10,745 results match your criteria organic solar


Photosensitized Transformation of Peroxymonosulfate in Dissolved Organic Matter Solutions under Simulated Solar Irradiation.

Environ Sci Technol 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, P. R. China.

Sulfate radical (SO)-mediated advanced oxidation processes via peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation have been extensively investigated. However, the phototransformation of PMS in sunlit dissolved organic matter (DOM) solution has not been previously examined. For the first time, the photosensitized transformation of PMS in DOM-enriched solutions under simulated solar irradiation was observed. Read More

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January 2022

Electronic Structure-Based Descriptors for Oxide Properties and Functions.

Acc Chem Res 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States.

ConspectusThe transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy requires the development of efficient and cost-effective energy storage technologies. A promising way forward is to harness the energy of intermittent renewable sources, such as solar and wind, to perform (electro)catalytic reactions to generate fuels, thus storing energy in the form of chemical bonds. However, current catalysts rely on the use of expensive, rare, or geographically localized elements, such as platinum. Read More

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January 2022

Performance analysis of a novel thermal energy storage integrated solar dryer for drying of coconuts.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

The drying of food products is an essential step in the preservation of crops and agricultural by-products that serve as raw materials for numerous end applications. Solar drying with phase change materials (PCMs) is an efficient low-energy consumption process in the post-reaping stage, reducing food deterioration. A customized solar dryer setup was assembled using Cudappah (black) stones as the base of the drying chamber to facilitate the absorption of solar energy on its surface. Read More

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January 2022

Theoretical Study of Non-Fullerene Acceptors Using End-Capped Groups with Different Electron-Withdrawing Abilities toward Efficient Organic Solar Cells.

J Phys Chem Lett 2022 Jan 20:916-922. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Key Laboratory of Cluster Science of Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory of Photoelectronic/Electrophotonic Conversion Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China.

Acceptors in organic solar cells (OSCs) are of paramount importance. On the basis of the well-known non-fullerene acceptor Y6, six acceptors (Y6-COH, Y6-COOH, Y6-CN, Y6-SOH, Y6-CF, and Y6-NO) were designed by end-capped manipulation. The effects of end-capped engineering on electronic properties, optical properties, and interfacial charge-transfer states were systematically studied by density functional theory, time-dependent density functional theory, and molecular dynamics. Read More

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January 2022

The Sea Spray Chemistry and Particle Evolution study (SeaSCAPE): overview and experimental methods.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.

Marine aerosols strongly influence climate through their interactions with solar radiation and clouds. However, significant questions remain regarding the influences of biological activity and seawater chemistry on the flux, chemical composition, and climate-relevant properties of marine aerosols and gases. Wave channels, a traditional tool of physical oceanography, have been adapted for large-scale ocean-atmosphere mesocosm experiments in the laboratory. Read More

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January 2022

Constructing Monolithic Perovskite/Organic Tandem Solar Cell with Efficiency of 22.0% via Reduced Open-circuit Voltage Loss and Broadened Absorption Spectra.

Adv Mater 2022 Jan 19:e2108829. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.

Combining the high stability under UV light of the wide bandgap (WBG) perovskite solar cells (pero-SCs) and the broad near-infrared absorption spectra of the narrow bandgap (NBG) organic solar cells (OSCs), the perovskite/organic tandem solar cells (TSCs) with the WBG pero-SC as front cell and the NBG OSC as rear cell have attracted attention recently. However, the photovoltaic performance of the perovskite/organic TSCs needs to be further improved. Herein, we reduce non-radiative charge recombination loss through bulk defect passivation in the WBG pero-SC front subcell, and broaden the range of absorption spectra of the NBG OSC rear cell, for improving photovoltaic performance of the TSCs. Read More

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January 2022

Strategic combination of metal-organic frameworks and CN for expeditious photocatalytic degradation of dye pollutants.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Institute of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Baghdad Campus, Bahawalpur, 63100, Pakistan.

