107,264 results match your criteria nutrition examination


Prevalence of genital human papillomavirus by age and race/ ethnicity among males.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Background: Genital and oral cancers are often caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types that can be prevented through HPV vaccination. Since HPV is sexually transmitted, knowledge of penile prevalence of vaccine-type HPV among US males can help predict potential disparities in these cancers. This study examines penile HPV prevalence by age and race/ethnicity among males. Read More

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Prevalence of Visual Acuity Loss or Blindness in the US: A Bayesian Meta-analysis.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

NORC at the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Importance: Globally, more than 250 million people live with visual acuity loss or blindness, and people in the US fear losing vision more than memory, hearing, or speech. But it appears there are no recent empirical estimates of visual acuity loss or blindness for the US.

Objective: To produce estimates of visual acuity loss and blindness by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and US state. Read More

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Tooth wear, growth and height in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) fed pelleted or extruded diets with or without added abrasives.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Among the different factors thought to affect dental wear, dietary consistency is possibly the least investigated. To understand tooth wear of herbivorous animals consuming different dietary consistencies with different abrasive potential, we fed 14 rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) exclusively with a timothy grassmeal-based diet in either pelleted or extruded form, or the same diets with an addition of 5% fine sand abrasives (mean size 130 µm). First, we offered the rabbits the pelleted and extruded diets as well as the pelleted control and pelleted abrasive diet in a two-stage preference experiment. Read More

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Light-Intensity Physical Activity and Life Expectancy: National Health and Nutrition Survey.

Am J Prev Med 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, Australia.

Introduction: Quantifying the years of life gained associated with light-intensity physical activity may be important for risk communication in public health. Because no studies have examined the role of light-intensity physical activity in life expectancy, this study aims to quantify the years of life gained from light-intensity physical activity in a population-based U.S. Read More

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The risk of diabetes after giving birth to a macrosomic infant: data from the NHANES cohort.

Matern Health Neonatol Perinatol 2021 May 12;7(1):12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA.

Aims: Gestational diabetes (GDM) increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and thus warrants earlier and more frequent screening. Women who give birth to a macrosomic infant, as defined as a birthweight greater than 9 lbs. (or approximately 4000 g), are encouraged to also get early type 2 diabetes screening, as macrosomia may be a surrogate marker for GDM. Read More

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Sex differences in the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease risk: a nationwide study in Korea.

Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2021 Apr 29;12(2):105-114. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.

Objective: This study aimed to identify sex differences in the association between depression and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from the fifth to seventh waves (2010-2018) of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The participants were adults aged 30-74 years who had no diagnosis of CVD. Read More

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Association between Healthy Eating Index-2015 and physical frailty among the United States elderly adults: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 76 West Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710061, China.

Background: Diet plays an important role in the development of age-related chronic diseases. However, the association between diet quality assessed by Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015, the latest version of HEI, and physical frailty among the general United States (US) elderly adults remains unclear.

Aims: The present study aims to explore the association between HEI-2015 and physical frailty in elderly adults using data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014. Read More

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Patients with different types of arthritis may be at risk for major depression: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2018.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Background: Arthritis is one of the common causes of physical pain and disability, which often makes patients fall into major depression. However, the correlation between arthritis and major depression, and how different types of arthritis correspond to major depression remain to be explored. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between arthritis and major depression. Read More

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Sex and body mass index dependent associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and pulse pressure in middle-aged and older US adults.

Sci Rep 2021 May 11;11(1):9989. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Gachon University College of Medicine, 155 Gaetbeol-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, 21999, Republic of Korea.

High pulse pressure (PP) is a valid indicator of arterial stiffness. Many studies have reported that vitamin D concentration is inversely associated with vascular stiffening. This association may differ depending on sex and body mass index (BMI). Read More

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[A Case of Gastric Cancer with Extensive Lymph Node Metastasis Causing Stenosis Symptoms in the Primary pCR after Preoperative Chemotherapy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Apr;48(4):578-580

Dept. of Surgery, Saiseikai Shiga Hospital.

A 65‒year‒old man was found with a circumferential type 2 tumor in the gastric antrum by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and biopsy revealed poorly a differentiated adenocarcinoma and HER2‒negative results. According to imaging examinations and laparoscopy, he was diagnosed with an advanced gastric cancer, classified as cT4a(SE)N3M0 and cStage Ⅲ. He underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy(SOX regimen)because of the bulky N finding. Read More

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Anastomotic fistula after emergency enterectomy for retrograde intussusception after gastric bypass.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 11;14(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of General Surgery, Centro Hospitalar e Universitario de Coimbra EPE, Coimbra, Portugal.

