221,236 results match your criteria occupational health


Psychometric Properties of the Lasher and Faulkender Anxiety about Aging Scale (AAS) among Iranian Older Adults.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Jul 28;11(3):829-837. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Health Education & Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 14711, Iran.

(1) Background: The older adult population of society is exposed to multiple stressors daily, such as the loss of loved ones, dysfunctional mobility, financial dependence, and suffering from numerous chronic illnesses. The present study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Anxiety about Aging Scale among older adults in Iran. (2) Methods: A sample of 703 community-dwelling older adults was recruited and screened using a standardized tool. Read More

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Burnout, Organizational Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem among Brazilian Teachers during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Jul 23;11(3):795-803. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Health Sciences and Physical Education Academic Unit, Federal University of Jataí, BR 364, KM 195, n° 3800 CEP, Jataí 75801-615, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and the association between burnout, organizational self-efficacy and self-esteem, and to assess the predictive influence of burnout and organizational self-efficacy on self-esteem among Brazilian teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Brazilian teachers ( = 302) between 24 and 70 years old ( = 46.75, = 11. Read More

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Infection and mortality of nursing personnel in Brazil from COVID-19: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Sep 9;124:104089. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Federal Council of nursing. Asa Norte Comércio Local Norte 304 - Asa Norte, Brasília, DF 70736-550, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Health care personnel (HCP) worldwide are at-risk for contracting the novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Among health care personnel, nurses are at a particularly high risk due to the physical proximity and duration of time spent providing direct care. Documenting accurate rates of COVID-19 infection and deaths among nurses worldwide has been problematic, and many countries such as the USA have no systematic mechanism for collecting this information. Read More

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September 2021

A qualitative study of the adoption of Value Stream Mapping in breast cancer centers.

Eur J Oncol Nurs 2021 Sep 17;54:102037. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Faculty of Human Sciences & Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Institute of Medical Sociology, Health Services Research, and Rehabilitation Science, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Purpose: In order to design a patient-centered discharge process, the entire process is visualized in Value Stream Mapping. The duration of the process steps and waiting times are measured and presented. As a team, health professionals discuss problems and agree on suitable solutions. Read More

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September 2021

The effects of a new seat suspension system on whole body vibration exposure and driver low back pain and disability: Results from a randomized controlled trial in truck drivers.

Appl Ergon 2021 Sep 22;98:103588. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Physical Therapy, Movement, and Rehabilitation Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

Through a randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effects of an electro-magnetic active seat suspension that reduces exposure of a long-haul truck driver to whole body vibration (WBV) on low back pain (LBP) and disability. Among 276 drivers recruited from six trucking terminals of a major US trucking company, 135 eligible drivers were assigned to either having an Active Seat (Intervention: n = 70) - the BoseRide® electro-magnetic active seat - or Passive Seat (reference: n = 65) - a new version of their current seat (passive air suspension seat) - installed in their truck via block (terminal) randomization. Low back pain (LBP) severity, on a 0-10 scale and the Oswestry LBP Disability Index were collected before and 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-months post seat installation. Read More

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September 2021

A novel high-throughput liquid chromatography assay for Carbohydrate-Deficient transferrin (CDT) based on flow-modulated isocratic elution and terbium-induced fluorescence.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2021 Sep 17;1182:122942. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Unit of Forensic Medicine, Department of Diagnostics and Public Health, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; Laboratory of Pharmacokinetics and Metabolomic Analysis, World-Class Research Center "Digital biodesign and personalized healthcare", Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

Transferrin is a glycoprotein containing two bi- or tri-antennary carbohydrate chains ending with sialic acid. Its glycosylation is reduced in chronic alcohol abuse and in inborn glycosylation pathologies, where the carbohydrate-deficient fraction of the protein (CDT) increases significantly. The current methods require a gradient chromatographic separation and time-consuming sample preparation. Read More

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September 2021

Exposure to the real ambient air pollutants alters the composition of nasal mucosa bacteria in the rat model.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 17;287(Pt 3):132269. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.

