a beneficial intraluminal microenvironment. However, individual cues provided by intraluminal filling materials are inadequate to eliminate the functional gap between regenerated nerves and normal nerves. Herein, an aligned fibrin/functionalized self-assembling peptide (AFG/fSAP) interpenetrating nanofiber hydrogel that exerting synergistic topographical and biochemical cues for peripheral nerve regeneration is constructed via electrospinning and molecular self-assembly. Read More

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February 2022

Qualitative and Quantitative Anatomy of the Human Quadriceps Tendon in Young Cadaveric Specimens.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Sep 14;9(9):23259671211037305. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: A detailed understanding of the anatomy of the quadriceps tendon (QT) is clinically relevant, owing to its increased use as a graft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Purpose: To qualitatively and quantitatively describe the anatomy of the QT in younger adult specimens.

Study Design: Descriptive laboratory study. Read More

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September 2021

Influence of volar margin of the lunate fossa fragment fixation on distal radius fracture outcomes: A retrospective series.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7022-7031

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

Background: Distal radius fractures accompanied by the volar margin of the lunate fossa (VMLF) lesions are often overlooked or inadequately reduced in clinical practice.

Aim: To investigate the impact of VMLF fragment in distal radius fractures on the stability and function of the wrist joint.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with distal radius fractures who underwent surgical treatment between January 2013 and December 2017. Read More

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Tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO): Surgical technique and clinical results for knee osteoarthritis with varus deformity.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Nov 7;22:101589. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Traumatology, Fukushima Medical University, Trauma & Reconstruction Center, Southern TOHOKU General Hospital, Japan.

Tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO) is an intra-articular proximal tibial osteotomy developed in 1989 and has since been used for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) associated with genu varum. This article describes the surgical technique and clinical results of TCVO. TCVO can be used for all grades of varus knee OA in patients of any age. Read More

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November 2021

Development of an Effective Treatment Algorithm for the Stubbed Great Toe.

Cureus 2021 Aug 17;13(8):e17246. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Orthopedics, Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center, Corvallis, USA.

While toe fractures are the most common fractures of the foot in the pediatric population, the majority of these injuries do not require aggressive treatment. However, the mechanism of stubbing the great toe with bleeding at the base of the nail, a laceration proximal to the nail fold, or signs of a displaced fracture through the physis of the distal phalanx signal a likely open fracture involving the distal phalanx of the great toe. Unrecognized open fractures can lead to mistreatment and consequently osteomyelitis or growth disturbances. Read More

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Ankle Injuries in Soccer Players: A Narrative Review.

Cureus 2021 Aug 16;13(8):e17228. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Department of Physical Therapy, University Hospital, University of West Attica, Athens, GRC.

Soccer is one of the most popular sport, with many describing it as the "king of sports." In recent years, increased global participation in soccer has led to an inevitable increase in injury rates, especially in the lower extremities. Consequently, there is an increase in the epidemiology of soccer injuries, both in professionals and amateur athletes. Read More

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Non-ossifying Fibroma Pathological Fracture in a Patient With Lactose Intolerance.

Cureus 2021 Aug 16;13(8):e17225. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Orthopedic Surgery, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, SAU.

Non-ossifying fibroma (NOF) is a frequently occurring benign tumor of children and adolescents. In the long bones, it appears as an eccentric, expanded lesion in the metaphyseal diaphyseal area. Most cases are asymptomatic and resolve at a later age while others might become symptomatic and have a high risk of fracture. Read More

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Response to the "Comments on 'Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection - a case report'".

J Ultrason 2021 Aug 9;21(86):e270. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Musculoskeletal Radiology, The Royal Orthopedic Hospital, United Kingdom.

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Clinical efficacy of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic TESSYS technique in the treatment of senile lumbar spinal stenosis.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9356-9363. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Orthopedics, Laiyang Central Hospital of Yantai Yantai 265200, Shandong, China.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic TESSYS technique in the treatment of senile lumbar spinal stenosis.

Methods: 157 senile with lumbar spinal stenosis were prospectively recruited at this study. The subjects in the experimental group received TESSYS operation, and the control group received traditional open surgery for posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Read More

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Distal Radioulnar Joint Instability and Associated Injuries: A Literature Review.

J Hand Microsurg 2021 Jul 19;13(3):123-131. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.

The distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) allows supination and pronation of the distal forearm and wrist, an integral motion in everyday human activity. DRUJ injury and chronic instability can be a significant source of morbidity in patients' lives. Although often linked with distal radius fractures, DRUJ injury may occur in a variety of other upper extremity injuries, as well as an isolated pathology. Read More

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The Increased Burden of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Orthopaedic Trauma Patients: Comparison of Demographics of Both the Waves of the Pandemic-An Indian Tertiary Center Experience.

Indian J Orthop 2021 Sep 13:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: The second wave of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has posed new challenges in the management of Orthopedic trauma patients due to the overburdened healthcare facilities and we aim to present the differences in demographics between the first wave and the initial part of the second wave.