Retrograde intussusception is a rare complication of gastric bypass. It is commonly located in the common limb close to the jejunojejunostomy. The management of such condition dictates the outcome of the patient either in the immediate emergency setting or in the long-term bariatric surgery's expected results. Read More

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Concurrent smoking and alcohol consumers had higher triglyceride glucose indices than either only smokers or alcohol consumers: a cross-sectional study in Korea.

Lipids Health Dis 2021 May 11;20(1):49. Epub 2021 May 11.

Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is a noninsulin-based marker for insulin resistance (IR) in general practice. Although smoking and heavy drinking have been regarded as major risk factors for various chronic diseases, there is limited evidence regarding the combined effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on IR. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the TyG index and smoking and alcohol consumption using two Korean population-based datasets. Read More

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Comparison of EQ-5D-3L and metabolic components between patients with hyperhidrosis and the general population: a propensity score matching analysis.

Qual Life Res 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1, Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: It is important to understand the characteristics of patients with hyperhidrosis, which are different from the general population, for treating hyperhidrosis. Sympathetic overactivity, which might play an important role in hyperhidrosis, can contribute to metabolic diseases and the decreased quality of life (QoL). We compared the metabolic components and health-related QoL between patients with hyperhidrosis and the general population. Read More

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Nutritional Factors and Myopia: An Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data.

Optom Vis Sci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of California at Berkeley School of Optometry, Berkeley, California

Significance: The rise in the prevalence of myopia, a significant worldwide public health concern, has been too rapid to be explained by genetic factors alone and thus suggests environmental influences.

Purpose: Relatively little attention has been paid to the possible role of nutrition in myopia. The availability of the large National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data set, which includes results from vision examinations, offers the opportunity to investigate the relationship between several nutrition-related factors, including body metrics, and the presence and magnitude of myopia. Read More

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Long-chain omega-3 fatty acid serum concentrations across life stages in the USA: an analysis of NHANES 2011-2012.

BMJ Open 2021 May 10;11(5):e043301. Epub 2021 May 10.

Science and Technology, Pharmavite LLC, Mission Hills, California, USA.

Objective: To determine reference ranges of circulating long-chain (LC) omega-3 fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in a nationally representative population of Americans. To provide context, serum concentrations of LC omega-3 were compared with concentrations associated with consuming the recommended amount of EPA and DHA by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and the Omega-3 Index (EPA+DHA).

Design: Cross-sectional population-based study. Read More

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Increasing prevalence of fasting hyperglycemia in adolescents aged 10-18 years and their relationship with metabolic indicators : The Korea National health and Nutrition Examination Study (KNHANES) 2007-2018.

Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Pediatric diabetes is a common health burden in worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of fasting hyperglycemia in Korean teenagers aged 10-18 years and to evaluate its association with metabolic indicators.

Methods: To assess the risk of diabetes in domestic children and adolescents, the prevalence of fasting hyperglycemia was calculated, and a trend was evaluated using multi-year Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data and multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between hyperglycemia and metabolic factor. Read More

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Arsenic Exposure and Melanoma Among US Adults Aged 20 or Older, 2003-2016.

Public Health Rep 2021 May 10:333549211008886. Epub 2021 May 10.

12284 Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Objectives: Chronic exposure to arsenic has been reported as a risk factor for nonmelanoma skin cancer, notably squamous cell carcinoma. However, current knowledge is limited about the association between arsenic exposure and melanoma. Our objectives were to (1) measure the association between total urinary arsenic levels and melanoma compared with nonmelanoma skin cancer and no cancer and (2) analyze the association between water source and melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer. Read More

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Association between Chlamydia and routine place for healthcare in the United States: NHANES 1999-2016.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251113. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America.

Background: The United States is experiencing a surge in Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections representing a critical need to improve sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening and treatment programs. To understand where patients with STIs seek healthcare, we evaluated the relationship between CT infections and the place where individuals report usually receiving healthcare.

Methods: Our study used a nationally representative sample from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 to 2016. Read More

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A Systems Examination of Food Packaging and Other Single-Use Item Waste in School Nutrition Programs.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 May;53(5):380-388

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. Electronic address:

Objective: Identify types of food packaging used in school nutrition programs and competing priorities, barriers, and facilitators for sustainable packaging waste use and recovery.

Design: Qualitative interviews (n = 20) and structured kitchen observations were conducted.

Setting: Data were collected from 3 school districts in Northern Colorado. Read More

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Combined immunodeficiency with marginal zone lymphoma due to a novel homozygous mutation in gene and successful treatment with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 May 8:1-8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Immunology and Allergy, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.

Mutations in the interleukin-21 receptor (IL-21R) gene are recently defined as primary immunodeficiency diseases. IL-21R defects result in combined immunodeficiency by affecting the functions of innate and adaptive immune system components.A six-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with complaints of chronic diarrhea that started after the newborn period and generalized rash over the last three months. Read More

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Bilateral secondary pulmonary tuberculosis complicated with bilateral chylothorax: a case report.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr;10(4):4970-4974

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China.

