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Visual response of ventrolateral prefrontal neurons and their behavior-related modulation.

Sci Rep 2021 May 12;11(1):10118. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, via Volturno 39, 43125, Parma, Italy.

The ventral part of lateral prefrontal cortex (VLPF) of the monkey receives strong visual input, mainly from inferotemporal cortex. It has been shown that VLPF neurons can show visual responses during paradigms requiring to associate arbitrary visual cues to behavioral reactions. Further studies showed that there are also VLPF neurons responding to the presentation of specific visual stimuli, such as objects and faces. Read More

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Consistency Graph Modeling for Semantic Correspondence.

IEEE Trans Image Process 2021 13;30:4932-4946. Epub 2021 May 13.

To establish robust semantic correspondence between images covering different objects belonging to the same category, there are three important types of information including inter-image relationship, intra-image relationship and cycle consistency. Most existing methods only exploit one or two types of the above information and cannot make them enhance and complement each other. Different from existing methods, we propose a novel end-to-end Consistency Graph Modeling Network (CGMNet) for semantic correspondence by modeling inter-image relationship, intra-image relationship and cycle consistency jointly in a unified deep model. Read More

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Practices of joint meaning creation. Dreams in psychoanalytic discussion.

Int J Psychoanal 2020 Oct 9;101(5):923-950. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Department of Sociology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.

Using conversation analysis of audio recorded psychoanalytic sessions, this article investigates dream interpretation as conversational practice. We focus on the ways in which the "real world" meanings of objects or events in the dream are collaboratively created. Three routes for the meaning creation were found. Read More

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October 2020

How Elderly Residents in Nursing Homes Handle Loneliness-From the Nurses' Perspective.

SAGE Open Nurs 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2377960820980361. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.

Introduction: Elderly people who leave their home environment and move to a nursing home enter a phase in life with diminishing contact with family and friends. This situation often results in a feeling of loneliness with a concomitant deterioration in physical and mental health. By exploring the topic through the lens of the nurses, this study takes a novel approach to address an under-researched area in the nursing field. Read More

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December 2020

Activities and Perceived Risk of Transmission and Spread of SARS-CoV-2 among Specialists and Residents in a Third Level University Hospital in Spain.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 10;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Atenea Research Group, Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia Region (FISABIO), 46020 Alicante, Spain.

This study aims to identify factors related with SARS-CoV-2 infection in physicians and internal residents during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic at a tertiary hospital in Spain, through a cross- sectional descriptive perception study with analytical components through two questionnaires directed at professionals working at the Ramon y Cajal University Hospital between February and April 2020. In total, 167 professionals formed the study group, and 156 professionals comprised the comparison group. Seventy percent of the professionals perceived a shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE), while 40% perceived a shortage of hand sanitiser, although more than 70% said they used it properly. Read More

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Composition and origins of decorated glass from Umayyad Cordoba (Spain).

Herit Sci 2021 12;9(1):31. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

IRAMAT-CEB, UMR5060, CNRS/Université d'Orléans, 3D, Rue de la Férollerie, 45071 Orléans, France.

Recent archaeological excavations carried out in the western suburbs of Cordoba (Spain) brought to light numerous fragments of archaeological glass from the caliphal period (929-1031 CE). The typological and compositional analysis by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) of 66 fragments enabled the identification of different types of base glass and glass working techniques, identifying local productions, imports and decorative imitations of eastern models. The studied fragments include Mesopotamian, Levantine, Egyptian and possibly Sicilian soda-rich plant ash glass categories, and various glass-decorating techniques such as mould-blowing, pressing, cutting, staining or gilding. Read More

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Sequential Instance Refinement for Cross-Domain Object Detection in Images.

IEEE Trans Image Process 2021 1;30:3970-3984. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Cross-domain object detection in images has attracted increasing attention in the past few years, which aims at adapting the detection model learned from existing labeled images (source domain) to newly collected unlabeled ones (target domain). Existing methods usually deal with the cross-domain object detection problem through direct feature alignment between the source and target domains at the image level, the instance level (i.e. Read More

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Ka mura ka muri: understandings of organ donation and transplantation in Aotearoa New Zealand.

