357,318 results match your criteria occupational injuriesmethods


Comparison of Cytokines in Skin Biopsies and Tape Strips from Adults with Atopic Dermatitis.

Dermatology 2021 May 10:1-6. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Skin biomarkers for disease severity and treatment response in atopic dermatitis (AD) are needed. Biopsies cause scarring and tape stripping represents an alternative minimally invasive method for stratum corneum sampling. In this study, we examined the gene expression of cytokines in skin biopsies and cytokines in stratum corneum tape strips collected from adults with AD. Read More

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Why is radiological protection different in medicine?

Authors:
Eliseo Vano

J Radiol Prot 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Radiology Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, SPAIN.

There are many aspects of radiological protection in medicine that are different than in other areas of activity using ionising radiations. In this paper, we present and justify some of these differences and highlight the reasons and benefits of this consideration for the medical field. It is important to understand the differences as we are all likely to be patients at some point in our lives and be exposed to ionising radiation for imaging procedures several times and, in some cases, for therapeutic indications. Read More

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Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospital workers over time: Relationship to occupational role, living with children and elders, and modifiable factors.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2021 May 5;71:88-94. Epub 2021 May 5.

Sinai Health, Toronto, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to have a sustained psychological impact on healthcare workers. We assessed individual characteristics related to changes in emotional exhaustion and psychological distress over time.

Methods: A survey of diverse hospital staff measured emotional exhaustion (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and psychological distress (K6) in Fall 2020 (T) and Winter 2021 (T). Read More

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Assessing the needs of caregivers of children and adolescents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Results from a survey among families and professionals in Germany.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 May 3;33:1-8. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, LMU Center for Development and Children with Medical Complexity, German FASD Competence Centre Bavaria, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, LMU University Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction: Caring for individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) puts a substantial and often life-long burden on affected families. Caregivers' specific needs and demands are, however, not well understood so far. We thus aimed at systematically collecting data on the needs of individuals caring for children and adolescents with FASD. Read More

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Histopathological features of systemic sclerosis-associated myopathy: A scoping review.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 May 7:102851. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Rheumatology, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), CHUM Research Center, Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Scleromyositis (SM) is an emerging subset of myositis associated with features of systemic sclerosis (SSc) but it is currently not recognized as a distinct histopathological subset by the European NeuroMuscular Center (ENMC). Our aim was to review studies reporting muscle biopsies from SSc patients with myositis and to identify unique histopathological features of SM.

Methods: A scoping review was conducted and included all studies reporting histopathological findings in SSc patients with myositis searching the following databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and EBM-Reviews. Read More

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Macrophage activation in the lung during the progression of nitrogen mustard induced injury is associated with histone modifications and altered miRNA expression.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2021 May 7:115569. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, 08854, USA; Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. Electronic address:

Activated macrophages have been implicated in lung injury and fibrosis induced by the cytotoxic alkylating agent, nitrogen mustard (NM). Herein, we determined if macrophage activation is associated with histone modifications and altered miRNA expression. Treatment of rats with NM (0. Read More

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Arsenic Exposure and Melanoma Among US Adults Aged 20 or Older, 2003-2016.

Public Health Rep 2021 May 10:333549211008886. Epub 2021 May 10.

12284 Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Objectives: Chronic exposure to arsenic has been reported as a risk factor for nonmelanoma skin cancer, notably squamous cell carcinoma. However, current knowledge is limited about the association between arsenic exposure and melanoma. Our objectives were to (1) measure the association between total urinary arsenic levels and melanoma compared with nonmelanoma skin cancer and no cancer and (2) analyze the association between water source and melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer. Read More

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Stabilization of Nrf2 leading to HO-1 activation protects against zinc oxide nanoparticles-induced endothelial cell death.

Nanotoxicology 2021 May 10:1-19. Epub 2021 May 10.

