7,582 results match your criteria norms attitudes

Prevention of partner violence: virtual case simulation for religious leaders of Korean American immigrant communities.

Health Promot Int 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Social Science, Augusta University, 1120 15th Street, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.

The project 'Religious Leaders for Healthy Families' aims to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) and increase access to resources for immigrant victims by enhancing the capacity of religious leaders. Due to cultural and psychosocial barriers, immigrant women prefer to exhaust informal resources, including religious leaders, before seeking help from professional service providers. This study reports the development of a virtual case simulation in which Korean American (KA) religious leaders living in the USA practice how to prevent and address IPV in their congregation. Read More

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Cross-Cultural Bayesian Network Analysis of Factors Affecting Residents' Concerns About the Spread of an Infectious Disease Caused by Tourism.

Front Psychol 2021 7;12:635110. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.

COVID-19 has had a severe impact globally, and the recovery can be characterized as a tug of war between fast economic recovery and firm control of further virus-spread. To be prepared for future pandemics, public health policy makers should put effort into fully understanding any complex psychological tensions that inherently arise between opposing human factors such as free enjoyment versus self-restriction. As the COVID-19 crisis is an unusual and complex problem, combinations of diverse factors such as health risk perception, knowledge, norms and beliefs, attitudes and behaviors are closely associated with individuals' intention to enjoy the experience economy but also their concerns that the experience economy will trigger further spread of the infectious diseases. Read More

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Knowledge, training and willingness to perform bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation among university students in Chongqing, China: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 23;11(6):e046694. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

School of Public Health and Management, Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Innovation Center for Social Risk Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, China

Objective: To evaluate knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among Chinese college students and their attitude towards participating in CPR training and willingness to perform bystander CPR.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Participants: A total of 1128 college students were selected through a multistage stratified random sampling method from 12 universities in Chongqing, China. Read More

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Peerformance: Bystanders Enacting and Challenging Gender Norms in Community-Based Theater to Prevent Domestic Violence.

Violence Against Women 2021 Jun 23:10778012211014556. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

This study examined the gender beliefs and norms expressed by South Asian community members when intervening as bystanders in , a publicly performed scene depicting a husband's controlling behavior toward his wife enacted by a peer-led theater group. Using a grounded theory approach, inductive coding and reiterative visual analysis of videotaped bystander interactions revealed that, while most community members confronted the husband, beliefs about gender roles and relations impacted how these confrontations occurred. The complexity of gender norms in bystanders' interventions calls for sociocultural tailoring; bystander programs must attend to the rich, within-group variations in community members' attitudes and beliefs. Read More

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COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions and Mistrust in a National Sample of Black Americans.

J Natl Med Assoc 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Infectious Disease Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Division of Global Health Equity, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: National data indicate low intentions for COVID-19 vaccination among a substantial minority of Black Americans, and disproportionately lower vaccination rates among Black Americans than White Americans.

Methods: A total of 207 of the 318 Black participants (65%) in the RAND American Life Panel, a nationally representative internet panel, were surveyed about COVID-19 vaccine intentions in November-December 2020. Participants' census tracts were geocoded using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Social Vulnerability Index. Read More

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Healthcare provider cultural competency and receptivity to colorectal cancer screening among African Americans.

Psychol Health Med 2021 Jun 22:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, USA.

African Americans suffer disproportionately from colorectal cancer (CRC), due in part to disparities in CRC screening. Better understanding culturally relevant psychosocial factors that impact CRC screening is therefore critical. This study examined how African Americans' perceived cultural competency of their physician is associated with receptivity to take-home stool-based CRC screening. Read More

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The Role of Self-Efficacy and Injunctive Norms in Helping Older Adults Decide to Stay Home During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Public Health 2021 4;9:660813. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Applied Health Science, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, United States.

