108 results match your criteria nonverbal subgroup


The application of a neuropsychological measure of executive working memory in older adults with memory impairment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2021 Apr 1:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Division of Behavioral Neurology, Department of Neurology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.

The component of working memory that the frontal cortex subserves is frequently characterized as the executive working memory (EWM). This study applied a neuropsychological measure of EWM (NPM-EWM) in older adults with memory impairment to investigate the EWM. Thirty-two older adults from the community were recruited as older healthy controls (OHCs), and 58 older adults from a memory clinic were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild dementia (MD). Read More

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Challenging the Status Quo of Physician Attire in the Palliative Care Setting.

Oncologist 2020 07 19;25(7):627-637. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Palliative Care, Rehabilitation, and Integrative Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background, Aim, And Hypothesis: This randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the impact of a physician's attire on the perceptions of patients with cancer of compassion, professionalism, and physician preference. Our hypothesis was that patients would perceive the physician with formal attire as more compassionate than the physician wearing casual attire.

Materials And Methods: One hundred five adult follow-up patients with advanced cancer were randomized to watch two standardized, 3-minute video vignettes with the same script, depicting a routine physician-patient clinic encounter. Read More

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Definitions of Nonverbal and Minimally Verbal in Research for Autism: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

J Autism Dev Disord 2020 Aug;50(8):2957-2972

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, 37205, USA.

This systematic review examined definitions of "nonverbal" or "minimally verbal" and assessment measures used to evaluate communication in intervention studies focusing on improving expressive verbal communication in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We reviewed sample size, number of participants, participant age, and male/female representation. Our analysis yielded relatively few studies with non/minimally verbal children with ASD focusing on verbal expressive communication. Read More

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Relationships Between Coping Behaviors and Social Loneliness in Adults With Self-reported Hearing Problems.

Ear Hear 2020 Jul/Aug;41(4):1040-1050

National Health Care Institute, Diemen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To determine the association between various coping behaviors and social loneliness (self-reported deficits in social integration and embeddedness) in adults with self-reported hearing problems. It is hypothesized that adults who frequently use adequate coping behaviors experience less feelings of social loneliness than persons who use these behaviors less often.

Design: Cross-sectional data of 686 participants with hearing-impairment (24-75 years of age) of the online Netherlands Longitudinal Study on Hearing were analyzed. Read More

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January 2020

Communication behavior of cognitively impaired older inpatients : A new setting for validating the CODEM instrument.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Nov 18;52(Suppl 4):264-272. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Interdisciplinary Ageing Research, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

Background And Objective: Acutely ill older patients with cognitive impairment represent a major subgroup in acute care hospitals. In this context, communication plays a crucial role for patients' well-being, healthcare decisions, and medical outcomes. As validated measures are lacking, we tested the psychometric properties of an observational instrument to assess Communication Behavior in Dementia (CODEM) in the acute care hospital setting. Read More

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November 2019

Assessing Higher Order Language Processing in Long-Term Cochlear Implant Users.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2019 11 16;28(4):1537-1553. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe and explain individual differences in complex/higher order language processing in long-term cochlear implant (CI) users relative to normal-hearing (NH) peers. Method Measures of complex/higher order language processing indexed by the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Fourth Edition (CELF-4) Core Language subtests were obtained from 53 long-term (≥ 7 years) CI users aged 9-29 years and 60 NH controls who did not differ in age, gender, or nonverbal IQ. Vocabulary knowledge and fast, automatic language processing (rapid phonological coding, verbal rehearsal speed, and speech intelligibility) were also assessed. Read More

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November 2019

Evidence for gesture-speech mismatch detection impairments in schizophrenia.

Psychiatry Res 2019 03 27;273:15-21. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Rudolf-Bultmann-Str. 8, Marburg 35039, Germany.

Patients with schizophrenia suffer from impairments in the perception and production of gestures. The extent to which patients can access the semantic association between speech and co-verbal gestures in concrete or abstract/metaphorical meaning contexts is unknown. We investigated 1) how patients differ from controls in gesture matching performance, 2) how performance differs in the context of abstract versus concrete meaning, and 3) whether formal thought disorder (FTD) symptom severity predicts task impairment. Read More

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A nonverbal route to conceptual knowledge involving the right anterior temporal lobe.