Studies have indicated that ambient pollutant exposure correlates with nasal disease, in which nasal mucosa microbiota play a crucial role. However, the association between exposure to real-ambient air pollutants and the composition of nasal mucosa microbiota has not been well studied. This study aimed to explore the composition of nasal mucosa microbiota after exposure to real-ambient air pollutants with a special system. Read More

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September 2021

Successful continuous positive airway pressure treatment reduces skin sympathetic nerve activity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Heart Rhythm 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Indiana University Health Physicians, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular diseases and increased sympathetic tone. We previously demonstrated that OSA patients have increased skin sympathetic nerve activity (SKNA).

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces SKNA. Read More

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September 2021

DNA methylation changes associated with prenatal mercury exposure: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies from PACE consortium.

Environ Res 2021 Sep 22:112093. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Epidemiology and Environmental Health Joint Research Unit, FISABIO-Universitat Jaume I-Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain; Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.

Mercury (Hg) is a ubiquitous heavy metal that originates from both natural and anthropogenic sources and is transformed in the environment to its most toxicant form, methylmercury (MeHg). Recent studies suggest that MeHg exposure can alter epigenetic modifications during embryogenesis. In this study, we examined associations between prenatal MeHg exposure and levels of cord blood DNA methylation (DNAm) by meta-analysis in up to seven independent studies (n = 1462) as well as persistence of those relationships in blood from 7 to 8 year-old children (n = 794). Read More

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September 2021

Associations of perinatal exposure to PM with gestational weight gain and offspring birth weight.

Environ Res 2021 Sep 22:112087. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

Background: PM have been associated with weight change in animal models and non-pregnant populations. Evidence of associations between PM and gestational weight gain (GWG), an important determinant of course and outcomes of pregnancy, and subsequent birth outcomes is limited.

Methods: The study was conducted among a subset of participants from the Omega Study, a prospective pregnancy cohort. Read More

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September 2021

Factors Associated with Return to Work After Heart Transplantation: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Am J Med Sci 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Cardiology Service, Department of Internal Medicine, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Columbia.

Background: Heart transplantation represents one of the last treatment options for advanced heart failure. Little is known about the factors associated with return to work in patients after heart transplantation. The aim of this study is to identify those factors. Read More

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September 2021

Investigating the effects of occupational and environmental noise on cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Department of Occupational Health and Safety, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The present study aimed to use a meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between occupational and non-occupational noise exposure expressed in various studies with cardiovascular disease. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis study based on PRISMA checklist. In this study, the researchers searched five international databases of Medline/PubMed, Embase, Scopus, ISI/web of knowledge, and Google Scholar. Read More

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September 2021

Health education for musicians in the UK: a qualitative evaluation.

Health Promot Int 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Centre for Music Performance Research, Royal Northern College of Music, 124 Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9RD, UK.

Musical training in higher education music institutions (e.g. conservatoires) has been associated with health-related issues among musicians. Read More

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September 2021

The Protective Effect of Natural Compounds on Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity via Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate Oxidase Inhibition.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Objectives: Doxorubicin (DOX) is widely prescribed for the treatment of several human cancers. Unfortunately, cumulative doses of DOX are the main cause of myocardial dysfunction. Although preclinical and pharmaceutical studies were performed to investigate the potential of natural compounds in minimizing DOX toxicity, a comprehensive review of them is not available. Read More

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September 2021

The TRACTOR Project: TRACking and MoniToring Occupational Risks in Agriculture Using French Insurance Health Data (MSA).

Ann Work Expo Health 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, CHU Grenoble Alpes, TIMC, Grenoble, France.

Objectives: A vast data mining project called 'TRACking and moniToring Occupational Risks in agriculture' (TRACTOR) was initiated in 2017 to investigate work-related health events among the entire French agricultural workforce. The goal of this work is to present the TRACTOR project, the challenges faced during its implementation, to discuss its strengths and limitations and to address its potential impact for health surveillance.

Methods: Three routinely collected administrative health databases from the National Health Insurance Fund for Agricultural Workers and Farmers (MSA) were made available for the TRACTOR project. Read More

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September 2021

The informalization of doctor-patient relations in a Finnish setting: New social figurations and emergent possibilities.

