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Improved preservation of ovarian tissue morphology that is compatible with antigen detection using a fixative mixture of formalin and acetic acid.

Hum Reprod 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Nuffield Department of Women's and Reproductive Health, Women's Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Study Question: Can ovarian tissue morphology be better preserved whilst enabling histological molecular analyses following fixation with a novel fixative, neutral buffered formalin (NBF) with 5% acetic acid (referred to hereafter as Form-Acetic)?

Summary Answer: Fixation with Form-Acetic improved ovarian tissue histology compared to NBF in multiple species while still enabling histological molecular analyses.

What Is Known Already: NBF fixation results in tissue shrinkage in various tissue types including the ovary. Components of ovarian tissue, notably follicles, are particularly susceptible to NBF-induced morphological alterations and can lead to data misrepresentation. Read More

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Anlotinib exerts anti-cancer efficiency on lung cancer stem cells in vitro and in vivo through reducing NF-κB activity.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Lung Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Anlotinib is a multi-target tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Previous studies confirmed that anlotinib exerts anti-cancer efficiency. However, the functional roles of anlotinib on cancer stem cells (CSCs) are yet to be elucidated. Read More

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All-Trans Retinoic Acid Attenuates Blue Light-Induced Apoptosis of Retinal Photoreceptors by Upregulating MKP-1 Expression.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai, 200031, China.

The study investigated the antiapoptotic effects of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) on retinal degeneration caused by exposure to blue light. Sprague-Dawley rats received intraperitoneal injections of RA and, if necessary, the mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphotase-1(MKP-1) inhibitor, (E)-2-benzylidene-3-(cyclohexylamino)-2, 3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-one (BCI), or the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) antagonist, AGN 193109. Retinal damage was induced by 24 h of continuous exposure to blue light. Read More

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Daphnetin Preconditioning Decreases Cardiac Injury and Susceptibility to Ventricular Arrhythmia following Ischaemia-Reperfusion through the TLR4/MyD88/NF-Κb Signalling Pathway.

Pharmacology 2021 Apr 26:1-15. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, Hubei Key Laboratory of Cardiology, Wuhan, China.

Background/aims: Daphnetin (7,8-dihydroxycoumarin, DAP) exhibits various bioactivities, such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. However, the role of DAP in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and I/R-related arrhythmia is still uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying the effects of DAP on myocardial I/R injury and electrophysiological properties in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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Protective effects of sunlight exposure against PRK-induced myopia in infant rhesus monkeys.

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: Extensive clinical evidence suggests that time spent outdoors might reduce the risk of myopia. This study aimed to determine whether increasing sunlight exposure has a protective effect on hyperopic-defocus induced myopia in a non-human primate.

Methods: Twelve 2-month-old rhesus monkeys were treated monocularly with photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) (4. Read More

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Hydrogel from acellular porcine adipose tissue promotes survival of adipose tissue transplantation.

Biomed Mater 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Breast Surgery, Clinical Research Center for Breast, Sichuan University West China Hospital, No.37 Guoxuexiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, CHINA.

Lipofilling is a popular technique for soft tissue augmentation, limited by unpredictable graft survival. This study aimed at exploring the effect of hydrogel from acellular porcine adipose tissue (HAPA) on angiogenesis and survival of adipose tissue used for lipofilling. The effect of HAPA on adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) proliferation, adipogenic differentiation, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion were evaluated in hypoxia and normoxia in vitro. Read More

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Plasma from healthy donors protects blood-brain barrier integrity via FGF21 and improves the recovery in a mouse model of cerebral ischaemia.

Stroke Vasc Neurol 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Neuroscience and Neuroengineering Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai, China

Background: Healthy plasma therapy reverses cognitive deficits and promotes neuroplasticity in ageing brain disease. However, whether healthy plasma therapy improve blood-brain barrier integrity after stroke remains unknown.

