11,443 results match your criteria nlr protein


Predictors of coronary artery calcification and its association with cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Ren Fail 2021 Dec;43(1):1172-1179

Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, PR China.

Objective: To investigate the predictors of coronary artery calcification (CAC) and its association with cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Method: Two hundred ninety CKD patients in our nephrology department were enrolled from 2018 to May 2019. The levels of matrix Gla protein (MGP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were measured enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method in 131 CKD patients of all. Read More

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December 2021

Dimethyl itaconate inhibits LPS‑induced microglia inflammation and inflammasome‑mediated pyroptosis via inducing autophagy and regulating the Nrf‑2/HO‑1 signaling pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 23;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Aging and Neurological Disorder Research, Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. China.

The endogenous metabolite itaconate and its cell‑permeable derivative dimethyl itaconate (DI) have been identified as anti‑inflammatory regulators of macrophages; however, their contribution to inflammasome‑mediated pyroptosis remains unknown. The present study examined the molecular mechanism of DI on NLR family pyrin domain‑containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome assembly and NLRP3 inflammasome‑dependent pyroptosis in microglia. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and ATP were used to induce microglia pyroptosis ; this process was confirmed by TUNEL assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) detection and gasdermin D (GSDMD) expression analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696) reduces myocardial injury following myocardial infarction by inhibiting NLRP3‑induced pyroptosis via the TAK1/JNK signaling pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 23;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Geriatric Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Heping, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, P.R. China.

The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696) on ventricular remodeling in myocardial infarction (MI) and the effects of the inflammasome‑mediated inflammatory response. First, a rat model was established. Animals were then treated with LCZ696 so that the histopathological changes associated with ventricular remodeling could be investigated. Read More

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September 2021

Genomics accelerated isolation of a new stem rust avirulence gene-wheat resistance gene pair.

Nat Plants 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Agriculture and Food, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Stem rust caused by the fungus Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) is a devastating disease of the global staple crop wheat. Read More

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[Inhibition of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species reduces high glucose-induced pyroptosis and ferroptosis in H9C2 cardiac myocytes].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Jul;41(7):980-987

Department of Physiology, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233000, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of inhibiting mitochondrial oxidative stress and NLRP3 inflammasomes on high glucose (HG)-induced pyroptosis and ferroptosis in H9C2 cardiac muscle cells and explore the possible interactions between mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammasomes.

Methods: H9C2 cells exposed to high glucose (35 mmol/L) were treated with the mitochondrial antioxidant mitoquinone (MitoQ), the NLRP3 antagonist MCC950, or both MCC950 and rotenone (a mitochondrial electron transport antagonist), and the cell viability was measured with CCK-8 assay. The cellular and mitochondrial ROS levels were measured using CellRox and Mitosox fluorescent probes, respectively. Read More

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[Macrophage migration inhibitory factor meditates MPP+/MPTP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation in microglia cells].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Jul;41(7):972-979

Department of Neurology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital //Guangdong Neuroscience Institute, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Objective: To explore the mechanisms of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)/nucleus factor-κB (NF-κB) in mediating 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium iodide (MPP +)/1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced activation of Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in microglials and the its effects on neurons.

Methods: Murine microglial cell line Bv-2 was infected with a lentivirus carrying MIF shRNA for MIF knockdown and then treated with MPP+. The total protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, p65 and p65 in the cell nuclei and cytoplasm were detected. Read More

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Uric Acid-to-Albumin Ratio: A Novel Marker for the Extent of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Non-ST-Elevated Myocardial Infarction.

Pulse (Basel) 2021 Jun 4;8(3-4):99-107. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Cardiology, University of Medical Sciences, Kartal Kosuyolu High Specialty Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This research aimed to investigate the predictive value of the uric acid-to-serum albumin ratio (UAR) in establishing the severity and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients.

Methods: A total of 402 patients (mean age 63.5 ± 11. Read More

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Phase I/II Clinical Trial of Autologous Activated Platelet-Rich Plasma (aaPRP) in the Treatment of Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients.