The potential of fabricated silver and bismuth Co-N-doped imidazolate embedded into graphitic nitride BiO-Ag(0)/[email protected] for the degradation of Methylene blue (MB) and Congo red (CR) dyes have been reported. The synthesized materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The band gaps of ZIF-67, CN and composites were calculated using Tauc plot. Read More

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January 2022

Organic molecular dynamics and charge-carrier lifetime in lead iodide perovskite MAPbI.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Jan;119(4)

Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904

The long charge carrier lifetime of the hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIPs) is the key for their remarkable performance as a solar cell material. The microscopic mechanism for the long lifetime is still in debate. Here, by using a muon spin relaxation technique that probes the fluctuation of local magnetic fields, we show that the muon depolarization rate (Δ) of a prototype HOIP methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI) shows a sharp decrease with increasing temperature in two steps above 120 K and 190 K across the structural transition from orthorhombic to tetragonal structure at 162 K. Read More

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January 2022

[BaCl] Cations Directed Perovskite-like Polar Metal Formate Frameworks {[BaCl][M(HCO)]} (M = Mn, Co, and Mg): Microwave-Assisted Synthesis, Structures, and Properties.

Inorg Chem 2022 Jan 19. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, TKL of Organic Solar Cells and Photochemical Conversion, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Bioimaging, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, PR China.

Novel 3D metal formate frameworks {[BaCl][M(HCO)]} (M = Mn for , Co for , and Mg for ) were successfully assembled via microwave-assisted synthesis. The complexes are rare coordination polymers crystallized at space group 4 with the polar point group . In the structure, the M ions are bridged by two types of - formate in forming a 3D framework, and additional formates coordinate to the unsaturated sites of the M ions in the framework, giving an anionic M-formate net. Read More

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January 2022

Construction of a hierarchical ZnInS/CN heterojunction for the enhanced photocatalytic degradation of tetracycline.

Dalton Trans 2022 Jan 19. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Persistent Pollutants Control and Resources Recycle, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China.

Efficient charge separation and sufficiently exposed active sites are both critical limiting factors for solar-driven organic contaminant degradation. Herein, we describe a hierarchical heterojunction photocatalyst fabricated by the growth of ZnInS nanosheets on micro-tubular CN (denoted as ZIS/TCN). This ZIS/TCN heterojunction photocatalyst can take advantage of the hollow structure with stronger light absorption capacity and more active sites, and its heterostructure can accelerate the separation and transfer of photogenerated charge carriers. Read More

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January 2022

Depleted carbon isotope compositions observed at Gale crater, Mars.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Jan;119(4)

Solar System Exploration Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771.

Obtaining carbon isotopic information for organic carbon from Martian sediments has long been a goal of planetary science, as it has the potential to elucidate the origin of such carbon and aspects of Martian carbon cycling. Carbon isotopic values (δC) of the methane released during pyrolysis of 24 powder samples at Gale crater, Mars, show a high degree of variation (-137 ± 8‰ to +22 ± 10‰) when measured by the tunable laser spectrometer portion of the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite during evolved gas analysis. Included in these data are 10 measured δC values less than -70‰ found for six different sampling locations, all potentially associated with a possible paleosurface. Read More

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January 2022

3D Nanoscale Morphology Characterization of Ternary Organic Solar Cells.

Small Methods 2022 Jan 7;6(1):e2100916. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Énergie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS), Varennes, Québec, J3X 1S2, Canada.

It is highly desired to develop advanced characterization techniques to explore the 3D nanoscale morphology of the complicated blend film of ternary organic solar cells (OSCs). Here, ternary OSCs are constructed by incorporating the nonfullerene acceptor perylenediimide (PDI)-diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-PDI and their morphology is characterized in depth to understand the performance variation. In particular, photoinduced force microscopy (PiFM) coupled with infrared laser spectroscopy is conducted to qualitatively study the distribution of donor and acceptors in the blend film by chemical identification and to quantitatively probe the segmentation of domains and the domain size distribution after PDI-DPP-PDI acceptor incorporation by PiFM imaging and data processing. Read More

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January 2022

Engineering Olefin-Linked Covalent Organic Frameworks for Photoenzymatic Reduction of CO2.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2022 Jan 18. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Nankai University, State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Nankai University, Weijin Road 94#, Tianjin, CHINA.