Methodology: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study of our trauma registry from June 19, 2020 to October 13, 2020 (1st study period) and from April 1, 2021 to the first week of May 2021 (2nd study period). We looked into differences in the following three parameters: (1) infection rate among Orthopaedic patients in the first and second study period of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, (2) infection rate among the Health Care Workers and (3) hospital-acquired SARS-CoV-2 infections in admitted Orthopaedic trauma patients. Read More

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September 2021

Longer Tendon-Bone Distances of the A2 and A4 Annular Pulleys in Experienced High-Level Sport Climbers: Injury or Adaptation?

Wilderness Environ Med 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Plastic Surgery Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona (Barcelona), Spain.

Introduction: Experienced high-level climbers are subject to a number of bone and soft tissue changes over the years and are also among the most exposed to pulley injuries. One of the main consequences of pulley rupture is the separation of the flexor tendons from the subjacent phalanges, also known as bowstringing. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this population has asymptomatic bowstringing of the A2 and/or A4 pulleys as determined by tendon-bone distance (TBD) values when compared to nonclimbers. Read More

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September 2021

Blocking Plate for Volar Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Fracture Dislocation.

J Hand Surg Am 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Orthopedic Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the use of a 2-mm miniplate as a dorsal blocking plate to stabilize the central avulsion fragment in a proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) volar fracture dislocation.

Methods: This was a case series comprising 8 patients with volar fracture dislocation of the PIP joint. The average age of the patients was 36 years. Read More

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September 2021

Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma.

Orthop Clin North Am 2021 Oct 29;52(4):481-489. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Orthopedics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Suite 4200, 1215 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37212, USA. Electronic address:

Thoracolumbar spine trauma can result in potentially life-threatening consequences and requires careful management to ensure good outcomes. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the anatomy, diagnostic tools, non-operative, and operative treatments important when addressing thoracolumbar trauma. Read More

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October 2021

Calcaneal Fractures-Which Approach for Which Fracture?

Orthop Clin North Am 2021 Oct 29;52(4):433-450. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Michigan Orthopedic Center, Sparrow Hospital, 2815 S. Pennsylvania Avenue, Suite 204 Lansing, MI 48910, USA.

Treatment of calcaneal fractures has to be tailored to the individual pathoanatomy. If operative treatment is chosen, anatomic reconstruction of the calcaneal shape and joint surfaces is mandatory. For most of the displaced, intraarticular fractures, this can be achieved by less invasive reduction and fixation via a sinus tarsi approach, which may be extended along the "lateral utility" line for calcaneocuboid joint involvement or calcaneal fracture-dislocations. Read More

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October 2021

The Syndesmosis, Part II: Surgical Treatment Strategies.

Orthop Clin North Am 2021 Oct 30;52(4):417-432. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Foot and Ankle Service, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital and Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Foot & Ankle Research and Innovation Laboratory - Harvard Medical School, Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital - Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Syndesmotic injuries in the setting of ankle fracture are critically important to diagnosis and treat to restore an anatomic tibiotalar relationship. Physical examination and clinical suspicion remain critically important for diagnosis. Ultrasound examination and weight-bearing computed tomography scans are evolving to help diagnosis more subtle injuries. Read More

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October 2021

The Syndesmosis, Part I: Anatomy, Injury Mechanism, Classification, and Diagnosis.

Orthop Clin North Am 2021 Oct 29;52(4):403-415. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Foot & Ankle Research and Innovation Laboratory - Harvard Medical School, Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital - Newton-Wellesley Hospital, 40 2nd Avenue Building 52, Suite 1150, Waltham, MA 02451, USA; Foot & Ankle Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 40 2nd Avenue Building 52, Suite 1150, Waltham, MA 02451, USA. Electronic address:

Ankle fractures are common injuries to the lower extremity with approximately 20% sustaining a concomitant injury to the syndesmosis. Although the deltoid ligament is not formally included in the syndesmotic complex, it plays an important role in the mortise stability. Therefore, its integrity should be always evaluated when syndesmotic injury is suspected. Read More

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October 2021

Management of Geriatric Elbow Injury.

Orthop Clin North Am 2021 Oct 29;52(4):381-401. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

TRIA Orthopedic Center, 155 Radio Drive, Woodbury, MN 55125, USA. Electronic address:

Approximately 4.1% of all fractures in the elderly involve the elbow. Most elbow injuries in geriatric patients occur as the result of low-energy mechanisms such as falls from standing height. Read More

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October 2021

Ball heading and subclinical concussion in soccer as a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament injury.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Sep 19;16(1):566. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK.

Soccer players have a high risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, a potentially career-ending event. ACL rupture has been linked with abnormal neuromuscular control in the lower limb. Additionally, heading the ball with the unprotected head during game play is increasingly recognized as a major source of exposure to concussive and sub-concussive repetitive head impacts. Read More

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September 2021

Time for return to sport following total hip arthroplasty: a meta-analysis.

Hip Int 2021 Sep 19:11207000211041975. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University College Hospital, London, UK.

Introduction: Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is being increasingly undertaken in younger and more active patients, with many of these patients wanting to return to sport (RTS) after surgery. However, the percentage of patients RTS and time at which they are able to get back to sport following surgery remains unknown. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the time patients RTS after THA. Read More

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September 2021