423 results match your criteria occlusion pmcao


Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor PJ34 Reduces Brain Damage after Stroke in the Neonatal Mouse Brain.

Curr Issues Mol Biol 2021 Jun 7;43(1):301-312. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

INSERM, Hôpital Robert Debré, Université de Paris, U1141 NeuroDiderot, 75019 Paris, France.

The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor PJ34 has recently been reported to increase cerebral blood flow, via the endothelial NO synthase, in the naive mouse brain throughout life. We addressed here the benefits of PJ34 after neonatal ischemia on hemodynamics and components of the neurovascular unit including the blood-brain barrier (BBB), microglia, and astrocytes. Nine-day-old mice were subjected to permanent MCA occlusion (pMCAo), and treated with either PBS or PJ34 (10 mg/kg). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Baicalin-loaded macrophage-derived exosomes ameliorate ischemic brain injury via the antioxidative pathway.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jul 23;126:112123. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

School of Pharmacy, Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou 121000, PR China. Electronic address:

Baicalin (BA), a strong free radical scavenger, has been demonstrated to exert neuroprotective effects in the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, its clinical application has been limited due to its inability to target the brain and its poor solubility. In this study, we designed novel brain-targeted BA-loaded macrophage-derived exosomes (Exo-BA) to induce neuroprotection against ischemic stroke in animal models. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Protective effects of carbonic anhydrase inhibition in brain ischaemia and models.

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 2021 Dec;36(1):964-976

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health (NEUROFARBA), Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Ischaemic stroke is a leading cause of death and disability. One of the major pathogenic mechanisms after ischaemia includes the switch to the glycolytic pathway, leading to tissue acidification. Carbonic anhydrase (CA) contributes to pH regulation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Post-Stroke Metformin Treatment Using Permanent Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion in Rats.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Apr 1;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Medical Academy, Department of Neurology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, A. Mickeviciaus Str. 9, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania.

Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Treatment options for ischemic stroke are limited, and the development of new therapeutic agents or combined therapies is imperative. Growing evidence suggests that metformin treatment, due to its anti-inflammatory action, exerts a neuroprotective effect against ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain damage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

l-Borneol ameliorates cerebral ischaemia by downregulating the mitochondrial calcium uniporter-induced apoptosis cascade in pMCAO rats.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Mar;73(2):272-280

School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability and death worldwide, and ischaemic stroke is the most common subtype. Moreover, we found that L-borneol has an obvious therapeutic effect on cerebral ischaemia. This study aimed to investigate the potential mechanism of L-borneol in permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) rats via the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU)-related apoptosis cascade. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ischemic stroke in PAR1 KO mice: Decreased brain plasmin and thrombin activity along with decreased infarct volume.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(3):e0248431. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Neurology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Ischemic stroke is a common and debilitating disease with limited treatment options. Protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1) is a fundamental cell signaling mediator in the central nervous system (CNS). It can be activated by many proteases including thrombin and plasmin, with various down-stream effects, following brain ischemia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gastrodin ameliorates learning and memory impairment in rats with vascular dementia by promoting autophagy flux via inhibition of the Ca/CaMKII signal pathway.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 03 10;13(7):9542-9565. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

The High Efficacy Application of Natural Medicinal Resources Engineering Center of Guizhou Province and The High Educational Key Laboratory of Guizhou Province for Natural Medicinal Pharmacology and Druggability, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang 550025, P.R. China.

Vascular dementia (VD) is a common disease that occurs during human aging. Gastrodin (GAS) has potential benefits for the prevention and treatment of VD. In the present study, we investigated the effects of GAS on cognitive dysfunction in rats with VD induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) and explored the underlying mechanism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intravenous Infusion of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Enhances Therapeutic Efficacy of Reperfusion Therapy in Cerebral Ischemia.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 20;149:e160-e169. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Neural Regenerative Medicine, Research Institute for Frontier Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan; Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA; Center for Neuroscience and Regeneration Research, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Objective: Reperfusion therapy is a standard therapeutic strategy for acute stroke. Non-favorable outcomes are thought to partially result from impaired microcirculatory flow in ischemic tissue. Intravenous infusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reduces stroke volume and improves behavioral function in stroke. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Semi-Automated Cell and Tissue Analyses Reveal Regionally Specific Morphological Alterations of Immune and Neural Cells in a Porcine Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Model of Stroke.

Front Cell Neurosci 2020 22;14:600441. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Regenerative Bioscience Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States.

