1,106 results match your criteria nutrients minimum

Nutrient sequestration potential of water primrose (Guill. & Perr.) P.H. Raven: A strategy for restoring wetland eutrophication.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Apr 1;28(4):2438-2446. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia.

The current work investigates the capacity of the water primrose () to sequester inorganic and organic nutrients in its biomass to restore eutrophic wetlands, besides its nutritive quality as fodder for animals. The nutrient elements and nutritive value of the water primrose were assessed seasonally in polluted and unpolluted watercourses. The water primrose plants' highest biomass was attained during summer; then, it was significantly reduced till it reached its lowest value during winter. Read More

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Caffeine Consumption Habits of New Zealand Tertiary Students.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 28;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Centre for Metabolic Health Research, Massey University, Auckland 0632, New Zealand.

Adverse effects associated with excessive caffeine consumption combined with increasing numbers and availability of caffeine-containing products are causes for concern. Tertiary students may be at increased risk of consuming excessive amounts of caffeine due to seeking caffeinated products with well-known wakefulness effects and cognitive benefits. This study explored caffeine consumption habits of New Zealand tertiary students (317; ≥16-years) using a previously validated caffeine consumption habits (CaffCo) questionnaire. Read More

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Adherence to Mediterranean Diet among Lebanese University Students.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 12;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands-IUNICS, IDISBA & CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Scarce studies described eating habits and diet quality among university students in Lebanon. The aim of this study is to assess the rate of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) among Lebanese university students. A cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried out on 525 students (53% men, 18-25 years old) from the University of Balamand, Lebanon. Read More

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The Anticancer Effects of Flavonoids through miRNAs Modulations in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 7;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Public Health, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, FL 32307, USA.

Triple- negative breast cancer (TNBC) incidence rate has regularly risen over the last decades and is expected to increase in the future. Finding novel treatment options with minimum or no toxicity is of great importance in treating or preventing TNBC. Flavonoids are new attractive molecules that might fulfill this promising therapeutic option. Read More

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Mechanical lengthening of porcine small intestine with decreased forces.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 453 Quarry Road, MC 5733, Stanford, CA 94304, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: short bowel syndrome is marked by inadequate intestinal surface area to absorb nutrients. Current treatments are focused on medical management and surgical reconfiguration of the dilated intestine. We propose the use of spring-mediated distraction enterogenesis as a novel intervention to increase intestinal length. Read More

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Slow-release nitrogen fertilizers enhance growth, yield, NUE in wheat crop and reduce nitrogen losses under an arid environment.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Agronomy, MNS University of Agriculture Multan, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.

Higher demands of food led to higher nitrogen application to promote cropping intensification and produce more which may have negative effects on the environment and lead to pollution. While sustainable wheat production is under threat due to low soil fertility and organic matter due to nutrient degradation at high temperatures in the region. The current research explores the effects of different types of coated urea fertilizers and their rates on wheat crop under arid climatic conditions of Pakistan. Read More

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Factors associated with dietary diversity among pregnant women in the western hill region of Nepal: A community based cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0247085. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Central Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Dietary diversity can play an important role in providing essential nutrients for both mother and fetus during pregnancy. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with dietary diversity during pregnancy in the western hill region of Nepal.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 327 pregnant women was conducted in an urban municipality of Baglung district in the western hill region of Nepal. Read More

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Retraction: Chilinda, Z.B., et al. Optimal Household Water Access Fosters the Attainment of Minimum Dietary Diversity among Children Aged 6-23 Months in Malawi. 2021, , 178.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 26;13(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Nutrition, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, North District, Taichung City 40402, Taiwan.

The article cited above [... Read More

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Development and Reliability of the Oxford Meat Frequency Questionnaire.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 12;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford OX2 6GG, UK.

Reliable and valid measurements of meat intake are needed to advance understanding of its health effects and to evaluate interventions to reduce meat consumption. Here, we describe the development and reliability of the Oxford Meat Frequency Questionnaire (MFQ). It asks individuals to report the number of servings of meat and seafood products they consumed in the last 24 h and is administered daily over 7 days. Read More

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Understanding the Enablers and Barriers to Appropriate Infants and Young Child Feeding Practices in India: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 2;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Translational Health Research Institute (THRI), Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2571, Australia.