Sociol Health Illn 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.

This article features data drawn from interviews with doctors working in the Finnish occupational health-care system. These are used to explore the value of an Eliasian approach towards interpreting and assessing the moral meanings and social dynamics of relationships between health practitioners and their patients. We attend to spiralling 'formalizing' and 'informalizing' processes and how these are operating to reconfigure doctor-patient relationships. Read More

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September 2021

Epidemiology of Occupational Electrical Injuries.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, Burn Research Center, Shahid Motahari Burns Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Electrical injuries are an uncommon but very destructive type of burn, with serious complications and disabilities for the victims. This study was conducted due to the importance of understanding the epidemiology of electrical accidents in planning to prevent their occurrence. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study that was performed on patients with electrical burns referred to Shahid Motahari Educational and Medical Center from 2017 to 2018. Read More

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September 2021

Healthcare professionals' experiences of using a biopsychosocial approach to understand behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia: A qualitative interview study.

Int J Older People Nurs 2021 Sep 25:e12427. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Division of Psychology & Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: Biopsychosocial approaches to understanding behavioural and psychological (otherwise known as "non-cognitive" or "neuropsychiatric") symptoms of dementia tend to be conducted by specialist psychology professionals. To increase service users' access to these approaches, healthcare professionals from nursing and allied health disciplines are being trained to use them. However, little is known about healthcare professionals' experiences of implementing biopsychosocial approaches in everyday practice. Read More

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September 2021

Household determinants of biocontaminant exposures in Canadian homes.

Indoor Air 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Air Health Effects Assessment Division, Water and Air Quality Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Exposure to biocontaminants, such as dust mites, animal dander, bacteria, and mold, is associated with a range of health effects. This study identified household characteristics associated with indoor biocontaminant loadings in four Canadian cities. Floor dust was collected in 290 Canadian homes in Edmonton, Halifax, Montreal, and Windsor. Read More

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September 2021

Time course prevalence of post-COVID pain symptoms of musculoskeletal origin in patients who had survived to SARS-CoV-2 infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pain 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (URJC), Madrid. Spain. Center for Neuroplasticity and Pain (CNAP), SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark Department of Radiology, Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract: The aim of this review/meta-analysis is to synthesize the prevalence of post-COVID pain symptoms of musculoskeletal origin in hospitalized/non-hospitalized patients recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases, as well as medRxiv and bioRxiv preprint servers were searched up to May 1, 2021. Studies or preprints reporting data on post-COVID pain symptoms such as myalgias, arthralgias, or chest pain after SARS-CoV-2 infection and collected by personal, telephonic, or electronical interview were included. Read More

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September 2021

CheXED: Comparison of a Deep Learning Model to a Clinical Decision Support System for Pneumonia in the Emergency Department.

J Thorac Imaging 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Computer Science AIMI Center, Stanford University, Stanford Bunkerhill Health, Palo Alto, CA Care Transformations Department, Intermountain Healthcare Department of Biomedical Informatics Division of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Occupational Pulmonary Medicine, University of Utah Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Department of Radiology, Intermountain Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT.

Purpose: Patients with pneumonia often present to the emergency department (ED) and require prompt diagnosis and treatment. Clinical decision support systems for the diagnosis and management of pneumonia are commonly utilized in EDs to improve patient care. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a deep learning model for detecting radiographic pneumonia and pleural effusions can improve functionality of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) for pneumonia management (ePNa) operating in 20 EDs. Read More

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September 2021

Anal human papillomavirus prevalence among vaccinated and unvaccinated gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Canada.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael's Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Toronto, Canada Department of Health and Wellness, Government of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Canada ICES, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Canada Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Canada McGill University Health Centre Research Institute, McGill University, Montréal, Canada Clinical Prevention Services, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, Canada Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada Direction régionale de santé publique de Montréal, Montréal, Canada British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada Département de microbiologie, infectiologie et immunologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada Laboratoire de virologie moléculaire, Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Starting in 2015, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been publicly funded for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) aged ≤26 years in Canada.