Histopathological analysis of cellular changes in the stroked brain provides critical information pertaining to inflammation, cell death, glial scarring, and other dynamic injury and recovery responses. However, commonly used manual approaches are hindered by limitations in speed, accuracy, bias, and the breadth of morphological information that can be obtained. Here, a semi-automated high-content imaging (HCI) and CellProfiler histological analysis method was developed and used in a Yucatan miniature pig permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) model of ischemic stroke to overcome these limitations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Additive Behavioral Improvement after Combined Cell Therapy and Rehabilitation Despite Long-Term Microglia Presence in Stroke Rats.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Feb 3;22(4). Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Neurology, University of Eastern Finland, FI-70210 Kuopio, Finland.

Microglia are involved in the post-stroke immunomodulation of brain plasticity, repair, and reorganization. Here, we evaluated whether adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) and/or rehabilitation improve behavioral recovery by modulating long-term perilesional inflammation and creating a recovery-permissive environment in a rat model of ischemic stroke.

Methods: A two-way mixed lymphocyte reaction was used to assess the immunomodulatory capacity of ADMSCs in vitro. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Progranulin promotes functional recovery and neurogenesis in the subventricular zone of adult mice after cerebral ischemia.

Brain Res 2021 04 2;1757:147312. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Key Laboratory of Modern Teaching Technology, Ministry of Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062, China; College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710119, China. Electronic address:

Progranulin (PGRN), a secreted glycosylated protein, has been reported to attenuate ischemia-induced cerebral injury through anti-inflammation, attenuation of blood-brain barrier disruption and neuroprotection. However, the effect of PGRN on neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) after cerebral ischemia remains unclear. In this study, adult C57BL/6 mice were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO), and different doses of recombinant mouse PGRN (r-PGRN, 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Enriched Environment Promotes Cognitive Function Recovery following Cerebral Ischemic Injury via Upregulating GABAergic and Glutamatergic Systems in the Contralateral Hippocampus.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 15;2020:8850119. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, WuLuMuQi Middle Road 12, Shanghai 200040, China.

Poststroke cognitive impairment severely affects the long-term recovery of patients. However, it remains unknown whether an enriched environment can remodel contralateral hippocampal function and promote cognitive function recovery after cerebral ischemic injury. To further explore, 36 C57BL/6 mice that underwent permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) were randomly assigned to three groups: enriched environment (EE), standard condition (SC), and sham surgery (Sham). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Dl-3-n-butylphthalide inhibits neuroinflammation by stimulating foxp3 and Ki-67 in an ischemic stroke model.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 01 10;13(3):3763-3778. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

National Key Research Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, Peking University, Beijing 100191, P.R. China.

Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) has been widely used to treat ischemic stroke in China. To investigate the mechanisms underlying NBP activity, we established a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) rat model and injected the rats with 4 mg/kg/d NBP for nine days. We then assessed neuroinflammation, neovascularization and nerve regeneration within the brain. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Pseudoginsenoside F11 ameliorates the dysfunction of the autophagy-lysosomal pathway by activating calcineurin-mediated TFEB nuclear translocation in neuron during permanent cerebral ischemia.

Exp Neurol 2021 Apr 8;338:113598. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, PR China. Electronic address:

We have previously found that transcription factor EB (TFEB), as a master regulator of autophagy and lysosome biogenesis, provides neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemia-induced neuronal damage by activation of autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP). We have also reported that Pseudoginsenoside F11 (PF11), an ocotillol-type saponin isolated from Panax quinquefolium L., significantly attenuates the ischemic injury of rats subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO), possibly by alleviating the autophagic/lysosomal defects. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Increased brain plasmin levels following experimental ischemic stroke in male mice.

J Neurosci Res 2021 03 9;99(3):966-976. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Department of Neurology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Many coagulation factor proteases are increased in the brain during ischemic stroke. One of these proteases is plasmin. In this study we established a novel method for direct quantitative measurement of plasmin activity in male mouse brain slices using a sensitive fluorescent substrate in the presence of specific protease inhibitors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rapid development of strong, persistent, spatiotemporally extensive cortical synchrony and underlying oscillations following acute MCA focal ischemia.

Sci Rep 2020 12 8;10(1):21441. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA.

