11,811 results match your criteria obstetrical interventions


Effects of gonadal status and the estrogen milieu on hypothalamic oxytocin gene expression and serum oxytocin levels in female rats.

Horm Behav 2021 Jun 8;133:105005. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-Cho, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan. Electronic address:

Oxytocin (OT) and its receptor (OTR) play various roles in the central and peripheral regulation of appetite and body weight. Previously, we have shown that the administration of OT markedly decreased appetite and body weight gain in ovariectomized (OVX) obese rats. In addition, recent studies have shown that the endogenous OT system is also affected by endogenous or exogenous estrogen. Read More

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Essential Package of Palliative Care for Women With Cervical Cancer: Responding to the Suffering of a Highly Vulnerable Population.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:873-885

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Women with cervical cancer, especially those with advanced disease, appear to experience suffering that is more prevalent, complex, and severe than that caused by other cancers and serious illnesses, and approximately 85% live in low- and middle-income countries where palliative care is rarely accessible. To respond to the highly prevalent and extreme suffering in this vulnerable population, we convened a group of experienced experts in all aspects of care for women with cervical cancer, and from countries of all income levels, to create an essential package of palliative care for cervical cancer (EPPCCC). The EPPCCC consists of a set of interventions, medicines, simple equipment, social supports, and human resources, and is designed to be safe and effective for preventing and relieving all types of suffering associated with cervical cancer. Read More

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Medical abortion offered in pharmacy versus clinic-based settings.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Jun 11;6:CD013566. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Background: Medical abortion is usually offered in a clinic or hospital, but could potentially be offered in other settings such as pharmacies. In many countries, pharmacies are a common first point of access for women seeking reproductive health information and services. Offering medical abortion through pharmacies is a potential strategy to improve access to abortion. Read More

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Investigation of polycystic ovarian syndrome: variation in practice and impact on the speed of diagnosis.

Cardiovasc Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jun 23;10(2):120-124. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maternity Centre, University Hospital of North Midlands.

Objective: Accurate diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) enables clinical interventions/cardiometabolic risk factor management. Diagnosis can take over 2 years and multiple clinician contacts. We examined patterns of PCOS-associated biochemical investigations following initial consultation prior to pelvic ultrasound scan (USS). Read More

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Understanding Adolescents' Perceptions of Diarrhea: A Formative Research Study of a Visual Scale to Measure Self-Reported Diarrhea in Low-Resource Settings.

Front Public Health 2021 25;9:561367. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.

Although water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions are effective in reducing diarrhea, there are methodological issues regarding the research tools used to evaluate their health impact. Moreover, there is limited research on individuals' subjective interpretations of diarrheal illness which may introduce further limitations in relying on self-reported data. Therefore, we conducted a study that aims to understand adolescents' perceptions of diarrheal illness in rural Tamil Nadu, India. Read More

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Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Endometriosis - Myths and Realities.

Curr Obstet Gynecol Rep 2020 Mar 30;9(1):27-35. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

Purpose Of Review: There is increasing interest in the long-term health and comorbid conditions associated with endometriosis for both women and neonates. The purpose of this review was to synthesize and discuss the current state of the literature investigating endometriosis and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Recent Findings: Methodologic considerations for studying endometriosis and adverse pregnancy outcomes include complexities regarding the comparison population, endometriosis definition, sample size, residual confounding, and interactions. Read More

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Resource use decrease after implementation of care bundles for treatment of postpartum hemorrhage.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Jun 10:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Centro de Investigaciones Clínicas, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia.

Objective: To evaluate whether the implementation of care bundles has an impact on resource utilization in the care of patients with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH).

Methods: Retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study of 404 patients with stage II or greater PPH. Periods 2011-2014 and 2015-2017, before and after the introduction of care bundles, were compared. Read More

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Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission in Nigeria: Six Years Experience from a Tertiary Institution.

Curr HIV Res 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Africa Center of Excellence for Population Health and Policy (ACEPHAP), Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: In line with global standards and progress made in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT), an assessment of the outcome of Early Infant Diagnosis in northern Nigeria is necessary to evaluate progress towards a zero Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection rate among children.

Objectives: This study assessed the infection rate and risk factors for mother-to-child HIV transmission among HIV-exposed children in Kano, northwest Nigeria.

Method: Using a retrospective cohort design, pregnant HIV-positive women and their exposed infants were recruited over a period of six years (2010 to 2016). Read More

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Cultural Sensitivity in Interventions Aiming to Reduce or Prevent Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Jun 10:15248380211021788. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a recognized global health problem. Ethnic minorities and immigrant pregnant women experiencing IPV require culturally responsive health services. The aim of this scoping review was to identify aspects of cultural sensitivity in interventions to prevent or reduce IPV among ethnic minorities and immigrant pregnant women in high-income countries. Read More

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The longitudinal association between early-life screen viewing and abdominal adiposity-findings from a multiethnic birth cohort study.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Importance: Screen viewing in adults has been associated with greater abdominal adiposity, with the magnitude of associations varying by sex and ethnicity, but the evidence is lacking at younger ages. We aimed to investigate sex- and ethnic-specific associations of screen-viewing time at ages 2 and 3 years with abdominal adiposity measured by magnetic resonance imaging at age 4.5 years. Read More

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Predictors of later insulin therapy for gestational diabetes diagnosed in early pregnancy.

