7,002 results match your criteria nutritional strategy

Biofortification quality in bananas monitored by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence and chemometrics.

Food Chem 2021 Jun 2;362:130172. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Chemistry, Group of Alternative Analytical Approaches (GAAA), Bioenergy Research Institute (IPBEN), Av. Prof. Francisco Degni, 55 - Jardim Quitandinha, Araraquara, São Paulo CEP: 14.800-060, Brazil; National Institute of Alternative Technologies for Detection Toxicological Assessment and Removal of Micropollutants and Radioactive Substances (INCT-DATREM), São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Chemistry, Av. Prof. Francisco Degni, 55 - Jardim Quitandinha, Araraquara, São Paulo, CEP: 14.800-060, Brazil. Electronic address:

Biofortification is a nutritional strategy used to enhance nutrients in a variety of staple foods. As bananas and plantains (Musa spp.) are considered staple food in many developing countries, monitoring zinc (Zn) content in biofortified bananas is crucial to ensure this mineral intake. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pulmonary function with expiratory resistive loading in healthy volunteers.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0252916. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Exercise & Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, United States of America.

Expiratory flow limitation is a key characteristic in obstructive pulmonary diseases. To study abnormal lung mechanics isolated from heterogeneities of obstructive disease, we measured pulmonary function in healthy adults with expiratory loading. Thirty-seven volunteers (25±5 yr) completed spirometry and body plethysmography under control and threshold expiratory loading of 7, 11 cmH2O, and a subset at 20 cmH2O (n = 11). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prostatic alterations associated to early weaning and its relation with cocoa powder supplementation. Experimental study in adult wistar rats.

Int Braz J Urol 2021 May 20;47. Epub 2021 May 20.

Departamento de Anatomia, Unidade de Pesquisa Urogenital, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Early weaning can predispose the offspring to greater risk of developing chronic diseases in adulthood. It is believed that the consumption of functional foods is able to prevent these effects. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of maternal and postnatal cocoa powder supplementation on body mass, metabolism, and morphology of the prostate of early weaned Wistar rats. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effects of genotypes and media composition on callogenesis, regeneration and cell suspension culture of chamomile ( L.).

PeerJ 2021 24;9:e11464. Epub 2021 May 24.

Centre of Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Background: Chamomile is an important herb being used widely for medicinal purposes. Its multitherapeutic, cosmetic, and nutritional values have been established through years of traditional and scientific use and research. Increased use of medicinal plants necessitates rational use as well as sustainable production of such genetic resources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Long-term, multidomain analyses to identify the breed and allelic effects in MSTN-edited pigs to overcome lameness and sustainably improve nutritional meat production.

Sci China Life Sci 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100193, China.

Beef and mutton production has been aided by breeding to integrate allelic diversity for myostatin (MSTN), but a lack of diversity in the MSTN germplasm has limited similar advances in pig farming. Moreover, insurmountable challenges with congenital lameness and a dearth of data about the impacts of feed conversion, reproduction, and meat quality in MSTN-edited pigs have also currently blocked progress. Here, in a largest-to-date evaluation of multiple MSTN-edited pig populations, we demonstrated a practical alternative edit-site-based solution that overcomes the major production obstacle of hindlimb weakness. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Apple consumption reduces markers of postprandial inflammation following a high fat meal in overweight and obese adults: A randomized, crossover trial.

Food Funct 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2 W1, Canada.

High fat meal-induced postprandial inflammation is exacerbated in overweight and obesity and may contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study aimed to determine the effects of apples, rich in anti-inflammatory polyphenols, on biomarkers of postprandial inflammation in individuals with overweight and obesity. A randomized, crossover trial was conducted with n = 26 participants (17 female/9 male; mean age 45. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dose effect of bovine lactoferrin fortification on diarrhea and respiratory tract infections in weaned infants with anemia: A randomized, controlled trial.

Nutrition 2021 Apr 23;90:111288. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the dose effect of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) fortification on the morbidity of diarrhea and respiratory tract infections in weaned infants with anemia.

