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Heading in Football: Incidence, Biomechanical Characteristics and the Association with Acute Cognitive Function-A Three-Part Systematic Review.

Sports Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Background: There is growing concern surrounding the role of repetitive sub-concussive head impacts, such as football heading, on brain health.

Objectives: Three questions were addressed while only considering studies that observed heading exposure directly: (1) how frequently does heading occur within football training and matches, (2) what are the biomechanical characteristics of heading, and (3) is cognitive function affected by heading?

Methods: This review followed the steps described in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Electronic databases including MEDLINE and SPORTDiscus were searched from the earliest entry to July 2020. Read More

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Can Oncology Practice Claims Data Replace Physician Reporting to State Cancer Registries?

J Registry Manag 2020 ;47(3):113-117

Background: Recently, the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program facilitated the linkage of claims data from oncology practices to cancer registry data. Since physician reporting places a burden on oncology practices and presents a challenge for cancer registries, the question arises as to whether claims data can replace physician reporting. Using data reported to the New York State Cancer Registry, we evaluated the information that would be lost if oncology practices were to cease reporting abstracted data to the registry. Read More

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Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for osteoporosis: A protocol for an overview with an evidence map and a network meta-analysis of trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26429

Clinical College of Chinese Medicine, Gansu University of Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou, China.

Background: Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that has a significant social and economic effect. Many meta-analyses of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for osteoporosis have been reported, but the findings may be contradictory, and both the reporting and methodological quality remain unknown. As a result, an overview that includes a network meta-analysis was proposed to address these issues. Read More

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Consensus on the treatment of allergic asthma with sublingual house dust mite immunotherapy in the field of Pneumology.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Unidad de Asma. Hospital Universitario de Galdakao. Galdakao, Bizkaia, Spain.

Introduction: : Many patients sensitized to mites remain symptomatic and uncontrolled despite traditional treatment. Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has demonstrated to reduce the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, the need for additional drug treatments, and to reduce the number of moderate and severe exacerbations in patients with allergic asthma caused by mites that had not been adequately controlled.

Areas Covered: : After reviewing the most recent literature, a scientific committee composed by 5 pneumologists experts in asthma proposed 41 items that addressed the diagnosis of allergic asthma caused by mites, the role of house dust mite (HDM) SLIT tablet in the therapeutic plan and in the control of the disease, and the profile of patients with asthma candidates for this therapy. Read More

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Development and preliminary validation of the patient-reported Chronic Itch Burden Scale, assessing health-related quality of life in chronic pruritus.

Br J Dermatol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Univ Brest, LIEN and University Hospital of Brest, Department of Dermatology, 2 avenue Foch, F-29200, Brest, France.

Background: Chronic pruritus (CP) significantly affects patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Very few self-reported HRQoL questionnaires exploring CP were developed according to international guidelines thus limiting their use in pre-authorization trials.

Objectives: To develop a self-reported HRQoL questionnaire in patients with CP due to psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp or idiopathic dermatitis; to explore its preliminary psychometric properties. Read More

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The impact of COVID-19 on patients with hematological malignancies: the mixed-method analysis of an Israeli national survey.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Hematology Unit, Bnai Zion Medical Center, 47, Golomb Street, 31048, Haifa, Israel.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic required reevaluation of the therapeutic approach and added emotional stress for patients with hematological malignancies at high risk of contracting the virus. We aimed to evaluate how it affected such patients during the second lockdown in Israel.

Methods: This national survey included Hebrew-speaking patients with hematological malignancy. Read More

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Completeness of reporting of quality improvement studies in neonatology is inadequate: a systematic literature survey.

BMJ Open Qual 2021 06;10(2)

Department of Health Research Methods Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Introduction: Quality improvement (QI) is a growing field of inquiry in healthcare, but the reporting quality of QI studies in neonatology remains unclear. We conducted a systematic survey of the literature to assess the reporting quality of QI studies and factors associated with reporting quality.

