92 results match your criteria ods retrospective


The Changing Face of Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome: A Retrospective, Observational Cohort Study.

Neurol Clin Pract 2021 Aug;11(4):304-310

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (WF), PA; Department of Neurology (WF, ACV, FJM), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; Harvard Medical School (WF, FJM), Boston, MA.

Objective: To describe the long-term outcomes of osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) in an updated cohort.

Methods: We performed a retrospective medical records review of cases of ODS at the Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women's Hospitals using International Classification of Diseases-9th edition codes and a text-based search for , , and (1999-2018). Cases were individually selected based on patients having neuroimaging and symptoms consistent with ODS and no other potentially explanatory etiology. Read More

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Obstructed Defecation Symptom Severity and Degree of Rectal Hypermobility and Folding Detected by Dynamic Ultrasound.

Ultrasound Q 2021 Sep;37(3):229-236

Division of Urogynecology, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Skokie, IL.

Abstract: We used dynamic pelvic floor ultrasound to investigate the relationship between obstructed defecation symptom (ODS) severity and the degree of rectal hypermobility/folding. In this retrospective study, women who presented with ODS from October 2017 to January 2019 and underwent an interview, pelvic examination, and pelvic floor ultrasound were recruited. Patients were diagnosed with abdominal constipation, dyssynergia, or pelvic constipation. Read More

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September 2021

HCV-Positive Allograft Use in Heart Transplantation Is Associated With Increased Access to Overdose Donors and Reduced Waitlist Mortality Without Compromising Outcomes.

J Card Fail 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Background: Because of ongoing shortages of donors for heart transplantation, the use of donor candidates whose availabilities are the result of drug overdoses (ODs) has become increasingly prevalent, even though these donors carry a high preponderance of the now curable hepatitis C virus (HCV). This study investigated temporal trends and regional variabilities in HVC-positive (HCV+) allograft use in heart transplantation and assessed the relationship between the use of HCV+ graft donors and the use of OD donors as well as assessing waitlist and post-transplant outcomes.

Methods And Results: A retrospective review of the United Network for Organ Sharing database assessed adults listed for heart transplantation. Read More

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A step-by-step approach to endorectal proctopexy (ERPP): how we do it.

Tech Coloproctol 2021 07 28;25(7):879-886. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, S. Rita Clinic, Vercelli, Italy.

There are many surgical treatments aimed at correcting internal mucosal prolapse and rectocele associated with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). Perineal procedures can be considered as first options in young men in whom an abdominal approach poses risks of sexual dysfunction and in selected women with isolated posterior compartment prolapse who failed conservative treatment. About 20 years ago, we described endorectal proctopexy (ERPP) also known as internal Delorme procedure. Read More

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Evaluation of Serum Sodium Correction Rates for Management of Hyponatremia in Hospitalized Patients.

Ann Pharmacother 2021 May 22:10600280211019752. Epub 2021 May 22.

St. Joseph's University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA.

Background: Appropriate correction of hyponatremia can reduce complications such as osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS).

Objective: To evaluate rates of serum sodium correction in hyponatremic hospitalized patients and identify factors associated with higher rates of overcorrection.

Methods: This is an institutional review board-approved single-center, retrospective chart review of patients ≥18 years of age with at least 1 serum sodium <130 mEq/L during hospitalization. Read More

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Metabolic adaptation characterizes short-term resistance to weight loss induced by a low-calorie diet in overweight/obese individuals.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 07;114(1):267-280

Translational Research Institute, AdventHealth, Orlando, FL, USA.

Background: Low-calorie diet (LCD)-induced weight loss demonstrates response heterogeneity. Physiologically, a decrease in energy expenditure lower than what is predicted based on body composition (metabolic adaptation) and/or an impaired capacity to increase fat oxidation may hinder weight loss. Understanding the metabolic components that characterize weight loss success is important for optimizing weight loss strategies. Read More

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High initial IgG antibody levels against Orientia tsutsugamushi are associated with an increased risk of severe scrub typhus infection.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 03 18;15(3):e0009283. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department for Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Scrub typhus is a dominant cause of febrile illness in many parts of Asia. Immunity is limited by the great strain diversity of Orientia tsutsugamushi. It is unclear whether previous infection protects from severe infection or enhances the risk. Read More

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Outcomes of Operator-Directed Sedation and Anesthesiologist Care in the Pediatric/Congenital Catheterization Laboratory: A Study Utilizing Data From the IMPACT Registry.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2021 02;14(4):401-413

Division of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess contemporary use of operator directed sedation (ODS) and anesthesiologist care (AC) in the pediatric/congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory (PCCL), specifically evaluating whether the use of operator-directed sedation was associated with increased risk of major adverse events.