Med Humanit 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Criminology, Social Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

In this article, we refer to the separation of solid organs from the body as bio-objects. We suggest that the transfer of these bio-objects is connected to emotions and affects that carry a range of different social and cultural meanings specific to the context of Aotearoa New Zealand. The discussion draws on research findings from a series of qualitative indepth interview studies conducted from 2008 to 2013 with Māori (the Indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand) and Pākehā (European settler New Zealanders) concerning their views on organ donation and transplantation. Read More

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The hippocampal-entorhinal system represents nested hierarchical relations between words during concept learning.

Hippocampus 2021 Mar 6. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

CIMeC - Center for Mind/Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Rovereto, Italy.

A fundamental skill of an intelligent mind is that of being able to rapidly discover the structural organization underlying the relations across the objects or the events in the world. Humans, thanks to language, master this skill. For example, a child learning that dolphins and cats can also be referred to as mammals, not only will infer the presence of a hierarchical organization for which dolphins and cats are subordinate exemplars of the category mammals, but will also derive that dolphins are, at least at one conceptual level, more similar to cats than to sharks, despite their indisputable higher perceptual similarity to the latter. Read More

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Comparative Analysis Between Sampling Methods for Immature Mosquitoes in an Atlantic Forest Fragment in Brazil.

J Am Mosq Control Assoc 2020 12;36(4):245-248

In this study, traps were set out to improve mosquito monitoring, study their viability, and determine the most suitable traps for female mosquito species of epidemiological importance during oviposition. The effectiveness of 3 types of traps (bamboo traps, tire traps, and ovitraps) were compared at 2 sampling sites. A total of 24 traps were installed on the ground at elevations of 3 m, 6 m, and 9 m in a fragment of the Atlantic Forest in the municipality of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Read More

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December 2020

Isolation of extracellular vesicles from microalgae: towards the production of sustainable and natural nanocarriers of bioactive compounds.

Biomater Sci 2021 Apr 23;9(8):2917-2930. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Institute of Biophysics (IBF) - National Research Council (CNR), Palermo, Italy.

Safe, efficient and specific nano-delivery systems are essential for current and emerging therapeutics, precision medicine and other biotechnology sectors. Novel bio-based nanotechnologies have recently arisen, which are based on the exploitation of extracellular vesicles (EVs). In this context, it has become essential to identify suitable organisms or cellular types to act as reliable sources of EVs and to develop their pilot- to large-scale production. Read More

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Contrastive Similarity Matching for Supervised Learning.

Neural Comput 2021 Feb 22:1-29. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.

We propose a novel biologically plausible solution to the credit assignment problem motivated by observations in the ventral visual pathway and trained deep neural networks. In both, representations of objects in the same category become progressively more similar, while objects belonging to different categories become less similar. We use this observation to motivate a layer-specific learning goal in a deep network: each layer aims to learn a representational similarity matrix that interpolates between previous and later layers. Read More

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February 2021

A comprehensive survey of image segmentation: clustering methods, performance parameters, and benchmark datasets.

Multimed Tools Appl 2021 Feb 9:1-26. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Valeo India Private Limited, Chennai, Tamil Nadu India.

Image segmentation is an essential phase of computer vision in which useful information is extracted from an image that can range from finding objects while moving across a room to detect abnormalities in a medical image. As image pixels are generally unlabelled, the commonly used approach for the same is clustering. This paper reviews various existing clustering based image segmentation methods. Read More

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February 2021

Introduction of Deep Learning in Thermographic Monitoring of Cultural Heritage and Improvement by Automatic Thermogram Pre-Processing Algorithms.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jan 22;21(3). Epub 2021 Jan 22.

GeoTECH Group, CINTECX, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain.

The monitoring of heritage objects is necessary due to their continuous deterioration over time. Therefore, the joint use of the most up-to-date inspection techniques with the most innovative data processing algorithms plays an important role to apply the required prevention and conservation tasks in each case study. InfraRed Thermography (IRT) is one of the most used Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) techniques in the cultural heritage field due to its advantages in the analysis of delicate objects (i. Read More

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January 2021

Automated position and size selection of round applicators for AccuBoost breast brachytherapy.

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2020 Dec 16;12(6):586-592. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence RI, USA.

Purpose: AccuBoost is a complex non-invasive brachytherapy procedure for breast treatment. This technique requires a radiation oncologist to manually select applicator grid position and size by overlaying transparencies over a mammographic image to encompass surgical clips and resected tumor bed. An algorithm was developed in MATLAB™ to automate the selection of round applicators based on surgical clip position. Read More

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December 2020

Perceiving ensemble statistics of novel image sets.

