157 results match your criteria nonexercise condition


Effect of exercise training before and after bariatric surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2021 Jun 3:e13296. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Department of Nutrition, Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

We aimed to assess the effectiveness of exercise training programs in adults with severe obesity undergoing bariatric surgery. A systematic search of controlled trials published up to October 2019 that assigned participants to either a preoperative or postoperative exercise training group or a nonexercise group was performed. Meta-analyses were conducted using random-effects models. Read More

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Effect of Low-Intensity vs High-Intensity Home-Based Walking Exercise on Walk Distance in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: The LITE Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2021 04;325(13):1266-1276

Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Importance: Supervised high-intensity walking exercise that induces ischemic leg symptoms is the first-line therapy for people with lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD), but adherence is poor.

Objective: To determine whether low-intensity home-based walking exercise at a comfortable pace significantly improves walking ability in people with PAD vs high-intensity home-based walking exercise that induces ischemic leg symptoms and vs a nonexercise control.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted at 4 US centers and including 305 participants. Read More

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Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Dialysis-Related Symptoms in Individuals Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2021 Apr 25;16(4):560-574. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Max Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Background: Hemodialysis is associated with a high symptom burden that impairs health-related quality of life and functional status. Effective symptom management is a priority for individuals receiving hemodialysis. Aerobic exercise may be an effective, nonpharmacologic treatment for specific hemodialysis-related symptoms. Read More

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Association of Health Literacy with the Implementation of Exercise during the Declaration of COVID-19 State of Emergency among Japanese Community-Dwelling Old-Old Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 21;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Graduate School of Health and Environment Science, Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University, Miyagi 981-8551, Japan.

Health literacy is important for promoting and maintaining good health in old-old adults. It may influence the implementation of exercise in the coronavirus disease epidemic. The present cross-sectional study investigated the association of each dimension of health literacy with the implementation of exercise during the declaration of a state of emergency due to coronavirus disease in community-dwelling old-old adults. Read More

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February 2021

Acute effects of aerobic continuous, intermittent, and resistance exercise on glycemia in adolescents males with type 1 diabetes.

Pediatr Diabetes 2021 Jun 19;22(4):610-617. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, SE, Sweden.

Objective: Increased levels of physical activity is often associated with reduced HbA1c in individuals with diabetes. However, the effect on glycemic control differs between different programs of exercise. The aim of this study was to compare the acute effects on glycemia of resistance and two aerobic continuous and intermittent exercise bouts in adolescent males with type 1 diabetes. Read More

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Effects of Acute Exercise on Drug Craving, Self-Esteem, Mood, and Affect in Adults with Polysubstance Use Disorder: Protocol for a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 Oct 13;9(10):e18553. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Novel treatments for substance use disorders are needed. Acute bouts of exercise can improve mood states and craving in nonclinical populations. Exercise effects in those with polysubstance dependence are understudied; controlled trials are needed. Read More

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October 2020

Exercise Therapies for Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Parkinsons Dis 2020 8;2020:2565320. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Department of Cardiology and Neurology, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea.

Recently, rehabilitative exercise therapies have been described as an important method of overcoming the limitations of the conventional therapies for Parkinson's disease. The present study aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of exercise therapies for Parkinson's disease. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated exercise therapies in patients with Parkinson's disease until December 2016 were searched for in five electronic databases: PubMed, CENTRAL, EMBASE, OASIS, and CNKI. Read More

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September 2020

Supervised Exercise Intervention and Overall Activity in CKD.

Kidney Int Rep 2020 Aug 15;5(8):1261-1270. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Vanderbilt O'Brien Kidney Center, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Introduction: Patients are often instructed to engage in multiple weekly sessions of exercise to increase physical activity. We aimed to determine whether assignment to a supervised exercise regimen increases overall weekly activity in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of a pilot randomized 2 × 2 factorial design trial examining the effects of diet and exercise (10%-15% reduction in caloric intake, 3 supervised exercise sessions/wk, combined diet restriction/exercise, and control). Read More

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Increased cerebral blood flow supports a single-bout postexercise benefit to executive function: evidence from hypercapnia.