Methods: Self-identified GBM who reported having sex with another man within the past six months were enrolled using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) between February 2017 and August 2019 in Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver, Canada. Men aged 16-30 years self-collected anal specimens for HPV-DNA testing. Read More

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September 2021

The Role of Childhood Asthma in Obesity Development: A Nationwide U.S. Multi-cohort Study.

Epidemiology 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston MA Department of Pediatrics, Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley NJ and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing and Department of Family & Preventive Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA Avera Research Institute, Sioux Falls, SD Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research Department of Psychology The George Washington University, Washington, DC Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, CA Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH Department of Pediatrics & Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, WA Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior and Department of Pediatrics, Brown Alpert Medical School and Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI. Department of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR Division of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR Division of Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, Neuroscience and Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester, NY Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonary Medicine, Department of PediatricsSt. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis, MO Departments of Pediatrics, Environmental Medicine and Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, NY Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY.

Rationale: Asthma and obesity often co-occur. It has been hypothesized that asthma may contribute to childhood obesity onset.

Objectives: To determine if childhood asthma is associated with incident obesity and examine the role of asthma medication in this association. Read More

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September 2021

Incidence and diseases burden of coal workers' pneumoconiosis worldwide, 1990-2019: evidence from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.

Eur Respir J 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Occupational & Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

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September 2021

Technology-induced job loss risk, disability and all-cause mortality in Norway.

Occup Environ Med 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway

Background: Ongoing shifts in economic structure from automation and globalisation can affect employment and mortality, yet these relations are not well described.

Objective: We assess whether long-term employment and health outcomes relate systematically to structural change in the labour market, using the occupational Routine Task Intensity (RTI) score as indicator of exposure is to risks of outsourcing and technology-induced job loss.

Methods: Using a cohort design and administrative data with national population coverage, we categorise all Norwegian employees in 2003 by the RTI score of their occupation and examine how this score correlates with employment and health outcomes measured in 2018 and 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of time-related deficits in older adults: a scoping review protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 24;11(9):e050521. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

School of Health and Welfare, Dalarna University, Falun, Dalarna, Sweden

Introduction: People with cognitive impairments often have difficulties in managing their time for daily activities. In older adults with cognitive impairments such as dementia and stroke, these may present as disorientation, poor time awareness, time perception, daily time management and so on. Time-related deficits and associated behaviours impede independent living and add considerably to caregiver strain. Read More

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September 2021

Low back pain prevalence in Sao Paulo, Brazil: A cross-sectional study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and the burden of LBP is expected to increase in coming decades, particularly in middle-income countries. There is a lack of large and high-quality studies investigating the prevalence of LBP in Brazil.

Objective: To estimate the point, one-year, and lifetime prevalence of non-specific LBP in adults from the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Read More

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September 2021

A non-inferiority trial comparing two recombinant vaccines (Hepa-B vs. Engerix-B) for hepatitis B among adults in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Vaccine 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Worldwide Hepatitis B is known as one of the imperative causes of mortality and morbidity as well as occupational health hazard among health workers. Bangladesh is intermediate endemic country for Hepatitis B infection for which the government has introduced hepatitis B vaccination into the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) nationwide since 2009 for new born children. However, the people who were born before 2009, was dependent on imported hepatitis B vaccine as there was no locally manufactured hepatitis B vaccine in Bangladesh. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of an educational wellness program by sex differences in community-dwelling Japanese patients with schizophrenia.

Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2021 Oct 22;35(5):450-456. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Rehabilitation Science, Division of Occupational Therapy, Hirosaki University of Health and Welfare, Hirosaki University of Health and Welfare 3-18-1, Sanpinai, Hirosaki-shi, Aomori 036-8102, Japan.. Electronic address:

This study was a 24-week non-randomized controlled trial aimed at investigating the effects of lifestyle education by sex in patients with schizophrenia. The data was collected and analyzed for 75 subjects at five facilities in Aomori, Japan. Mean weight and BMI decreased in both biologically male and female subjects over a 24-Week study period in the Intervention group, but were maintenance or increase in the control Group. Read More

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October 2021