Virol J 2020 09 14;17(1):137. Epub 2020 Sep 14.
State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, National Foot and Mouth Disease Reference Laboratory, Key Laboratory of Animal Virology of Ministry of Agriculture, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 1 Xujiaping, Yanchangbao, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730046, PR China.
Background: Recent study has shown that the C-terminal portion of 3A (amino acids (aa) 81-153) is not essential for foot-and-mouth disease virus replication in cell culture, however, the complete C-terminal portion (aa 77-153) of 3A is highly variable and prone to occur deletions and mutations, therefore, we presume that this region plays a very limited role and probablely is completely nonessential for virus viability.
Methods: In this study, to identify the largest non-essential region of the C-terminal portion in 3A for FMDV viability, several deletions containing aa 80-153, 77-153 and 76-153 of 3A protein were introduced into an FMDV full-length infectious cDNA clone pOFS by the overlapping extension PCR. Additionally, to explore the importance of the highly conserved residue 76 L of 3A for the FMDV of Cathay topotype, two mutants containing 3A L76I and 3A L76V were generated based on the 3A deletion mutant by point mutation. Read More