1,706 results match your criteria originating aortic


Ovariectomy Causes Degeneration of Perivascular Adipose Tissue.

J Oleo Sci 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Kindai University.

Women are more resistant than men to the development of vascular diseases. However, menopause is a factor leading to deterioration of female vascular integrity, and it is reported that the risk of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm is increased in postmenopausal women. Although it is suggested that perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) is deeply involved in the increased risk of vascular disease development, the effect of menopause on PVAT integrity is unknown. Read More

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October 2021

Interventricular membranous septal aneurysm is seen on multidetector computed tomography in postoperative child.

J Card Surg 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Ruptured interventricular septal aneurysms are rare. We present a case of an interventricular membranous septal aneurysm in a 7-year-old boy who presented with features of congestive heart failure, 2 years after undergoing a patch closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect and tricuspid valve repair. Material and methods and results: Transthoracic echocardiography suggested the presence of an aneurysm that has ruptured into the right ventricle (RV), however, the precise origin of the aneurysm could not be identified on echocardiography. Read More

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October 2021

A unique case of extrarenal calyces and associated vascular variations in an adult female cadaver.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Center for Anatomical Science and Education, Department of Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA.

The following urogenital and vascular anomalies were observed in the left kidney of an 81-year-old female cadaver during routine dissection: three extrarenal calyces; an accessory renal artery originating directly from the abdominal aorta; and a circumaortic renal vein. The typical renal anatomical structures were identified, from anterior to posterior, as the renal vein, renal artery, and ureter appearing near the hilum of the left kidney. After closer examination, three extrarenal calyces were observed exiting from the hilum of the left kidney to form the pelvis, then narrowed and became the ureter which descended 21. Read More

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October 2021

Paucicellular Fibroma of the Ascending Aorta.

Aorta (Stamford) 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Manhasset, New York.

Primary tumors of the aorta are extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, herein, we present the first case in the literature of a paucicellular fibroma originating from the aortic wall. Read More

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October 2021

A Pulsatile Chest Mass After Bentall Procedure: A Case Report.

Heart Surg Forum 2021 Sep 9;24(5):E794-E796. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Aortic dissection is an aggressive and life-threatening cardiac disease that's highly challenging in surgical operation. Bentall procedure comes with potential complications. How to manage these complications is important when it comes to improving patient outcome. Read More

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September 2021

The Anatomical History of a Single Coronary Artery Anomaly: A Case Report.

Heart Surg Forum 2021 Sep 8;24(5):E772-E775. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Near East University Faculty of Medicine Departments of Anatomy, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Single coronary artery(SCA) anomaly is a rare anomaly where the right and left coronary arteries arise from a single ostium in the sinus valsalva and feed the whole heart. Although asymptomatic in most cases, it can cause angina, syncope, myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. It is essential to diagnose it especially in terms of the risk of encountering clinical pictures such as sudden death at a young age and its association with other congenital anomalies. Read More

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September 2021

Localized endometrioid cancer in the abdominal wall with synchronous early-stage endometrial cancer

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2021 09;18(3):264-266

Bahcesehir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, İstanbul, Turkey

Presented herein is the only case in literature with the synchronous development of endometrioid-type endometrium cancer and endometrioid carcinoma originating from the endometriosis foci in a scar tissue. A 44-year-old female patient presented with complaints of abnormal uterine bleeding, swelling at the rectus muscle level in the abdominal wall, and cyclic pain close to the old cesarean section incision scar. Pathological findings of the rectus muscle and endometrial biopsies revealed endometrioid adenocarcinoma (grades 2 and 1, respectively). Read More

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September 2021

ACTION-1: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial on ACT-guided heparinization during open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Trials 2021 Sep 19;22(1):639. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Dijklander ziekenhuis, Maelsonstraat 3, 1624, NP, Hoorn, The Netherlands.

Background: Heparin is used worldwide for 70 years during all non-cardiac arterial procedures (NCAP) to reduce thrombo-embolic complications (TEC). But heparin also increases blood loss causing possible harm for the patient. Heparin has an unpredictable effect in the individual patient. Read More

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September 2021

Coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistula in pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect: report of two surgical cases.

Cardiol Young 2021 Sep 15:1-4. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect is a complex congenital cardiac anomaly. The blood is supplied to the lungs through a patent ductus arteriosus, a major aortopulmonary collateral artery, or in very rare cases from a coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistula. We present two cases with coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistula which underwent surgical intervention. Read More

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September 2021

Cryptogenic hemoptysis caused by isolated aortopulmonary collateral artery formation: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Sep;49(9):3000605211044358

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Hemoptysis in children is caused by various factors, the most common of which is basic lung disease or heart disease. Aortopulmonary collateral arteries (APCAs) are blood vessels that originate from the aorta or its branches and provide blood flow to the pulmonary tissues. We herein report a rare case of APCAs without abnormal structures in the heart. Read More

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September 2021

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection of an Anomalous Right Coronary Artery in a Young Male.