Methods: Here, we intravenously injected healthy female mouse plasma into adult female ischaemic stroke C57BL/6 mouse induced by 90 min transient middle cerebral artery occlusion for eight consecutive days. Read More

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Protective effects and mechanism of action of ruscogenin in a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced asthma.

J Asthma 2021 Mar 29:1-11. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Institute of Respiratory Diseases, China Medical University First Hospital, Shenyang, China.

: Ruscogenin is a natural product exhibiting anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-apoptotic effects; however, its effectiveness for asthma management has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to explore the role of ruscogenin in airway inflammation and apoptosis in asthma.In vivo, female 6-8-week‒old CL57 mice were sensitized to ovalbumin and challenged intranasally for 7 days. Read More

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An injectable micelle-hydrogel hybrid for localized and prolonged drug delivery in the management of renal fibrosis.

Acta Pharm Sin B 2021 Mar 18;11(3):835-847. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Key Laboratory of Drug-Targeting and Drug Delivery System of the Education Ministry and Sichuan Province, Sichuan Engineering Laboratory for Plant-Sourced Drug and Sichuan Research Center for Drug Precision Industrial Technology, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Localized delivery, comparing to systemic drug administration, offers a unique alternative to enhance efficacy, lower dosage, and minimize systemic tissue toxicity by releasing therapeutics locally and specifically to the site of interests. Herein, a localized drug delivery platform ("plum‒pudding" structure) with controlled release and long-acting features is developed through an injectable hydrogel ("pudding") crosslinked self-assembled triblock polymeric micelles ("plum") to help reduce renal interstitial fibrosis. This strategy achieves controlled and prolonged release of model therapeutics in the kidney for up to three weeks in mice. Read More

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Interferon regulatory factor 6 correlates with the progression of non-small cell lung cancer and can be regulated by miR-320.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Mar;73(5):682-691

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, P.R. China.

Objectives: The expression of interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) has been reported in several cancer types, but its roles underlying the progression of lung cancer have not been detailedly investigated.

Methods: The pairs of lung cancer tissues and para-carcinoma tissues and The Cancer Genome Atlas database were collected to detect IRF6 expression. Cell counting kit-8, transwell and terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase-mediated nick end labelling assays were used to evaluate cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis. Read More

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Total flavonoids of ameliorate steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head via the PI3K/AKT pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2021 May 24;23(5). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Lixia, Jinan, Shandong 250014, P.R. China.

Steroid‑induced avascular necrosis of the femoral head (SANFH) is a common orthopaedic disease that is difficult to treat. The present study investigated the effects of total flavonoids of (TFRD) on SANFH and explored its underlying mechanisms. The SANFH rat model was induced by intramuscular injection of lipopolysaccharides and methylprednisolone. Read More

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Effects of carvedilol and metoprolol on the myocardium during mechanical unloading in a rat heterotopic heart transplantation model.

Cardiol Young 2021 Mar 22:1-6. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.

Background And Objectives: Left ventricular assist devices enable recovery from severe heart failure and serve as a bridge to heart transplantation. However, chronic mechanical unloading can impair myocardial recovery. We aimed to assess myocyte size, fibrosis, apoptosis, and β-adrenoreceptor levels after rats with left ventricle unloading induced by heterotopic heart transplantation were administered carvedilol and metoprolol. Read More

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Treatment with Promotes Apoptosis in B16-BL6 Mouse Melanoma Cells and Inhibits the Growth of B16-BL6 Tumours.

Molecules 2021 Feb 18;26(4). Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Biology and Biomolecular Sciences, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON P3E 2C6, Canada.

is a medicinal plant native to Peru that has been traditionally used in the treatment of various inflammatory disorders. In this study, the effectiveness of as an anti-cancer agent was assessed using the growth and survival of B16-BL6 mouse melanoma cells. B16-BL6 cell cultures treated with both ethanol and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) extracts of displayed up to 80% lower levels of growth and increased apoptosis compared to vehicle controls. Read More

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February 2021

Sperm selection during ICSI treatments reduces single- but not double-strand DNA break values compared to the semen sample.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

CIMAB, Barcelona Male Infertility Centre, C/Vallcorba 1A-3A, Sant Quirze del Vallès, 08192, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: To detect a possible bias in sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) testing when performed on semen samples or on those few spermatozoa selected for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) treatments.