It is of profound significance concerning the global energy and environmental crisis to develop new techniques that can reduce and convert CO 2 . To address this challenge, we build a new type of artificial photoenzymatic system for CO 2 reduction, using a rationally designed mesoporous olefin-linked covalent organic framework (COF) as the porous solid carrier for co-immobilizing formate dehydrogenase (FDH) and Rh-based electron mediator. By adjusting the incorporating content of Rh electronic mediator, which facilitates the regeneration of nicotinamide cofactor (NADH) from NAD + , the apparent quantum yield can reach as high as 9. Read More

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January 2022

Photoelectrochemical and photo-Fenton mechanism of enhanced visible light-driven nanocatalyst synthesis of ZnFeO/BiOI.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 18. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

School of Science, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, 730050, China.

Based on the fact that the photo-Fenton process can directly use solar energy to degrade various pollutants, it has received widespread attention. However, it has attracted widespread attention due to the rapid recombination of photo-generated carriers and the low light response range. Therefore, the construction of a Z-scheme heterojunction in this paper can effectively enhance the electron-hole separation, increase the reduction and oxidation potential, and enhance the redox capability of the photocatalysis. Read More

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January 2022

Correlating Interfacial Charge Transfer Rates with Interfacial Molecular Structure in the Tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene/C Organic Photovoltaic System.

J Phys Chem Lett 2022 Jan 18:763-769. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Department of Physics, University of Houston, 617 Science & Research Building 1, Houston, Texas 77204, United States.

Organic photovoltaics (OPV) is an emerging solar cell technology that offers vast advantages such as low-cost manufacturing, transparency, and solution processability. However, because the performance of OPV devices is still disappointing compared to their inorganic counterparts, better understanding of how controlling the molecular-level morphology can impact performance is needed. To this end, one has to overcome significant challenges that stem from the complexity and heterogeneity of the underlying electronic structure and molecular morphology. Read More

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January 2022

Ultrafast Response and Programmable Locomotion of Liquid/Vapor/Light-Driven Soft Multifunctional Actuators.

ACS Nano 2022 Jan 18. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Research Institute for Soft Matter and Biomimetics, College of Physical Science and Technology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China.

External-stimuli-driven soft actuators overcome several limitations inherent in traditional mechanical-driven technology considering the coming age of flexible robots, which might face harsh working conditions and rigorous multifunctional requirements. However, how to achieve multi-external-stimuli response, fast speed, and precise control of the position and angle of the actuator, especially working in a toxic liquid or vapor environment, still requires long-term efforts. Here, we report a multi-external-stimuli-driven sandwich actuator with aligned carbon nanotubes as the constructive subject, which can respond to various types of liquids (organic solvents), vapor, and solar light. Read More

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January 2022

Highly Elastic and Corrosion-Resistive Metallic Glass Thin Films for Flexible Encapsulation.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022 Jan 18. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea.

Ternary CuZrTi metallic glass thin films synthesized by sputtering are suggested as highly flexible and corrosion-resistant encapsulation materials. Unlike nanocrystalline Cu and binary CuZr metallic glass thin films, the ternary CuZrTi metallic glass thin films retain amorphous structure and do not oxidize even after 1000 h in an accelerated harsh environment at 85 °C with 85% relative humidity. The encapsulation performance of 260 nm thick ternary CuZrTi metallic glass is maintained even after 1000 bending cycles at a 3% tensile strain, corresponding to 70% of the elastic deformation limit, according to the results of a uniaxial tensile test. Read More

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January 2022

Hybrid Cathode Interlayer Enables 17.4% Efficiency Binary Organic Solar Cells.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2022 Jan 18:e2105575. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing, 400714, China.

With the emergence of fused ring electron acceptors, the power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells reached 19%. In comparison with the electron donor and acceptor materials progress, the development of cathode interlayers lags. As a result, charge extraction barriers, interfacial trap states, and significant transport resistance may be induced due to the unfavorable cathode interlayer, limiting the device performances. Read More

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January 2022

New medium bandgap donor D-A -D-A type Copolymers Based on Anthra[1,2-b: 4,3-b":6,7-c"'] Trithiophene-8,12-dione Groups for High -Efficient non -fullerene Polymer Solar Cells.

