65,621 results match your criteria organizational state

Beyond Notes: Why It Is Time to Abandon an Outdated Documentation Paradigm.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 20;23(4):e24179. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Radiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Clinicians spend a substantial part of their workday reviewing and writing electronic medical notes. Here we describe how the current, widely accepted paradigm for electronic medical notes represents a poor organizational framework for both the individual clinician and the broader medical team. As described in this viewpoint, the medical chart-including notes, labs, and imaging results-can be reconceptualized as a dynamic, fully collaborative workspace organized by topic rather than time, writer, or data type. Read More

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The prevalence of occupational exposure to noise: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-related Burden of Disease and Injury.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 16:106380. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Workers' Health and Human Ecology Research Center, National School of Public Health Sergio Arouca, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing joint estimates of the work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO Joint Estimates), with contributions from a large network of individual experts. Evidence from mechanistic and human data suggests that occupational exposure to noise may cause cardiovascular disease. In this paper, we present a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of occupational exposure to noise for estimating (if feasible) the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from cardiovascular disease that are attributable to exposure to this risk factor, for the development of the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates. Read More

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[Development of criteria for creating an electronic medical record of a dental patient].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2021 ;100(2):18-23

Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Moscow, Russia.

The implementation of the unified state information system project in the health sector involves the creation of a single digital space in health care with the accession of medical organizations of all forms of ownership until 2024. Digitalization in dentistry will undoubtedly provide the doctor with additional resources and opportunities, but only if the correct implementation of digital technologies and techniques. Creating an electronic map of a dental patient is one of the most urgent and complex tasks since it involves the formation of completely new principles of the dentist's work. Read More

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January 2021

Openness Toward Organizational Change Scale (OTOCS): Validity evidence from Brazil and Portugal.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(4):e0249986. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

William James Center for Research, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisbon, Portugal.

Openness toward organizational change is central to employees' responses to organizations' strategic actions. This study aims to assess the validity evidence of the Openness Toward Organizational Change Scale (OTOCS) by examining the internal structure of the measure (e.g. Read More

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[Children's daycare and schools-a challenge for local health services in the pandemic].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA), Köln, Deutschland.

Local public health services in Germany usually include a local organizational unit that is in charge of the healthcare of children, youths, and families (KJGD). Major tasks are defined in the federal laws for the public health service emphasizing different types of activities in daycare units, schools, and community living environments. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the activities of the KJGD have clearly changed. Read More

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Videoconference fatigue? Exploring changes in fatigue after videoconference meetings during COVID-19.

J Appl Psychol 2021 Mar;106(3):330-344

Strome College of Business, Old Dominion University.

In response to the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global health pandemic, many employees transitioned to remote work, which included remote meetings. With this sudden shift, workers and the media began discussing videoconference fatigue, a potentially new phenomenon of feeling tired and exhausted attributed to a videoconference. In the present study, we examine the nature of videoconference fatigue, when this phenomenon occurs, and what videoconference characteristics are associated with fatigue using a mixed-methods approach. Read More

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A satellite-based mobile warning system to reduce interactions with an endangered species.

Ecol Appl 2021 Apr 18:e2358. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Environmental Research Division, NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Monterey, CA, USA.

Earth observing satellites are a major research tool for spatially explicit ecosystem nowcasting and forecasting. However, there are practical challenges when integrating satellite data into usable real-time products for stakeholders. The need of forecast immediacy and accuracy means that forecast systems must account for missing data and data latency while delivering a timely, accurate and actionable product to stakeholders. Read More

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Balancing Demands: Determinants of Burnout Reported by Fellows in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.

ATS Sch 2021 Jan 29;2(1):108-123. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Burnout is common among physicians who care for critically ill patients and is known to contribute to worse patient outcomes. Fellows training in pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM) have risk factors that make them susceptible to burnout; for example, clinical environments that require increased intellectual and emotional demands with long hours. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has recognized the increasing importance of trainee burnout and encourages training programs to address burnout. Read More

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January 2021

Transitions in Black and Latinx Community-Based Doula Work in the US During COVID-19.