Background: The safety of ODS relative to AC during PCCL procedures has been questioned.

Methods: A multicenter, retrospective cohort study was performed studying procedures habitually performed with ODS or AC at IMPACT (Improving Adult and Congenital Treatment) registry hospitals using ODS for ≥5% of cases. Read More

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February 2021

A Prediction Model for Optimal Primary Debulking Surgery Based on Preoperative Computed Tomography Scans and Clinical Factors in Patients With Advanced Ovarian Cancer: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study.

Front Oncol 2020 7;10:611617. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objective: This study assessed the predictive value of preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans and clinical factors for optimal debulking surgery (ODS) in patients with advanced ovarian cancer (AOC).

Methods: Patients with AOC in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage III-IV who underwent primary debulking surgery (PDS) between 2016 and 2019 from nine tertiary Chinese hospitals were included. Large-volume ascites, diffuse peritoneal thickening, omental cake, retroperitoneal lymph node enlargement (RLNE) below and above the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), and suspected pelvic bowel, abdominal bowel, liver surface, liver parenchyma and portal, spleen, diaphragm and pleural lesions were evaluated on CT. Read More

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January 2021

Outcomes of a modified Bresler procedure for the treatment of rectocele with rectal intussusception.

Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) 2020 Dec 4;8(6):457-464. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is a condition that is frequently caused by rectocele and rectal intussusception. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a modified Bresler procedure for the treatment of ODS. The outcomes of this modified procedure were compared with the stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) procedure. Read More

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December 2020

Clinical predictive factors for diagnosis of MOG-IgG and AQP4-IgG related paediatric optic neuritis: a Chinese cohort study.

Br J Ophthalmol 2020 Nov 16. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Department of Neurology, The First Medical Center, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China

Background: Different glial-autoantibodies-related paediatric optic neuritis (ON) are associated with different clinical characteristics and prognosis that require different treatments. Because glial autoantibody detection is not available in some parts of the world and there is often a delay in obtaining results, clinical factors that can be used to predict the subtype of paediatric ON are needed.

Methods: This was a single-centre retrospective cohort study. Read More

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November 2020

Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy for obstructive defecation syndrome: Follow-up in the Indian population.

J Minim Access Surg 2021 Jul-Sep;17(3):305-310

Digestive Disease Centre, Zen Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Context: Obstructive defecation syndrome (ODS) is a poorly understood cause of constipation. In selected patients not responding to conservative management, surgical options may be offered. Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) is another surgical option which gained popularity in the past decade. Read More

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September 2020

5-HT3 blockade does not attenuate postspinal blood pressure change in cesarean section: A case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Sep;99(36):e21864

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine.

Spinal anesthesia (SpA) for elective caesarean section (CS) is often accompanied by clinically relevant arterial hypotension. The Bezold-Jarisch reflex, causing postspinal hypotension, has been shown to be antagonized by serotonin type 3 (5-HT3) blockade. Our aim was to assess if routine prophylactic administration of the 5-HT3 antagonist ondansetron (ODS) attenuates postspinal change in maternal blood pressure. Read More

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September 2020

Retrospective study comparing the clinical outcomes of bar-clip and ball attachment implant-supported overdentures.

J Oral Sci 2020 Sep 26;62(4):397-401. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University.

The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of implant-supported overdentures (ODs) with either bar-clip or ball attachments. The implant, prosthesis failure, and technical complications were the outcomes analyzed in this retrospective clinical study conducted in a specialty clinic. Seventy-five patients with 242 implants supported by 76 ODs (36 maxillary, 40 mandibular) were included in the study and followed up for 88. Read More

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September 2020

Identification of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate on tissue specimens using Raman micro-spectroscopy: A diagnostic accuracy case-control study with multicohort validation.

PLoS Med 2020 08 14;17(8):e1003281. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in North American men. Pathologists are in critical need of accurate biomarkers to characterize PC, particularly to confirm the presence of intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P), an aggressive histopathological variant for which therapeutic options are now available. Our aim was to identify IDC-P with Raman micro-spectroscopy (RμS) and machine learning technology following a protocol suitable for routine clinical histopathology laboratories. Read More

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A single-center long-term experience with marginal donor utilization for heart transplantation.