J Neurophysiol 2020 09 5;124(3):930-940. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

School of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

A single bout of aerobic exercise improves executive function; however, the mechanism for the improvement remains unclear. One proposal asserts that an exercise-mediated increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) enhances the efficiency of executive-related cortical structures. To examine this, participants completed separate 10-min sessions of moderate- to heavy-intensity aerobic exercise, a hypercapnic environment (i. Read More

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September 2020

An Exercise Program for Peritoneal Dialysis Patients in the United States: A Feasibility Study.

Kidney Med 2020 May-Jun;2(3):267-275. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Satellite Healthcare, San Jose, CA.

Background: People with end-stage kidney disease receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) are generally physically inactive and frail. Exercise studies in PD are scarce and currently there are no PD exercise programs in the United States. The primary objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a combined resistance and cardiovascular exercise program for PD patients under the care of a dedicated home dialysis center in the United States. Read More

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Effect of aerobic and resistance exercise training on inflammation, endothelial function and ambulatory blood pressure in middle-aged hypertensive patients.

J Hypertens 2020 12;38(12):2501-2509

School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Dance, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre.

Objective: The current randomized controlled trial tested the hypothesis that both aerobic training and dynamic resistance training will improve inflammation, endothelial function and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in middle-aged adults with hypertension, but aerobic training would be more effective.

Methods: Forty-two hypertensive patients on at least one antihypertensive medication (19 men/23 women; 30-59 years of age) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of supervised aerobic training (n = 15), resistance training (n = 15) or a nonexercise control (n = 12) group. Inflammation, endothelial function, 24-h ABP and related measures were evaluated at pre and postintervention. Read More

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December 2020

Effects of exercise programmes on pain, disease activity and function in ankylosing spondylitis: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Eur J Clin Invest 2020 Dec 11;50(12):e13352. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Background: To evaluate the effects of exercise programmes on pain, function and disease activity in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Materials And Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang from inception to February 2020. Randomized controlled trials comparing exercises with nonexercise interventions in AS patients were applied. Read More

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December 2020

Impact of exercise addiction on attitude to preparticipation evaluation and adherence to medical prescription.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2020 Oct;21(10):772-778

Department of Neuroscience.

Aims: Identification of silent cardiovascular diseases by preparticipation evaluation (PPE) and disqualification from competitive sports have the potential to prevent sudden death but may induce adverse psychological consequences, particularly for exercise addicted athletes. We investigated the relationship between exercise addiction, attitude towards PPE and reaction to cardiovascular disease diagnosis.

Methods: We invited Italian competitive athletes to participate in an online questionnaire investigating exercise addiction, opinion about mandatory PPE and potential reaction to both sports disqualification and hypothetical diagnosis of different cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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October 2020

Exhaustive Exercise Induces Gastrointestinal Syndrome through Reduced ILC3 and IL-22 in Mouse Model.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2020 08;52(8):1710-1718

Research Center for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing Medical Nutrition Research Center, Institute of Military Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, PR CHINA.

Purpose: This study was to investigate the mechanism of intestinal physical and immune barriers in the occurrence of high-intensive exercise-induced gastrointestinal symptoms.

Methods: An overtraining model of male C57BL/6 mice was established by running-to-exhaustive exercise. Then, the mice were sacrificed, and a series of evaluation indicators, including the routine blood analysis as well as histological examinations, inflammatory factors, ultrastructure observation, and intestinal permeability of the gut, were measured based on this model. Read More

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Effectiveness of an Unexpected Disturbance Program in the Early Stage of Rehabilitation in Athletes With Unilateral Knee Ligament Injury.

J Sport Rehabil 2020 Feb 5:1-6. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Context: Sensorimotor, proprioceptive, and neuromuscular programs are critical for the successful rehabilitation of injured athletes, and these decrease reinjury rates.