Stroke is a leading cause of death and the leading cause of long-term disability, but its electrophysiological basis is poorly understood. Characterizing acute ischemic neuronal activity dynamics is important for understanding the temporal and spatial development of ischemic pathophysiology and determining neuronal activity signatures of ischemia. Using a 32-microelectrode array spanning the depth of cortex, electrophysiological recordings generated for the first time a continuous spatiotemporal profile of local field potentials (LFP) and multi-unit activity (MUA) before (baseline) and directly after (0-5 h) distal, permanent MCA occlusion (pMCAo) in a rat model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Atorvastatin alleviates microglia-mediated neuroinflammation via modulating the microbial composition and the intestinal barrier function in ischemic stroke mice.

Free Radic Biol Med 2021 01 3;162:104-117. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Department of Neurology, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050000, Hebei, China; Hebei Key Laboratory of Vascular Homeostasis and Hebei Collaborative Innovation Center for Cardio-cerebrovascular Disease, Shijiazhuang, 050000, Hebei, China.

Our previous work has shown that atorvastatin exerts anti-inflammatory properties in ischemic stroke, and recent studies have revealed that intestinal microbiota plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of stroke. However, it is not clear whether the anti-inflammatory effects of atorvastatin against ischemic stroke is related to gut function and microbiota. We report herein that atorvastatin significantly ameliorated the defects in sensorimotor behaviors and reduced microglia-mediated neuroinflammation by inhibiting proinflammatory polarization of microglia in the peri-infarct cortex of the mice with permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Neuroprotective epi-drugs quench the inflammatory response and microglial/macrophage activation in a mouse model of permanent brain ischemia.

J Neuroinflammation 2020 Nov 27;17(1):361. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Division of Pharmacology, Department of Molecular and Translational Medicine, University of Brescia, Viale Europa 11, 25123, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Activation of NF-kappaB RelA deacetylated at the lysine residues, except the lysine 310, drives pro-apoptotic transcription in noxious brain ischemia. We showed that the sinergistic combination of the histone deacetilase inhibitor MS-275 with the sirtuin 1 activator resveratrol, at very low doses, restores normal RelA acetylation and elicit neuroprotection in mice subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and primary cortical neurons exposed to oxygen-glucose-deprivation (OGD). The present study aims at corroborating the neuroprotective potential of the epigenetic treatment in a model of permanent brain ischemia and investigate its effect on post-ischemic inflammation and microglia activation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Electroacupuncture Attenuates Inflammation after Ischemic Stroke by Inhibiting NF-B-Mediated Activation of Microglia.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 19;2020:8163052. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

South China Research Center for Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510006, China.

Microglial activation and microglia-mediated inflammation play an important role in the occurrence, development, and outcome of stroke. Brain injury induces the activation and release of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-), interleukin- (IL-) 1, and IL-6. Many studies have confirmed that acupuncture is effective in treating ischemic stroke. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

1-Trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-Propionylpiperidin-4-yl) Urea Protects the Blood-Brain Barrier Against Ischemic Injury by Upregulating Tight Junction Protein Expression, Mitigating Apoptosis and Inflammation and Model.

Front Pharmacol 2020 7;11:1197. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

We previously have revealed that 1-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1- propionylpiperidin-4-yl) urea (TPPU), as a soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor can reduce infarct volume, protect blood-brain barrier (BBB) and brain against ischemic injury in rats. Here, we investigated the potential mechanisms of TPPU on BBB integrity in both in permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) rat model and in oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R)-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMVECs) model. In pMCAO rat, TPPU administration decreased brain edema and Evans blue content, increased tight junction proteins (TJs) expression of claudin-5, occludin, and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chinese medicine Tongxinluo capsule protects against blood-brain barrier disruption after ischemic stroke by inhibiting the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 pathway in mice.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 Sep 30;29(9):105071. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

National Key Laboratory of Collateral Disease Research and Innovative Chinese Medicine, Hebei Yiling Chinese Medicine Research Institute, Shijiazhuang, China; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University, No.16766 Jingshi Road, Jinan, Shandong, China. Electronic address:

Background: Chinese medicine Tongxinluo capsule (TXL) has been extensively used to treat ischemic stroke in China, and one of its mechanisms is to protect against blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption after stroke. However, the underlying protective mechanisms are not fully illuminated. It is reported that the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP-1) is involved in BBB disruption after brain ischemia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Edaravone-Loaded Macrophage-Derived Exosomes Enhance Neuroprotection in the Rat Permanent Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Model of Stroke.

Mol Pharm 2020 09 10;17(9):3192-3201. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Life Science Institution, Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou 121000, P. R. China.

