2,931 results match your criteria nutritional mixture

Physiological Characteristics and Comparative Secretome Analysis of Grown on Glucose, Rice Straw, Sawdust, Wheat Grain, and MIX Substrates.

Front Microbiol 2021 25;12:636344. Epub 2021 May 25.

Institute of Vegetable, Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan, China.

Morels ( sp.) are economically important edible macro-fungi, which can grow on various synthetic or semi-synthetic media. However, the complex nutritional metabolism and requirements of these fungi remain ill-defined. Read More

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Promotion effect of the propolis from Jeju Island, Korea, on NGF secretion in human glioblastoma cells.

J Nat Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, 422-8526, Japan.

Propolis is a resinous mixture of substances collected and processed from various botanical sources by honeybees (Apis mellifera). We previously found that propolis collected on Jeju Island, located off the southern coast of Korea, originates from a single plant, Angelica keiskei KOIDZUMI (Ashitaba). A. Read More

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Intracellular Ca2+ signaling and ORAI calcium release-activated calcium modulator 1 (ORAI1) are associated with hepatic lipidosis in dairy cattle.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

College of Life Science and Technology, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, Heilongjiang, China.

Fatty liver is a common metabolic disorder afflicting dairy cows during the periparturient period and is closely associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The onset of ER stress in humans and mice alters hepatic lipid metabolism, but it is unknown if such event contributes to fatty liver in dairy cows soon after parturition. ORAI1 is a key component of the store-operated Ca2+ entry mechanism regulating cellular Ca2+ balance. Read More

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The Whitening Properties of the Mixture Composed of Pomegranate, Osmanthus and Olive and the Protective Effects Against Ultraviolet Deleterious Effects.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2021 27;14:561-573. Epub 2021 May 27.

Infinitus Company Ltd, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Background: Ultraviolet (UV) rays are the major environmental factor that damage skin physiology causing deleterious effects such as oxidation, photoaging and pigmentation. There has been considerable interest in using botanicals to prevent skin damages caused by UV irradiation.

Aim: In this study, three plant extracts were tested either individually or combined together (mixture) as well as their corresponding main active compound: pomegranate/punicalagin, osmanthus/verbascoside and olive/hydroxytyrosol. Read More

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Chemistry of Tropical Eucheumatoids: Potential for Food and Feed Applications.

Biomolecules 2021 May 29;11(6). Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Biology, University of Napoli Federico II, 80126 Napoli, Italy.

The use of seaweeds as additives in animal nutrition may be a valid option to traditional feed as they represent a rich source of minerals, carbohydrates and antioxidants. The aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant capacity of two tropical eucheumatoids, and , in Malaysian wild offshore waters. The chemical analysis was performed via inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy for evaluating the concentration of toxic (Cd, Pb, Hg, As) and essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Ni, Zn, Se); NMR spectroscopy was used for carrageenans investigation. Read More

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Dietary Supplementation with (L. Crantz) Forage in Autochthonous Ionica Goats: Effects on Milk and Caciotta Cheese Chemical, Fatty Acid Composition and Sensory Properties.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 28;11(6). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70126 Bari, Italy.

The research studied the effects of dietary supplementation with fresh forage on the chemical and fatty acid composition of milk and Caciotta cheese, and its sensory properties. Twenty Ionica goats were randomly assigned to the following two groups ( = 10): the control received a traditional forage mixture (, 70%; , 20%; spp., 10%), while the experimental group was given fresh forage (CAM). Read More

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Honeybees Exposure to Natural Feed Additives: How Is the Gut Microbiota Affected?

Microorganisms 2021 May 7;9(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences (DISTAL), University of Bologna, Viale Fanin 44, 40127 Bologna, Italy.

The role of a balanced gut microbiota to maintain health and prevent diseases is largely established in humans and livestock. Conversely, in honeybees, studies on gut microbiota perturbations by external factors have started only recently. Natural methods alternative to chemical products to preserve honeybee health have been proposed, but their effect on the gut microbiota has not been examined in detail. Read More

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Effects of as a Feed Ingredient on the Quality and Nutritional Value of Weaned Piglets' Meat.

Foods 2021 May 21;10(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

CIISA-Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, 1300-477 Lisbon, Portugal.