Objective: To investigate the effects of an unexpected disturbance program (UDP) on balance and unilateral strength metrics in athletes with unilateral knee ligament injury.

Design: A 3-week parallel-group experimental design consisting of 9 rehabilitation sessions. Read More

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February 2020

Reinforcing exercise to improve drug abuse treatment outcomes: A randomized controlled study in a substance use disorder outpatient treatment setting.

Psychol Addict Behav 2020 Feb 10;34(1):52-64. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut.

Exercise holds potential to reduce substance use, but engaging patients in exercise regimens is challenging. Contingency management (CM) interventions can directly address adherence by targeting initiation and maintenance of exercise behavior. This study evaluated the efficacy of a CM-reinforced exercise intervention as an adjunct to standard outpatient substance use disorder treatment. Read More

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February 2020

Factors associated with appendicular skeletal muscle mass among male Chinese patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A hospital-based cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Oct;98(40):e17361

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University.

Limbs muscle wasting is a common disorder in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that limits daily activities and exercise intolerance, especially in males. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) in male patients with stable COPD. In addition, factors associated with parameters of ASM were also investigated. Read More

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October 2019

Dietary Intake and Energy Expenditure During Two Different Phases of Athletic Training in Female Collegiate Lacrosse Players.

J Strength Cond Res 2020 Jun;34(6):1547-1554

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Nutritional Sciences, Nakamura Gakuen University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Kumahara, H, Ohta, C, Nabeshima, E, Nakayama, A, Mine, S, and Yamato, T. Dietary intake and energy expenditure during two different phases of athletic training in female collegiate lacrosse players. J Strength Cond Res 34(6): 1547-1554, 2020-This study aims to investigate the state of nutrient intake and energy expenditure (EE) among various phases of periodization in female collegiate lacrosse players. Read More

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Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Intervention on Subsequent Compensatory Behaviors in Adolescent Girls: An Exploratory Study.

Pediatr Exerc Sci 2019 07 19;31(4):495-504. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Loughborough University.

Purpose: Chronic exercise programs can induce adaptive compensatory behavioral responses through increased energy intake (EI) and/or decreased free-living physical activity in adults. These responses can negate the benefits of an exercise-induced energy deficit; however, it is unclear whether young people experience similar responses. This study examined whether exercise-induced compensation occurs in adolescent girls. Read More

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Effects of Acute Eccentric Exercise on Appetite-Related Hormones and Food Preferences in Men.

Am J Mens Health 2019 Jul-Aug;13(4):1557988319861587

2 School of Food Science & Nutrition, University of Leeds, UK.

Eccentric exercise has been suggested to improve muscle atrophy, muscle function, and insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of acute eccentric exercise on appetite-related hormones, food preferences, and food intake. Fourteen moderately active men were recruited to participate in this study (age 24. Read More

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Blood Flow Restriction Does Not Attenuate Short-Term Detraining-Induced Muscle Size and Strength Losses After Resistance Training With Blood Flow Restriction.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Physical Education, Strength Training Study and Research Group, Institute of Health Sciences, Paulista University, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Teixeira, EL, de Salles Painelli, V, Silva-Batista, C, de Souza Barros, T, Longo, AR, Lasevicius, T, Schoenfeld, BJ, Aihara, AY, and de Almeida Peres, B. Blood flow restriction does not attenuate short-term detraining-induced muscle size and strength losses after resistance training with blood flow restriction. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-After a short-term resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR), we investigated the effects of 12 days of detraining (DET), without an exercise stimulus, on quadriceps cross-sectional area (QCSA) and muscle strength (1 repetition maximum [1RM]), with 1 leg receiving daily intermittent BFR during DET vs. Read More

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The Effect of Cardiac Rehabilitation on Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Meta-analysis.

Can J Cardiol 2019 03 24;35(3):352-364. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Toronto Health Economics and Technology Assessment (THETA) Collaborative, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHPME), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The clinical effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an area that has not been consistently explored. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of providing any core component of CR on HRQOL domains.