Because older adults are at elevated risk of COVID-19-related adverse health outcomes, and staying at home is an effective strategy to avoid unnecessary exposures, the current formative study used the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA) to identify the beliefs underlying older adults' decision to stay home for the next month. The participants (weighted = 206, age 65-94) for the current study were selected from a nationally representative online survey of US adults from April 10-20, 2020. We used multiple linear regression to estimate the relative contribution of the four RAA global constructs (instrumental attitude, injunctive norms, descriptive norms, and self-efficacy) in explaining intention to stay home after controlling for demographic covariates. Read More

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Majority and popularity effects on norm formation in adolescence.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 18;11(1):12884. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Personal norms consist of individuals' attitudes about the appropriateness of behaviour. These norms guide adolescents' behaviour in countless domains that are fundamental for their social functioning and well-being. Peers are known to have a marked influence on adolescent risk-taking and prosocial behaviour, but little is known about how peers shape personal norms underlying those behaviours. Read More

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The theory of planned behaviour and sleep opportunity: An ecological momentary assessment.

J Sleep Res 2021 Jun 16:e13420. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA.

Many American adolescents and adults report that they are not meeting sleep duration recommendations. Although insufficient sleep duration can occur due to factors outside an individual's direct control, many individuals choose to restrict their own sleep. The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) offers a framework to study this phenomenon. Read More

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Intentions of Environmentally Friendly Behavior Among Sports Club Members: An Empirical Test of the Theory of Planned Behavior Across Genders and Sports.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 31;3:657183. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Sports Science, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

Environmentally friendly behavior has become increasingly important in recent years to reduce the speed of climate change and its negative impacts. Individual behavior, including environmentally friendly behavior, is largely formed by behavioral intentions. This study draws on the theory of planned behavior to examine the effects of attitudes toward the behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control on intentions of environmentally friendly behavior. Read More

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A long way to go: engagement of men and boys in country family planning commitments and implementation plans.

Gates Open Res 2021 21;5:85. Epub 2021 May 21.

Promundo-US, Washington, DC, 20036, USA.

Evidence shows that, to reach global goals related to women and girls' access to modern family planning (FP) and gender equality, it is critical to understand and account for the role of men and boys as users of reproductive health services, as partners for millions of women & girls around the world, and as advocates in their communities. Under the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) partnership, countries were encouraged to develop costed implementation plans and action plans in an effort to provide 120 million additional women and girls with contraception. As FP2020 becomes FP2030, reviewing these previously-developed strategies helps understand the extent to which countries considered the engagement of men as an important aspect of their family planning portfolios. Read More

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Extent of awareness and attitudes on plagiarism among post-graduate resident doctors and junior medical faculty in India: a cross-sectional, multicentric study.

BMJ Open 2021 06 16;11(6):e046904. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Microbiology, Kamineni Academy of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Objectives: Though dissertation is mandatory for postgraduates (PG), it is unknown if adequate knowledge on plagiarism exists at that level. Thus, we intended to study the knowledge and attitude towards plagiarism among junior doctors in India.

Design: Cross-sectional study SETTING: PG medical residents and Junior faculty from various teaching institutions across south India. Read More

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Influence of social media on how college students perceive healthy relationships and consent.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Jun 16:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

School of Social Work, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

Because of the high rates of sexual assault on college campuses, it is important to examine factors that influence perceptions of healthy relationships and consent, including social media. Because college students are heavy users of social media, it is imperative to consider how social media can influence their participation in risky behavior, including the attitudes and norms around sex and relationships. Undergraduate college students were recruited to participate in a study that sought to understand how college students navigate romantic and sexual relationships. Read More

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Speeding through the pandemic: Perceptual and psychological factors associated with speeding during the COVID-19 stay-at-home period.

A Tucker K L Marsh

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Jun 12;159:106225. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

University of Connecticut Psychological Sciences Department, USA.

During the COVID-19 stay-at-home period there were observed increases in both the percentage of cars engaged in extreme speeding, and the percentage of cars traveling below the speed limit. These changes have been attributed to unusually low traffic volume during the stay-at-home period. We develop a novel theoretical account, based on existing empirical research, of perceptual and psychological processes that may account for changes in speeding behavior under low traffic volume conditions. Read More

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Normative misperceptions of unhealthy snacking amongst 11- to 12-year-old secondary school students.

Appetite 2021 Jun 11;166:105462. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DF, UK.