Despite efforts to promote infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, there is no collective review of evidence on IYCF enablers and barriers in India. This review was conducted using 2015 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Six computerized bibliographic databases, Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and Ovid MEDLINE, were searched for published studies on factors associated with IYCF practices in India from 1 January 1993, to 30 April 2020. Read More

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Cost and affordability of nutritious diets at retail prices: Evidence from 177 countries.

Food Policy 2021 Feb;99:101983

Friedman School of Nutrition, Tufts University, USA.

Many policies and programs aim to bring nutritious diets within reach of the poor. This paper uses retail prices and nutrient composition for 671 foods and beverages to compute the daily cost of essential nutrients required for an active and healthy life in 177 countries around the world. We compare this minimum cost of nutrient adequacy with the subsistence cost of dietary energy and per-capita spending on all goods and services, to identify stylized facts about how diet cost and affordability relate to economic development and nutrition outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Productive wetlands restored for carbon sequestration quickly become net CO2 sinks with site-level factors driving uptake variability.

PLoS One 2021 25;16(3):e0248398. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Ecosystem Science Division, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA, United States of America.

Inundated wetlands can potentially sequester substantial amounts of soil carbon (C) over the long-term because of slow decomposition and high primary productivity, particularly in climates with long growing seasons. Restoring such wetlands may provide one of several effective negative emission technologies to remove atmospheric CO2 and mitigate climate change. However, there remains considerable uncertainty whether these heterogeneous ecotones are consistent net C sinks and to what degree restoration and management methods affect C sequestration. Read More

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Dairy wastewater processing and automatic control for waste recovery at the municipal wastewater treatment plant based on modelling investigations.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 13;287:112316. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Arany János Street, No. 11, 400028, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Electronic address:

Based on the calibrated model for an Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (AO) municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), this research investigated and proposed feasible solutions, control system configurations and optimal operating conditions for the dairy wastewater processing. The steady state study on adding different daily amounts of dairy wastewater in the WWTP water line revealed the most efficient amount to be treated by finding a minimum of the total nitrogen concentration in the water effluent. The dynamic investigations on adding different daily amounts of diary wastewater demonstrated the incentives of the proposed cascade control system configurations, based on the ammonia or nitrates concentration control in the aerated reactors, associated to nitrates and nitrites concentration control in the anoxic reactor. Read More

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Biogas slurry application could potentially reduce NO emissions and increase crop yield.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 8;778:146269. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China. Electronic address:

The huge excrement quantity from the increasing large-scale livestock stressed the ecological, environmental deterioration. As a major benefit for handling livestock manure, the slurry of biogas (BS) is developed during the production of biogas that might increase plant productivity. However, nitrous oxide (NO) emissions from BS are considered a significant danger to the environment due to global warming potential. Read More

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Food-related quality of life is impaired in inflammatory bowel disease and associated with reduced intake of key nutrients.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 04;113(4):832-844

Department of Nutritional Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may impact the extent to which food, eating, and drinking bring satisfaction and enjoyment to peoples' lives, and this may impact dietary intake. The prevalence of an impaired food-related quality of life (FR-QoL), its associated factors, and its impact on diet have not been explored.

Objectives: To measure the prevalence and nature of the burden of impaired FR-QoL in people with IBD, the factors associated with these, and their associations with nutrient intake. Read More

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Equality in river pollution control in China.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Feb 27;777:146105. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

School of Environment, Tsinghua University, 1 Qinghuayuan, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address:

Water pollution is a serious problem in China. This study focuses on equality in pollution control in the Yangtze, Yellow and Pearl. We first quantified environmental targets for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) at the river mouth. Read More

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February 2021

Exploratory Efficacy of Calcium-Vitamin D Milk Fortification and Periodontal Therapy on Maternal Oral Health and Metabolic and Inflammatory Profile.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 27;13(3). Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, The Capital Region, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark.