Clin Transplant 2020 11 18;34(11):e14057. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, APHP, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

Background: To evaluate the early and late outcome of heart transplantation (HT) using marginal (MDs) and optimal donors (ODs).

Methods: Clinical records of recipients transplanted between July 2004 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. MDs were defined as follows: age >55 years, high-dose inotropic support, left ventricular ejection fraction <45%, left ventricular hypertrophy, donor to recipient predicted heart mass ratio <0. Read More

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November 2020

Root-retained overdentures: Survival of abutment teeth with precision attachments on root caps depends on overdenture design.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Oct 3;47(10):1254-1263. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Root-retained overdentures (OD) are one treatment option for partially edentulous patients. However, the available evidence regarding factors influencing abutment survival in root-retained ODs is limited.

Purpose: This retrospective study included clinical examinations and evaluated the survival rate of roots restored with precision attachments soldered to post-and-core (gold cap) retained ODs, analysed with respect to various patient- and prosthesis-related factors. Read More

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October 2020

Comparison of bacterial maxillary sinus cultures between odontogenic sinusitis and chronic rhinosinusitis.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2021 01 12;11(1):40-47. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI.

Background: Bacterial odontogenic sinusitis (ODS) is distinct from other forms of rhinosinusitis. Diagnosing ODS can be challenging because of nonspecific clinical presentations and underrepresentation in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare maxillary sinus bacterial cultures between patients with ODS and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), to determine whether certain bacteria are associated with ODS. Read More

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January 2021

The Effect of Immediate Versus Delayed Port Access on 30-Day Infection Rate.

J Infus Nurs 2020 May/Jun;43(3):167-171

Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Health Heart and Vascular Institute, CV Interventional Radiology, Hershey, Pennsylvania (Drs Tancredi, Kissane, Lynch, and Waybill); Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State Clinical and Transitional Science Institute, Hershey, Pennsylvania (Drs Li and Kong).

This study compared the 30-day infection risk of chest ports accessed on the same day as placement and chest ports with delayed initial access. The aim was to evaluate a larger data set that provided evidence for the development of port access guidelines. A retrospective chart review of 3322 chest port placement procedures performed between October 15, 2003, and June 10, 2015, was conducted at the interventional radiology department of a single institution. Read More

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February 2021

Why Do Antarctic Ozone Recovery Trends Vary?

J Geophys Res Atmos 2019 Aug;124(15):8837-8850

Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA.

We use satellite ozone records and Global Modeling Initiative chemistry transport model simulations integrated with Modern Era Retrospective for Research and Analysis 2 meteorology to identify a metric that accurately captures the trend in Antarctic ozone attributable to the decline in ozone depleting substances (ODSs). The GMI CTM Baseline simulation with realistically varying ODS levels closely matches observed interannual to decadal scale variations in Antarctic September ozone over the past four decades. The expected increase or recovery trend is obtained from the differences between the Baseline simulation and one with identical meteorology and fixed 1995 ODS levels. Read More

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Value of colpo-cysto-entero defecography to predict the post operative results in patients with obstructed defecation.

Ann Ital Chir 2019 ;90:447-450

Introduction: The conventional video colpo-cysto entero defecography describing the morpho- functional imaging features, physiological and pathological of the recto-anal region and pelvic floor . It represents the gold standard examination for the identification and staging of morphological and functional disorders of the recto-anal region and pelvic floor in evacuation dysfunctions.

Materials And Methods: Between January 2010 to January 2013 88 patients underwent STARR procedure for obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) caused by single rectocele or internal rectal intussusception. Read More

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[Twenty-five years of duodenal switch. How to switch to the duodenal switch].

Nutr Hosp 2019 Dec;36(6):1278-1287

Hospital Comarcal y Clínica San Jorge.

Introduction: Background: the duodenal switch (DS) is a procedure that combines a vertical gastrectomy (VG) plus a biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Objectives: to report our experience in 950 consecutive DS patients with morbid obesity (MO) performed from 1994 to 2011, with 27 years of follow-up. Environment: mix of teaching and private institution in a regional hospital in Spain. Read More

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December 2019

Serum FSH level is lower in dysovulating than in ovulating non-PCOS obese women, independently of body mass index.

Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2019 Sep 29;80(4):225-228. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Endocrine Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, University of Lille, CHU de Lille, 59000 Lille, France; Inserm U1172 Team 2, JPARC, University of Lille, 59000 Lille, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: The prevalence of ovulation disorder (OD) is 3-fold higher in obese than normal-weight women. Most ODs are associated with concomitant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but obesity by itself can cause OD, through mechanisms that remain poorly documented. The literature on obese non-PCOS women with OD is sparse. Read More

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September 2019

Incidence of osmotic demyelination syndrome in Sweden: A nationwide study.

Acta Neurol Scand 2019 Nov 19;140(5):342-349. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Neurology, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Objective: To report the incidence rate of osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS), associated risk factors, treatment, and long-term outcomes in a nationwide cohort.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of individuals diagnosed with central pontine myelinolysis (ICD-10 code G37.2) in the Swedish National Patient Register during 1997-2011. Read More

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November 2019

Limitations of periodical health examinations in detecting occupational chronic solvent encephalopathy.

Occup Environ Med 2019 09 18;76(9):688-693. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

University of Helsinki Faculty of Medicine, Helsinki, Finland.

Objectives: Occupational diseases (ODs) are globally underdetected, and chronic solvent encephalopathy (CSE) is no exception. The aim was to study how the recommended policies and protocols were followed in occupational health services (OHS) periodical health examinations where symptomatic CSE cases have remained undetected.

Methods: We retrospectively studied the medical records of occupational CSE cases (n=18) found in a screening project, which had not been detected in preceding OHS health examinations. Read More

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September 2019

Desogestrel versus antagonist injections for LH suppression in oocyte donation cycles: a crossover study.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2019 Oct 7;35(10):878-883. Epub 2019 May 7.

Reproductive Medicine Service, Hospital Universitari Dexeus, Barcelona, Spain.

To study whether ovarian response to corifollitropin among oocyte donors (OD) is different when oral desogestrel (DSG) is used to block the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge when compared to GnRH-antagonist use. This is a retrospective, cohort study at a private, university-based, IVF center including 35 OD. Patients underwent two stimulation cycles under corifollitropin alfa (CFT), one under an antagonist and another under DSG, between February 2015 and May 2017. Read More

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October 2019

Operator-Directed Procedural Sedation in the Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2019 05 10;12(9):835-843. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Department of Pediatrics Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the method of procedural sedation and outcomes for congenital cardiac catheterization procedures.

Background: The safety of operator-directed sedation (ODS) in the pediatric/congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory has been questioned. To our knowledge, the relative safety of ODS versus general anesthesia (GA) in these cases has not to date been critically evaluated. Read More

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Feasibility of Postmortem Imaging Assessment of Brain: Liver Volume Ratios with Pathological Validation.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2019 10;46(6):360-367. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Organ volumes at postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (PMMR) should reflect autopsy organ weights, and thus brain:liver volume ratios on imaging could be a surrogate for weight volume ratios at autopsy to indicate fetal growth restriction (FGR). This study aims to determine whether imaging-based organ volume ratios can replace autopsy organ weight ratios. Materials and Meth ods: An unselected cohort of perinatal deaths underwent PMMR prior to autopsy. Read More

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Post-operative clinical, manometric, and defecographic findings in patients undergoing unsuccessful STARR operation for obstructed defecation.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2019 May 19;34(5):837-842. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation and Inter-Department Research Center for Pelvic Floor Diseases (CIRPAP), University "Aldo Moro" of Bari, Piazza G Cesare, 11, 70124, Bari, Italy.

Aim: To evaluate the reason for failure of STARR (stapled transanal rectal resection) operation for obstructed defecation.

Methods: A retrospective study (June 2012-December 2017) was performed using a prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent STARR operation for ODS (obstructed defecation syndrome), complaining of persisting or de novo occurrence of pelvic floor dysfunctions. Postoperative St Mark's and ODS scores were evaluated. Read More

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Altemeier's procedure for complete rectal prolapse; outcome and function in 43 consecutive female patients.

BMC Surg 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Colorectal Surgery. S Rita Clinic, Vercelli, Italy.

Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate morbidity, mortality, postoperative function and recurrences in patients treated by Altemeier's rectosigmoidectomy for complete rectal prolapse in a referral center for pelvic floor functional disorders.

Methods: Peri-operative data on 43 consecutive female patients were reviewed. At follow-up any change in pelvic floor function and recurrences were determined. Read More

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January 2019