A 26-year-old female was admitted to the emergency department of thoracic surgery complaining of chest tightness, shortness of breath, and a history of bilateral tuberculosis. A chest Computed Tomography (CT) scan showed bilateral pleural effusion. After that, the patient was implanted with bilateral intercostal drainage tubes. Read More

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Odd-chain fatty acids as novel histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibitors.

Biochimie 2021 May 11;186:147-156. Epub 2021 May 11.

Subtropical/Tropical Organism Gene Bank, Jeju National University, Jeju, 63243, South Korea; Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Advanced Convergence Technology and Science, Jeju National University, Jeju, 63243, South Korea; Faculty of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University, Jeju, 63243, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The dysregulation of histone deacetylases (HDACs) is closely associated with tumorigenesis and has emerged as a promising target for anti-cancer drugs. Some odd-chain fatty acids are present in trace levels in human tissue. Despite limited health benefits, there is increasing experimental evidence of nutritional benefits of odd-chain fatty acids. Read More

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Association of food insecurity with dietary intakes and nutritional biomarkers among US children, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2016.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Background: Food insecurity is associated with poorer nutrient intakes from food sources and lower dietary supplement use. However, its association with total usual nutrient intakes, inclusive of dietary supplements, and biomarkers of nutritional status among US children remains unknown.

Objective: The objective was to assess total usual nutrient intakes, Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) scores, and nutritional biomarkers by food security status, sex, and age among US children. Read More

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Associations between urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations and markers of liver injury in the US adult population.

Environ Int 2021 May 6;155:106608. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China. Electronic address:

Background: Phthalates have been largely used for years in varieties of products worldwide. However, research on the joint toxic effect of various phthalates exposure on the liver is lacking.

Objectives: We aimed to assess exposure to phthalates on liver function tests (LFTs). Read More

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Prognostic value of preoperative psoas muscle index as a measure of nutritional status in patients with esophageal cancer receiving neoadjuvant therapy.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 6;90:111232. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

First Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.

Objectives: It has been reported that preoperative nutritional status in some gastrointestinal cancers has a significant effect on postoperative prognosis. However, there are few reports on esophageal cancer, especially for esophageal cancer patients who have undergone neoadjuvant therapy and surgery. Psoas muscle index (PMI) is widely known as an index for assessing preoperative nutritional status, and has recently been reported for its prognostic value in many malignancies. Read More

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Blood lead levels and lung cancer mortality: An updated analysis of NHANES II and III.

Cancer Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA.

Previous analyses within the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) II and III cycles suggested an association between blood lead levels (BLLs) and lung cancer mortality, although the evidence was limited by small case numbers. To clarify this relationship, we conducted updated analyses of 4,182 and 15,629 participants in NHANES II and III, respectively, (extending follow-up 20 and 8 years) aged ≥20 with BLL measurements and mortality follow-up through 2014. We fit multivariable Cox models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) relating BLLs and lung cancer with adjustment for smoking and other factors. Read More

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Copper exposure association with prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance among US adults (NHANES 2011-2014).

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 4;218:112295. Epub 2021 May 4.

The Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, National Health Commission, PR China; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, PR China; The NHC Key Laboratory of Drug Addiction Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650032, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Excessive copper (Cu) has risky effect on insulin resistance (IR), oxidative stress and inflammation. Instead, some studies reported serum Cu to be protective for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to reevaluate the evidence for a potential risky correlation of serum Cu to NAFLD in large-scale and non-institutionalized American subjects. Read More

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Retinal changes associated with multivitamin deficiency before and after supplementation.

Acta Neurol Scand 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Nutritional visual defects are apparently uncommon nowadays in developed nations. Retinal change-related visual defects caused by hypovitaminoses may be underdiagnosed.

Aim Of The Study: To investigate the retinal structural and functional changes in a patient with multivitamin deficiency before and during vitamin supplementation. Read More

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An Empirically Derived Definition of Metabolically Healthy Obesity Based on Risk of Cardiovascular and Total Mortality.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 May 3;4(5):e218505. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Molecular Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany.

Importance: People classified by a priori definitions as having metabolically healthy obesity have frequently been found to be at increased risk of mortality, compared with individuals with metabolically healthy normal weight, suggesting these definitions may be insufficient.

Objectives: To systematically derive a new definition of metabolic health (MH) and investigate its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and total mortality.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In a cohort study using data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III), a representative survey using complex multistage probability sampling, anthropometric factors, biomarkers, and blood pressure (BP) associated with total and CVD mortality among participants with obesity were identified with Cox proportional hazards regression. Read More

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