In this 2 × 2 factorial, outcome-assessor blinded, feasibility randomised trial we explored the effect of a non-pharmaceutical multi-component intervention on periodontal health and metabolic and inflammatory profiles among pregnant women with periodontitis receiving prenatal care in a Brazilian public health centre. 69 pregnant women (gestational age ≤20 weeks, T0) were randomly allocated into four groups: (1) fortified sachet (vitamin D and calcium) and powdered milk plus periodontal therapy during pregnancy (early PT) ( = 17); (2) placebo sachet and powdered milk plus early PT ( = 15); (3) fortified sachet and powdered milk plus late PT (after delivery) ( = 19); (4) placebo sachet and powdered milk plus late PT ( = 18). Third trimester (T1) and 6-8 weeks postpartum (T2) exploratory outcomes included periodontal health (% sites with bleeding on probing (BOP)), glucose, insulin, C-Reactive Protein, serum calcium and vitamin D. Read More

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February 2021

Natural Products and Nutrients against Different Viral Diseases: Prospects in Prevention and Treatment of SARS-CoV-2.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Feb 14;57(2). Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Viral Research Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College A.M.U., Aligarh U.P.202002, India.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global pandemic and is posing a serious challenge to mankind. As per the current scenario, there is an urgent need for antiviral that could act as a protective and therapeutic against SARS-CoV-2. Previous studies have shown that SARS-CoV-2 is much similar to the SARS-CoV bat that occurred in 2002-03. Read More

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February 2021

Vitamin A Fortification Quality Is High for Packaged and Branded Edible Oil but Low for Oil Sold in Unbranded, Loose Form: Findings from a Market Assessment in Bangladesh.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 28;13(3). Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland.

Although mandatory fortification of oil with vitamin A is efficacious, its effectiveness can be compromised by suboptimal compliance to standards. In this study, we assessed (1) the availability of oil brands across the eight divisions of Bangladesh, (2) fortification quality (the extent to which vitamin A content is aligned with fortification standards) of oil brands and producers and (3) the market volume represented by available edible oil types. We visited different retail outlets in rural and urban market hubs to ascertain available oil brands and bulk oil types and collected samples. Read More

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February 2021

Relationship between a plant-based 'vegan' pet food and clinical manifestation of multiple nutrient deficiencies in two cats.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Nutrition Department, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse ENVT, Toulouse, France.

A topical subject in human nutrition is the steadily growing number of people choosing to limit or completely avoid all animal-derived food products either for moral dilemma, health concerns or both. To meet people's will of applying their dietary choices to their domestic animals, the pet food industry answered by launching on the market some plant-based diets. This leads to concerns about whether these diets are adequately formulated to satisfy the target species nutritional requirements, especially for cats which are still considered strict carnivores. Read More

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Living Bacterial Microneedles for Fungal Infection Treatment.

Research (Wash D C) 2020 12;2020:2760594. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Department of Burns & Plastic Surgery, Institute of Translational Medicine, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China.

Fungal infections are everlasting health challenges all over the world, bringing about great financial and medical burdens. Here, inspired by the natural competition law of beneficial bacteria against other microbes, we present novel living microneedles (LMNs) with functionalized bacteria encapsulation for efficient fungal infection treatment. The chosen beneficial bacterial components, (), which are naturally found on the human skin and widely used for food processing, can get nutrients from the skin and escape from the immune system with the help of microneedles. Read More

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November 2020

Quality of embryos on day 7 after medium refreshment on day 6: a prospective trial.

Hum Reprod 2021 Apr;36(5):1253-1259

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Study Question: Are embryos that fail to meet biopsy or freezing criteria on day 6 (D6) more likely to meet these criteria on day 7 (D7) if cultured in fresh medium from D6 to D7?

Summary Answer: Refreshment of medium on D6 did not increase the proportion of usable embryos on D7, with an adverse effect for women ≥40 years old.

What Is Known Already: Embryo development in continuous single-step medium, from fertilization to the blastocyst stage, is equivalent to that using a sequential media protocol. However, there remains a theoretical benefit of refreshing the culture environment by transitioning slowly developing D6 embryos to a fresh medium droplet of the same composition, with a renewed source of nutrients and a milieu free of metabolic toxins. Read More

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Trade-offs among ecosystem services advance the case for improved spatial targeting of agri-environmental measures.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 15;285:112131. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment, Agripolis, University of Padova, Viale Dell'Università 16, Legnaro (Padova), 35020, Italy.

Agri-environmental measures (AEMs) are meant to foster environmentally-friendly farming techniques. The use of AEMs to enhance agroecosystem quality is still under debate due to site-specific spatial mismatches that often occur between adopted AEMs and delivered ecosystem services. Here, a site-specific approach was employed to assess the advantages and disadvantages of AEMs adopted from the Rural Development Programme and applied in the Veneto Region (NE Italy) during 2014-2020. Read More

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Key Considerations for Policymakers-Iodized Salt as a Vehicle for Iron Fortification: Current Evidence, Challenges, and Knowledge Gaps.

J Nutr 2021 Feb;151(Supplement_1):64S-73S

Department of Health Science and Technology, Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Could DFS help prevent iron deficiency and anemia? Studies in controlled settings (efficacy) demonstrate that double-fortified salt (DFS; iron added to iodized salt) reduces the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency anemia. Studies in program settings (effectiveness) are limited and reported differing levels of DFS coverage, resulting in mixed evidence of impact on anemia. What iron formulations are available and how do they affect iodized salt? Ferrous sulfate and encapsulated ferrous fumarate (both with various enhancers and/or coating materials) are the main iron formulations currently in use for DFS. Read More

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February 2021

Mathematical modeling and quality parameters of dried by convective drying.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Feb 3;58(2):474-483. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Departamento de Ingeniería en Alimentos, Universidad de La Serena, Av. Raúl Bitrán Nachary 1305, Box 599, 1720010 La Serena, Chile.

The effect of convective drying at 50, 60 and 70 °C on the drying kinetics and quality parameters of was investigated. To estimate the equilibrium moisture content a desorption isotherm was performed using five empirical models: Halsey, Caurie, Henderson, Smith and Oswin. The experimental data was also fitted to different drying kinetic models (Logarithmic, Two-Terms, Midilli-Kucuk and Exponential Two-Terms). Read More

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February 2021

Bioaerosols in the landfill environment: an overview of microbial diversity and potential health hazards.

Abhilash T Nair

Aerobiologia (Bologna) 2021 Feb 4:1-19. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Applied Sciences and Humanities, National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology (NIFFT), Hatia, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834003 India.

Landfilling is one of the indispensable parts of solid waste management in various countries. Solid waste disposed of in landfill sites provides nutrients for the proliferation of pathogenic microbes which are aerosolized into the atmosphere due to the local meteorology and various waste disposal activities. Bioaerosols released from landfill sites can create health issues for employees and adjoining public. Read More

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February 2021

The Contribution of Dietary Magnesium in Farm Animals and Human Nutrition.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 4;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AR, UK.

Magnesium (Mg) is a mineral that plays an essential role as cofactor of more than 300 enzymes. Mg in farm animals' and human nutrition is recommended to avoid Mg deficiency, ensure adequate growth and health maintenance. Mg supplementation above the estimated minimum requirements is the best practice to improve farm animals' performances (fertility and yield) and food products' quality, since the performance of farm animals has grown in recent decades. Read More

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February 2021

Assessment of the Effect of Urban Agriculture on Achieving a Localized Food System Centered on Chicago, IL Using Robust Optimization.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 02 3;55(4):2684-2694. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 United States.

In this work, nonrobust (average yield) and robust (varying yield) optimization techniques were applied to find the minimum radius required from the center of Chicago, Illinois, United States (U.S.) and land area by type to meet the population's nutritional needs given yield data for conventional and urban agricultural products. Read More

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February 2021

A Modified Roger's Distance Algorithm for Mixed Quantitative-Qualitative Phenotypes to Establish a Core Collection for Taiwanese Vegetable Soybeans.

Front Plant Sci 2020 12;11:612106. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Plant Germplasm Division, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Taichung, Taiwan.

Vegetable soybeans [ (L.) Merr.] have characteristics of larger seeds, less beany flavor, tender texture, and green-colored pods and seeds. Read More

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January 2021

Investigation of struvite crystals formed in palm oil mill effluent anaerobic digester.

Heliyon 2021 Jan 12;7(1):e05931. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Engineering & Processing Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

The formation of struvite crystals or magnesium ammonium phosphate (MgNHPO) in palm oil mill effluent (POME) occurs as early as in the secondary stage of POME treatment system. Its growth continues in the subsequent tertiary treatment which reduces piping diameter, thus affecting POME treatment efficiency. Hypothesis. Read More

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January 2021