Mariel Rivera

Front Sociol 2021 11;6:611350. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Anthropology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, United States.

In response to COVID-19, many doulas, including community-based doulas (CBDs), have shifted to virtual doula work, placing aspects of doula care online. CBDs typically center Black and Brown mothers and come from the same community as their clients, granting access to doula care for many individuals who would traditionally not have access. Two partner CBD organizations in Central New York-Village Birth International and Doula 4 a Queen-transitioned to virtual doula work, continuing to center Black and Afro-Latinx people. Read More

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Covid-19 and the Brazilian Reality: The Role of Favelas in Combating the Pandemic.

Front Sociol 2020 17;5:611990. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Psychology Graduate Program, Psychology Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The consequences of coronavirus in favelas in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) point to social inequality as a structuring factor in Brazilian society. The contagion spread and multiple death cases reveal the multiplicity of existence ways that cohabit the urban context, indicating that in many of these scenarios, access to decent housing, drinking water, and minimum income is not a reality and recommendations from international health agencies are challenging to implement. Against government technopolitics that drive different forms of death to the poorest, black communities, and slum dwellers, territorial insurgencies indicate other paths for the construction of a dignified life and access to fundamental rights, targeted solidarity practices, territorial political organization and the construction of specific public policies to deal with the effects of the virus which takes into account the particularities and distinct realities of the territory. Read More

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December 2020

Hybrid Areas of Work Between Employment and Self-Employment: Emerging Challenges and Future Research Directions.

Front Sociol 2019 21;4:86. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Social and Political Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The growth of non-standard employment relations has created one of the major challenges in terms of workers' rights as well as collective representation in European societies. Among non-standard employment relations, so-called "solo self-employed"-self-employed workers without employees-are challenging the very foundations of our labor markets, that is to say the opposition between employers and employees, fostering the development of emerging "hybrid" areas of work. The heterogeneity of the solo self-employed is difficult to capture from official statistics, which are still based on traditional classifications, and questions also the legal categories that qualify these workers. Read More

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January 2020

The Sovereign Ascendant: Financial Collapse, Status Anxiety, and the Rebirth of the Sovereign Citizen Movement.

Edwin Hodge

Front Sociol 2019 26;4:76. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Department of Sociology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.

As many scholars have noted, periods of economic or social unrest often bring about the growth or resurgence of extremist social movements on both the political left and the right. The 1990s saw the rise of the American militia movement, largely in response to the emergence of international organizations like the North American Free Trade Agreement, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and an increasingly internationalist American administration. Earlier still, during the agricultural depression of the 1920s, the chaotic social, political, and economic order proved to be fertile ground for the resurgent Ku Klux Klan. Read More

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November 2019

The Science of Scale for Violence Prevention: A New Agenda for Family Strengthening in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Front Public Health 2021 19;9:581440. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Ending all violence against children by 2030 is a core part of Sustainable Development Goals 5 and 16. A number of promising violence reduction strategies have been identified in research studies. However, we lack an understanding of the implementation and impact of these programs in respect to their delivery at a large scale or within existing service systems, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Read More

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"You've Got Mail": a Daily Investigation of Email Demands on Job Tension and Work-Family Conflict.

J Bus Psychol 2021 Apr 10:1-14. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL USA.

Email represents a useful organizational tool that can facilitate rapid and flexible communication between organizations, managers, and employees regardless of their physical location (e.g., office, home, on vacation). Read More

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Rural-urban differences in educational attainment among registered nurses: Implications for achieving an 80% BSN workforce.

J Prof Nurs 2021 Mar-Apr;37(2):404-410. Epub 2020 May 15.

Rural & Minority Health Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 220 Stoneridge Drive Suite 204, Columbia, SC 29201, United States of America; College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, 1601 Greene Street, Columbia, SC 29208, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Multiple professional organizations and institutes recommend the Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree as a minimum standard for registered nurse practice. Achieving this standard may be particularly challenging in rural areas, which tend to be more economically disadvantaged and have fewer opportunities for higher educational attainment compared to urban areas.