Int J Inflam 2021 7;2021:5531873. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

HayandraLab, Yayasan Hayandra Peduli, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been increasing rapidly. This disease causes an increase in proinflammatory cytokine production that leads to cytokine storm or cytokine release syndrome (CRS). Autologous activated platelet-rich plasma (aaPRP) contains various types of growth factors and anti-inflammatory cytokines that may have the potential to suppress CRS. Read More

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NLRP3 Inflammasome in Metabolic-Associated Kidney Diseases: An Update.

Front Immunol 2021 8;12:714340. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Nephrology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of complex metabolic disorders syndrome, which refers to the pathological state of metabolism disorder of protein, fat, carbohydrate and other substances in human body. The kidney is an important organ of metabolism, and various metabolic disorders can lead to the abnormalities in the structure and function of the kidney. The recognition of pathogenesis and treatment measures of renal damage in MS is a very important part for the renal function preserve. Read More

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A cell wall-localized NLR confers resistance to Soybean mosaic virus by recognizing viral-encoded cylindrical inclusion protein.

Mol Plant 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

National Center for Soybean Improvement, National Key Laboratory for Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Soybean-Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) causes severe yield losses and seed quality reduction in soybean (Glycine max) production worldwide. Rsc4 from cultivar Dabaima is a dominant genetic locus for SMV resistance, and its mapping interval contains three Nucleotide-binding domain Leucine-rich Repeat containing (NLR) candidates (Rsc4-1, Rsc4-2, and Rsc4-3). The NLR-type resistant proteins were considered as important intracellular pathogen sensors in the previous studies. Read More

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The -Specific Truncated NLR Protein CbCN Enhances the Innate Immunity against .

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 18;22(14). Epub 2021 Jul 18.

National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju 54874, Korea.

Chili pepper () is an important fruit and spice used globally, but its yield is seriously threatened by anthracnose. is particularly valuable as it carries advantageous disease resistance genes. However, most of the genes remain to be identified. Read More

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Evaluation of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, and C-Reactive Protein in Tension-Type Headache Patients.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021 Jul 15;12(3):566-570. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Medical Laboratory, Vocational School of Health Services, Mardin Artuklu University, Mardin, Turkey.

 A tension headache is the most common type of headache, and its causes are multifactorial. A relationship has been shown between migraine headaches and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and C-reactive protein (CRP). In this study, we investigated the NLR, PLR, and serum CRP levels in frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) patients. Read More

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Fine dissection of limber pine resistance to Cronartium ribicola using targeted sequencing of the NLR family.

BMC Genomics 2021 Jul 23;22(1):567. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, 506 West Burnside Road, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: Proteins with nucleotide binding site (NBS) and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains (NLR) make up one of most important resistance (R) families for plants to resist attacks from various pathogens and pests. The available transcriptomes of limber pine (Pinus flexilis) allow us to characterize NLR genes and related resistance gene analogs (RGAs) in host resistance against Cronartium ribicola, the causal fungal pathogen of white pine blister rust (WPBR) on five-needle pines throughout the world. We previously mapped a limber pine major gene locus (Cr4) that confers complete resistance to C. Read More

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Gamma Radiation Induce Inflammasome Signaling and Pyroptosis in Microvascular Endothelial Cells.

J Inflamm Res 2021 15;14:3277-3288. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Blood Diseases Institute, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou City, 221002, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: The extend to the clinical benefit of radiation therapy is the inability to eliminate only cancer cells and destroy normal cells such as microvascular endothelial in the vascular niche and turn induced-inflammasome signaling and cell death. These unfortunate injuries generated by ionizing radiation alter the therapeutic window and result in the re-occurrence of the malignancy. Therefore, we engaged in vitro studies by demonstrating radiation-induced inflammasome and cell death in endothelial cells. Read More

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First Report of Oncological Outcome and Prognostic Analysis in a First-Line Setting of Short Hydration Gemcitabine and Cisplatin Chemotherapy for Patients with Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma.

Oncology 2021 Jul 20:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Nephro-urology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Japan.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a modified-short hydration gemcitabine and cisplatin (m-shGC) regimen for patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) and to assess the efficacy of a geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) with regard to prognosis.

Patients And Methods: From January 2016 to July 2020, 68 patients with mUC underwent first-line m-shGC therapy with 70 mg/m2 cisplatin and 1,000 mg/m2 gemcitabine (days 1, 8, and 15), with 2,050 mL fluid replaced on the first day of each 28-day cycle. Prior to the start of treatment, the serum neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and levels of albumin and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum, as well as body heights and weights were measured. Read More

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Combining Preoperative Immunoinflammatory Scores and F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron-emission Tomography Predicts Beneficiaries of Salvage Esophagectomy.