Endocr J 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Interventions for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), diagnosed in early pregnancy, have been a topic of controversy. This study aimed to elucidate factors that predict patients with GDM diagnosed before 24 gestational weeks (early GDM: E-GDM) who require insulin therapy later during pregnancy. Furthermore, we identified patients whose impaired glucose tolerance should be strictly controlled from early gestation onward. Read More

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Inadequate post-partum screening for type 2 diabetes in women with previous gestation diabetes mellitus: a retrospective audit of practice over 17 years.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 9:e14447. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University Hospitals of the North Midlands NHS Trust, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Introduction: Women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are at greatly increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The UK guidance recommends screening for T2DM at around 6 weeks post-partum and annually thereafter. We evaluated conformity to this guidance in two separate time periods. Read More

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The Efficacy and Safety of Local Anesthetic Techniques for Postoperative Analgesia After Cesarean Section: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Pain Res 2021 2;14:1559-1572. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.

Objective: Cesarean section (CS) is one of the most frequently performed major surgical interventions. Local anesthetic techniques, a universal component of perioperative multimodal analgesia, are reportedly effective in reducing pain scores and opioid requirements. However, the optimal local anesthetic technique for postoperative CS pain remains unclear. Read More

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Postpartum depression and family function in Chinese women within 1 year after childbirth: A cross-sectional study.

Res Nurs Health 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Community Nursing, Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Family-related factors are reported to influence the development of postpartum depression (PPD), but limited studies have considered the role of family function in this condition. This study aimed to describe the proportion of people with probable or suspected PPD and to determine the relationships among PPD, family function, and obstetric factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 630 women who attended six integrated teaching and scientific research communities in Changsha, China. Read More

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What Information Do Clinicians Deem Important for Counseling Parents Facing Extremely Early Deliveries?: Results from an Online Survey.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington.

Objective:  The study aimed to better understand how neonatology and maternal fetal medicine (MFM) physicians convey information during antenatal counseling that requires facilitating shared decision-making with parents facing options of resuscitation versus comfort care after extremely early delivery STUDY DESIGN:  Attending physicians at US centers with both Neo and MFM fellowships were invited to answer an original online survey about antenatal counseling for extremely early newborns. The survey assessed information conveyed, processes for facilitating shared decision-making (reported separately), and clinical experiences. Neonatology and MFM responses were compared. Read More

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The association of endometriosis with placenta previa and postpartum hemorrhage: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Jun 4:100417. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to review the effect of endometriosis on the prevalence of placenta previa, postpartum hemorrhage, and surgical outcomes in placenta previa patients with endometriosis.

Data Sources: In compliance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews guidelines, a systematic review of the literature was conducted through December 31, 2020, using PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library.

Study Eligibility Criteria: Comparative studies between pregnant women with and without endometriosis, as well as studies that investigated the surgical outcomes in placenta previa patients with and without endometriosis, were included. Read More

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The effect of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model variables on orthorexia nervosa behaviors of pregnant women.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Psychiatric Nursing, Fethiye Faculty of Health Sciences, Muğla Sıtkı Kocman University, Muğla, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aims to test the effect of the components of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model on Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) behavior of pregnant women and health outcomes using a hypothetical model.

Methods: The study is cross-sectional research and was carried out with 350 pregnant women who had the Non-Stress Test in the obstetrics outpatient clinic of a university hospital. The participants were selected using the convenience sampling method. Read More

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Patients' and Providers' Needs and Preferences When Considering Fertility Preservation Before Cancer Treatment: Decision-Making Needs Assessment.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jun 7;5(6):e25083. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Gynecological Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States.

Background: As cancer treatments continue to improve, it is increasingly important that women of reproductive age have an opportunity to decide whether they want to undergo fertility preservation treatments to try to protect their ability to have a child after cancer. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that providers offer fertility counseling to all young women with cancer; however, as few as 12% of women recall discussing fertility preservation. The long-term goal of this program is to develop an interactive web-based patient decision aid to improve awareness, access, knowledge, and decision making for all young women with cancer. Read More

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Maternal body-mass-index and neonatal brachial plexus palsy in a California cohort.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Jun 6:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Objective: To evaluate risk factors and describe the association between maternal pre-pregnancy body-mass-index (BMI) and neonatal brachial plexus palsy (BPP) in vaginal deliveries with and without shoulder dystocia.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of singleton, non-anomalous, term vaginal deliveries in California (2007-2011). Deliveries were classified as with or without shoulder dystocia. Read More

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The feasibility and outcome of a community-based primary prevention program for cardiovascular disease in the 21st century.

Scand J Prim Health Care 2021 Jun 7:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of General Practice, Turku University and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Objective: There is no evidence that systematic screening and risk factor modification in an unselected, asymptomatic population will reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a primary care CVD prevention program on mortality during a 13-year follow-up.