Purpose: Our primary objective was to provide updated information on rural-urban differences in educational attainment. Read More

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Determining student-level characteristics predictive of successful matching in PGY1 community-based residency programs: A curriculum vitae analysis.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Jun 3;13(6):705-710. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS, 39216, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: The purpose of this analysis was to determine which characteristics increase a candidate's likelihood of matching with a post-graduate year 1 (PGY1) community-based residency program (CBRP).

Methods: Current and former CBRP residents' curriculum vitae (CVs) were collected and reviewed utilizing a survey and standardized rubric. Eligible participants were current PGY1 CBRP residents or had completed a PGY1 program no earlier than 2015. Read More

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Tumor vasculature-targeting PEGylated peptide-drug conjugate prodrug nanoparticles improve chemotherapy and prevent tumor metastasis.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Apr 5;219:113430. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Food Nutrition/Safety and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Biotechnology Tianjin University of Science and Technology, No.29 of 13 th Avenue, TEDA, Tianjin, 300457, PR China. Electronic address:

Metastasis is the main cause of death in cancer patients; therefore, new strategies or technologies that can inhibit the growth of primary tumors and their metastatic spread are extremely valuable. In this study, we selected an E-selectin-binding peptide as a targeting ligand and an inhibitor of metastasis, and conjugated this peptide with SN38 and PEG to produce an amphiphilic PEGylated peptide-drug conjugate (PDC). Novel self-assembled nanoparticles were then formed by the amphiphilic conjugate. Read More

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[Yu.M. Filatov (by the 90th anniversary)].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2021 ;85(2):118-120

Burdenko Neurosurgical Center, Moscow, Russia.

May 7, 2021 was the 90 anniversary of the birth of an outstanding Russian neurosurgeon, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Laureate of the State Prize of USSR, Professor Yury Mikhailovich Filatov. Read More

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Capitalist theory and socialist practice: The organization of Chinese mathematics in the early 1950s.

John Hanzhang Ye

Endeavour 2021 Apr 13;45(1-2):100767. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Program in History of Science and Technology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, United States. Electronic address:

This article explores how the Chinese state organized scientific research in the 1950s, through a case study of mathematics. By examining the organizing process of the Chinese Mathematical Society and the establishment of the Institute of Mathematics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the article explains how a number of state agents were selected to lead national level research institutes as a means for guiding scientists in serving the needs of the state. In addition, under state corporatism, all scientists were attached to discipline-specific academic societies, forming a large hierarchy consisting of societies at different levels. Read More

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Can Technological Advancements Help to Alleviate COVID-19 Pandemic? A Review.

J Biomed Inform 2021 Apr 13:103787. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Dept. of Mechanical Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Maharashtra-400076, IN. Electronic address:

The COVID-19 pandemic is continuing, and the innovative and efficient contributions of the emerging modern technologies to the pandemic responses are too early and cannot be completely quantified at this moment. Digital technologies are not a final solution but are the tools that facilitate a quick and effective pandemic response. In accordance, mobile applications, robots and drones, social media platforms (such as search engines, Twitter, and Facebook), television, and associated technologies deployed in tackling the COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak are discussed adequately, emphasizing the current-state-of-art. Read More

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Residential indoor air quality interventions through a social-ecological systems lens: A systematic review.

Indoor Air 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Communication and Information, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersy, USA.

Indoor air quality (IAQ) is an important consideration for health and well-being as people spend most of their time indoors. Multi-disciplinary interest in IAQ is growing, resulting in more empirical research, especially in affordable housing settings, given disproportionate impacts on vulnerable populations. Conceptually, there is little coherency among these case studies; they traverse diverse spatial scales, indoor and outdoor environments, and populations, making it difficult to implement research findings in any given setting. Read More

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Pre-Implementation of the Age-Friendly Health Systems Evidence-Based 4Ms Framework in a Multi-State Convenient Care Practice.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2021 Apr;18(2):118-128

MinuteClinic, Woonsocket, RI, USA.

