46 results match your criteria organization msws


Reliability and Validity of the Lower Extremity Motor Activity Log for Measuring Real-World Leg Use in Adults With Multiple Sclerosis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 04 20;102(4):626-632. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.

Objectives: To determine the test-retest reliability and validity of the Lower Extremity Motor Activity Log (LE-MAL) for assessing LE use in the community in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Design: Prospective analysis of measures conducted by trained examiners.

Setting: Participants were evaluated by telephone on several measures of LE use. Read More

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Potential Impact of Targeted HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Uptake Among Male Sex Workers.

Sci Rep 2020 03 27;10(1):5650. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

Little is known about the potential population-level impact of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among cisgender male sex workers (MSWs), a high-risk subset of cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM). Using an agent-based model, we simulated HIV transmission among cisgender MSM in Rhode Island to determine the impacts of PrEP implementation where cisgender MSWs were equally ("standard expansion") or five times as likely ("focused expansion") to initiate PrEP compared to other cisgender MSM. Without PrEP, the model predicted 920 new HIV infections over a decade, or an average incidence of 0. Read More

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Network-Level Correlates of Sexual Risk Among Male Sex Workers in the United States: A Dyadic Analysis.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2020 02;83(2):111-118

Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI.

Background: Male sex workers (MSWs) are at increased risk of HIV infection in the United States. Research is limited on sexual and drug use network characteristics of MSWs.

Setting: Community-based organization and health center in 2 US Northeast cities. Read More

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February 2020

Examining the validity of the multiple-sclerosis walking scale-12 with Rasch analysis: Results from an Italian study.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2019 Nov 19;36:101400. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Rehabilitation, "Mons. L. Novarese" Hospital, Moncrivello (VC), Italy.

Background: The Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) has showed good psychometric properties in reports exploring its validity using Classical Test Theory methods. Findings from recent studies using Item Response Theory methods advance the idea that some aspects of the MSWS-12 does not fully comply with some requirements of sound measurement.

Research Question: The present study investigated whether the measurement properties of the Italian version of the MSWS-12 met the assumptions of the Rasch model. Read More

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November 2019

Coming to terms with oneself: a mixed methods approach to perceived self-esteem of adult survivors of childhood maltreatment in foster care settings.

BMC Psychol 2018 Sep 17;6(1):47. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, 1010, Vienna, Austria.

Background: A broad range of psychopathological sequelae was found in adult survivors of institutional childhood maltreatment (IM). Childhood maltreatment is also associated with lower self-esteem (SE). In previous qualitative research, adult survivors of IM reported feelings of worthlessness and self-doubts, but research on IM and its associations with SE is still scarce. Read More

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September 2018

Task shifting Midwifery Support Workers as the second health worker at a home birth in the UK: A qualitative study.

Midwifery 2018 Jul 13;62:109-115. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Institute of Applied Health Research, Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: Traditionally two midwives attend home births in the UK. This paper explores the implementation of a new home birth care model where births to low risk women are attended by one midwife and one Midwifery Support Worker (MSW).

Design And Setting: The study setting was a dedicated home birth service provided by a large UK urban hospital. Read More

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The odyssey of linking to and staying in HIV care among male sex workers in Peru.

J HIV AIDS 2017 Jan 25;3(1). Epub 2016 Nov 25.

School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Honorio Delgado 430, San Martin de Porres, Lima, Peru.

Background: In Peru, there is little information about the HIV care continuum. Therefore, we conducted a study to describe the HIV care continuum among male sex workers (MSWs) in Lima.

Methods: We applied close-ended surveys with 209 MSWs about their engagement in the HIV care continuum and open-ended surveys with 34 MSWs who are people living with HIV (PLHIV) to explore their linkage to and retention in HIV care. Read More

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January 2017

Evaluation of the Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12 (MSWS-12) in a Dutch sample: Application of item response theory.

Mult Scler 2016 12 12;22(14):1867-1873. Epub 2016 Feb 12.

Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands/VUmc MS Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: The Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12 (MSWS-12) measures walking ability from the patients' perspective. We examined the quality of the MSWS-12 using an item response theory model, the graded response model (GRM).

Methods: A total of 625 unique Dutch multiple sclerosis (MS) patients were included. Read More

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December 2016

Validity of visual perceptive computing for static posturography in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler 2016 10 26;22(12):1596-1606. Epub 2016 Jan 26.

NeuroCure Clinical Research Center, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany/Department of Neurology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients frequently have postural control impairment but quantitative posturography is difficult to perform in clinical care. Recent technology facilitates new posturography approaches.

Objective: To evaluate construct validity of visual perceptive computing (VPC) for static posturography to study postural control in MS patients. Read More

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October 2016

Erratum.

