2,575 results match your criteria odds traffic

Reality of traffic injuries attributable to preceding decreased level of consciousness.

Acute Med Surg 2021 Jan-Dec;8(1):e649. Epub 2021 May 1.

Shock and Trauma Center Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusoh Hospital Chiba Japan.

Aim: Although decreased level of consciousness (DLOC) while driving may lead to serious accidents involving drivers and people around them, including passengers and pedestrians, few studies have assessed traffic injuries attributable to preceding DLOC. We aimed to identify factors suggestive of a DLOC preceding traffic injury during initial examination.

Methods: This study included 193 drivers who were brought to our facility during the 1-year period from January to December 2018. Read More

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What Parental Correlates Predict Children's Active Transportation to School in the Southeast United States?

J Phys Act Health 2021 May 5:1-9. Epub 2021 May 5.

Background: School-aged children in the Southeast, compared with other United States of America (US) regions, have significantly lower levels of active transportation to school (ATS). The purpose of this study was to contrast the parental correlates of ATS choice specific to the Southeast with other areas of the US.

Methods: This study utilized national data from 2952 households with school-aged children located within a 20-minute walk to a school. Read More

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Driving Behavior That Limits Concentration: A Nationwide Survey in Greece.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 13;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

George D. Behrakis Research Lab, Hellenic Cancer Society, 10557 Athens, Greece.

Human behavior is implicated in most road accidents. The current study examined drivers' behavior that interferes with decision making and reaction time to an incidence. Adults (≥17 years-old) participated in a questionnaire-based survey for driver's behavior. Read More

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Proximity to Major Roads and Risks of Childhood Recurrent Wheeze and Asthma in a Severe Bronchiolitis Cohort.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 15;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Air pollution exposures have been suggested as risk factors for childhood respiratory diseases. We investigated proximity to major roads, an indicator of air pollution exposure, and its associations with childhood recurrent wheeze and asthma. We used data from a multicenter prospective cohort study of 921 infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis and recruited from 14 U. Read More

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Comparison of childhood household injuries and risk factors between urban and rural communities in Ghana: A cluster-randomized, population-based, survey to inform injury prevention research and programming.

Injury 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood household injuries incur a major proportion of the global disease burden, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, household injury hazards are differentially distributed across developed environments. Therefore, we aimed to compare incidence of childhood household injuries and prevalence of risk factors between communities in urban and rural Ghana to inform prevention initiatives. Read More

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Factors contributing to road crashes among commercial vehicle drivers in the Kintampo North Municipality, Ghana in 2017.

Ghana Med J 2020 Sep;54(3):132-139

School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Objective: The study assessed driver, vehicular and road-related factors associated with road crashes (RC) in the Kintampo North Municipality.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Kintampo North Municipality. Read More

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September 2020

Early childhood traffic-related air pollution and risk of allergic rhinitis at 2-4 years of age modification by family stress and male gender: a case-control study in Shenyang, China.

Environ Health Prev Med 2021 Apr 17;26(1):48. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Otolaryngology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, No. 155, Nanjing North Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110001, China.

Background: Few studies have explored the modifications by family stress and male gender in the relationship between early exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and allergic rhinitis (AR) risk in preschool children.

Methods: We conducted a case-control study of 388 children aged 2-4 years in Shenyang, China. These children AR were diagnosed by clinicians. Read More

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Sex-based differences in helmet performance in bicycle trauma.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Objectives: To determine the existence of sex-based differences in the protective effects of helmets against common injuries in bicycle trauma.

Methods: In a retrospective cohort study, we identified patients 18 years or older in the 2017 National Trauma Database presenting after bicycle crash. Sex-disaggregated and sex-combined multivariable logistic regression models were calculated for short-term outcomes that included age, involvement with motor vehicle collision, anticoagulant use, bleeding disorder and helmet use. Read More

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The association of dietary patterns with dietary inflammatory index, systemic inflammation, and insulin resistance, in apparently healthy individuals with obesity.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 6;11(1):7515. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Margheh, Iran.

Inflammation is considered a key mechanism leading to obesity. Dietary patterns and certain food items influence inflammation. Few studies have investigated the contribution of major dietary patterns to biological measures of inflammation. Read More

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Association of Infrastructure and Route Environment Factors with Cycling Injury Risk at Intersection and Non-Intersection Locations: A Case-Crossover Study of Britain.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 16;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London WC1E 7HT, UK.

Objective: This paper examines infrastructural and route environment correlates of cycling injury risk in Britain for commuters riding in the morning peak.

Methods: The study uses a case-crossover design which controls for exposure. Control sites from modelled cyclist routes (matched on intersection status) were compared with sites where cyclists were injured. Read More

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Effect of Distance to Trauma Centre, Trauma Centre Level, and Trauma Centre Region on Fatal Injuries among Motorcyclists in Taiwan.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 15;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City 110, Taiwan.