Anticancer Res 2021 Aug;41(8):4005-4011

Division of Gastroenterological Surgery, Department of General Surgical Science, Gunma University, Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

Background: This study evaluated the prognostic value of preoperative immunoinflammatory scores and F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) for patients undergoing salvage esophagectomy to identify suitable candidates for surgery.

Patients And Methods: Twenty-five patients undergoing salvage esophagectomy were included. The prognostic value of the preoperative C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and maximum standardized FDG uptake value (SUVmax) were investigated. Read More

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Protective Effects of Ethanolic Extract from Rhizome of against Renal Fibrosis and Inflammation in a Diabetic Nephropathy Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 5;22(13). Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Hanbang Cardio-Renal Syndrome Research Center, Wonkwang University, Jeollabuk-do, Iksan 54538, Korea.

Progressive diabetic nephropathy (DN) in diabetes leads to major morbidity and mortality. The major pathological alterations of DN include mesangial expansion, extracellular matrix alterations, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and glomerular sclerosis. is widely used in traditional oriental medicine and has long been used as a diuretic, astringent, insecticide and antihypertensive. Read More

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Dietary Antioxidant Capacity and Serum Inflammatory Biomarkers Levels in Cancer Survivors.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jul 19:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

This study aimed to compare the dietary intake of carotenoids, tocopherols, ascorbic acid, flavonoids, and dietary total antioxidant capacity (dTAC) and to evaluate relationship of dTAC with serum inflammatory biomarkers in patients with gastrointestinal system (GIS) and non-GIS cancer. In total, 104 adult cancer survivors (52 GIS and 52 non-GIS cancer cases) were included. 24-hour dietary recalls were obtained and dTAC was calculated on the basis of oxygen radical absorption capacity (ORAC), Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP), and vitamin C equivalents (VCE). Read More

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Bruton's tyrosine kinase regulates macrophage‑induced inflammation in the diabetic kidney via NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Int J Mol Med 2021 Sep 19;48(3). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Nephropathy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230022, P.R. China.

It has been previously reported that macrophages may be involved in diabetic nephropathy (DN) development. Furthermore, Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) may participate in macrophage activation and lead to the release of inflammatory mediators. The main aim of the present study was to analyze the association between renal BTK expression and clinical indicators. Read More

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September 2021

PKC Delta Activation Promotes Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress (ERS) and NLR Family Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 (NLRP3) Inflammasome Activation Subsequent to Asynuclein-Induced Microglial Activation: Involvement of Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein (TXNIP)/Thioredoxin (Trx) Redoxisome Pathway.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 2;13:661505. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States.

A classical hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis is the accumulation of misfolded alpha-synuclein (αSyn) within Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, although its role in microglial dysfunction and resultant dopaminergic (DAergic) neurotoxicity is still elusive. Previously, we identified that protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) is activated in post mortem PD brains and experimental Parkinsonism and that it participates in reactive microgliosis; however, the relationship between PKCδ activation, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and the reactive microglial activation state in the context of α-synucleinopathy is largely unknown. Herein, we show that oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation, and PKCδ activation increased concomitantly with ERS markers, including the activating transcription factor 4 (ATF-4), serine/threonine-protein kinase/endoribonuclease inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (p-IRE1α), p-eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) as well as increased generation of neurotoxic cytokines, including IL-1β in aggregated αSyn-stimulated primary microglia. Read More

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Usefulness of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio for predicting acute pericarditis outcomes.

Acta Cardiol 2021 Jul 19:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Faculty of Medicine, Cardiology Department, Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: In daily practice, C-reactive protein (CRP) may be used to predict recurrence and treatment response in patients with acute pericarditis; however, the predictive role of CRP might be insufficient for clinical prediction in some patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the composite endpoint of pericarditis recurrence and/or tamponade within 1 year in patients with acute pericarditis.