Authors:

Mult Scler 2016 Oct 3;22(12):NP9-NP11. Epub 2015 Jun 3.

In the article The use of gaming technology for rehabilitation in people with multiple sclerosis, DOI: 10.1177/1352458514563593, published in Multiple Sclerosis Volume 21 Issue 4, Table 1 was printed incorrectly. The corrected Table 1 is below:spmsj;22/12/NP9/TABLE11352458515585718T1table1-1352458515585718Table 1. Read More

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October 2016

The effects of exergaming on balance, gait, technology acceptance and flow experience in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2015 17;7. Epub 2015 Apr 17.

Health and Social Care Institute, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BA UK.

Background: Exergaming is a promising new alternative to traditional modes of therapeutic exercise which may be preferable and more effective for people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Impaired balance is reported as one of the most disabling aspects of MS. The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of exergaming on: (1) postural sway, (2) gait, (3) technology acceptance and (4) flow experience in people with MS. Read More

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Responsiveness and clinically meaningful improvement, according to disability level, of five walking measures after rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis: a European multicenter study.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2014 Sep 6;28(7):621-31. Epub 2014 Feb 6.

Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Background: Evaluation of treatment effects on walking requires appropriate and responsive outcome measures.

Objectives: To determine responsiveness of 5 walking measures and provide reference values for clinically meaningful improvements, according to disability level, in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS).

Methods: Walking tests were measured pre- and postrehabilitation in 290 pwMS from 17 European centers. Read More

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September 2014

Dalfampridine improves walking speed, walking endurance, and community participation in veterans with multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal cohort study.

Mult Scler 2014 May 7;20(6):733-8. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

Oregon Health and Science University and Portland VA Medical Center, USA.

Background: In short-term trials, dalfampridine extended release (ER) improves walking in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The tolerability and effects of dalfampridine-ER in clinical practice have not been reported.

Objectives: The objective of this paper is to determine the clinical tolerability and effects of dalfampridine on walking and community participation. Read More

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Hospice for nursing home residents: does ownership type matter?

J Palliat Med 2013 Oct 30;16(10):1221-6. Epub 2013 Jul 30.

1 Yale School of Public Health, Yale University , New Haven, Connecticut.

Background: Currently, more than half of all nursing home residents use hospice at some point. Studies have shown benefits to hospice enrollment for patients; however, the literature on ownership differences in hospice care in general has indicated that for-profit hospices offer a narrower scope of services and employ fewer professional staff. Although nursing home staffing patterns have been shown to be essential to quality of care, the literature has not explored differences in number of patients per staff member for hospice care within nursing homes. Read More

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October 2013

The reliability, precision and clinically meaningful change of walking assessments in multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler 2013 Nov 15;19(13):1784-91. Epub 2013 Apr 15.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA.

Background: Assessing walking impairment in those with multiple sclerosis (MS) is common, however little is known about the reliability, precision and clinically important change of walking outcomes.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability, precision and clinically important change of the Timed 25-Foot Walk (T25FW), Six-Minute Walk (6MW), Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12 (MSWS-12) and accelerometry.

Methods: Data were collected from 82 persons with MS at two time points, six months apart. Read More

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November 2013

New pleasures and old dangers: reinventing male sex work.

J Sex Res 2013 ;50(3-4):263-75

Faculty of the Professions, University of New England.

Understandings of male sex workers (MSWs) shift with technological, conceptual, and social changes. Research has historically constructed MSWs as psychologically unstable, desperate, or destitute victims and their clients as socially deviant perverts. These perceptions, however, are no longer supported by contemporary research and changing societal perceptions of the sex industry, challenging how we understand and describe "escorts. Read More

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Molecular spoked wheels: synthesis and self-assembly studies on rigid nanoscale 2D objects.

Chemistry 2013 Apr 18;19(14):4480-95. Epub 2013 Feb 18.

Kekulé-Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Gerhard-Domagk-Strasse 1, 53121 Bonn, Germany.

We present the efficient synthesis of a new molecular spoked-wheel structure (MSW-3). Two derivatives with diameters of approximately 4 nm have been prepared. By highlighting the importance of pseudo-high-dilution conditions during cyclization, we were able to access the compounds on a several hundred milligram scale. Read More

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The multiple sclerosis rating scale, revised (MSRS-R): development, refinement, and psychometric validation using an online community.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2012 Jun 18;10:70. Epub 2012 Jun 18.

PatientsLikeMe Inc, 155 Second Street, Cambridge, MA 02141, USA.

Background: In developing the PatientsLikeMe online platform for patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), we required a patient-reported assessment of functional status that was easy to complete and identified disability in domains other than walking. Existing measures of functional status were inadequate, clinician-reported, focused on walking, and burdensome to complete. In response, we developed the Multiple Sclerosis Rating Scale (MSRS). Read More

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Pilates based core stability training in ambulant individuals with multiple sclerosis: protocol for a multi-centre randomised controlled trial.