Methods: We searched Medline for publications of QI studies from 2016 to 16 April 2020. Read More

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The Rapid Mood Screener: A Novel and Pragmatic Screener Tool for Bipolar I Disorder.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):167-168

University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Approximately 70% of patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) are initially misdiagnosed, resulting in significantly delayed diagnosis of 7-10 years on average. Misdiagnosis and diagnostic delay adversely affect health outcomes and lead to the use of inappropriate treatments. As depressive episodes and symptoms are the predominant symptom presentation in BPD, misdiagnosis as major depressive disorder (MDD) is common. Read More

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Nursing degree students' clinical placement experiences in Australia: A survey design.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 4;54:103112. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

School of Nursing Midwifery and Social Sciences, Central Queensland University, Noosaville, QLD, Australia.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate Australian nursing students' views of placements at seven tertiary education institutions with the use of the Placement Evaluation Tool (PET).

Background: Clinical placements are a core element of healthcare education programs around the world (Chuan and Barnett, 2012) with undergraduate nursing students required to complete a prescribed number of hours as part of their degree. The quality of nursing clinical placements varies with a range of positive and negative learning experiences. Read More

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Leachability of microplastic from different plastic materials.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 11;294:112995. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Civil Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, PO BOX 26666, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

The use of plastic has become common. Large amounts of plastic waste are disposed in landfill without the ability to biodegrade. These plastic materials often disintegrate into microplastic that end up in the leachate, a wastewater stream containing harmful contaminants extracted from the plastic. Read More

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Rapid and sound assessment of well-being within a multi-dimensional approach: The Well-being Numerical Rating Scales (WB-NRSs).

PLoS One 2021 14;16(6):e0252709. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Oncological Network, Prevention and Research Institute -ISPRO, Florence, Italy.

The assessment of well-being remains an important topic for many disciplines including medical, psychological, social, educational, and economic fields. The present study assesses the reliability and validity of a five-item instrument for evaluating physical, psychological, spiritual, relational, and general well-being. This measure uniquely utilizes a segmented numeric version of the visual analog scale in which a respondent selects a whole number that best reflects the intensity of the investigated characteristic. Read More

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Assessing Violence Risk in Adolescents in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Systematic Review and Clinical Guidance.

West J Emerg Med 2021 May 19;22(3):533-542. Epub 2021 May 19.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, New York, New York.

Introduction: Violence risk assessment is one of the most frequent reasons for child and adolescent psychiatry consultation with adolescents in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Here we provide a systematic review of risk factors for violence in adolescents using the risk factor categories from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment study. Further, we provide clinical guidance for assessing adolescent violence risk in the pediatric ED. Read More

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Development of a Rigorously Designed Procedural Checklist for Assessment of Emergency Medicine Resident Performance of Temporary Transvenous Cardiac Pacing.

AEM Educ Train 2021 Jul 6;5(3):e10566. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Chicago IL USA.

Objectives: Temporary transvenous cardiac pacing (TVP) is a potentially lifesaving intervention included in the list of essential core procedures for emergency medicine (EM) training; however, opportunities to perform TVP during residency cannot be guaranteed. EM graduates report feeling subjectively underprepared for this procedure, but objective performance data are lacking. Checklist-based simulated assessment is an increasing focus of competency-based medical education, particularly for invasive procedures like TVP. Read More

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The Coaches' Perceptions and Experience Implementing a Long-Term Athletic Development Model in Competitive Swimming.

Front Psychol 2021 28;12:685584. Epub 2021 May 28.

Research Centre in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Vila Real, Portugal.

The aim of this study was to analyze the association between coaches' experience and their perceptions on the implementation of a long-term athletic development (LTAD) model created in 2016 by the Portuguese Swimming Federation. Eighty-six swimming coaches were assembled in groups according to their experience level: "novice" ( = 24), "intermediate" ( = 26), and "experienced" ( = 36), and they answered a questionnaire with the following items: (i) awareness of the existing model (ii) acceptance (iii) usefulness for practice, and (iv) implementation of this model by their peers. Regardless of experience, ~67% of the coaches were aware of the model. Read More

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Spatio-Temporal Sequential Memory Model With Mini-Column Neural Network.

Front Neurosci 2021 28;15:650430. Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Memory is an intricate process involving various faculties of the brain and is a central component in human cognition. However, the exact mechanism that brings about memory in our brain remains elusive and the performance of the existing memory models is not satisfactory. To overcome these problems, this paper puts forward a brain-inspired spatio-temporal sequential memory model based on spiking neural networks (SNNs). Read More

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Current status of antenatal care of pregnant women-8 provinces in China, 2018.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 14;21(1):1135. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

National Center for Women and Children's Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No.12, Dahuisi Road, Beijing, 100081, China.