Cureus 2021 Aug 5;13(8):e16924. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Cardiology, Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Huntington, USA.

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a tear in the coronary artery layers that presents clinically as an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), ventricular arrhythmias, or sudden cardiac death (SCD). It is uncommon for young healthy males with no comorbid conditions to have SCAD. We report an interesting case of SCAD in an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) in a young 33-year-old male. Read More

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Primary Aortic Angiosarcoma: A Review of Two Cases Highlighting Unique Imaging and Clinical Characteristics.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2021 Aug 29;3(4):e210040. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

School of Medicine (C.H.K.), Department of Diagnostic Radiology (A.P.S.L., C.F.), Knight Cancer Institute (M.W., L.E.D.), and Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation (K.R.G.), Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, Portland, OR 97239; and Operative Care Division, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, Ore (K.R.G.).

Angiosarcomas are rare vascular connective tissue tumors originating from the tunica intima, media, or adventitia and may arise in large vessels. Here two cases of primary angiosarcoma of the aorta are described that highlight initial manifestations and unique complications from diffuse arterial tumor emboli, which led to delayed cancer diagnosis. In patients with aortic lesions, imaging characteristics must be thoughtfully reconciled with clinical scenarios, particularly in patients with no additional evidence of atherosclerosis or vasculitis. Read More

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Anatomic Variations of the Hepatic Artery in 5625 Patients.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2021 Aug 19;3(4):e210007. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To analyze the origin and anatomic course of the hepatic arteries by using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and multidetector CT in a large study sample.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 5625 patients who underwent liver CT and chemoembolization between January 2005 and December 2018 (mean age, 60 years ± 11 [range, 11-99 years]; 4464 males). The CT and DSA images were reviewed to evaluate the visceral arterial anatomy for variations in the celiac axis and hepatic arteries. Read More

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Intraoperative angiography for visceral arteries originating from false lumen.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2021 Sep 6:2184923211041457. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Cardiology, 13607Fukui Prefectural Hospital, Japan.

A 70-year-old man had an acute type B aortic dissection 9 years before his admission. The last enhanced computed tomography that was performed revealed an aneurysm that extended from the ascending aorta to the aortic arch, associated with a chronic aortic dissection, which extended from the aortic arch to the left external iliac artery. His visceral arteries originated from the false lumen. Read More

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September 2021

Outflow Through Aortic Side Branches Drives False Lumen Patency in Type B Aortic Dissection.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 13;8:710603. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Vascular- and Endovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty and University Hospital Düsseldorf, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B aortic dissection (TBAD) aims to induce false lumen (FL) thrombosis by sealing intimal tears between the true (TL) and the FL, and blocking the inflow into the FL. Incomplete thrombosis of the FL is correlated with poor clinical outcome. We hypothesize that the number of major and minor branches arising from the FL affects FL patency and may negatively influence TEVAR induced FL thrombosis. Read More

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Risk Factors for Aortic Regurgitation Progression After Repair of Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Center of Cardiac Surgery for Adults, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The main treatment for a ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is surgical repair. Postoperative progression of aortic regurgitation (AR) following SVA repair increases the risk of reoperation, which decreases the long-term survival. Thus, identifying the risk factors for postoperative AR progression is of great significance. Read More

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September 2021

Cardiac Arrest in a 33-year-old Marathon Runner with Anomalous Right Coronary Artery Originating from the Pulmonary Artery.

Intern Med 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Cardiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital, Japan.

A 33-year-old marathon runner presented with anomalous right coronary artery originating from the pulmonary artery after being admitted for cardiac arrest. Surgical re-implantation of the right coronary artery to the aortic root to re-establish right coronary ostial circulation was successful. The patient resumed exercise and required no further medical therapy. Read More

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Aortic arch thrombosis complicated by an embolic stroke in a patient with COVID-19: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Sep 23;69:102760. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Clinical Radiology Department, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Introduction: Aortic thrombosis is an uncommon condition with serious embolic complications. COVID-19 is currently recognized to be associated with both venous and arterial thrombosis. However, only a limited number of COVID-19 cases associated with aortic thrombosis have been reported in the literature since the beginning of the pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Septaly Oriented Mild Aortic Regurgitant Jets Negatively Influence Left Ventricular Blood Flow-Insights From 4D Flow MRI Animal Study.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 9;8:711099. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University and ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Paravalvular leakage (PVL) and eccentric aortic regurgitation remain a major clinical concern in patients receiving transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and regurgitant volume remains the main readout parameter in clinical assessment. In this work we investigate the effect of jet origin and trajectory of mild aortic regurgitation on left ventricular hemodynamics in a porcine model. A pig model of mild aortic regurgitation/PVL was established by transcatheter piercing and dilating the non-coronary (NCC) or right coronary cusp (RCC) of the aortic valve close to the valve annulus. Read More

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A Differential Pattern of Batokine Expression in Perivascular Adipose Tissue Depots From Mice.