Macromol Rapid Commun 2022 Jan 18:e2100839. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Department of Physics, The LNM Institute for Information Technology, Jamdoli, 302031, India.

We synthesized a new acceptor unit anthra[1,2-b: 4,3-b': 6,7-c'']trithiophene-8,12-dione (А3Т) (A2) and then used it to design D-A -D-A medium bandgap donor copolymers with same thiophene (D) and A2 units but different A1 i.e., fluorinated benzothiadiazole (F-BTz) and benzothiadiazole (BTz) denoted as P130 and P131, respectively. Read More

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January 2022

Morphology and energy transfer study between conjugated polymers thin films: experimental and theoretical approaches.

J Phys Condens Matter 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Departamento de Fisica, Federal University of Paraná Department of Physics, Caixa Postal 19081, Curitiba, Paraná, 81531-980, BRAZIL.

In this paper, the effect of a silafluorene derivative copolymer, the poly[2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-dibenzosilole)-alt-4,7-bis(thiophene-2-yl)benzo-2,1,3-thiadiazole] (PSiF-DBT) sensitized by a simpler homopolymer, the poly[2-methoxy-5-(3',7'-dimethyloctyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MDMO-PPV) were investigated in a bi layer and ternary blend configuration. The energy transfer between the polymers prior to electron transfer to the acceptors can be an efficient alternative to photocurrent improvement in photovoltaic devices. The interactions between the two donor polymer films were evaluated optically and morphologically with several experimental techniques and correlated to the photovoltaic performance. Read More

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January 2022

High-performance ternary perovskite-organic solar cells.

Adv Mater 2022 Jan 17:e2109348. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

School of Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering, College of Engineering and Polymer Science, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, 44325, USA.

Perovskite solar cells in which two-dimensional (2D) perovskites are incorporated within a three-dimensional (3D) perovskite network exhibit improved stability with respect to purely 3D systems, but lower record power conversion efficiencies (PCEs). Here, we report a breakthrough in achieving enhanced PCEs, increased stability, and suppressed photocurrent hysteresis by incorporating n-type, low optical gap conjugated organic molecules into 2D:3D mixed perovskite composites. The resulting ternary perovskite-organic composites display extended absorption in the near-infrared region, improved film morphology, enlarged crystallinity, balanced charge transport, efficient photo-induced charge transfer, and suppressed counter-ion movement. Read More

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January 2022

Ion Migration in Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells: Current Understanding and Perspectives.

Small 2022 Jan 17:e2105783. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

School of Materials and Energy, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China.

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite (OIHPs) solar cells are the most promising alternatives to traditional silicon solar cells, with a certified power conversion efficiency beyond 25%. However, the poor stability of OHIPs is one of the thorniest obstacles that hinder its commercial development. Among all the factors affecting stability, ion migration is prominent because it is unavoidable and intrinsic in OHIPs. Read More

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January 2022

Removal of ibuprofen from synthetic wastewater using photocatalytic method in the presence of FeO photocatalyst supported on modified Iranian clinoptilolite.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kermanshah University of Technology, Kermanshah, Iran.

This study investigated the removal of an organic drug called ibuprofen from the wastewater containing this drug. Iron oxide supported on modified Iranian clinoptilolite was used as the photocatalyst in the presence of the light of a solar lamp. XRD, SEM, EDAX, and FT-IR analyses were performed to detect the prepared photocatalyst. Read More

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January 2022

AgPO-based photocatalysts and their application in organic-polluted wastewater treatment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Foshan University, Foshan, 528000, China.

Semiconductor photocatalysis technology has shown great potential in the field of organic pollutant removal, as it can use clean and pollution-free solar energy as driving force. The discovery of silver phosphate (AgPO) is a major breakthrough in the field of visible light responsive semiconductor photocatalysis due to its robust capacity to absorb visible light < 520 nm. Furthermore, the holes produced in AgPO under light excitation possess a strong oxidation ability. Read More

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January 2022

Ionic Liquids Modulating CsPbI Colloidal Quantum Dots Enable Improved Mobility for High-Performance Solar Cells.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Electronic Science and Technology, College of Electronic Information and Optical Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China.