Methods: A total of 108 infants with anemia, who were exclusively breast fed at 4 to 6 mo and weaned and formula fed at 6 to 9 mo, were recruited. The eligible infants were randomly assigned to fortified group 0 (FG0), fortified group 1 (FG1), or fortified group 2 (FG2) and were given formula fortified with 0 mg/100 g, 38 mg/100 g, and 76 mg/100 g of bLF, respectively, for 3 mo. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Low educational level increases functional disability risk subsequent to heart failure in Japan: On behalf of the Iwate KENCO study group.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(6):e0253017. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Research Institute of Strategy for Prevention, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: The risk factors that contribute to future functional disability after heart failure (HF) are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine potential risk factors to future functional disability after HF in the general older adult population in Japan.

Methods: The subjects who were community-dwelling older adults aged 65 or older without a history of cardiovascular diseases and functional disability were followed in this prospective study for 11 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The promise of neuroprotection by dietary restriction in glaucoma.

Neural Regen Res 2022 Jan;17(1):45-47

Preclinical and Translational Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, Rende, Italy.

Glaucoma, a progressive age-related optic neuropathy characterized by the death of retinal ganglion cells, is the most common neurodegenerative cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. The therapeutic management of glaucoma, which is limited to lowering intraocular pressure, is still a challenge since visual loss progresses in a significant percentage of treated patients. Restricted dietary regimens have received considerable attention as adjuvant strategy for attenuating or delaying the progression of neurodegenerative diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Prehabilitation program composed of blood flow restriction training and sports nutrition improves physical functions in abdominal cancer patients awaiting surgery.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The impact of prehabilitation remains controversial due to a short presurgical waiting period and the diminished capacity of the patient population. A strategy to augment and optimize the effectiveness of prehabilitations for abdominal cancer patients may be found in the unlikely field of sport science. We investigated the use of blood flow restriction training and sport nutrition supplementation to augment functional capacity and increase muscle strength in twenty-four abdominal cancer patients awaiting surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Early extubation strategy after congenital heart surgery: 1-year single-centre experience.

Cardiol Young 2021 Jun 7:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Our aim was to present the initial experience with a protocol-driven early extubation strategy and to identify risk factors associated with failed spontaneous breathing trials within 12 hours after surgery.

Methods: A single institutional retrospective study of children up to 18 years of age was conducted in post-operative cardiac surgical patients over a 1-year period. A daily spontaneous breathing trial protocol was used to assess patients' readiness for extubation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of 14-weeks betaine supplementation on pro-inflammatory cytokines and hematology status in professional youth soccer players during a competition season: a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2021 Jun 5;18(1):42. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, Granada, 18010, Spain.

Objective: Systemic elevations in pro-inflammatory cytokines are a marker of non-functional over reaching, and betaine has been shown to reduce the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of betaine supplementation on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukins-1 beta (IL-1β), - 6 (IL-6) and the complete blood cell (CBC) count in professional youth soccer players during a competitive season.

Methods: Twenty-nine soccer players (age, 15. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of nutritional supplements prescribed, its associated cost and patients knowledge, attitude and practice towards nutraceuticals: A hospital based cross-sectional study in Kavrepalanchok, Nepal.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252538. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Service Research, Nepal Health Research and Innovation Foundation, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Background: There is substantial increment in nutraceutical consumption in Nepal, although the data on its efficacy and safety is scarce. The practices of nutraceutical supplements users in Nepal remain undocumented. Therefore, this study was conducted to study the prescription pattern, cost, knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the patient towards nutraceutical. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Protective effects of glycine against lipopolysaccharide-induced intestinal apoptosis and inflammation.

Amino Acids 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

Intestinal dysfunction is commonly observed in humans and animals. Glycine (Gly) is a functional amino acid with anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. The objective of this study was to test the protective effects of Gly against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced intestinal injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Double-Stranded RNA Targeting Dicer-Like Genes Compromises the Pathogenicity of on Grapevine.