Atten Percept Psychophys 2021 Apr 8;83(3):1312-1328. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

ELSC Edmond & Lily Safra Center for Brain Research and Silberman Life Sciences Institute, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

Perception, representation, and memory of ensemble statistics has attracted growing interest. Studies found that, at different abstraction levels, the brain represents similar items as unified percepts. We found that global ensemble perception is automatic and unconscious, affecting later perceptual judgments regarding individual member items. Read More

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The Microbiome of Leonardo da Vinci's Drawings: A Bio-Archive of Their History.

Front Microbiol 2020 20;11:593401. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria.

Seven emblematic Leonardo da Vinci's drawings were investigated through third generation sequencing technology (Nanopore). In addition, SEM analyses were carried out to acquire photographic documentation and to infer the nature of the micro-objects removed from the surface of the drawings. The Nanopore generated microbiomes can be used as a "bio-archive" of the drawings, offering a kind of fingerprint for current and future biological comparisons. Read More

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November 2020

The differential power of extraneous influences to modify aesthetic judgments of biological and artifactual stimuli.

Psych J 2021 Apr 8;10(2):190-199. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Laboratory of Neurobiology, Division of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, London, UK.

We addressed the question of the extent to which external information is capable of modifying aesthetic ratings given to two different categories of stimuli-images of faces (which belong to the biological category) and those of abstract paintings with no recognizable objects (which sit in the artifactual category). A total of 51 participants of different national origins rated the beauty of both sets of stimuli, indicating the certainty of their rating; they then re-rated them after being exposed to the opinions of others on their aesthetic status. Of these 51 participants, 42 who met our criteria were selected to complete the experiment. Read More

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A Novel Model on Reinforce K-Means Using Location Division Model and Outlier of Initial Value for Lowering Data Cost.

Entropy (Basel) 2020 Aug 17;22(8). Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Data Informatics, (National) Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan 49112, Korea.

Today, semi-structured and unstructured data are mainly collected and analyzed for data analysis applicable to various systems. Such data have a dense distribution of space and usually contain outliers and noise data. There have been ongoing research studies on clustering algorithms to classify such data (outliers and noise data). Read More

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Was it an axe or an adze? A cranial trauma case study from the Late Neolithic - Chalcolithic site of Cova Foradada (Calafell, Spain).

Int J Paleopathol 2021 Mar 1;32:23-30. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

SERP, Departament d'Historia i Arqueologia, Universitat de Barcelona. C/ Montealegre 6-8 (Edifici Raval), 08001, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To reconstruct the etiology of a perimortem injury observed on a Neolithic - Chalcolithic cranium (5060 - 4400 yrs cal. BP).

Materials: A cranium of an old adult male individual belonging to a collective burial from Cova Foradada site (Calafell, Tarragona, Spain). Read More

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Social hierarchy and the choice of metal recycling at Anyang, the last capital of Bronze Age Shang China.

Sci Rep 2020 11 2;10(1):18794. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Center for Social Sciences, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, 518055, China.

Anyang, the last capital of the Chinese Shang dynasty, became one of the largest metal consumers in Eurasia during the second millennium BCE. However, it remains unclear how Anyang people managed to sustain such a large supply of metal. By considering the chemical analysis of bronze objects within archaeological contexts, this paper shows that the casting and circulation of metal at Anyang was effectively governed by social hierarchy. Read More

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November 2020

FAME: 3D Shape Generation via Functionality-Aware Model Evolution.

IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 2020 Oct 12;PP. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

We introduce a modeling tool which can evolve a set of 3D objects in a functionality-aware manner. Our goal is for the evolution to generate large and diverse sets of plausible 3D objects for data augmentation, constrained modeling, as well as open-ended exploration to possibly inspire new designs. Starting with an initial population of 3D objects belonging to one or more functional categories, we evolve the shapes through part re-combination to produce generations of hybrids or crossbreeds between parents from the heterogeneous shape collection. Read More

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October 2020

Synthetic database of space objects encounter events subject to epistemic uncertainty.

Data Brief 2020 Oct 9;32:106298. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom.