Edaravone (Edv) can inhibit tissue damage, cause cerebral edema, and delay neuronal death caused by acute cerebral infarction. Exosomes are considered as cargo carriers for intercellular communication and serve as important regulators in many pathological processes. Here, we developed macrophage-derived exosomes (Exo) containing Edv (Exo + Edv) to improve the bioavailability of Edv and enhance the neuroprotective effects in a rat model of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (PMCAO). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Dichloromethane extraction from Piper nigrum L. and P. longum L. to mitigate ischemic stroke by activating the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway to suppress autophagy.

Brain Res 2020 12 8;1749:147047. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

School of Basic Medical Sciences, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China. Electronic address:

Dichloromethane fraction (DF) of Piper nigrum L. and P. longum L. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

BNIP3L/NIX degradation leads to mitophagy deficiency in ischemic brains.

Autophagy 2020 Aug 12:1-13. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Institute of Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of the Ministry of Health of China, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Mitophagy, the elimination of damaged mitochondria through autophagy, promotes neuronal survival in cerebral ischemia. Previous studies found deficient mitophagy in ischemic neurons, but the mechanisms are still largely unknown. We determined that BNIP3L/NIX, a mitophagy receptor, was degraded by proteasomes, which led to mitophagy deficiency in both ischemic neurons and brains. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Machine learning-based segmentation of ischemic penumbra by using diffusion tensor metrics in a rat model.

J Biomed Sci 2020 Jul 15;27(1):80. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Department of Medical Imaging, Taipei Medical University Hospital, No.250, Wu-Hsing St, Taipei, 11031, Taiwan.

Background: Recent trials have shown promise in intra-arterial thrombectomy after the first 6-24 h of stroke onset. Quick and precise identification of the salvageable tissue is essential for successful stroke management. In this study, we examined the feasibility of machine learning (ML) approaches for differentiating the ischemic penumbra (IP) from the infarct core (IC) by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-derived metrics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Focal cerebral ischemia induces changes in oligodendrocytic tau isoforms in the damaged area.

Glia 2020 12 9;68(12):2471-2485. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Departamento de Biología (Fisiología Animal), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Ischemic stroke is a major cause of death and the first leading cause of long-term disability worldwide. The only therapeutic strategy available to date is reperfusion and not all the patients are suitable for this treatment. Blood flow blockage or reduction leads to considerable brain damage, affecting both gray and white matter. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Sirt3 Protects Against Ischemic Stroke Injury by Regulating HIF-1α/VEGF Signaling and Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2021 Aug 4;41(6):1203-1215. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) is a member of the Sirtuin family proteins and known to regulate multiple physiological processes such as metabolism and aging. As stroke is an aging-related disease, in this work, we attempt to examine the role and potential mechanism of Sirt3 in regulating ischemic stroke by using a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) model in wild type (WT) and Sirt3 knockout (KO) mice, coupled with oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) experiments in cultured primary astrocytes. Sirt3 deficiency aggravated neuronal cell apoptosis and neurological deficits after brain ischemia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Delayed recanalization after MCAO ameliorates ischemic stroke by inhibiting apoptosis via HGF/c-Met/STAT3/Bcl-2 pathway in rats.

Exp Neurol 2020 08 16;330:113359. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. Electronic address:

The activation of tyrosine kinase receptor c-Met by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) showed an anti-apoptotic effect in numerous disease models. This study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective mechanism of the HGF/c-Met axis-mediated anti-apoptosis underlying the delayed recanalization in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Permanent MCAO model (pMCAO) was induced by intravascular filament insertion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

miR-330 regulates Drp-1 mediated mitophagy by targeting PGAM5 in a rat model of permanent focal cerebral ischemia.

Eur J Pharmacol 2020 Aug 1;880:173143. Epub 2020 May 1.

Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Growing evidence have suggested that mitophagy could exert a neuroprotective role in brain ischemia by removing the damaged mitochondria. However the upstream mechanisms of mitophagy are remain unclear. We previously observed a decrease of miR-330 in a miRNA profile of plasma from patients within 3 h after a stroke. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Knockdown of Arginyl-tRNA Synthetase Attenuates Ischemia-Induced Cerebral Cortex Injury in Rats After Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion.

Transl Stroke Res 2021 02 27;12(1):147-163. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Some researchers have previously shown that RNAi knockdown of arginyl-tRNA synthetase (ArgRS) before or after a hypoxic injury can rescue animals from death, based on the model organism, C. elegans. However, there has been no study on the application of arginyl-tRNA synthetase knockdown in treating mammalian ischemic stroke, and its potential mechanism and effect on ischemic brain damage are still unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021