Neuropsychologia 2018 08 23;117:92-101. Epub 2018 May 23.

Cognitive Neurology & Alzheimer's Disease Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Neurology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Communications Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

The semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (PPA-S) is diagnosed based on impaired single-word comprehension, but nonverbal impairments in face and object recognition can also be present, particularly in later disease stages. PPA-S is associated with focal atrophy in the left anterior temporal lobe (ATL), often accompanied by a lesser degree of atrophy in the right ATL. According to a dual-route account, the left ATL is critical for verbal access to conceptual knowledge while nonverbal access to conceptual knowledge depends upon the integrity of right ATL. Read More

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Cognitive Profiles of Finnish Preschool Children With Expressive and Receptive Language Impairment.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2018 02;61(2):386-397

University of Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the verbal and nonverbal cognitive profiles of children with specific language impairment (SLI) with problems predominantly in expressive (SLI-E) or receptive (SLI-R) language skills. These diagnostic subgroups have not been compared before in psychological studies.

Method: Participants were preschool-age Finnish-speaking children with SLI diagnosed by a multidisciplinary team. Read More

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February 2018

The spatial distribution of perseverations in neglect patients during a nonverbal fluency task depends on the integrity of the right putamen.

Neuropsychologia 2018 07 31;115:42-50. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Neurocenter, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Lucerne, Switzerland; Perception and Eye Movement Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Research, and Department of Neurology, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland; ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Deficient inhibitory control leading to perseverative behaviour is often observed in neglect patients. Previous studies investigating the relationship between response inhibition and visual attention have reported contradictory results: some studies found a linear relationship between neglect severity and perseverative behaviour whereas others could not replicate this result. The aim of the present study was to shed further light on the interplay between visual attention and response inhibition in neglect, and to investigate the neural underpinnings of this interplay. Read More

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The Significance of Impulsive Error in Children With ADHD.

Clin EEG Neurosci 2018 Sep 21;49(5):295-301. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

1 Institute of Allied Health Science, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan.

A deficit of inhibition ability is a neuropsychological problem in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated whether in children who made impulsive error (IE), less error-related negativity (ERN) would correlate with poorer executive attention functions (EAFs). Ninety children (49 with ADHD and 41 without ADHD) were investigated by a 4-minute simple reaction time task and simultaneous electroencephalogram. Read More

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September 2018

Auditory Pitch Perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder Is Associated With Nonverbal Abilities.

Perception 2017 Nov 6;46(11):1298-1320. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, International Laboratory for Brain Music and Sound Research, Montréal, QC, Canada; Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Atypical sensory perception and heterogeneous cognitive profiles are common features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, previous findings on auditory sensory processing in ASD are mixed. Accordingly, auditory perception and its relation to cognitive abilities in ASD remain poorly understood. Read More

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November 2017

Assessment of presentation patterns, clinical severity, and sensorial mechanism of tip-toe behavior in severe ASD subjects with intellectual disability: A cohort observational study.

Autism Res 2017 Sep 6;10(9):1547-1557. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Autism Research Unit, Villa Santa Maria Institute, Tavernerio, (CO), Italy.

We assessed presentation patterns and characteristics of tip-toe behavior (TTB), more commonly known as toe walking, in a cohort of severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) subjects with intellectual disability in two studies. The first study included 69 consecutive ASD subjects (57 males, mean age = 14 years-3.7 SD) under observation at our institute. Read More

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September 2017

Impairment of Social Function in Young Females With Recent-Onset Anorexia Nervosa and Recovered Individuals.

J Adolesc Health 2017 01 27;60(1):23-32. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Centre, Mental Health Services in the Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: A subgroup of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) displays social difficulties; however, it is not clear if individuals with comorbid autism spectrum disorders account for these difficulties.

Methods: We compared social function using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule in 43 young females with first-episode AN who did not have comorbid autism spectrum disorder, 28 individuals recovered from adolescent-onset AN, and 41 healthy comparison individuals (age range 14-22 years). We measured adaptive behavior with the Vineland-II parent questionnaire, and aspects of social cognition with psychological tests, such as the Reading-the-Mind-in-the-Eyes test, Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity short version, The Awareness of Social Inference Test, Animated Triangles, and the CANTAB Affective Go/No-go task. Read More

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January 2017

Language comprehension in children, adolescents, and adults with Down syndrome.