(CH) is usually considered a feed supplement in pig nutrition, and its use as an ingredient is poorly studied. Among many interesting characteristics, this microalga has high protein levels and can be a putative alternative for soybean meal. Our aim was to study the effect of a 5% CH incorporation in the diet, individually or combined with two carbohydrases, on meat quality traits and nutritional value. Read More

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Ensiled biomass of Solaris tobacco variety used as forage: chemical characteristics and effects on growth, welfare, and follow-up of Holstein heifers.

Animal 2021 May 28;15(7):100235. Epub 2021 May 28.

Dipartimento Agricoltura, Ambiente, Alimenti, Università degli Studi del Molise, via Francesco De Sanctis, 1, Campobasso 86100, Italy.

This study examined the use of an innovative tobacco variety, Nicotiana tabacum L., cv. Solaris, as forage. Read More

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Toward Quantitative Sequencing of Deuteration of Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Chains in Fatty Acids.

Anal Chem 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Division of Nutritional Sciences and Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, United States.

No general method currently is available for the quantitative determination of deuterium (D) at C positions along a hydrocarbon chain. -allylic deuterated highly unsaturated fatty acids (D-HUFA) are a novel class of drugs stabilized against H-abstraction-mediated oxidation by deuteration at the most labile positions. Ru-based catalytic deuteration overcomes the limited scale of -allylic D-HUFA production by total organic synthesis; however, it produces a complex mixture of -allylic D isotopologues and isotopomers, requiring detailed sequencing for characterization. Read More

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Responses of hydroponically grown maize to various urea to ammonium ratios: physiological and molecular data.

Data Brief 2021 Jun 22;36:107076. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

To date urea and ammonium are two nitrogen (N) forms widely used in agriculture. Due to a low production cost, urea is the N form most applied in agriculture. However, its stability in the soil depends on the activity of microbial ureases, that operate the hydrolysis of urea into ammonium. Read More

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ABCD1 gene mutation in an Italian family with X-linkedadrenoleukodystrophy: case series.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 May 1;2021. Epub 2021 May 1.

Unit of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Summary: Adrenoleukodystrophy is a peroxisomal X-linked recessive disease caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene, located on the X-chromosome (Xq28). Gene mutations in patient with adrenoleukodystrophy induce metabolic alterations characterized by impaired peroxisomal beta-oxidation and accumulation of very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) in plasma and in all tissues. Although nutritional intervention associated with a various mixture of oil prevents the accumulation of VLCFA, to date no causal treatment is available. Read More

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Utilization of fruit and vegetable waste as an alternative feed resource for sustainable and eco-friendly sheep farming.

Waste Manag 2021 Jun 16;128:232-242. Epub 2021 May 16.

ICAR-Central Sheep & Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan 304501, India.

Globally, 10-20% of horticultural wastes are disposed in landfills leading to environmental pollution. Recycling these wastes as animal feedstuff will lessen food-feed competition and minimize environmental hazards. The present study was undertaken to determine the nutritional quality of fresh fruit and vegetable waste (F&VW) and their dietary inclusion on nutrient utilization, antioxidant status, greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and potable water sparing efficacy in sheep. Read More

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Reversed-phase and weak anion-exchange mixed-mode stationary phase for fast separation of medium-, long- and very long chain free fatty acids by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry.

J Chromatogr A 2021 Jul 3;1648:462209. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, Parma 43124, Italy. Electronic address:

Two commercial stationary phases allowing both reversed phase mechanism and anion-exchange with different selectivity, i.e. CSH C and Atlantis PREMIER BEH C AX, were tested for the separation of a complex mixture of 21 fatty acids (FAs) encompassing saturated medium-, long- and very long chain FAs, unsaturated long and very long chain FAs, cis/trans isomers, and isomers of odd- and branched-chain FAs. Read More

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Effect of Oil Content on the Printability of Coconut Cream.

Int J Bioprint 2021 30;7(2):354. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Pillar of Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, 8 Somapah Rd Singapore 487372, Singapore.

We developed a method to perform direct ink writing (DIW) three-dimensional (3D) printing of coconut-based products with high oil content by varying compositions of the coconut oil and the coconut cream. The addition of oils is particularly crucial in providing energy, developing neurological functions, and improving the palatability of food. Despite the potential merits of high oil-content foods, there have been limited studies on 3D printing of high oil-content foods. Read More

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L-theanine and Neumentix mixture improves sleep quality and modulates brain neurotransmitter levels in mice.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr;10(4):4572-4581

Department of Food Nutrition & Function Assessment Center, Beijing Institute of Nutritional Resources, Beijing, China.