Background: Studies have suggested that trauma centre-related risk factors, such as distance to the nearest trauma hospital, are strong predictors of fatal injuries among motorists. Few studies have used a national dataset to study the effect of trauma centre-related risk factors on fatal injuries among motorists and motorcyclists in a country where traffic is dominated by motorcycles. This study investigated the effect of distance from the nearest trauma hospital on fatal injuries from two-vehicle crashes in Taiwan from 2017 to 2019. Read More

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Association between urban environment and mental health in Brussels, Belgium.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 1;21(1):635. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Risk and Health Impact Assessment, Sciensano, Rue Juliette Wytsman 14, BE-1050, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: Mental health disorders appear as a growing problem in urban areas. While common mental health disorders are generally linked to demographic and socioeconomic factors, little is known about the interaction with the urban environment. With growing urbanization, more and more people are exposed to environmental stressors potentially contributing to increased stress and impairing mental health. Read More

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Association between Sarcopenia, Its Defining Indices, and Driving Cessation in Older Adults.

J Nutr Health Aging 2021 ;25(4):462-466

Takehiko Doi, Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430, Morioka, Obu, Aichi 474-8511, Japan, Tel: +81-562-44-5651, E-mail:

Objectives: Driving a car is essential for older adults to support their activities of daily living and maintain their quality of life. However, physical function - which often declines with age - is a key factor to determine whether older adults can continue driving safely. As such, we sought to examine the association between sarcopenia and driving cessation in older adults. Read More

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January 2021

Injury crashes and the relationship with disease causing excessive daytime sleepiness.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 26;22(4):272-277. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Transport Safety Research Centre, SDCA, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.

Objective: The objective of this study was to understand the relationship between some of the most common diseases that are known to contribute to excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and traffic injury crashes. Specific focus was on the relationship between disease and crash type (single-vehicle or multiple-vehicle crash) and between disease and injury severity.

Methods: This registry-based study considered all passenger car drivers involved in a crash in Sweden between 2011 and 2016 who were 40 years or older at the time of the crash ( = 54,090). Read More

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Residential traffic noise exposure and headaches: Results from the population-based heinz nixdorf recall study.

Noise Health 2021 Jan-Mar;23(108):1-10

Centre for Urban Epidemiology (CUE), Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (IMIBE), University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Context And Aim: The link between headaches and exposure to loud noise in occupational settings has been established. However, the effect of less intense but chronic residential traffic noise exposure on headache occurrence is less clear.

Settings And Design: We included 3,025 participants from the Heinz Nixdorf Recall study in Germany for this cross-sectional analysis. Read More

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A two-year review of adult emergency department mortality at Tikur Anbesa specialized tertiary hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

BMC Emerg Med 2021 Mar 19;21(1):33. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

School of Midwifery, College of Health Science and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.

Background: Adult emergency department mortality remains high in resource-limited lower-income countries. The majority of deaths occur within the first 24 h of presentation to the emergency department. Many of these mortality's can be alleviated with appropriate interventions. Read More

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Road traffic noise and cardiovascular disease risk factors in UK Biobank.

Eur Heart J 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

MRC Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional associations of modelled residential road traffic noise with cardiovascular disease risk factors [systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), C-reactive protein, triglycerides, glycated haemoglobin, and self-reported hypertension] in UK Biobank.

Methods And Results: The UK Biobank recruited 502 651 individuals aged 40-69 years across the UK during 2006-10. Road traffic noise (Lden and Lnight) exposure for 2009 was estimated at baseline address using a simplified version of the Common Noise Assessment Methods model. Read More

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Epidemiology and risk stratification of minor head injuries in school-going children.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2021 02;50(2):119-125

Department of Paediatrics, KK Women and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: Head injuries occur commonly in children and can lead to concussion injuries. We aim to describe the epidemiology of head injuries among school-going children and identify predictors of brain concussions in Singapore.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of children 7-16 years old who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) of KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore with minor head injury between June 2017 and August 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Impact of hospital type on risk-adjusted, traffic-related 30-day mortality: a population-based registry study.

Burns Trauma 2021 Jan 6;9:tkaa051. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (BVK), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Traffic incidents are still a major contributor to hospital admissions and trauma-related mortality. The aim of this nationwide study was to examine risk-adjusted traffic injury mortality to determine whether hospital type was an independent survival factor.

Methods: Data on all patients admitted to Swedish hospitals with traffic-related injuries, based on International Classification of Diseases codes, between 2001 and 2011 were extracted from the Swedish inpatient and cause of death registries. Read More

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January 2021

K-complexes are a sensitive marker of noise-related sensory processing during sleep: A pilot study.

Sleep 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Bedford Park, Adelaide, Australia.

Study Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to examine dose-response relationships between sound pressure levels (SPLs) and K-complex occurrence probability for wind farm and road traffic noise. A secondary aim was to compare K-complex dose-responses to manually scored EEG arousals and awakenings.