Colloidal all-inorganic CsPbI perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) have shown tremendous potential in photovoltaic applications in recent years due to their outstanding optoelectronic properties that general metal halide perovskites offer, along with the added advantages that originates from size reduction and the quantum confinement effect. However, the issue of low carrier mobility in PQD films caused by insulating organic ligands capped on the PQD surface still remains to be addressed while aiming for high-efficiency PQD solar cells. Herein, we propose a novel strategy that takes benefits of ionic liquids, which can offer the high polarity and the electron donating ability to boost the mobility of PQD films in photovoltaic devices. Read More

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January 2022

Bithieno Thiophene-Based Small Molecules for Application as Donor Materials for Organic Solar Cells and Hole Transport Materials for Perovskite Solar Cells.

ACS Omega 2022 Jan 30;7(1):844-862. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan.

This quantum mechanical study focuses on the designing of twelve bithieno thiophene (BTTI) central core-based small molecules to explore optoelectronic properties as donor candidates for organic solar cells (OSCs) and hole transport materials (HTMs) accompanied by enhanced charge mobility for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). have been designed by the substitution of thiophene-bridged end-capped acceptors on both side terminals of reference ( are tailored by adopting the same tactic on one side terminal only. MPW1PW91/6-311G (d,p) has been employed for all computational simulations. Read More

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January 2022

Organic Chloride Salt Interfacial Modified Crystallization for Efficient Antimony Selenosulfide Solar Cells.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022 Jan 16. Epub 2022 Jan 16.

Univ Rennes, CNRS, ISCR (Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes) UMR 6226, Rennes F-35000, France.

Antimony selenosulfide, Sb(SSe), is recognized as an excellent photoactive material owing to its light harvesting capability. There is still room for improvement of the film quality for device performance improvement. Herein, an organic chloride salt [diethylamine hydrochloride, DEA(Cl)] has been introduced for fabricating Sb(SSe) solar cells for the first time. Read More

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January 2022

Super Water-Extracting Gels for Solar-Powered Volatile Organic Compounds Management in Hydrological Cycle.

Adv Mater 2022 Jan 16:e2110548. Epub 2022 Jan 16.

Materials Science and Engineering Program and Walker Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.

xxxx. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Read More

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January 2022

Energetics of the charge generation in organic donor-acceptor interfaces.

J Chem Phys 2022 Jan;156(2):024104

Department of Physics, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900 Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Non-fullerene acceptor materials have posed new paradigms for the design of organic solar cells , whereby efficient carrier generation is obtained with small driving forces, in order to maximize the open-circuit voltage (V). In this paper, we use a coarse-grained mixed quantum-classical method, which combines Ehrenfest and Redfield theories, to shed light on the charge generation process in small energy offset interfaces. We have investigated the influence of the energetic driving force as well as the vibronic effects on the charge generation and photovoltaic energy conversion. Read More

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January 2022

Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Polyhedrons Confined Fe-P Nanocrystals as High-Efficiency Bifunctional Catalysts for Aqueous Zn-CO Batteries.

Small 2022 Jan 15:e2104965. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Institute for New Energy Materials and Low-Carbon Technologies, Tianjin Key Lab for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin, 300384, China.

Emerging Fe bonded with heteroatom P in carbon matrix (FePC) holds great promise for electrochemical catalysis, but the design of highly active and cost-efficient FePC structure for the electrocatalytic CO reduction reaction (CO RR) and aqueous ZnCO batteries (ZCBs) is still challenging. Herein, polyhedron-shaped bifunctional electrocatalysts, FeP nanocrystals anchored in N-doped carbon polyhedrons ([email protected]), toward a reversible aqueous ZnCO battery, are reported. The [email protected] are synthesized through a facile strategy by using self-templated zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), followed by an in situ high-temperature calcination. Read More

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January 2022