Ann Transl Med 2021 Mar;9(5):435
Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
Precision medicine, which recognizes and upholds the uniqueness of each individual patient and the importance of discerning these inter-individual differences on a molecular scale in order to provide truly personalized medical care, is a revolutionary approach that relies on the discovery of clinically-relevant biomarkers derived from the massive amounts of data generated by epigenomic, genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, microbiomic, and metabolomic studies, collectively known as multi-omics. If harnessed and mined appropriately with the help of ever-evolving computational and analytic methods, the collective data from omics studies has the potential to accelerate delivery of targeted medical treatment that maximizes benefit, minimizes harm, and eliminates the "fortune-telling" inextricably linked to the prevailing trial-and-error approach. For a disease such as dermatomyositis (DM), which is characterized by remarkable phenotypic heterogeneity and varying degrees of multi-organ involvement, an individualized approach that incorporates big data derived from multi-omics studies with the results of currently available serologic, histopathologic, radiologic, and electrophysiologic tests, and, most importantly, with clinical findings obtained from a thorough history and physical examination, has immense diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic value. Read More