Methods: A multimethodological analysis of Single- and Double-Strand DNA Breaks (SSB and DSB, respectively) was performed through the Neutral Comet, the Alkaline Comet, the Sperm Chromatin Dispersion (SCD) and the Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP Nick End Labelling (TUNEL) assays. SDF was evaluated in (i) semen samples from 23 infertile patients (not achieving pregnancy or suffering recurrent miscarriage); (ii) samples after a Swim-up and (iii) spermatozoa microselected for ICSI (ICSI-S). Read More

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Carob fruit extract-enriched meat, as preventive and curative treatments, improves gut microbiota and colonic barrier integrity in a late-stage T2DM model.

Food Res Int 2021 Mar 12;141:110124. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Departmental Section of Physiology, Pharmacy School, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Epidemiological and experimental studies have suggested that dietary fiber and proanthocyanidins play an important role on gut microbiota (GM), colonic integrity and body health. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a prevalent disease in which the modifications in the GM and colonic markers stand out. This manuscript hypothesizes the consumption of functional meat enriched in carob fruit extract [CFE; CFE-restructured meat (RM)] ameliorates the dysbiosis and colonic barrier integrity loss in a late-stage T2DM rat model induced by the conjoint action of a high-saturated-fat/high-cholesterol diet (Chol-diet) and a low dose of streptozotocin (STZ) plus a nicotinamide (NAD) injection. Read More

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Pirfenidone Alleviates Choroidal Neovascular Fibrosis through TGF-/Smad Signaling Pathway.

J Ophthalmol 2021 10;2021:8846708. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital 2 of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, China.

Transforming growth factor- (TGF-) plays a major role in CNV. However, the mechanism is unclear. This study investigates the effect of Pirfenidone (PFD) on TGF-/Smad signaling pathway on the development of choroidal neovascular fibrosis in choroidal neovascularization (CNV) mouse model. Read More

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February 2021

Molecular basis of ice-binding and cryopreservation activities of type III antifreeze proteins.

Comput Struct Biotechnol J 2021 19;19:897-909. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Chemistry and Research Institute of Natural Science, Gyeongsang National University, Gyeongnam 52828, Republic of Korea.

Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) can inhibit the freezing of body fluid at subzero temperatures to promote the survival of various organisms living in polar regions. Type III AFPs are categorized into three subgroups, QAE1, QAE2, and SP isoforms, based on differences in their isoelectric points. We determined the thermal hysteresis (TH), ice recrystallization inhibition (IRI), and cryopreservation activity of three isoforms of the notched-fin eelpout AFP and their mutant constructs and characterized their structural and dynamic features using NMR. Read More

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January 2021

Maternally expressed 3 protects the intestinal barrier from cardiac arrest-induced ischemia/reperfusion injury via miR-34a-3p/sirtuin 1/nuclear factor kappa B signaling.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Jan;9(2):122

Emergency Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Background: Cardiac arrest (CA), a common disease with a high mortality rate, is a leading cause of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced dysfunction of the intestinal barrier. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in multiple pathological processes. However, the effect of the lncRNA maternally expressed 3 (MEG3) on intestinal I/R injury and the intestinal barrier has not been fully determined. Read More

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January 2021

Protective Role of Sulodexide on Renal Injury Induced by Limb Ischemia-Reperfusion.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 30;2021:6629718. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, China.