Res Dev Disabil 2017 Mar 7;62:184-196. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: There is conflicting evidence as to whether receptive language abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) continue to improve into adulthood, reach a plateau in late adolescence, or even start to decline.

Aim: The study aims to shed light on the question whether receptive syntactic skills change from childhood/adolescence to adulthood and provides a detailed qualitative analysis of the receptive abilities of adults with DS.

Methods: 58 individuals with DS participated in the study: 31 children/adolescents (aged: 4;6-19;0 years) and 27 adults (aged: 20;8-40;3 years). Read More

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Subclassification of GMFCS Level-5 Cerebral Palsy as a Predictor of Complications and Health-Related Quality of Life After Spinal Arthrodesis.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2016 Nov;98(21):1821-1828

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) of cerebral palsy categorizes patients by mobility. Patients at GMFCS level 5 are considered the most disabled and at high risk of hip and spine problems, yet they represent a wide spectrum of function. Our aim was to subclassify patients at GMFCS level 5 who underwent spinal arthrodesis on the basis of central neuromotor impairments and to assess whether subclassification predicted postoperative complications and changes in health-related quality of life. Read More

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November 2016

Understanding definitions of minimally verbal across instruments: evidence for subgroups within minimally verbal children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2016 12 30;57(12):1424-1433. Epub 2016 Jul 30.

University of California San Francisco Department of Psychiatry, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Minimally verbal (MV) children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often assumed to be profoundly cognitively impaired and excluded from analyses due to challenges completing standardized testing protocols. A literature aimed at increasing understanding of this subgroup is emerging; however, the many methods used to define MV status make it difficult to compare studies. Understanding how different instruments and definitions used to identify MV children affect sample composition is critical to advance research on this understudied clinical population. Read More

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December 2016

BEATVIC, a body-oriented resilience training with elements of kickboxing for individuals with a psychotic disorder: study protocol of a multi-center RCT.

BMC Psychiatry 2016 07 8;16:227. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Department of Neuroscience, BCN Neuroimaging Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 2, 9713 AW, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Individuals with a psychotic disorder are at an increased risk of becoming victim of a crime or other forms of aggression. Research has revealed several possible risk factors (e.g. Read More

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School-age outcomes of infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Res 2016 06 9;9(6):632-42. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

MIND Institute, University of California, Davis.

Studies of infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have proliferated, but few of these samples have been followed longer-term. We conducted a follow-up study, at age 5.5-9 years, of younger siblings of children with ASD (high-risk group, n = 79) or typical development (low-risk group, n = 60), originally recruited as infants. Read More

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Gesture development in toddlers with an older sibling with autism.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2016 Jan 6;51(1):18-30. Epub 2015 Sep 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Nonverbal communication deficits are characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and have been reported in some later-born siblings of children with ASD (heightened-risk (HR) children). However, little work has investigated gesture as a function of language ability, which varies greatly in this population.

Aims: This longitudinal study characterizes gesture in HR children and examines differences related to diagnostic outcome (ASD, language delay, no diagnosis) and age. Read More

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January 2016

Defining language impairments in a subgroup of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Sci China Life Sci 2015 Oct;58(10):1044-52

Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed on the basis of core impairments in pragmatic language skills, which are found across all ages and subtypes. In contrast, there is significant heterogeneity in language phenotypes, ranging from nonverbal to superior linguistic abilities, as defined on standardized tests of vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. The majority of children are verbal but impaired in language, relative to age-matched peers. Read More

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October 2015

Why Dose Frequency Affects Spoken Vocabulary in Preschoolers With Down Syndrome.

Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 2015 Jul;120(4):302-14

In an earlier randomized clinical trial, daily communication and language therapy resulted in more favorable spoken vocabulary outcomes than weekly therapy sessions in a subgroup of initially nonverbal preschoolers with intellectual disabilities that included only children with Down syndrome (DS). In this reanalysis of the dataset involving only the participants with DS, we found that more therapy led to larger spoken vocabularies at posttreatment because it increased children's canonical syllabic communication and receptive vocabulary growth early in the treatment phase. Read More

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Educational attainment in poor comprehenders.

Front Psychol 2014 28;5:445. Epub 2014 May 28.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford Oxford, UK.