Institute of Life Sciences, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

With the abundant production and wide application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs), the potential health risks of ZnONPs have raised serious concerns. Oxidative stress is recognized as the most important outcome of the toxicity induced by ZnONPs. The Nrf2-Keap1 system and its downstream antioxidative genes are the fundamental protective mechanisms for redox hemeostasis. Read More

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Characteristics of violence against women in Kairouan, Tunisia, in 2017.

Libyan J Med 2021 Dec;16(1):1921900

Department of Forensic Medicine, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Faculty of Medicine of Sousse, University of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia.

Violence against women represents a serious concern worldwide. In Tunisia, despite an advanced legislative framework, we still receive women victims of violence. This survey aimed to characterize the demographic and clinical profile of women victims of violence in Kairouan, central Tunisia. Read More

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December 2021

Respirable dust and crystalline silica exposure among different mining sectors in India.

Arch Environ Occup Health 2021 May 10:1-7. Epub 2021 May 10.

ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Silicosis is one of the major occupational lung diseases among miners worldwide. The objective of this study was to characterize respirable dust and crystalline silica from limestone, iron, and bauxite mines in India. In total, 86 personal dust samples were collected from limestone (n = 30), iron (n = 30), and bauxite (n = 26) mines using dust sampler. Read More

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Investigation of Occupational Safety in Oncology Nurses.

Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2021 May 10:1-17. Epub 2021 May 10.

Ege University Faculty of Nursing/ İZMİR/ TURKEY İzmir Bakırçay University Health Sciences of Faculty, Nursing Department / İZMİR/ TURKEY, Assistant Professor Doctor Ege University Faculty of Nursing/ İZMİR/ TURKEY, Professor, Dr. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7225-6860 Mobile Phone.

Results: More than half of the participants stated that they did not find occupational safety practices sufficient and were not given additional rights or psychological support given the risks of exposure.

Conclusions: It was concluded that to improve occupational safety in oncology nurses, the physical conditions of the working environment should be improved, and up-to-date oncology and occupational safety training should be given regularly. Read More

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Cohort profile: Four early uranium processing facilities in the US and Canada.

Int J Radiat Biol 2021 May 10:1-33. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.

Purpose: Risks of occupational radiation exposures of workers involved in uranium refining and processing ("") may be different from risks of other workers from the nuclear fuel cycle. Pooling of individual-level data from published studies and analysis using similar dosimetry and statistical methods might provide valuable insights into risks from occupational uranium and external ionizing radiation exposures.

Methods: We pooled the data for workers from four uranium processing facilities (Fernald Feed Materials Production Center, Ohio; Mallinckrodt Chemical Works Uranium Division, Missouri; Middlesex Sampling Plant, New Jersey; and the Port Hope Radium and Uranium Refining and Processing Plant, Canada). Read More

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RENEB Inter-Laboratory Comparison 2017: limits and pitfalls of ILCs.

Int J Radiat Biol 2021 May 10:1-52. Epub 2021 May 10.

Agenzia Nazionale per le Nuove Tecnologie, L´Energia e lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: In case of a mass-casualty radiological event, there would be a need for networking to overcome surge limitations and to quickly obtain homogeneous results (reported aberration frequencies or estimated doses) among biodosimetry laboratories. These results must be consistent within such network. Inter-laboratory comparisons (ILCs) are widely accepted to achieve this homogeneity. Read More

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Health-Related Quality of Life of People Living with COPD in a Semiurban Area of Western Nepal: A Community-Based Study.

COPD 2021 May 10:1-14. Epub 2021 May 10.

Center for Global Health, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Nepal. It is a progressive lung disease and has a significant impact on the quality of life of patients. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) reflects the health- and disease-related facets of quality of life. Read More

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North American Contact Dermatitis Group Patch Test Results: 2017-2018.

Dermatitis 2021 Mar-Apr 01;32(2):111-123

Division of Dermatology, University of Louisville, KY.