Background: Though widely known as a potent antithrombin agent with protective effects on the kidney and other remote organs, it is currently ambiguous when it comes to sulodexide's function on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. With this research, we pursued to further explore how sulodexide exerts its influence on limb I/R injury, in which deleterious effects on the kidney were what we primarily focused on.

Methods: We randomized twenty-four C57BL/6 male rats into three groups, namely, sham operation group (control group), I/R group, and sulodexide pretreatment group. Read More

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January 2021

Transgenic Mice Overexpressing PG1 Display Corneal Opacity and Severe Inflammation in the Eye.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Feb 4;22(4). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Biology, Konkuk University, Hwayang-dong, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are of interest as alternatives to antibiotics or immunomodulators. We generated and characterized the phenotypes of transgenic mice overexpressing protegrin 1 (PG1), a potent porcine cathelicidin. No obvious differences were observed between PG1 transgenic and wild-type mice in terms of growth, development, general behaviour, and the major immune cell population. Read More

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February 2021

Efficacy of Cigu Xiaozhi pill on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis-associated lipoapoptosis through stress-activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase signalling pathway.

J Tradit Chin Med 2021 02;41(1):79-88

College of Clinical Medicine, Gansu University of Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of Cigu Xiaozhi pill (, CGXZ) on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-associated lipoapoptosis through the stress-activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/ stress-activated protein kinase signalling pathway.

Methods: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following groups (10rats each): blank control, model, low-dose CGXZ, medium-dose CGXZ, high-dose CGXZ, and positive control (treated with SP600125, a JNK inhibitor). The NASH model was established and the histomorphological characteristics of haematoxylin and eosin-stained liver tissues were examined under a light microscope. Read More

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February 2021

Pharmacological activation of soluble guanylate cyclase improves vascular graft function.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 May;32(5):803-811

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.


Objectives: Ischaemia-reperfusion injury impairs the nitric oxide/soluble guanylate cyclase/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signalling pathway and leads to vascular dysfunction. We assessed the hypothesis that the soluble guanylate cyclase activator cinaciguat would protect the vascular graft against ischaemia-reperfusion injury.

Methods: In the treatment groups, rats (n = 8/group) were pretreated with either intravenous saline or intravenous cinaciguat (10 mg/kg) 2 h before an aortic transplant. Read More

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LncRNA XIST sponges miR-199a-3p to modulate the Sp1/LRRK2 signal pathway to accelerate Parkinson's disease progression.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 01 20;13(3):4115-4137. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, P.R. China.

and models of Parkinson's disease were established to investigate the effects of the lncRNA XIST/miR-199a-3p/Sp1/LRRK2 axis. The binding between XIST and miR-199a-3p as well as miR-199a-3p and Sp1 were examined by luciferase reporter assay and confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation analysis. Following the Parkinson's disease animal behavioural assessment by suspension and swim tests, the brain tissue injuries were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin, TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labelling, and tyrosine hydroxylase stainings. Read More

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January 2021

Propofol activates AMPK to inhibit the growth of HepG2 cells and hepatocarcinogenesis in xenograft mouse tumor models by inducing autophagy.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2020 Dec;11(6):1322-1332

Department of Anesthesiology, The Quanzhou First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a fatal malignant tumor with a poor prognosis, and is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the anti-tumor effect of propofol on the proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle of HCC by regulating adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and .

Methods: The cell counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was employed to screen the effect of propofol on HepG2 cell viability at various concentrations (0. Read More

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December 2020

Evaluation of a rabbit model of adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration after fixation and fusion and maintenance in an upright feeding cage.

Neurol Res 2021 Jan 17:1-11. Epub 2021 Jan 17.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi' an Jiaotong University , Xi' An, China.