Methods: We performed a meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the core components of CR. Read More

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Development and Testing of an Integrated Score for Physical Behaviors.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019 08;51(8):1759-1766

Department of Statistics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Purpose: Interest in a variety of physical behaviors (e.g., exercise, sitting time, sleep) in relation to health outcomes creates a need for new statistical approaches to analyze the joint effects of these distinct but inter-related physical behaviors. Read More

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Exercise Guidelines for Gait Function in Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2018 10 28;32(10):872-886. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

3 University of Miami, FL, USA.

This systematic review and meta-analysis is to provide comprehensive evidence-based exercise recommendations targeting walking function for adults with Parkinson's disease.

Methods: Fixed- or random-effect meta-analyses estimated standardized effect sizes (Hedge's g), comparing treatment effects from exercise with nonexercise and another form of exercise (non-EXE control and EXE control). Cuing and exercise duration were used as moderators for subanalyses. Read More

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October 2018

Peak Ventilation Reference Standards from Exercise Testing: From the FRIEND Registry.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 12;50(12):2603-2608

Division of Cardiology, VA Palo Alto Healthcare System, Palo Alto, CA.

Purpose: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) provides valuable clinical information, including peak ventilation (V˙Epeak), which has been shown to have diagnostic and prognostic value in the assessment of patients with underlying pulmonary disease. This report provides reference standards for V˙Epeak derived from CPX on treadmills in apparently healthy individuals.

Methods: Nine laboratories in the United States experienced in CPX administration with established quality control procedures contributed to the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database from 2014 to 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Single Bout Exercise in Children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Impact on Inflammatory Markers.

Mediators Inflamm 2018 13;2018:9365745. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Pédiatrie Générale Multidisciplinaire, Hôpital Estaing, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Objective: In a context of inflammatory disease such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), we do not know what impact physical activity may have on a deregulated immune system. The objective is to measure the impact of a single bout of exercise on plasma inflammatory markers such as calprotectin, IL-6, sIL-6R, sgp130, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Methods: Twelve children with JIA performed a nonexercise control day and a consecutive day that included a 20 min exercise bout at 70% of max-HR at 08:30 am. Read More

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December 2018

Circulating sclerostin is not suppressed following a single bout of exercise in young men.

Physiol Rep 2018 05;6(10):e13695

Military Performance Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts.

The aim of this study was to determine whether an acute bout of exercise reduces serum sclerostin under diet-controlled conditions that stabilize the parathyroid hormone (PTH)-1,alpha-hydroxylase axis. Fourteen male volunteers (age, 22.1 years ± 4. Read More

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Can Exercise Improve Cognitive Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease?

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 03 24;66(3):487-495. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.

Objectives: To examine the effects of exercise training on cognitive function in individuals at risk of or diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Design: Meta-analysis.

Setting: PubMed, Scopus, ClinicalTrials. Read More

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Nonexercise Estimated Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Mortality Due to All Causes and Cardiovascular Disease: The NHANES III Study.

Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes 2017 Jul 15;1(1):16-25. Epub 2017 May 15.

Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Objective: To investigate associations of estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF) and all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in a representative US population.

Participants And Methods: A total of 12,834 participants, aged 20 to 86 years at baseline, were included in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They were followed up from October 18, 1988, through December 31, 2011, for all-cause and CVD death. Read More

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The Effects of Exercise Training on Anxiety in Fibromyalgia Patients: A Meta-analysis.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2017 09;49(9):1868-1876

1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, University of Limerick, Ireland, IRELAND; 2Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI; 3Research Service, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI; and 4Health Research Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, IRELAND.

Physical inactivity and comorbid anxiety symptoms are prevalent among fibromyalgia (FM) patients. Exercise training may be an effective alternative therapy to reduce these symptoms.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of exercise training on anxiety symptoms in patients with FM and to examine whether variables of theoretical or practical importance moderate the estimated mean effect. Read More

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September 2017