Background: Patch testing is an important diagnostic tool for assessment of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD).

Objective: This study documented the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) patch testing results from March 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018.

Methods: At 14 centers in North America, patients with dermatitis were tested in a standardized manner with a screening series of 70 allergens and supplemental allergens as clinically indicated. Read More

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Sustainable Diets for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Management.

Curr Atheroscler Rep 2021 May 10;23(7):31. Epub 2021 May 10.

Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Healthy dietary patterns are recommended for prevention of cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. In this review, we discuss dietary patterns that are not only optimal for CVD prevention and management but also sustainable in maximizing health, environmental, and economic benefits.

Recent Findings: The growing literature on sustainable diets in the context of environmental sustainability includes subtopics of climate change, land use, biodiversity loss, freshwater use, and reactive nitrogen emissions. Read More

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Electricity induced burns and lung injury: A rare autopsy observation.

J Burn Care Res 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Electrocutions injuries are frequently encountered in a domestic setting or as an occupational hazard. Electrocutions injuries sustained in occupational settings are often associated with significant morbidity and mortality globally. Autopsy diagnosis of electrocution is mostly based on gross and histopathological changes in the entry and exit wounds. Read More

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Immersive Virtual Reality to Improve Outcomes in Veterans With Stroke: Protocol for a Single-Arm Pilot Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 May 10;10(5):e26133. Epub 2021 May 10.

Research and Development Service, James A Haley Veterans' Hospital, Tampa, FL, United States.

Background: Over the last decade, virtual reality (VR) has emerged as a cutting-edge technology in stroke rehabilitation. VR is defined as a type of computer-user interface that implements real-time simulation of an activity or environment allowing user interaction via multiple sensory modalities. In a stroke population, VR interventions have been shown to enhance motor, cognitive, and psychological recovery when utilized as a rehabilitation adjunct. Read More

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Recovery of consciousness and cognition after general anesthesia in humans.

Elife 2021 May 10;10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Bioengineering, Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States.

Understanding how the brain recovers from unconsciousness can inform neurobiological theories of consciousness and guide clinical investigation. To address this question, we conducted a multicenter study of 60 healthy humans, half of whom received general anesthesia for three hours and half of whom served as awake controls. We administered a battery of neurocognitive tests and recorded electroencephalography to assess cortical dynamics. Read More

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Carers' distress.

Int Psychogeriatr 2021 Apr;33(4):311-313

Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health, University of Leipzig, Philipp-Rosenthal-Straße 55, D-04103Leipzig, Germany.

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Developing an Intervention to Improve Occupational Participation for Justice-Involved People with a Personality Disorder: Defining and Describing Intervention Components.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 May 10:306624X211013520. Epub 2021 May 10.

University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

Occupational participation is undertaking personally meaningful and socially valued activities and roles. It is an important outcome for health and justice interventions, as it is integral to health and desistance. We report the third of a four-stage research project to develop an intervention to improve occupational participation for justice-involved people with a personality disorder in the community. Read More

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Association between the use of hormonal contraceptives and risk of cholecystectomy in women of reproductive age.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Medicine and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, The Eye Care Center, University of British Columbia, Room 323-2550 Willow Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 3N9, Canada.

Purpose: Previous studies have indicated an increased risk of gallbladder disease with hormonal contraceptives although with discordant results. The potential increased risk of gallbladder disease with hormonal contraceptives is concerning given that women are at increased risk of this disease. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine risk of surgery-confirmed gallbladder disease (cholecystectomy) with oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, and injectable hormonal contraceptives. Read More

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"A Labour of Love": Active Lifestyle Entrepreneurship (Occupational Devotion) During a Time of COVID-19.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 22;3:624457. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

School of Hospitality and Tourism, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

The Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis management strategies adopted by world leaders across the globe in 2020 impacted the work-life balance of billions of people. Entire populations were forced to stay at home and maintain a safe distance from family members, friends, colleagues, and customers. Occupational devotion is defined as a feeling of strong, positive attachment to a form of self-enhancing employment, where achievement and fulfillment are high, and the core activity has such intense appeal that the line between this work and leisure is virtually erased. Read More

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Correlation between Occupational Stress and Coronary Heart Disease in Northwestern China: A Case Study of Xinjiang.