To establish an animal model of adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration by performing spinal fixation and fusion after percutaneous needle puncture and removal of the intervertebral disc or percutaneous needling of the vertebral body without removal of the intervertebral disc.  We established a model of adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration after spinal fixation and fusion of rabbits maintained in upright feeding cages. Twenty-five healthy New Zealand rabbits were used. Read More

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January 2021

A Safe GDNF and GDNF/BDNF Controlled Delivery System Improves Migration in Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells and Survival in Retinal Ganglion Cells: Potential Usefulness in Degenerative Retinal Pathologies.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Jan 11;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Pharmaceutical Innovation in Ophthalmology (InnOftal), Research Group (UCM 920415), Department of Pharmaceutics and Food Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University, Plaza de Ramón y Cajal, s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

We assessed the sustained delivery effect of poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)/vitamin E (VitE) microspheres (MSs) loaded with glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) alone (GDNF-MSs) or combined with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF; GDNF/BDNF-MSs) on migration of the human adult retinal pigment epithelial cell-line-19 (ARPE-19) cells, primate choroidal endothelial (RF/6A) cells, and the survival of isolated mouse retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). The morphology of the MSs, particle size, and encapsulation efficiencies of the active substances were evaluated. In vitro release, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell viability, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) deoxyuridine dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) apoptosis, functional wound healing migration (ARPE-19; migration), and (RF/6A; angiogenesis) assays were conducted. Read More

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January 2021

Susceptibility of boar spermatozoa to heat stress using in vivo and in vitro experimental models.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jan 7;53(1):97. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Gamete and Embryology (GAME) Laboratory, College of Public Health, Medical & Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Induction of heat stress as an experimental procedure in animals is commonly used to examine heat-related impacts on sperm quality. This study aimed to develop potential heat stress models that could be used at any time of the year, to advance the study of seasonal infertility in the pig under controlled conditions. Heat stress was induced by either housing boars (n = 6) at 30 °C inside a hot room for 42 days (55-65% humidity; LD 12:12 h; in vivo), or by heating boar semen (n = 7) for 30 min at various temperatures (35. Read More

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January 2021

Shikonin inhibits proliferation of melanoma cells by MAPK pathway-mediated induction of apoptosis.

Biosci Rep 2021 Jan;41(1)

Department of Companion and Laboratory Animal Science, Kongju National University, Yesan, Republic of Korea.

Shikonin, a natural product isolated from the roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon, exhibits pharmacological effects against inflammation, ulcers, infections, and tumors. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the antitumor effects of shikonin on the human melanoma cell line, A375SM, and in an in vivo mouse xenograft model. We examined the anticancer effects of shikonin by in vitro experiments (MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) stain, annexin V/ propidium iodide (PI) stain, and protein analysis of apoptosis and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways). Read More

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January 2021

Melatonin provides protection against cisplatin-induced ovarian damage and loss of fertility in mice.

Reprod Biomed Online 2021 Mar 8;42(3):505-519. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Research Question: Can melatonin provide non-invasive ovarian protection against damage caused by cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (cisplatin) and preserve fertility in female cancer patients? And if so, what is the possible mechanism?

Design: Athymic BALB/c nude tumour-bearing female mice were used to demonstrate whether melatonin affects the antineoplastic effect when co-administrated with cisplatin. Sexually mature and newborn C57BL/6 female mice were used to evaluate the potential effects of melatonin on the ovarian follicle pool, pregnancy rate and litter number in cisplatin-treated mice. The ovaries underwent immunohistochemical, TdT (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase)-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) and gene array analysis to explore the underlying mechanism. Read More

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TGF-β1-based CRISPR/Cas9 gene therapy attenuate Radiation-induced Lung Injury.

Curr Gene Ther 2020 Dec 29. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Center for Translational Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710061. China.

Background: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is lacking effective therapeutic strategies. In this study, we conducted TGF-β1-based CRISPR/Cas9 gene therapy for RILI.

Objectives: Mouse lungs were irradiated with a single-dose of 20-Gy gamma rays followed by intravenous administration of Ad-CRISPR-TGF-β1 or Ad- CRISPR-Null. Read More

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December 2020