Internist (Berl) 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.
Schwerpunkt Akutgeriatrie, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, LMU Klinikum, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336, München, Deutschland.
Osteoporosis is nowadays understood as an increased risk of fractures, with bone density measurement by dual-energy X‑ray absorptiometry (DXA) being a useful diagnostic criterion and a potent fracture predictor; however, especially in geriatric patients the result is often falsely negative, so that the diagnosis, indications for treatment and treatment selection should be based on an overall clinical evaluation of the individual situation. Sarcopenia is defined as a geriatric syndrome characterized by a generalized loss of skeletal mass and muscle function. Sarcopenia is associated with an increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, disability and mortality. Read More