BMC Neurol 2012 Apr 5;12:19. Epub 2012 Apr 5.

Faculty of Health, Education and Society, School of Health Professions, Plymouth University, Peninsula Allied Health Centre, Derriford Road, Plymouth PL6 8BH, UK.

Background: People with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) frequently experience balance and mobility impairments, including reduced trunk stability. Pilates-based core stability training, which is aimed at improving control of the body's stabilising muscles, is popular as a form of exercise with people with MS and therapists. A replicated single case series study facilitated by the Therapists in MS Group in the United Kingdom (UK) provides preliminary evidence that this approach can improve balance and mobility in ambulant people with MS; further evidence is needed to substantiate these findings to ensure that limited time, energy, finances and resources are used to best effect. Read More

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The costs of HIV prevention for different target populations in Mumbai, Thane and Bangalore.

BMC Public Health 2011 Dec 29;11 Suppl 6:S7. Epub 2011 Dec 29.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative, delivers HIV prevention services to high-risk populations at scale. Although the broad costs of such HIV interventions are known, to-date there has been little data available on the comparative costs of reaching different target groups, including female sex workers (FSWs), replace with 'high risk men who have sex with men (HR-MSM) and trans-genders.

Methods: Costs are estimated for the first three years of Avahan scale up differentiated by typology of female sex workers (brothel, street, home, lodge based, bar based), HR-MSM and transgenders in urban districts in India: Mumbai and Thane in Maharashtra and Bangalore in Karnataka. Read More

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December 2011

HIV behavioural risks and the role of work environment among Chinese male sex workers in Hong Kong.

AIDS Care 2012 31;24(3):340-7. Epub 2012 Jan 31.

Department of Family Medicine & Primary Care, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Male sex workers are a highly marginalised group in Hong Kong and it is increasingly so with an influx of them travelling from mainland China to work as "freelance" sex workers. This study aimed to measure important work environment variables that might affect the likelihood of condom use among male sex workers working in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey of 161 participants recruited by snowball and convenience sampling methods through outreach workers of a local non-governmental organization was conducted in 2007-2008. Read More

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MSWs and the RCM.

Authors:

Midwives 2012 ;15(3):50-1

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The use of multiple sclerosis condition-specific measures to inform health policy decision-making: mapping from the MSWS-12 to the EQ-5D.

Mult Scler 2012 Jun 22;18(6):853-61. Epub 2011 Nov 22.

Health Economics Group, PenCLAHRC, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

Background: Walking impairment has a major influence on the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) assesses the impact of MS on walking ability from the patient's perspective, but in its current form, is not amenable for use in many policy decision-making settings.

Objectives: Statistical 'mapping' methods were used to convert MSWS-12 scores to EQ-5D health state values. Read More

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Proxy measurements in multiple sclerosis: agreement on different patient-reported outcome scales.

Mult Scler 2012 Feb 9;18(2):196-201. Epub 2011 Sep 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) scales are often used in multiple sclerosis (MS) research. Full understanding of items can be influenced by disease worsening, mood disturbances and cognitive problems of the MS patient. Earlier research with the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) showed that proxy respondents (i. Read More

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February 2012

The effect of the developing role of the maternity support worker on the professional accountability of the midwife.

Midwifery 2011 Jun 14;27(3):336-41. Epub 2011 May 14.

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust (Queens Medical Centre Campus), Maternity Unit, B Floor, Derby Road, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK.

The recent rise in the number of maternity support workers (MSWs) in the United Kingdom (UK) has been welcomed by midwifery managers and supported by social policy surrounding improvements in maternity care. The training and role of the MSW varies considerably. Whilst most training is undertaken through clinical practice, more recent advances in the preparation of MSWs have resulted in them not only being trained to National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) Level 3, but also to foundation certificate or degree level. Read More

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Longitudinal measurement invariance of the Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12.

J Neurol Sci 2011 Jun 6;305(1-2):75-9. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Objective: One primary assumption underlying the unambiguous interpretation of change in Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12 (MSWS-12) scores over time is longitudinal measurement invariance (i.e., Is the same construct being measured over time?). Read More

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Is screening for pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis warranted in high-risk groups?

Int J STD AIDS 2010 Nov;21(11):770-1

The Jefferiss Wing Centre for Sexual Health, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

A recent survey reported that 36% of UK genitourinary medicine clinics offer testing for pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis (CT). Screening at this site is targeted at high-risk groups attending our centre, including female sex workers (FSWs) and male sex workers (MSWs). A total of 2406 patients were screened between November 2006 and October 2007. Read More

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November 2010