Background: Antenatal care (ANC) played a crucial role in ensuring maternal and child safety and reducing the risk of complications, disability, and death in mothers and their infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current status of ANC emphasizing the number, timing, and content of examinations on a national scale.

Methods: The data was collected from maternal and newborn's health monitoring system at 8 provinces in China. Read More

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Right hemicolectomy with complete mesocolic excision is safe, leads to an increased lymph node yield and to increased survival: results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Tech Coloproctol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Background: The introduction of complete mesocolic excision (CME) for right colon cancer has raised an important discussion in relation to the extent of colic and mesenteric resection, and the impact this may have on lymph node yield. As uncertainty remains regarding the usefulness of and indications for right hemicolectomy with CME and the benefits of CME compared with a traditional approach, the purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare the two procedures in terms of safety, lymph node yield and oncological outcome.

Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature from 2009 up to March 15th, 2020 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Read More

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Use of an Observer Tool to Enhance Observers' Learning of Anesthesia Residents During High-Fidelity Simulation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Simul Healthc 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

From the Département d'Anesthésie-Réanimation-Médecine PériOpératoire (G.S., A.B., J.D.M., D.B.), Groupe Hospitalo-Universitaire, Paris-Saclay, AP-HP; and Centre de Simulation LabForSIMS de la Faculté de Médecine Paris-Saclay (G.S., A.B., J.D.M., D.B.), EA4532, UFR STAPS, Université Paris-Saclay CIAMS, Orsay, CIAMS, Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France.

Introduction: The growing number of learners implies that all of them cannot play an active role during high-fidelity scenarios. Studies suggest a positive educational value when learners are observers only, but it remains uncertain whether learning outcomes might be improved by using an observer tool (OT).

Methods: Eighty-nine anesthesia residents were randomized to use an OT (n = 44, OT+; based on a cognitive aid) or not (n = 45, OT-) when not role-playing. Read More

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Mood during pregnancy: Trends, structure, and invariance by gestational day.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 7;140:260-266. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Iowa, United States.

Mood dynamics during pregnancy are important in understanding a critical period of human development, and also as a model for biopsychosocial stress processes. Here, in four large samples of smartphone app respondents (differentiated by time period and number of responses), we modeled mood for each gestational day during the pregnancy period. We aimed to delineate patterns of changes in mood across pregnancy, as well as potential changes in measurement properties across the period. Read More

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The Unfolding Method to Explore Health-Related Quality of Life Constructs in a Chinese General Population.

Value Health 2021 Jun 10;24(6):846-854. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, England, UK.

Objectives: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a complicated concept that can be measured using multiple health items. Although HRQOL is closely associated with people's subjective assessment of their own health, a limited number of studies have investigated which health items are considered most important and relevant by the general population. Even fewer empirical studies have investigated how HRQOL is understood in non-Western populations. Read More

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Insight into the use of tympanic temperature during target temperature management in emergency and critical care: a scoping review.

J Intensive Care 2021 Jun 12;9(1):43. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Institute of Mountain Emergency Medicine, Eurac Research, Drususallee/Viale Druso 1, I-39100, Bolzano, Italy.

Background: Target temperature management (TTM) is suggested to reduce brain damage in the presence of global or local ischemia. Prompt TTM application may help to improve outcomes, but it is often hindered by technical problems, mainly related to the portability of cooling devices and temperature monitoring systems. Tympanic temperature (T) measurement may represent a practical, non-invasive approach for core temperature monitoring in emergency settings, but its accuracy under different TTM protocols is poorly characterized. Read More

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Review of personal radiation exposure dose and history of the interventional procedure records for 40 years.

Jpn J Radiol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of the Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Nasu Red Cross Hospital, 1081-4, Nakadawara, Ohtawara, Tochigi, 324-8686, Japan.

Objective: To inspect personal dose as an interventional radiologist for 40 years, to assess the enforcement number of interventional radiology (IR), and to check for radiation cataract.