Background: L-theanine (L-THE), a natural amino acid found in green tea, has been shown to improve anxiety and sleep. Neumentix proprietary spearmint extract (PSE), which is commonly found in beverage flavoring a pharmaceutical, also has a wide range of health benefits, including cognitive performance improvement.

Methods: Four experiments tested the effects of L-THE and PSE on sleep: a direct sleeping test, pentobarbital-induced sleeping test, sub-hypnotic pentobarbital-induced sleeping test, and sodium barbital-induced sleeping test. Read More

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Mathematical prediction of ileal energy and protein digestibility in broilers using multivariate data analysis.

Poult Sci 2021 Jun 11;100(6):101106. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

DSM Nutritional Products, Wurmisweg 576, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland. Electronic address:

A proportional mixture design was used to systematically create a total of 56 diets using ten feed ingredients. Diets differed widely with regards to chemical characteristics and ingredient inclusion levels. Apparent ileal digestibility of energy and protein of the diets were determined in broiler growers fed ad libitum from 21 to 24 d post-hatch. Read More

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Estrogenicity of chemical mixtures revealed by a panel of bioassays.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Sep 27;785:147284. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department Cell Toxicology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Permoserstraße 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany.

Estrogenic compounds are widely released to surface waters and may cause adverse effects to sensitive aquatic species. Three hormones, estrone, 17β-estradiol and 17α-ethinylestradiol, are of particular concern as they are bioactive at very low concentrations. Current analytical methods are not all sensitive enough for monitoring these substances in water and do not cover mixture effects. Read More

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September 2021

Decomposition of leaf litter in the Brazilian savanna on limestone and sandstone Neosols.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2021 30;93(3):e20200372. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação de Recursos Naturais, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Instituto de Biologia, Rua João Naves de Ávila, 2121, Umuarama, 38405-320 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

Litter decomposition in the soil is an important stage of the nutrient cycling process that interferes with functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Soil fertility and litter nutritional quality are fundamental factors that affect decomposition efficiency of plant residues. We evaluated decomposition in two areas of 'cerrado sensu stricto', each with a type of Neosol - limestone (eutrophic) and sandstone (dystrophic). Read More

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Characterization and Safety Profile of Transfer Factors Peptides, a Nutritional Supplement for Immune System Regulation.

Biomolecules 2021 Apr 29;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Fagron B.V., Lichtenauerlaan 182, 3062 ME, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Imuno TF is a nutritional supplement composed of isolated transfer factors (TF) from porcine spleen. It is composed of a specific mixture of molecules that impact functions of the biological systems and historically is linked to the immune system regulation. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time its proteomic analysis, nutritional composition, and safety profile in terms of mutagenic potential and acute oral dose (LD). Read More

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Differential Health Effects on Inflammatory, Immunological and Stress Parameters in Professional Soccer Players and Sedentary Individuals after Consuming a Synbiotic. A Triple-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 16;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Grupo de Investigación en Inmunofisiología, Instituto Universitario de Investigación Biosanitaria de Extremadura (INUBE), University of Extremadura, Av. Elvas s/n, 06006 Badajoz, Spain.

The main objective of this research was to carry out an experimental study, triple-blind, on the possible immunophysiological effects of a nutritional supplement (synbiotic, Gasteel Plus, Heel España S.A.U. Read More

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Chickpea and Chestnut Flours as Non-Gluten Alternatives in Cookies.

Foods 2021 Apr 21;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Food Technology Area, College of Agricultural Engineering, University of Valladolid, 34071 Palencia, Spain.

This study proposes the use of a mix composed of chickpea flour and chestnut flour in cookies, aiming to improve their acceptability. Cookie properties and nutritional value were also analysed. The gluten-free cookies were made by using different mixes of chickpea and chestnut flours (0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25, 100:0). Read More

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Evaluation of the antioxidant capacity of bioactive compounds and determination of proline in honeys from Pará.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 May 11;58(5):1900-1908. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Department of Food Technology, University of the State of Pará, Belém, PA Brazil.