Methods: Twenty-five participants underwent polysomnography recordings and noise exposure during sleep in a laboratory. Read More

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Evaluating disparities in child occupant protection using a proportion-eliminated approach to mediation.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 10;22(3):252-255. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Objective: While there are clear racial/ethnic disparities in child restraint system (CRS) use, to date no studies have identified mediators that quantitatively explain the relationship between race and CRS use. Therefore, the objective of this study was to provide an example of how a proportion-eliminated approach to mediation may be particularly useful in understanding the complex relationship between race and CRS use.

Methods: Sixty-two mothers with a child between 4-8 years old completed a survey and had their CRS use assessed by a Child Passenger Safety Technician using a structured assessment based on the 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics' Best Practice guidelines. Read More

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Driving errors that predict simulated rear-end collisions in drivers with multiple sclerosis.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 10;22(3):212-217. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Drivers with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) may have an increased crash risk. However, the driving performance deficits that contribute to crashes are not fully understood. Based on the extant literature, adjustment to stimuli errors indicate failing an on-road assessment. Read More

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Comparison of injuries in multiple and single event crashes.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 Mar 10:1-10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Compare injuries for occupants in multiple event (ME) crashes where a less severe event preceded a more severe event to occupants in similar single event (SE) crashes. Occupants in ME crashes from NASS-CDS years 2000-2015 where the most severe event occurred subsequent to a less severe event were matched to occupants in SE crashes where the SE was similar to the most severe event in the ME crash. Occupants were matched based on occupant, vehicle, and crash characteristics and were compared across 21 detailed body regions using conditional logistic regression. Read More

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Ambient air pollution and risk of respiratory infection among adults: evidence from the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA).

BMJ Open Respir Res 2021 03;8(1)

Departments of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Medicine, and Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Background: Air pollution may affect the risk of respiratory infection, though research has focused on uncommon infections or infections in children. Whether ambient air pollutants increase the risk of common acute respiratory infections among adults is uncertain, yet this may help understand whether pollutants influence spread of pandemic respiratory infections like COVID-19.

Objective: To estimate the association between ambient air pollutant exposures and respiratory infections in adults. Read More

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Steering clear: Traffic violations among emerging adults who engage in habitual or casual cannabis use.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 1;153:106059. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada. Electronic address:

While some research has shown that cannabis use can impair driving ability, evidence to the degree and impact of impairment are lacking. This study examined the association between habitual or casual cannabis use and past-year traffic violations among emerging adults (EAs). Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. Read More

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Improving knowledge of cyclist crashes based on hospital data including crash descriptions from open text fields.

J Safety Res 2021 02 10;76:36-43. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Technical University of Denmark, Department of Technology, Management and Economics, Division of Transport, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.

Introduction: In this study we explore the added value of bicycle crash descriptions from open text fields in hospital records from the Aarhus municipality in Denmark. We also explore how bicycle crash data from the hospital complements crash data registered by the police in the same area and time period.

Method: The study includes 5,313 Danish bicycle crashes, of which 4,205 were registered at the hospital and 1,078 by the police. Read More

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February 2021

Risk factors associated with truck-involved fatal crash severity: Analyzing their impact for different groups of truck drivers.

J Safety Res 2021 02 31;76:154-165. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

School of Transportation, Southeast University, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Urban ITS, Southeast University, Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic Technologies, Southeast University, PR China.

Introduction: Fatal crashes that include at least one fatality of an occupant within 30 days of the crash cause large numbers of injured persons and property losses, especially when a truck is involved.

Method: To better understand the underlying effects of truck-driver-related characteristics in fatal crashes, a five-year (from 2012 to 2016) dataset from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) was used for analysis. Based on demographic attributes, driving violation behavior, crash histories, and conviction records of truck drivers, a latent class clustering analysis was applied to classify truck drivers into three groups, namely, ''middle-aged and elderly drivers with low risk of driving violations and high historical crash records," ''drivers with high risk of driving violations and high historical crash records," and ''middle-aged drivers with no driving violations and conviction records. Read More

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February 2021

Exploring bicyclist injury severity in bicycle-vehicle crashes using latent class clustering analysis and partial proportional odds models.

J Safety Res 2021 02 13;76:101-117. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

USDOT Center for Advanced Multimodal Mobility Solutions and Education (CAMMSE), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, EPIC Building, Room 3261, 9201 University City Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Bicyclists are more vulnerable compared to other road users. Therefore, it is critical to investigate the contributing factors to bicyclist injury severity to help provide better biking environment and improve biking safety. According to the data provided by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), a total of 8,028 bicyclists were killed in bicycle-vehicle crashes from 2007 to 2017. Read More

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February 2021

Association Between Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Chinese Women.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 10;13:630409. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Taian, China.

Dementia, as a global public health problem, is becoming increasingly serious. As a precursor of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) plays an important role in the diagnosis and prevention of dementia. Recent studies have found a correlation between gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels and cognitive function in men. Read More

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February 2021