Front Physiol 2021 4;12:714530. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Departament de Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular and Institut de Biomedicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Depending on its anatomical placement, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) has been found to possess features more (e.g., aortic thoracic) or less (e. Read More

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Coronary embolism due to possible thrombosis of prosthetic aortic valve - the role of optical coherence tomography: case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Jul 30;5(7):ytab115. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, Bern University Hospital, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Coronary embolism is an important non-atherosclerotic cause of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) that requires an individualized diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Although certain angiographic criteria exist that render an embolic origin likely, uncertainty remains. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution intracoronary imaging technology that enables visualization of thrombus and the underlying coronary vessel wall, which may be helpful to distinguish between an atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic origin of AMI. Read More

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Anatomy of testicular artery: A proposal for a classification with MDCT angiography.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Sep 31;142:109885. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ankara, Turkey, Hacettepe Universitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, 06100 Sıhhiye, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: Knowledge of normal anatomy and variations of testicular arteries are critical for planning before minimally invasive surgery. In this article, we aimed to evaluate the morphological characteristics of testicular arteries by MDCT and propose a new classification system.

Method: A total of 400 adult patients (total of 819 testicular arteries) who underwent abdominal CT angiography examination for several unrelated reasons were enrolled in this study. Read More

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September 2021

Utility of high resolution mapping to guide ablation of ventricular arrhythmias from the aortic sinuses of Valsalva.

J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2021 Aug 7. Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, E-317C GH, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.

Purpose: Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) arrhythmias are commonly targeted from the aortic sinuses of Valsalva (SOV). Both presystolic potentials during ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and late diastolic potentials during sinus rhythm have been recognized as markers of successful ablation sites. The study aimed to evaluate the utility of high resolution mapping (HRM) with small and closely spaced electrodes for guiding ablation of VA from the SOV. Read More

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Evaluation of Celiac Trunk, Hepatic Artery Variations, and Their Collateral Arteries by Multi-Slice Computed Tomography.

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul 2021 2;55(2):217-223. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Anatomy, Health Sciences University, Gulhane Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Celiac Trunk (CT) is a vital artery and the first unmatched branch of the abdominal aorta, providing blood to upper abdominal structures, particularly the liver, stomach, and spleen. It is essential to know its anatomy in terms of pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, liver surgeries, and interventional radiological procedures such as chemoembolization. The aim of our study is to contribute to the literature with the measurements of distances between the diaphragmatic crus and vascular structures with their diameters, which have been studied insufficiently, and to detect the possible relationships between vascular variations and collateral branches. Read More

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Testicular artery originating from the inferior mesenteric artery: an alert for interventionalists - A case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Sep 16;16(9):2710-2713. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Unit of Interventional Radiology - Department of Radiology, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Viale Camillo Golgi, Pavia PV, Italy.

Testicular arteries usually arise from the abdominal aorta. During an elective embolization of superior rectal arteries for hemorrhoidal disease performed in a 52-year-old male patient, a previously unreported vascular variant was identified. On selective angiography, the inferior mesenteric artery split into left colic artery and left testicular artery, without any evidence of vascular supply to the hemorrhoidal cushions. Read More

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September 2021

[Anomalous Aortic Origin of a Right Coronary Artery:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Aug;74(8):602-605

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

An anomalous right coronary artery originating from the left Valsalva is rare, but sometimes causes sudden cardiac death in a healthy young to middle-aged patient. We present a case of 30-year-old male who was suggested from cardiopulmonary arrest, during playing basketball. He was resuscitated using automated external defibrillator, and was brought to the emergency department. Read More

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Systemic arteriopulmonary venous fistula (APVF): case presentation of an asymptomatic individual and a review of the literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 29;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Radiology, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.

Abnormal communications between the systemic and pulmonary venous systems are rare but can present as a opacity on chest radiograph. A solitary vessel communicating as a fistula directly between the systemic arterial circulation and the pulmonary venous system is not widely described. These may have significant implications in the long-term cardiovascular health of an individual acting as a left to right shunt. Read More

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Late Type A Dissection After Transfemoral Aortic Valve Replacement.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Jun 17;2(6):877-881. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon.

An 87-year-old woman had residual moderate to severe aortic insufficiency following transcatheter aortic valve replacement. A year later, she developed extensive Stanford type A aortic dissection originating at the supra-annular aortic edge of the transcatheter aortic valve replacement nitinol frame. Dissection repair, frozen elephant trunk with exclusion of prior insufficiency while preserving the transcatheter aortic valve replacement valve was performed. Read More

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A comprehensive study of right and left inferior phrenic artery variations in 1000 patients with multidetector computed tomography angiography: an important study for HCC.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Sep 23;43(9):1471-1480. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Radiology, Medical School, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the anatomic variations in the origins of the right and left inferior phrenic arteries (IPAs) using multidetector computed tomography and to classify their combined variations.

Methods: This retrospective study included patients undergoing abdominal aorta angiography between January 2015 and October 2019. The RIPA and LIPA origins were evaluated both separately and combined on three-dimensional images. Read More

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September 2021