Younger adolescents are at an age where they have increasing control of their diet, and where peers become an important social reference for acceptable and normative dietary behaviours. These normative perceptions are often inaccurate and can lead to the development of unhealthy eating practices; although, the role of normative misperceptions of peers' unhealthy snacking behaviours in younger adolescents' personal snacking behaviours is not clear. The current study was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a social norms-based healthy eating intervention sampling two secondary schools in deprived areas of England. Read More

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Birth Control Access and Selection among Youths Experiencing Homelessness in the United States: A Review.

Health Soc Work 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Youths experiencing homelessness (YEH) become pregnant at five times the general population rate. Education, social, and health care systems struggle to adequately address this young community's sexual and reproductive health needs, yet social workers are well positioned across sectors to address their sexual and reproductive health and well-being. A growing body of literature exists on the factors affecting YEH's access and selection of birth control, prompting the present review that aimed to understand this process and inform better attuned sexual and reproductive health approaches. Read More

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Family-Centered Social Cognitive Factors Preventing Primary Tooth Caries in Children Based on Intervention Mapping Approach.

Biomed Res Int 2021 18;2021:6626090. Epub 2021 May 18.

Population Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Given the increasing prevalence of primary tooth caries in Iran and the importance of providing evidence- and theory-based family-centered prevention programs, the present study is aimed at determining the family-centered social cognitive factors preventing deciduous tooth caries among children using the intervention mapping protocol.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 240 Iranian mothers in Ilam who were randomly selected to participate in the study. The data were collected using a self-designed questionnaire including items on demographic information and social cognitive constructs (knowledge, attitude, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, practice guidance, perceived self-efficacy, behavior intention, subjective norms, and social norms). Read More

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Factors related to recycling plastic packaging in Finland's new waste management scheme.

Waste Manag 2021 Jun 8;131:88-97. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Business School, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland.

Plastic packaging exemplifies recycling's potential; 95 percent of plastic's material use vanishes after a short first-use cycle. Yet over half of plastic packaging could be recycled effectively, economically, and in an environmentally sound manner, with individuals and households playing a focal role in raising recycling rates. This paper draws on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to identify and examine household plastic sorting and recycling factors in Finland's new recycling scheme. Read More

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Prostate Cancer From a Sex and Gender Perspective: A Review.

Sex Med Rev 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Cellular & Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Factors influencing patient behavior regarding risk of prostate cancer (PCa) and outcomes of PCa treatments are poorly understood. Similarly, how PCa treatments affect patient sexual function and sense of their masculinity has not been fully investigated. A better understanding of the relationship between sex and gender for patients with PCa could significantly improve their care and quality of life. Read More

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Portuguese parental beliefs and attitudes towards vaccination.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 May 6;9(1):422-435. Epub 2021 May 6.

Faculdade de Psicologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Alameda da Universidade, Lisboa, Portugal.

Introduction: Portugal has one of the highest vaccine coverage rates among European countries, associated with excellent vaccine convenience and confidence levels. Considering both the high rate of pediatric vaccination in Portugal and the excellent indicators of vaccine convenience established, an analysis of confidence and complacency indicators could help understand this positive example. This study aimed to characterize parental beliefs according to the intention to vaccinate a next child and identify cognitive and demographic predictors of that intention in a Portuguese sample. Read More

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The operationalization of self-identity in reasoned action models: a systematic review of self-identity operationalizations in three decades of research.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 Jan 28;9(1):48-69. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Background: Self-identity has frequently been proposed as a useful addition to the Theory of Planned Behavior; yet Fishbein and Ajzen decided to not include self-identity when they published that theory's successor, the Reasoned Action Approach. One of their reasons for exclusion is the lack of clear conceptual independence, as manifested in self-identity operationalizations that often conflate the construct with attitudinal or normative measures. Therefore, establishing whether self-identity has added value in the Reasoned Action Approach first requires synthesis of the used operationalisations to develop an operationalization that captures self-identity but not attitude and perceived norm. Read More

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January 2021

Alcohol-impaired Walking in 16 Countries: A Theory-Based Investigation.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Jun 4;159:106212. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Chang'an University, China.