Honey is a viscous food, being a complex mixture of substances, among them the main components of honey are: water, minerals, sugars, organic acids, and proteins (enzymes and amino acids). Honey has in its composition compounds that can provide antioxidant properties such as phenolic compounds. This work aimed to evaluate the nutritional composition, the antioxidant capacity of bioactive compounds and to quantify proline in honeys from Pará. Read More

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Comparison of digestible and metabolizable energy, digestible phosphorus and amino acid content of corn ethanol co-products from Brazil and United States produced using fiber separation technology for swine.

J Anim Sci 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

University of São Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

Three experiments (Exp.) were conducted to determine and compare the digestibility of nutrients and energy of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) from the US (USDDGS), a dried mixture of corn bran with solubles (CBS) from Brazil (BRCBS), and high protein corn distillers dried grains (HP-DDG) from the US (USHPDG) and Brazil (BRHPDG) in growing pigs. The feed ingredients were evaluated for apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of gross energy (GE), dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), neutral and acid detergent fiber (NDF and ADF, respectively), digestible and metabolizable energy (DE and ME, respectively) using total collection and index methods in Exp. Read More

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A novel nutritional mixture, MBN, prevents memory impairment via inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome formation in 5xFAD transgenic mice.

Nutr Neurosci 2021 Apr 20:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Amyloid beta (Aβ)-induced abnormal neuroinflammation is recognized as a major pathological factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which results in memory impairment. Inhibition of excessive neuroinflammation mediated by Aβ is considered a promising strategy to ameliorate AD symptoms. To regulate the inflammatory response, nutritional and dietary supplements have been used for centuries. Read More

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Environmentally relevant concentrations of oxytetracycline and copper increased liver lipid deposition through inducing oxidative stress and mitochondria dysfunction in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella.

Environ Pollut 2021 Aug 5;283:117079. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Environmental Toxicology for Aquatic Economic Animals, Fishery College, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China; Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266237, China. Electronic address:

Oxytetracycline (OTC) and Cu are prevalent in aquatic ecosystems and their pollution are issues of serious concern. The present working hypothesis is that the toxicity of Cu and OTC mixture on physiological activity of fish was different from single OTC and Cu alone. The present study indicated that, compared to single OTC or Cu alone, Cu+OTC mixture reduced growth performance and feed utilization of grass carp, escalated the contents of Cu, OTC and TG, increased lipogenesis, induced oxidative stress, damaged the mitochondrial structure and functions and inhibited the lipolysis in the liver tissues and hepatocytes of grass carp. Read More

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Performance, carcass, and organoleptic scores of broiler chickens fed diets containing wet or sun-dried fermented mixture of grated cassava roots and palm kernel cake as replacements for maize.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Apr 10;53(2):255. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Animal Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 1526, Owerri, Nigeria.

The cost and effectiveness of drying processes have often limited the incorporation of solid-state fermented agro-industrial by-products into poultry feeding programs. In this study, the efficacy of replacing maize with wet or sun-dried solid-state fermented mixture of grated cassava root meal and palm kernel cake (FCP) was evaluated. One hundred and twenty (120), three weeks old broiler chicks were allotted to four treatment groups of 30 birds each in a completely randomized design. Read More

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Do essential elements (P and Fe) have mitigation roles in the toxicity of individual and binary mixture of yttrium and cerium to Triticum aestivum?

J Hazard Mater 2021 Mar 27;416:125761. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

Essential elements can affect the bioavailability, uptake, and toxicity of metals. However, hardly any research has focused on the roles of essential elements on the toxicity of rare earth metals. Here we examined how P and Fe modified the individual and binary toxicity of Y and Ce to Triticum aestivum, respectively. Read More

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Effects of a xylanase-rich enzyme on intake, milk production, and digestibility of dairy cows fed a diet containing a high proportion of bermudagrass silage.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611. Electronic address:

We previously reported that milk production in dairy cows was increased by adding a specific xylanase-rich exogenous fibrolytic enzyme (XYL) to a total mixed ration (TMR) containing 10% bermudagrass silage (BMD). Two follow-up experiments were conducted to examine whether adding XYL would increase the performance of dairy cows consuming a TMR containing a higher (20%) proportion of BMD (Experiment 1) and to evaluate the effects of XYL on in vitro fermentation and degradability of the corn silage, BMD, and TMR (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, 40 lactating Holstein cows in early lactation (16 multiparous and 24 primiparous; 21 ± 3 d in milk; 589 ± 73 kg of body weight) were blocked by milk yield and parity and randomly assigned to the Control and XYL treatments. Read More

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