Front Plant Sci 2021 18;12:667539. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences (DISTAL), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Downy mildew caused by is one of the most devastating diseases of grapevine, attacking all green parts of the plant. The damage is severe when the infection at flowering stage is left uncontrolled. management consumes a significant amount of classical pesticides applied in vineyards, requiring efficient and environmentally safe disease management options. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Geriatric Assessment and In-Hospital Economic Cost of Elderly Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are at higher risk for complications and health care resources expenditure. No previous study has assessed the specific contribution of frailty and other geriatric syndromes to the in-hospital economic cost in this setting.

Method: Unselected patients with ACS aged ≥75 years were prospectively included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

He-Ne Laser Seed Treatment Improves the Nutraceutical Metabolic Pool of Sunflowers and Provides Better Tolerance Against Water Deficit.

Front Plant Sci 2021 17;12:579429. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Botany, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Water-scarce areas are continually increasing worldwide. This factor reduces the quantity and quality of crops produced in affected areas. Physical seed treatments are considered economical and ecofriendly solutions for such problems. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of inclusion of micronized camelina, sunflower, and flax seeds in the broiler chicken diet on performance productivity, nutrient utilization, and intestinal microbial populations.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 11;100(7):101118. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Biological Bases of Food and Feed Technologies, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Głęboka Street 28, 20-612 Lublin, Poland.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of inclusion of micronized full-fat camelina, flax, or sunflower seeds in the diet for broiler chickens on the performance productivity, nutrient utilization, and composition of intestinal microbial populations and to assess the possibility of modification of the resistance of isolated bacteria to chemotherapeutic agents with different mechanisms of action. The use of micronized oilseeds improved the broiler chicken body weight (P = 0.035) and the FCR value (P = 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Family Health Strategy: contributions of health teams in the nutritional care of children].

Cien Saude Colet 2021 May;26(5):1767-1780

Universidade Estadual da Paraíba. R. das Baraúnas 351, Bodocongó. 58109-753 Campina Grande PB Brasil.

The scope of this article is to evaluate the structure and work processes of Family Health Strategy teams related to the nutritional care of children. It involved an assessment survey of 136 health teams in 45 municipalities in the State of Paraíba. The data on structure (availability of anthropometric equipment, supplements and technical documents) and processes (management, intersectoriality and activities of the Brazilian Breastfeeding and Feeding Strategy) were summarized in scores and classified as incipient, intermediate or advanced. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Glycine Attenuates Citrobacter rodentium-Induced Colitis by Regulating ATF6-Mediated Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Mice.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Jun 1:e2001065. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

Scope: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an inflammatory gastrointestinal disorder in which endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota are implicated. Glycine supplementation has been reported to reduce inflammatory responses in experimental colitis. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects remain unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mediterranean Diet and Neurodegenerative Diseases: The Neglected Role of Nutrition in the Modulation of the Endocannabinoid System.

Biomolecules 2021 May 24;11(6). Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Corso della Repubblica, 79, 04100 Latina, Italy.

Neurodegenerative disorders are a widespread cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, characterized by neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and neuronal depletion. The broad-spectrum neuroprotective activity of the Mediterranean diet is widely documented, but it is not yet known whether its nutritional and caloric balance can induce a modulation of the endocannabinoid system. In recent decades, many studies have shown how endocannabinoid tone enhancement may be a promising new therapeutic strategy to counteract the main hallmarks of neurodegeneration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Their Role in Pediatric Cancer.

Nutrients 2021 May 26;13(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pediatrics I, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Malnutrition is common in children with cancer and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The need for supportive care is becoming ever more evident and the role of nutrition in oncology is still not sufficiently understood. In particular, the consequences of macro- and micronutrient deficiencies require further research. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pre-Sleep Casein Supplementation, Metabolism, and Appetite: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2021 May 30;13(6). Epub 2021 May 30.

School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA.