Alcohol is a global risk factor for road trauma. Although drink driving has received most of the scholarly attention, there is growing evidence of the risks of alcohol-impaired walking. Alcohol-impaired pedestrians are over-represented in fatal crashes compared to non-impaired pedestrians. Read More

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Latch On: A protocol for a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial of perinatal support to improve breastfeeding outcomes in women with a raised BMI.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2021 Jun 8;22:100767. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

UCD Perinatal Research Centre, School of Medicine, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Introduction: Breastfeeding is associated with improved maternal and child outcomes. Women with a higher body mass index (BMI), who comprise about 50% of the population, are at increased risk of poorer breastfeeding practices and are a population who would benefit from breastfeeding.

Methods: This protocol is for a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial of perinatal breastfeeding support among primiparous women with a BMI >25 kg/m, using a previously-tested, multi-component intervention. Read More

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Barriers and motivators of contraceptive use among young people in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review of qualitative studies.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252745. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Population and Behavioural Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Hohoe, Ghana.

Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, about 80% of young women either use a traditional method or do not use any form of contraception at all. The objectives of this review were to ascertain the barriers and motivators of contraceptive use among young people in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Materials And Methods: We conducted electronic literature searches in PubMed, EMBASE, Ebsco/PsycINFO and Scopus. Read More

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Opportunities for reducing college drinking: The roles of drinking attitudes and blackout experience.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, USA.

Background: As many as 35% of college students report having been drunk in the past month, and greater alcohol use and alcohol-related problems are associated with a positive attitude toward heavy drinking. One serious consequence of heavy drinking is alcohol-induced blackout. When they occur, alcohol-induced blackouts present a unique opportunity to increase motivation to change drinking. Read More

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The effect of educational intervention based on theory of planned behavior on the improvement of colorectal cancer screening intention among average-risk individuals referring to Asadabad city clinics.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 27;10:57. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Public Health, Asadabad School of Medical Sciences, Asadabad, Iran.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in men and the fourth most common cancer in women in Iran. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on the improvement of CRC screening intention among average-risk individuals.

Materials And Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on the 50-69-year-old individuals referred to Asadabad city clinics in 2020. Read More

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February 2021

A qualitative interview study with parents to identify barriers and drivers to childhood vaccination and inform public health interventions.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Jun 3:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Valid Research Limited, West Yorkshire, UK.

Vaccination coverage in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, has been declining since 2014. This qualitative study aimed to identify barriers and drivers to childhood vaccination for parents. The COM-B (capability-opportunity-motivation-behavior) model was the underpinning theoretical framework. Read More

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HPV vaccine communication training in healthcare systems: Evaluating a train-the-trainer model.

Vaccine 2021 Jun 30;39(28):3731-3736. Epub 2021 May 30.

MercyOne Medical Group-Central Iowa, United States.

Background: Large healthcare systems provide an opportunity to disseminate evidence-based interventions to primary care. We evaluated the impact of a train-the-trainer model in two large systems to disseminate the Announcement Approach Training, which teaches providers to communicate about HPV vaccination more effectively.

Methods: In collaboration with the American Cancer Society, we partnered with two midwestern healthcare systems that served over 77,000 patients ages 11 through 17. Read More

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Abortion in rural Ghana: Cultural norms, knowledge and attitudes.

Afr J Reprod Health 2020 Sep;24(3):51-58

University of Utah, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Division of Public Health, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Using qualitative methodology, semi-structured questionnaires were administered to participants in the Barakese subdistrict of Ghana in order to understand the extent to which men and women have knowledge of family planning services and in what ways cultural norms, practices, and attitudes toward abortion affect the decision to abort. Women in the community pursue abortion using unsafe methods, despite fear of shame, bleeding, infection, or death, as the perceived cost of maintaining the pregnancy is greater. Protective factors that were reported to dissuade women from pursuing unsafe abortion include fear of social disgrace, divine retribution, and death. Read More

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September 2020

COVID-19 Experiences and Social Distancing: Insights From the Theory of Planned Behavior.

Am J Health Promot 2021 Jun 2:8901171211020997. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Purpose: The objective of this study is to identify the relationship between COVID-19 experiences, perceived COVID-19 behavioral control, social norms and attitudes, and future intention to follow social distancing guidelines.

Design: This is a cross-sectional study.

Setting: Participants responded to an on-line survey in June 2020. Read More

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