Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Medicine and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, The Eye Care Center, University of British Columbia, Room 323-2550 Willow Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 3N9, Canada.
Purpose: Previous studies have indicated an increased risk of gallbladder disease with hormonal contraceptives although with discordant results. The potential increased risk of gallbladder disease with hormonal contraceptives is concerning given that women are at increased risk of this disease. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine risk of surgery-confirmed gallbladder disease (cholecystectomy) with oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, and injectable hormonal contraceptives. Read More