Design: A risk factor survey was sent, followed by a nurse-led lifestyle counselling to respondents with at least one CVD risk factor, and a general practitioner's (GP) appointment for high-risk persons. Read More

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Race/Ethnicity are among the predisposing factors for fetal malpresentation at term.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Jun 3:100405. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lenox Hill Hospital - Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, New York, NY.

Objective: Fetal malpresentation complicates approximately 3% to 4% of all term births. It requires special considerations for delivery and exposes the mother and neonate to obstetrical interventions and potential adverse outcomes, such as umbilical cord prolapse, head entrapment and birth trauma, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, cesarean delivery and cesarean related complications. We set out to explore maternal and fetal factors associated with non-cephalic malpresentation at term, with specific interest on the impact of maternal race and ethnicity on fetal malpresentation. Read More

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A systematic review of qualitative research on barriers and facilitators to exclusive breastfeeding practice in sub-Saharan African countries.

Int Breastfeed J 2021 Jun 5;16(1):44. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

Background: Studies reporting factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding are mostly quantitative. No study has performed a systematic qualitative summary to document the recurring constraints and facilitators to exclusive breastfeeding in sub-Saharan African countries from breastfeeding mothers' perspective. This study systematically reviews the literature reporting barriers and facilitators to exclusive breastfeeding from the breastfeeding mothers' perspective in sub-Saharan Africa to develop an educational intervention to optimize exclusive breastfeeding. Read More

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Acute acalculous cholecystitis as the initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematous: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e26238

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Rationale: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is an extremely rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). In previous reports, most of the patients were already diagnosed cases of SLE upon confirmation of AAC.

Patient Concerns: A 24-year-old female who initially presented with fever and acute right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Read More

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Solitary vulvar metastasis from early-stage endometrial cancer: Case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e25863

Unit of Surgical Gynecol Oncology.

Rationale: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynecological malignancy in developed countries. It is usually diagnosed at early-stage and presents a favorable prognosis. Conversely, advanced or recurrent disease shows poor outcome. Read More

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Experiences and outcomes of women with bleeding in early pregnancy presenting to the Emergency Department: An integrative review.

Australas Emerg Care 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Australia; Molly Wardaguga Research Centre, CDU, Darwin, Australia.

Background: Bleeding in early pregnancy occurs in approximately a quarter of all pregnancies and is a common reason for presentation to the Emergency Department (ED). This review combined current knowledge about experiences, interventions, outcomes and frequency of women presenting to the ED with per vaginal (PV) bleeding in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Methods: This integrative literature review was conducted using electronic database and hand searching methods for primary research published from 2000; followed by screening and appraisal. Read More

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Late registration for antenatal care by pregnant women with previous history of caesarean section.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2021 May 26;13(1):e1-e9. Epub 2021 May 26.

Ministry of Health and Wellness, Government of Botswana, Gaborone.

Background: Despite good access to antenatal care (ANC) services for most women, and regular training of healthcare workers in obstetrics and gynaecology, many pregnant women with a previous history of caesarean section (C/S) still presented late for ANC services at Letsholathebe II Memorial Hospital (LIIMH) in Maun, Botswana. This may increase morbidity and mortality in women with previous C/S delivery and neonates. Knowing why women with previous C/S present late for ANC may help in the formulation of interventions that decrease morbidity and mortality amongst these women and neonates. Read More

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Outcomes of cesarean scar pregnancy treatment: Do we have options?

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2021 06;18(2):85-91

Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana Dr. Turgut Noyan Research and Application Center, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adana, Turkey

Objective: To investigate the success and complications of medical and surgical modalities used in the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancies.

Materials And Methods: Medical and surgical approaches that have been used to treat cesarean scar pregnancies were evaluated retrospectively, Local, systemic, and combined methotrexate treatments were grouped as the medical approach, and dilatation and evacuation, hysteroscopic resection, laparoscopic and laparotomic approaches were grouped as the surgical approach. Fifty-three patients were diagnosed as having cesarean scar pregnancy during the study period, 48 of whom were included in the final analysis. Read More

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Association between physical activity participation and perceived social isolation at older ages: Do social participation, age and sex differences matter?

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 May 24;96:104441. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR. Electronic address:

Background: Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for poor health. However, it is unclear how physical activity (PA) is associated with perceived social isolation (PSI) in older age. This study aims to explore 1) association between PA and PSI among older people in Ghana and 2) if social participation (SP), age and sex modify any associations. Read More

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Association of Salpingectomy With Delayed Oophorectomy Versus Salpingo-oophorectomy With Quality of Life in BRCA1/2 Pathogenic Variant Carriers: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial.

JAMA Oncol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Importance: Most women with a BRCA1/2 pathogenic variant undergo premature menopause with potential short- and long-term morbidity due to the current method of ovarian carcinoma prevention: risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). Because the fallopian tubes play a key role in ovarian cancer pathogenesis, salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy may be a novel risk-reducing strategy with benefits of delaying menopause.

Objective: To compare menopause-related quality of life after risk-reducing salpingectomy (RRS) with delayed oophorectomy with RRSO in carriers of the BRCA1/2 pathogenic variant. Read More

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