The databases included on this article refers to variables and parameters belonging to the Space Traffic Management (STM), Evidence Theory and Machine Learning (ML) fields. They have been used for implementing ML for autonomously predict risk associated to a close encounter between two space (Sanchez and Vasile,  Acta Astronautica, Special Issue for ICSSA2020, In Press [1]). The position of the objected is assumed to be affected by epistemic uncertainty, which has been modeled according to Dempster-Shafer Evidence theory (DSt) [2]. Read More

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October 2020

Is the Self other to the self? Why does the numinosum feel like another? The relevance of Matte Blanco to our understanding of the unconscious.

Lionel Corbett

J Anal Psychol 2020 Sep;65(4):672-684

California, Santa Barbara.

Using Ignacio Matte Blanco's approach to the unconscious, this paper attempts to explain why the experience of the Self or the unconscious, for example in dreams, is difficult for the ego to understand. Matte Blanco believes that the logic of the unconscious is radically different from the logic of consciousness. The unconscious uses processes that Matte Blanco refers to as symmetry and generalization. Read More

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September 2020

Study of Alpha and Beta Radioactivity of Clay Originating from Radionuclides Belonging to the 238U and 232Th Families: Doses to the Skin of Potters.

Health Phys 2021 Feb;120(2):177-190

Nuclear Physics and Techniques Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, BP.2390, University of Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco (URAC-15 Research Unit Associated to the CNRST, Rabat, Morocco).

Abstract: Pottery objects are presently more and more used for decoration in homes and hotels. To assess radiological hazards to potters, 238U, 232Th, 222Rn, and 220Rn radionuclides were analyzed in different clay body samples used for pottery production by means of CR-39 and LR-115 II track detectors. Data obtained were compared to those gotten by means of isotope dilution mass spectrometry. Read More

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February 2021

Neurally plausible mechanisms for learning selective and invariant representations.

J Math Neurosci 2020 Aug 18;10(1):12. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Laboratory for Computational and Statistical Learning (LCSL), Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Via Dodecaneso, Genova, Italy.

Coding for visual stimuli in the ventral stream is known to be invariant to object identity preserving nuisance transformations. Indeed, much recent theoretical and experimental work suggests that the main challenge for the visual cortex is to build up such nuisance invariant representations. Recently, artificial convolutional networks have succeeded in both learning such invariant properties and, surprisingly, predicting cortical responses in macaque and mouse visual cortex with unprecedented accuracy. Read More

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I'm up here! Sexual objectification leads to feeling ostracized.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2020 Aug 13. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University.

Theory and research demonstrate that women are frequently the targets of sexually objectifying behavior, viewed and treated by others as mere objects for pleasure and use. When sexually objectified, attention is principally focused on scrutinizing and valuing their physical features, whereas their internal attributes (e.g. Read More

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Diagnosis of Varroosis Based on Bee Brood Samples Testing with Use of Semiconductor Gas Sensors.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Jul 19;20(14). Epub 2020 Jul 19.

Apiculture Division, Faculty of Animal Bioengineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Sloneczna 48, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland.

Varroosis is a dangerous and difficult to diagnose disease decimating bee colonies. The studies conducted sought answers on whether the electronic nose could become an effective tool for the efficient detection of this disease by examining sealed brood samples. The prototype of a multi-sensor recorder of gaseous sensor signals with a matrix of six semiconductor gas sensors TGS 823, TGS 826, TGS 832, TGS 2600, TGS 2602, and TGS 2603 from FIGARO was tested in this area. Read More

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Human "resources"? Objectification at work.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2021 Feb 13;120(2):384-417. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley.

People behave differently when at work than not at work; for example, they are less interested in making close friends and use more transactional language (networking vs. socializing). These examples hint at a broader phenomenon: that people engage in more objectification-treating people akin to objects-in work contexts than non work contexts. Read More

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February 2021

Non-specific analgesia during a clinical trial in fibromyalgia.

Eur J Clin Invest 2020 Nov 13;50(11):e13337. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: When patients suffering from fibromyalgia undergo a therapeutic trial, a non-negligible part of analgesia is not explained by the drug itself. The mechanisms of this non-specific effect need to be understood.

Materials And Methods: We undertook secondary analyses of a double-blind randomized trial in fibromyalgia patients in which 100 mg/day milnacipran was not found superior to placebo. Read More

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November 2020