Methods: A total of 104 patients diagnosed with acute idiopathic pericarditis (mean age 42. Read More

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High Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratios in Symptomatic Pediatric COVID-19 Patients.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 07;31(7):93-98

Department of Microbiology, Kastamonu Training and Research Hospital, Kastamonu, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the symptoms and laboratory results of children hospitalised with the diagnosis of COVID-19, aiming to reveal the characteristics of symptomatic cases.

Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Department of Pediatrics, Kastamonu Training and Research Hospital, Kastamonu, Turkey from March to December 2020. Read More

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Clinical, microbiological and inflammatory markers of severe diabetic foot infections.

Diabet Med 2021 Jul 16:e14648. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Diabetic Foot Unit, San Juan de Dios Hospital, San José de Costa Rica, Costa Rica.

Aims: In addition to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), various clinical signs, microbiological findings and inflammatory markers could be associated with severe diabetic foot infections (DFI).

Methods: This study included a retrospective cohort of 245 patients with DFI treated at San Juan de Dios Hospital in San José de Costa Rica. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), CRP/albumin ratio, peripheral blood leucocyte ratios and the Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) scoring system were evaluated. Read More

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Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is prognostic factor of prolonged pleural effusion after pediatric cardiac surgery.

JRSM Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;10:20480040211009438. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: Postoperative pleural effusion (PE) is common after pediatric cardiac surgery, and if prolonged can lead to the deterioration of the general condition due to malnutrition and result in death. This study aims at identifying the prognostic factors of prolonged PE after pediatric cardiac surgery. Patients were divided into the effective (with chest tube removal within 10 days after medical therapy) and ineffective (with chest tube in place for more than 10 days) groups. Read More

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Identification and Fine-mapping of a New Bacterial Blight Resistance Gene, Xa47(t), in G252, an Introgression Line of Yuanjiang Common Wild Rice (Oryza rufipogon).

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Yunnan Agricultural University, 12616, Rice Research Institute, Kunming, Yunnan, China;

Bacterial blight (BB) disease caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is a common, widespread, and highly devastating disease that affects rice yield. Breeding resistant cultivars is considered the most effective measure for controlling this disease. Read More

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Serum biomarkers to differentiate Gram-negative, Gram-positive and fungal infection in febrile patients.

J Med Microbiol 2021 Jul;70(7)

Department of General Surgery, Jinling Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, 210002, Nanjing, Jiangsu, PR China.

Contamination of specimens and overuse of broad spectrum antibiotics contribute to false positives and false negatives, respectively. Therefore, useful and applicable biomarkers of bacteremia are still required. IL-6 can be used as a serum biomarker to discriminate among bacterial infections and fungal infections in febrile patients with a bloodstream infection. Read More

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Biomarkers Predictive of Extubation and Survival of COVID-19 Patients.

Cureus 2021 Jun 5;13(6):e15462. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Medicine, Albany Medical Center, Albany, USA.

Purpose Many patients with COVID-19 who develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) require prolonged periods of mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation may amplify ventilator-associated complications and extend resource utilization. A better understanding of prognostic indicators could help in the planning and distribution of resources, particularly in resource-limited areas. Read More

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Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratios in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Patients.

Int J Inflam 2021 23;2021:6678960. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Federal University of Maranhão, CEP: 65080-805, São Luís, Brazil.

Background: The Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and the Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) are inflammatory biomarkers for several diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular morbidities; however, there are currently few studies on kidney diseases. We aimed to evaluate nondialysis patients and determine the association of NLR and PLR with inflammation in these patients.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted with 85 patients at different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), treated at the Kidney Disease Prevention Center of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Maranhão. Read More

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Long term effects of mild severity COVID‑19 on right ventricular functions.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Cardiology, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a newly recognized infectious disease that has spread rapidly. COVID-19 has been associated with a number of cardiovascular involvements, including ventricular functions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the right ventricular functions of mild severity COVID-19 patients 3 months after, and compare them to the right ventricular functions of healthy volunteers. Read More

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High Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Its Gene Signatures Correlate With Diastolic Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 24;8:614757. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

To evaluate the interrelation between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) coupled with gene signatures, inflammation, and diastolic dysfunction in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The clinical profile of 172 patients with HFpEF (EF ≥ 50%) and 173 non-HF control individuals was analyzed retrospectively. The association between NLR and HFpEF and the predictive performance of NLR for HFpEF were assessed by the binary logistic regression analysis and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Read More

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