Materials And Methods: I evaluated my own effective dose, an equivalent dose to the lens of the eye (EDL), and the number of IR procedures between March 2019 and June 1979. I examined the lens in June 2019 as a radiologist for 40 years. Read More

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Towards a standardization of non-symbolic numerical experiments: GeNEsIS, a flexible and user-friendly tool to generate controlled stimuli.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Center for Mind/Brain Sciences, University of Trento, Piazza Manifattura,1, 38068, Rovereto, Italy.

Several studies have suggested that vertebrate and invertebrate species may possess a number sense, i.e. an ability to process in a non-symbolic and non-verbal way the numerousness of a set of items. Read More

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Assessment of Dermal and Inhalation Exposure to Permethrin During Field Treatment of Military Uniforms.

Mil Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics Department, USUHS Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.

Introduction: Permethrin is a common pesticide spray-applied to civilian clothing and military uniforms for protection against biting arthropods in an effort to reduce risks to arthropod-borne diseases. During mass clothing spray events, exposure is possible through the dermal, inhalation, and ingestion routes. The potentially exposed population during a spray event includes the pesticide applicator(s) and working party (personnel who handle clothing/uniforms by positioning on the ground, flipping, and removing after spraying is complete). Read More

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Reliability and Validity of the Patient Activation Measure in Kidney Disease: Results of Rasch Analysis.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2021 Jun 11;16(6):880-888. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

Background And Objectives: Despite the increasing prioritization of the promotion of patient activation in nephrology, its applicability to people with CKD is not well established. Before the Patient Activation Measure is universally adopted for use in CKD, it is important to critically evaluate this measure. The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric properties of the Patient Activation Measure in CKD. Read More

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Comparing Online and In-Store Grocery Purchases.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 Jun;53(6):471-479

Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Objective: To describe the grocery shopping patterns of people who shopped both online and in-store and evaluate whether shoppers purchased fewer unhealthy, impulse-sensitive items online.

Design: Secondary analysis of 44 weeks of grocery transaction data collected for fruit and vegetable incentive trials in 2 Maine supermarkets.

Participants: A total of 137 primary household shoppers who shopped at least once in-store and online (curbside pickup) for 5,573 total transactions MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES AND ANALYSIS: Paired t tests and descriptive analyses compared online and in-store transactions with respect to frequency, total spending, number of items purchased, and spending on 10 food groups and 34 subgroups. Read More

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The seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among health care workers before the Era of vaccination: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Koç University İş Bank Research Center for Infectious Diseases (KUISCID), Istanbul, Turkey; Koç University, School of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among HCWs provide information to for the spread of COVID-19 within health care facilities, and to detect the risk groups.

Objective: We aimed to describe the rate of SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and its determinants among health care workers.

Data Sources: We used Web of Science, Scopus, MEDLINE, EBSCOhost and Cochrane Library. Read More

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Identifying Patterns of Failure and Risk Factors for Recurrence in Patients of Paratesticular Sarcomas: Protocol of a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Surg Protoc 2021 May 28;25(1):84-91. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Radiotherapy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, IN.

Introduction: Para testicular sarcomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that affect patients of all ages. Unlike other sites of sarcoma, they tend to be of lower grade and have a higher propensity for lymphatic spread. Management is hampered by the small number of patients who differ in terms of tumor grade and histology. Read More

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The impact of data quality assurance and control solutions on the completeness, accuracy, and consistency of data in a national spinal cord injury registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR).

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2021 Jun 10;7(1):51. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Study Design: Descriptive study.

Objective: This study aimed to develop and evaluate a systematic arrangement for improvement and monitoring of data quality of the National Spinal Cord (and Column) Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR)-a multicenter hospital-based registry.

Setting: SCI community in Iran. Read More

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Arthroscopic bankart repair for the management of anterior shoulder instability: Mid- and long-term results.

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol 2021 Jul-Aug;65(4):255-263

Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Arthroscopic stabilisation is a well-recognised surgical technique with a variable rate of failure reported between 0-35%. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of this technique and our second aim was to identify risk factors that could be associated to recurrence rate.

Material And Methods: 41 patients that underwent arthroscopic shoulder stabilisation for glenohumeral instability between 2001-2015 were included. Read More

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