Biomed Res Int 2021 20;2021:8127873. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Cardiovascular Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, 830054 Xinjiang, China.

Objective: To study the correlation between occupational stress and coronary heart disease in western China.

Method: A case-control design was used. From June 2016 to May 2017, 310 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) confirmed by coronary angiography (CAG) at the Heart Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were recruited by cluster sampling, along with 536 healthy controls. Read More

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Application of Artificial Neural Network to Preoperative F-FDG PET/CT for Predicting Pathological Nodal Involvement in Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Patients.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 22;8:664529. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Unità Operativa Complessa (UOC) di Medicina Nucleare, Dipartimento di Diagnostica per Immagini, Radioterapia Oncologica ed Ematologia, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

To evaluate the performance of artificial neural networks (aNN) applied to preoperative F-FDG PET/CT for predicting nodal involvement in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We retrospectively analyzed data from 540 clinically resectable NSCLC patients (333 M; 67.4 ± 9 years) undergone preoperative F-FDG PET/CT and pulmonary resection with hilo-mediastinal lymphadenectomy. Read More

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Pick the Freshmen Up for a "Healthy Study Start" Evaluation of a Health Promoting Onboarding Program for First Year Students at the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences, Austria.

Front Public Health 2021 22;9:652998. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Faculty of Sports and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Universities are an essential setting for creating health promoting environments. Evidence shows that university life can pose various threats to the students' health. Especially first year students are vulnerable to mental health issues. Read More

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Aerosol Production During Blood and Urine Pre-analytical Processing and Handling in a Hospital Biochemistry Clinical Laboratory During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Public Health 2021 21;9:643724. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada.

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has created a troublesome issue for employees in biochemistry clinical laboratories due to fears of aerosol generation during sample treatment. This study was designed to assess aerosol production during the pre-analytical procedures for blood and urine samples using a model bacterium. Air sampling and surface swabbing were conducted during four typical procedures. Read More

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Systematic assessment of health care perception in adults with congenital heart disease in Germany.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):481-491

Department of Congenital Heart Disease and Pediatric Cardiology, German Heart Center Munich, Technical University Munich, Germany.

Background: The number of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is steadily rising due to increased survival rate and improved medical resources. Accordingly, more than 330,000 ACHD are currently living in Germany. Almost all of them require lifelong specialized medical follow-up for their chronic heart disease, often accompanied by residua, sequelae, or comorbidities. Read More

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Occupation-Related Injuries Among Healthcare Workers: Incidence, Risk Groups, and the Effect of Training.

Cureus 2021 Apr 6;13(4):e14318. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, TUR.

Background and objective Occupation-related injuries (ORIs) are undesirable and harmful situations among healthcare workers (HCWs) and may have serious consequences. In this study, we aimed to identify and analyze ORI incidences, risk groups, and the outcomes of a training program to prevent them. Materials and methods Between January 2011 and December 2019, HCWs who applied for infection prevention and control (IPC) due to ORIs (percutaneous needlestick and sharp-object injury or contact with blood or body fluids) were included in the study. Read More

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The emergence of pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy as a palliative treatment option for patients with diffuse peritoneal metastases: a narrative review.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2021 Apr;12(Suppl 1):S259-S270

Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) is an emerging palliative treatment for patients with unresectable peritoneal metastases. Potential advantages of PIPAC over current treatment options are a homogeneous intraperitoneal distribution, low local and systemic toxicity, and enhanced tumour penetration. Given these possible benefits, PIPAC is increasingly implemented in many centres worldwide. Read More

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