Protein intake is an important factor for augmenting the response to resistance training in healthy individuals. Although food intake can help with anabolism during the day, the period of time during sleep is typically characterized by catabolism and other metabolic shifts. Research on the application of nighttime casein protein supplementation has introduced a new research paradigm related to protein timing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Metagenetic Analysis for Microbial Characterization of Doughs Obtained by Using Two Different Starters: Traditional Baker's Yeast and a Selected Strain.

Foods 2021 May 25;10(6). Epub 2021 May 25.

Institute of Sciences of Food Production (ISPA), National Research Council (CNR), Via G. Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy.

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) decisively influence the technological, nutritional, organoleptic and preservation properties of bakery products. Therefore, their use has long been considered an excellent strategy to improve the characteristics of those goods. The aim of this study was the evaluation of microbial diversity in different doughs used for the production of a typical Apulian flatbread, named Leavening of the analyzed doughs was obtained with baker's yeast or by applying an innovative "yeast-free" protocol based on a liquid sourdough obtained by using strain C2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reference Intervals in Combined Veterinary Clinical Examinations of Male Black-Spotted Pond Frogs ().

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 14;11(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Biological Science, Kongju National University, Gongju 32588, Korea.

In conservation physiology, analyzing the physiological response of an organism to understand its ability to adapt to environmental changes is a key technique in establishing a successful conservation strategy. Veterinary clinical examinations determine the physiological condition of animals accurately and safely, and this examination is synergistic when combined. The accuracy and safety of a clinical examination makes it advantageous for use in amphibians with high species diversity and numerous endangered species. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Review of the Role of Micronutrients and Bioactive Compounds on Immune System Supporting to Fight against the COVID-19 Disease.

Foods 2021 May 14;10(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Nutrition and Food Science Department, Pharmacy Faculty, Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Plaza Ramón y Cajal, s/n, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.

Micronutrients are critical for an adequate function of the immune system and play a vital role in promoting health and nutritional well-being. The present work is aimed at reviewing (1) the role of micronutrients in helping the immune system to fight against the COVID-19 disease through the diet with food or food supplements and (2) the potential use of food health claims regarding immune function according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) requirements. Till date, there are some health claims authorized by the European Commission that refer to the role of certain essential nutrients (vitamins B, B, B, A, D, C, and Cu, Fe, Se) to contribute to the proper functioning of the immune system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fasting: How to Guide.

Nutrients 2021 May 7;13(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy.

Fasting potentials are the most interesting topics in the Nutritional Era. Fasting consists of the catabolism of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates to maintain blood glucose levels in a normal range. The action mechanisms of fasting were firstly understood in minor organisms and later in humans. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Regulation of Vitamin C Accumulation for Improved Tomato Fruit Quality and Alleviation of Abiotic Stress.

Genes (Basel) 2021 May 6;12(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Group of Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Plants, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Ascorbic acid (AsA) is an essential multifaceted phytonutrient for both the human diet and plant growth. Optimum levels of AsA accumulation combined with balanced redox homeostasis are required for normal plant development and defense response to adverse environmental stimuli. Notwithstanding its moderate AsA levels, tomatoes constitute a good source of vitamin C in the human diet. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Boosting the Photoaged Skin: The Potential Role of Dietary Components.

Nutrients 2021 May 16;13(5). Epub 2021 May 16.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China.

Skin photoaging is mainly induced by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and its manifestations include dry skin, coarse wrinkle, irregular pigmentation, and loss of skin elasticity. Dietary supplementation of nutraceuticals with therapeutic and preventive effects against skin photoaging has recently received increasing attention. This article aims to review the research progress in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of UV-induced skin photoaging. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intra-Articular Administration of Autologous Purified Adipose Tissue Associated with Arthroscopy Ameliorates Knee Osteoarthritis Symptoms.

J Clin Med 2021 May 11;10(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, 87100 Cosenza, Italy.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the intra-articular administration of autologous purified adipose tissue to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA) following arthroscopy. Thirty patients with radiological evidence of knee OA were recruited. A small liposuction and arthroscopic lavage and debridement were performed in the same surgical time. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF