874,835 results match your criteria nursing


Views about Primary Care health checks for autistic adults: UK survey findings.

BJGP Open 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Cumbria Northumberland Tyne and Wear NHS Foundation Trust, Morpeth, UK.

Background: Compared to the general population, autistic adults experience higher rates of physical and mental health conditions, premature morbidity and mortality, and barriers to healthcare. A health check for autistic people may improve their health outcomes.

Aim: To establish the views of autistic people toward a primary care health check for autistic people. Read More

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Is it more effective or efficient to coach teachers in pairs or individually? A comparison of teacher and student outcomes and coaching costs.

J Sch Psychol 2022 Jun 17;92:346-359. Epub 2022 May 17.

University of Virginia, School of Education and Human Development, PO Box 400270, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA.

A growing body of research documents the positive impacts of teacher coaching, but research contrasting the effectiveness of different coaching approaches is limited. This study contrasted paired coaching - delivered to two teachers simultaneously - with traditional coaching for individual in-service teachers. We examined the effects of these two approaches on observations of teachers' classroom management practices and student behavioral outcomes, relative to non-coached conditions, over the course of a single school year and at a 1-year follow-up. Read More

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Exploring profiles of coaches' fidelity to Double Check's Motivational Interviewing-embedded coaching: Outcomes associated with fidelity.

J Sch Psychol 2022 Jun 30;92:285-298. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

University of Virginia, School of Education and Human Development, United States of America.

Motivational interviewing (MI) is applied in a variety of clinical and coaching models to promote behavior change, with increasing interest in its potential to optimize school-based implementation fidelity. Yet there has been less consideration of fidelity indicators for MI-embedded coaching and their associations with outcomes. We leveraged exisiting data from 151 teachers across 18 schools, who were part of a larger 39 middle school randomized controlled trial of a teacher coaching model, to explore profiles of fidelity and the associations between fidelity and outcomes. Read More

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Role of COVID-19 pandemic in the academic life and well-being of private sector university students: an exploratory qualitative study.

BMJ Open 2022 May 26;12(5):e055678. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic has caused a drastic impact on students' life, causing physical and emotional sufferings. Considering the relevance of unprecedented conditions, we explored perceptions and attitudes of students towards their academic life and well-being amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Setting: We conducted an exploratory qualitative study using a purposive sampling approach conducted at a single-centre private nursing institution in Karachi, Pakistan. Read More

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Mediator or moderator? The role of obesity in the association between age at menarche and blood pressure in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: a population-based cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2022 May 26;12(5):e051486. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Nursing, School of Nursing, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, China.

Objective: We investigated the moderation/mediation between the age of menarche and obesity parameters in predicting blood pressure (BP) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

Design: Our study is a population-based cross-sectional study.

Setting: Participants in this study came from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Read More

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Spatial distributions and determinants of anaemia among adolescent girls in Ethiopia: a secondary analysis of EDHS 2016 - a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2022 May 26;12(5):e059405. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the spatial distributions and determinants of anaemia among adolescent girls in Ethiopia. Exploring the spatial epidemiology of anaemia and identifying the risk factors would inform policymakers to come up with evidence-based prevention strategies for anaemia, especially in adolescent girls, who are the most affected segment of the population.

Methods: Secondary analysis of the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2016 was conducted. Read More

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Teledermatology to reduce face-to-face appointments in general practice during the COVID-19 pandemic: a quality improvement project.

BMJ Open Qual 2022 May;11(2)

School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK.

Teledermatology is an important subspecialty of telemedicine that continues to evolve with advances in telecommunication and mobile phone technology. A 19-week primary care quality improvement project collected baseline data and tested three change ideas, using the Model for Improvement method, with primary and secondary aims: to increase the weekly percentage of remote dermatological consultations with supporting images that were successfully concluded remotely to greater than 80% and to reduce the weekly percentage of dermatological face-to-face consultations to less than 50%. We hypothesised that by improving the quality of patient images and the confidence of reception staff in triaging skin complaints, there would be a decrease in the weekly number of face-to-face dermatological appointments, thereby decreasing the risk of COVID-19 transmission within the practice and community. Read More

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Demystifying how to incorporate Sex and Gender into cardiovascular research: a practical guide.

Can J Cardiol 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Centre for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, McGill University Health Centre Research Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada; Cardiovascular & Stroke Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Health Services, Alberta Canada. Electronic address:

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Factors Influencing Palliative Care Access and Delivery for Great Plains American Indians.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Palliative Care and Geriatric Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Context: Despite the known importance of culturally tailored palliative care (PC), American Indian people (AIs) in the Great Plains lack access to such services. While clinicians caring for AIs in the Great Plains have long acknowledged major barriers to serious illness care, there is a paucity of literature describing specific factors influencing PC access and delivery for AI patients living on reservation land.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore factors influencing PC access and delivery on reservation land in the Great Plains to inform the development culturally tailored PC services for AIs. Read More

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"Calling the Spirit Back:" Spiritual Needs Among Great Plains American Indians.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Palliative Care and Geriatric Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Context: American Indians (AIs) are disproportionately affected by serious illness such as cancer. Colonization, cultural genocide, and trauma have adversely affected AIs' ability to attain health and well-being, and in many cases led to the loss of the right to practice traditional ceremonies and rituals. Still many AIs describe well-being as being rooted in spirituality. Read More

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The association between race and place of death among persons with dementia.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, United States.

Context: Little is known about racial differences in place of death for persons with dementia (PWD), who may be especially vulnerable to receiving care at end of life that is not concordant with their goals or that places higher burden on caregivers.

Objective: To determine if there are racial and ethnic differences in place of death among PWD.

Method: We analyzed data from the nationally representative National Health and Aging Trends study. Read More

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EEG asymmetry and cognitive testing in MCI identification.

Int J Psychophysiol 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University, USA; International Institute of Applied Gerontology, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address:

Background: Finding the baseline resting-state EEG markers for early identification of cognitive decline can contribute to the identification of individuals at risk of further change. Potential applications include identifying participants for clinical trials, early treatment, and evaluation of treatment, accessible even from a community setting.

Methods: Analyses were completed on a sample of 99 (ages 60-90) consensus-diagnosed, community-dwelling African Americans (58 cognitively typical/HC, and 41 mildly cognitively impaired/MCI), who were recruited from the Michigan Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (MADRC) and the Wayne State University Institute of Gerontology. Read More

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In vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam against Gram-negative strains in patients with complicated urinary tract infection and complicated intra-abdominal infection in Colombia 2014-2018.

Braz J Infect Dis 2022 May 23:102369. Epub 2022 May 23.

Universidad Antonio Nariño, Faculty of Nursing, Research Group Innovación y Cuidado, Neiva, Colombia.

Ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ/AVI) has excellent in vitro activity against enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The study aimed to analyze the in vitro antimicrobial activity of CAZ/AVI and other antibiotics against isolates of enterobacterales and P. aeruginosa from patients with complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) and complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) in Colombian hospitals between 2014 and 2018, using the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance (ATLAS) database. Read More

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Risk of mortality in HIV-infected COVID-19 patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Infect Public Health 2022 May 16;15(6):654-661. Epub 2022 May 16.

ICAP at Columbia University, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: The relationship between HIV infection and COVID-19 clinical outcomes remains a significant public health research problem. We aimed to determine the association of HIV comorbidity with COVID-19 mortality.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Google Scholar and World Health Organization library databases for relevant studies. Read More

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Adequacy of physician clinical rounds and nursing care elements for non-COVID-19 infected patients admitted during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Infect Public Health 2022 Apr 28;15(6):648-653. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic created many challenges for healthcare systems. Frontline workers and especially healthcare professionals were the most severely affected through increased working hours, burnout and major psychological distress.

Objectives: To evaluate the changes in standard care elements which occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, specifically the physician clinical rounds and nursing care provided to non-COVID-19 infected patients. Read More

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Aromatherapy with inhalation can effectively improve the anxiety and depression of cancer patients: A meta-analysis.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2022 May 18;77:118-127. Epub 2022 May 18.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, PR China; School of Nursing, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, PR China.

Purpose: This meta-analysis was to critically evaluate the effects of aromatherapy on the symptoms of anxiety and depression in cancer patients.

Methods: Eight Chinese and English databases (CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO) were systematically searched from the inception of databases to October 2021 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). According to Cochrane Collaboration criteria, two reviewers independently assessed the risk of bias and extract data from included studies. Read More

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Exploring the complexity of firearm homicides in Harris County, Texas, from 2009 to 2021: Implications for theory and prevention.

Soc Sci Med 2022 May 19;305:115048. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Research, The University of Texas Health Science Center Cizak School of Nursing at Houston, USA.

Firearm violence is a major health problem in the United States that clusters asymmetrically across geographic and demographic lines, and the persistence and unequal distribution of firearm violence suggests that novel causal explanations and theoretical frameworks may be warranted to guide preventive strategies. Thus, this study explores the following three hypotheses that are grounded in complex systems theory: 1) trends in firearm homicides risks have shifted heterogeneously in Harris County across endemic degree of risk; 2) firearm homicides clusters have remained resilient in Harris County across the study time period; and 3), the associations between known contextual correlates of firearm homicides and the distribution of firearm homicides risks in Harris County have manifested as nonlinear. Using a retrospective study design (n = 4,397) from January 1, 2009-June 31, 2021, medicolegal death investigation data from the Harris County Institute of Forensic Sciences and estimates of community characteristics from the American Community Survey were analyzed using Joinpoint trend analysis, kernel density geospatial analysis, and proportion tests. Read More

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Effect of a family-based multimedia intervention on the uptake of faecal immunohistochemical test among South Asian older adults: A cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Int J Nurs Stud 2022 Apr 20;132:104254. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Background: Colorectal cancer screening, including faecal immunohistochemical test, is an effective method for detecting colorectal cancer early. Nevertheless, faecal immunohistochemical test uptake among South Asian ethnic minorities is low because they have limited knowledge of and face barriers in accessing colorectal cancer screening. Tailored education and appropriate messaging has potential to convey to this population group the importance of colorectal cancer screening. Read More

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The Impact of Critical Life Points and Events for Survivors of Institutional Child Sexual Abuse: Understanding Trauma and the Role of Compensation in Recovery.

J Interpers Violence 2022 May 26:8862605221102480. Epub 2022 May 26.

School of Health Sciences and Social Work, 63617Griffith University, QLD Australia.

Although the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) is well documented in the international literature, little is known about the critical points of recovery across the life course for survivors of institutional CSA. The aim of this study was to identify critical points, or events across the life course that may increase, or decrease, a survivor's vulnerability to the complex traumatization of institutional CSA (ICSA). The sample consisted of two hundred and forty-eight witness statements extracted from the 56 publicly available case studies presented to the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse during 2013-2016 (Commonwealth of Australia, 2017). Read More

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Patient Safety and Legal Regulations: A Total-Scale Analysis of the Scientific Literature.

J Patient Saf 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

From the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Digital Health and Patient Safety (LBIDHPS), Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objective: The aim of the study was to quantitatively analyze the scientific literature landscape covering legal regulations of patient safety.

Methods: This retrospective bibliometric analysis queried Web of Science database to identify relevant publications. The identified scientific literature was quantitatively evaluated to reveal prevailing study themes, contributing journals, countries, institutions, and authors, as well as citation patterns. Read More

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Exploring Care Left Undone in Pediatric Nursing.

J Patient Saf 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

From the Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association between nursing care left undone in pediatrics and factors related to nursing staff characteristics and work environment.

Methods: The data of the present study were extracted from our [email protected] database, a cross-sectional observational study, which included 13 hospitals belonging to the Italian Association of Paediatric Hospitals. Through convenience sampling, nurses and pediatric nurses providing direct care in routine pediatric wards were enrolled in the study. Read More

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A National Study of Patient Safety Culture and Patient Safety Goal in Chinese Hospitals.

J Patient Saf 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Urology, Urologist, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Objectives: This study aimed to measure the patient safety culture and the current practice of patient safety goals in China.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between November 2020 and November 2021. The 12-dimensions Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire and the 14-items Survey on the Current Practice of Patient Safety Goal questionnaire were electronically distributed to 8164 healthcare providers across 26 provinces in China. Read More

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Practical Tips for Setting Up and Running OSCEs.

J Vet Med Educ 2022 May 26:e20220003. Epub 2022 May 26.

Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) are used to assess students' skills on a variety of tasks using live animals, models, cadaver tissue, and simulated clients. OSCEs can be used to provide formative feedback, or they can be summative, impacting progression decisions. OSCEs can also drive student motivation to engage with clinical skill development and mastery in preparation for clinical placements and rotations. Read More

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Understanding Hazards for Adverse Drug Events Among Older Adults After Hospital Discharge: Insights From Frontline Care Professionals.

J Patient Saf 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objectives: Care transitions pose a high risk of adverse drug events (ADEs). We aimed to identify hazards to medication safety for older adults during care transitions using a systems approach.

Methods: Hospital-based professionals from 4 hospitals were interviewed about ADE risks after hospital discharge among older adults. Read More

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Evaluation of the Culture of Safety and Quality in Pediatric Primary Care Practices.

J Patient Saf 2022 Jun;18(4):e753-e759

College of Nursing and Health Innovation, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas.

Objectives: The purposes of this article were to describe the perceptions of the culture of safety in pediatric primary care and evaluate whether organizational factors and staff roles are associated with perceptions of the culture of safety.

Methods: We conducted a secondary data analysis using 2020 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture to examine the culture of safety and quality in pediatric primary care practices. We used descriptive statistics and calculated differences in perceptions of patient safety and quality based on practice size, ownership, and staff roles using bivariate and logistic regressions. Read More

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Adverse Event Reporting Priorities: An Integrative Review.

J Patient Saf 2022 Jun;18(4):e727-e740

From the College of Nursing.

Objectives: Adverse events remain the third leading cause of death in hospitals today, after heart disease and cancer. However, adverse events remain underreported. The purpose of this integrative review is to synthesize adverse event reporting priorities in acute care hospitals from quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods research articles. Read More

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Evaluating the Costs of Nurse Burnout-Attributed Turnover: A Markov Modeling Approach.

J Patient Saf 2022 Jun 15;18(4):351-357. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Departments of Public Health Sciences.

Objective: Burnout is a public health crisis that impacts 1 in 3 registered nurses in the United States and the safe provision of patient care. This study sought to understand the cost of nurse burnout-attributed turnover using hypothetical hospital scenarios.

Methods: A cost-consequence analysis with a Markov model structure was used to assess nurse burnout-attributed turnover costs under the following scenarios: (1) a hospital with "status quo" nurse burnout prevalence and (2) a hospital with a "burnout reduction program" and decreased nurse burnout prevalence. Read More

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Book and Media: Summer Reading.

Dimens Crit Care Nurs 2022 Jul-Aug 01;41(4):223-224

Kathleen Ahern Gould, PhD, RN, Editor-in-Chief, Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, Duxbury, Massachusetts

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