To date, only one study has investigated educational attainment in poor (reading) comprehenders, providing evidence of poor performance on national UK school tests at age 11 years relative to peers (Cain and Oakhill, 2006). In the present study, we adopted a longitudinal approach, tracking attainment on such tests from 11 years to the end of compulsory schooling in the UK (age 16 years). We aimed to investigate the proposal that educational weaknesses (defined as poor performance on national assessments) might become more pronounced over time, as the curriculum places increasing demands on reading comprehension. Read More

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Sentence comprehension in boys with autism spectrum disorder.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2014 Aug;23(3):385-94

Purpose: Previous research has suggested that language comprehension might be particularly impaired in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but this profile has been only broadly characterized. In the current study, the authors examined sentence comprehension in school-age boys with ASD, including a subgroup with intellectual disability (ID), with particular attention paid to errors that might differentiate between lexically and syntactically based difficulties.

Method: Participants were boys with ASD (n = 45, ages 4-11 years) and younger typically developing boys (n = 45, ages 2-6 years). Read More

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Neural correlates of empathic impairment in the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia.

Alzheimers Dement 2014 Nov 28;10(6):827-34. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy; Department of Clinical Neurosciences, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; Division of Neuroscience, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: Loss of empathy is a symptom of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), constituting a clue for early diagnosis. In this study, we directly compared two empathy components (intention attribution [IA] and emotion attribution [EA]), correlating them with possible specific patterns of gray-matter density reduction within the mentalizing network.

Methods: We evaluated IA and EA in 18 mild bvFTD patients compared with 36 healthy controls (HCs) using a single nonverbal test. Read More

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November 2014

Working memory, worry, and algebraic ability.

J Exp Child Psychol 2014 May 1;121:120-36. Epub 2014 Feb 1.

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address:

Math anxiety (MA)-working memory (WM) relationships have typically been examined in the context of arithmetic problem solving, and little research has examined the relationship in other math domains (e.g., algebra). Read More

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Asperger syndrome and "non-verbal learning problems" in a longitudinal perspective: neuropsychological and social adaptive outcome in early adult life.

Psychiatry Res 2013 Dec 18;210(2):553-8. Epub 2013 Jul 18.

Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Co-existence of Asperger syndrome (AS) and non-verbal learning disability (NLD) has been proposed based on the observation that people with AS tend to have significantly higher verbal than performance IQ (VIQ > PIQ by ≥ 15 points), one of the core features of NLD. In the present study we examined neuropsychological and social adaptive profiles with "non-verbal learning problems" associated with NLD in a group of individuals with AS followed from childhood into early adult life. The group was divided into three subgroups: (i) persistent NLD (P-NLD), i. Read More

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December 2013

Narrative retelling in children with neurodevelopmental disorders: is there a role for nonverbal temporal-sequencing skills?

Scand J Psychol 2013 Oct 16;54(5):376-85. Epub 2013 Jul 16.

Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.

Oral narrative retelling is often problematic for children with communicative and neurodevelopmental disorders. However, beyond a suggested role of language level, little is known about the basis of narrative performance. In this study we examine whether oral narrative retelling might be associated not just with language level but also with skills related to nonverbal narrative temporal sequencing. Read More

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October 2013

Social outcomes in mid- to later adulthood among individuals diagnosed with autism and average nonverbal IQ as children.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2013 Jun 24;52(6):572-81.e1. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London, UK.

Objective: To describe current social functioning in a clinical sample of 60 adults with autism (mean age = 44 years) who were all of average nonverbal IQ (70+) when first diagnosed (mean age = 6.75 years).

Method: Outcome measures included standardized diagnostic and cognitive assessments and questionnaires on social functioning. Read More

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Poor comprehenders in the classroom: teacher ratings of behavior in children with poor reading comprehension and its relationship with individual differences in working memory.

J Learn Disabil 2014 May-Jun;47(3):199-207. Epub 2012 Aug 18.

1University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Differing etiological explanations have been proposed to account for poor comprehenders' difficulties with reading comprehension, with some researchers emphasizing working memory deficits and others arguing for oral language weaknesses playing a key causal role. The authors contrasted these two theoretical accounts using data obtained from direct measures of working memory and from teacher ratings of poor comprehenders' behavior in the classroom. At the group level, poor comprehenders showed weaknesses on verbal but not nonverbal working memory tasks, in keeping with the "language account. Read More

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