Background: Quality issues in the delivery of healthcare services to older adults and changes in societal demographics call for a social movement to improve the care of older adults in a variety of healthcare settings, including ambulatory care and convenient care clinics.

Aims: To describe the pre-implementation phase to integrate the Age-Friendly Health Systems (AFHS) 4Ms (i.e. Read More

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Nursing, Caregiving and Psychological support in Chronic Disorders of Consciousness: a scoping review.

Acta Biomed 2021 03 31;92(S2):e2021013. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo".

Background And Aims: The major disorders of consciousness include Coma, Vegetative State, and Minimally Conscious State. The care and the management of patients with Disorders of Consciousness (DOC) have raised several important ethical, social and medical issues. Aim of this review is to evaluate the role of nursing and psychological support in DOC management, in order to improve the quality of life of both patients and their caregivers. Read More

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Bibliometric profile of the African Academy of Sciences medical and health sciences fellows.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 19;38:60. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Physiotherapy, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) is the preeminent science academy on the African continent, but there is currently no information on the academic productivity of the fellowship members. This study investigated the bibliometric parameters of the AAS medical and health sciences fellows. The demographic information (year of induction, gender, and region of employment in Africa) of the 80 medical and health sciences fellows were obtained from the AAS website. Read More

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The Good Manager: Development and Validation of the Managerial Interpersonal Skills Scale.

Front Psychol 2021 29;12:631390. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Claremont McKenna College, Claremont, CA, United States.

It is no secret that employees leave their organizations because of bad managers- but what about the good ones? How can researchers and organizations differentiate individuals in terms of the interpersonal skills needed to perform well in the managerial role? Although these are fundamentally important questions to organizational psychologists, there exists no conceptual model, definition, or measure of interpersonal skills specific to the managerial role. We address these questions and research gaps by developing a conceptual model and validating a concomitant measure of managerial interpersonal skills (MIPS) through a research program that included four studies across three phases: First, through a review of the literature and structured interviews with practicing managers; next, three quantitative studies in which we develop, refine and validate our MIPS scale; and finally, in a fourth validation study with matched supervisor-employee data from a large healthcare organization. Results suggest that MIPS are best represented by a three-dimensional model comprised of supporting, motivating and managing conflict all indicating a higher-order latent MIPS factor. Read More

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Effects of Implementation and Enforcement Differences in Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs in 3 States: Connecticut, Kentucky, and Wisconsin.

Subst Abuse 2021 25;15:1178221821992349. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Institute for Health and Equity, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Background And Aims: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) were designed to curb opioid misuse and diversion by tracking scheduled medications prescribed by medical providers and dispensed by pharmacies. The effects of PDMPs on opioid prescription, misuse and overdose rates have been mixed due in part to variability in states' PDMPs and difficulties measuring this complexity, and a lack of attention to implementation and enforcement of PDMP components. The current study uses qualitative interviews with key informants from 3 states with different PDMPs, Connecticut, Kentucky and Wisconsin to explore differences in the characteristics of the PDMPs in each state; how they are implemented, monitored and enforced; and unintended negative consequences of these programs. Read More

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Associations of healthy lifestyle and socioeconomic status with mortality and incident cardiovascular disease: two prospective cohort studies.

BMJ 2021 04 14;373:n604. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430030 Wuhan, China

Objective: To examine whether overall lifestyles mediate associations of socioeconomic status (SES) with mortality and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the extent of interaction or joint relations of lifestyles and SES with health outcomes.

Design: Population based cohort study.

Setting: US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (US NHANES, 1988-94 and 1999-2014) and UK Biobank. Read More

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U.S. COVID-19 State Government Public Dashboards: An Expert Review.

Appl Clin Inform 2021 03 14;12(2):208-221. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

CATALYST-The Center for the Advancement of Team Science, Analytics, and Systems Thinking, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States.

Background: In the United States, all 50 state governments deployed publicly viewable dashboards regarding the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to track and respond to the pandemic. States dashboards, however, reflect idiosyncratic design practices based on their content, function, and visual design and platform. There has been little guidance for what state dashboards should look like or contain, leading to significant variation. Read More

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