656,388 results match your criteria newborn babies


Breastfeeding Experiences and Changes in Feeding Plans Among Parents of Infants Diagnosed With Tongue-Tie.

Nurs Womens Health 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Objective: To explore parents' plans for infant feeding before birth and their perceptions of feeding success in light of tongue-tie diagnosis for their infants.

Design: A qualitative descriptive study design using content and thematic analysis was used.

Setting: A dental office in Massachusetts with parent-neonate dyads undergoing infant frenotomy procedures. Read More

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January 2022

Prevalence and factors associated with utilisation of postnatal care in Sierra Leone: a 2019 national survey.

BMC Public Health 2022 Jan 14;22(1):102. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mbale Regional Referral and Teaching Hospital, Mbale, Uganda.

Background: Within Sub-Saharan Africa, some countries still report unacceptably high rates of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, despite improvements in the utilisation of maternity care services. Postnatal care (PNC) is one of the recommended packages in the continuum of maternity care aimed at reducing maternal and neonatal mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with PNC utilisation in Sierra Leone. Read More

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January 2022

Tradition, taste and taboo: the gastroecology of maternal perinatal diet.

BMJ Nutr Prev Health 2021 5;4(2):385-396. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA.

Background: Maternal malnutrition is a major source of regional health inequity and contributes to maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Bihar, a state in eastern India adjacent to Jharkhand and West Bengal, has relatively high neonatal mortality rates because a large portion of infants are born to young mothers. Bihar has the second-highest proportion of underweight children under 3 in India, with infant mortality rates of 48 per 1000 live births. Read More

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Comparison of Three Different Cord Clamping Techniques Regarding Oxidative-antioxidative Capacity in Term Newborns.

Am J Perinatol 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Biochemistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Objective As newborns are exposed to oxidative stress during delivery, cord clamping techniques play significant role on antioxidant status. In this study, we aimed to show the relationship between early cord clamping (ECC), delayed cord clamping (DCC) and cut umblical cord milking (C-UCM) techniques with total oxidant capacity (TOC), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and peroxynitrite levels. Study Design Sixty-nine term infants were selected with APGAR score of 7 and above in the first and fifth minutes. Read More

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January 2022

Transient neonatal hyperpigmentation of the proximal nail fold in a Chinese infant: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2022 Jan;50(1):3000605211067748

Department of Dermatology, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital, 70570Southern Medical University, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Cutaneous alterations are common in neonates and usually occur in the first few days of life. Most of these are transient and benign, appearing as physiological responses to birth. Skin pigmentation disorders are considered transitory dermatoses of newborn infants. Read More

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January 2022

Tracheostomies in Term and Preterm Infants: A Single Center Canadian Retrospective Cohort.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Objective: To examine patient characteristics, hospital course, and medical outcomes of neonatal tracheostomy at a single center.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Edmonton, Canada PATIENTS: Infants admitted to NICU who underwent tracheostomy between January 2013 and December 2017 inclusive. Read More

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January 2022

Impacts and effects of COVID-19 infection in pregnancy.

Saudi Med J 2022 Jan;43(1):67-74

From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bahrain Defence Force Hospital, Riffa, Bahrain.

Objectives: To explore the trimester wise significance of the primary outcome in pregnant women during coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Methods: Retrospective observational study of pregnant women who were infected with COVID-19 from April 2020 until March 2021 at Bahrain Defense Force Hospital, Riffa, Bahrain. The study focused on the effects in relation to gestational age (GA), association with variables, severity, and treatment. Read More

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January 2022

Implementing effective community-based surveillance in research studies of maternal, newborn and infant outcomes in low resource settings.

Emerg Themes Epidemiol 2022 Jan 12;19(1). Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4YS, UK.

Background: Globally adopted health and development milestones have not only encouraged improvements in the health and wellbeing of women and infants worldwide, but also a better understanding of the epidemiology of key outcomes and the development of effective interventions in these vulnerable groups. Monitoring of maternal and child health outcomes for milestone tracking requires the collection of good quality data over the long term, which can be particularly challenging in poorly-resourced settings. Despite the wealth of general advice on conducting field trials, there is a lack of specific guidance on designing and implementing studies on mothers and infants. Read More

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January 2022

Ocular phenotype and genetical analysis in patients with retinopathy of prematurity.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 Jan 12;22(1):22. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People's Hospital, Eye Diseases and Optometry Institute, Beijing, China.

Background: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial retinal disease, involving both environmental and genetic factors; The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical presentations and genetic variants in Chinese patients with ROP.

Methods: A total of 36 patients diagnosed with ROP were enrolled in this study, their medical and ophthalmic histories were obtained, and comprehensive clinical examinations were performed. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood of ROP patients, polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing of the associated pathogenic genes (FZD4, TSPAN12, and NDP) were performed. Read More

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January 2022

Ipsilesional volume loss of basal ganglia and thalamus is associated with poor hand function after ischemic perinatal stroke.

BMC Neurol 2022 Jan 12;22(1):23. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Radiology Clinic, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia.

Background: Perinatal stroke (PS) is the leading cause of hemiparetic cerebral palsy (CP). Involvement of the corticospinal tract on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is predictive of motor outcome in patients with hemiparetic CP. However, early MRI is not available in patients with delayed presentation of PS and prediction of hemiparesis severity remains a challenge. Read More

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January 2022

Midgut volvulus in adult age associated with congenital malrotation - case report.

Rozhl Chir 2021 ;100(11):559-562

Introduction: Malrotation is understood as a congenital anomaly of the intestinal position formed during embryonic development. Disorders of intestinal rotation and its manifestations in adulthood are less common; the symptoms of these disorders are characteristic of childhood. An asymptomatic bowel rotation disorder occurs in up to 1 of 200 newborns and symptomatic malrotation occurs in 1 of 6,000 live newborns. Read More

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January 2022

Birth anthropometry predicts neonatal and infant mortality in rural Bangladesh: a focus on circumferential measurements.

Am J Clin Nutr 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, 21205.

Background: Low birth weight predicts risk of infant death. However, several birth measurements may be equally predictive, for which cutoffs and associated risks are less explored.

Objectives: We assessed and optimized population cut-offs of birth length, weight, and mid-upper arm (MUAC), head (HC) and chest (CC) circumferences for predicting neonatal (≤28 days) and infant (≤365 days) mortality in northwest Bangladesh. Read More

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January 2022

Experience in the diagnosis of group B Streptococcus infections in pregnant women and newborns in a perinatal center.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Dec;66(12):755-759

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Omsk State Medical University».

Serogroup B streptococci (Streptococcus agalactiae) are one of the main etiological agents responsible for the occurrence of severe perinatal infections in both postpartum women and newborns. The experience of microbiological diagnostics of infections caused by streptococcus serogroup B (GBS) according to the data of the microbiological laboratory of the perinatal center is generalized. In the study of biomaterial from patients, the proportion of positive cultures of Streptococcus agalactiae was 2. Read More

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December 2021

Anthropometric orofacial measures of newborns and their relationship with sex, weight and height.

Codas 2022 5;34(1):e20200114. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde e Desenvolvimento na Região Centro-Oeste, Faculdade de Medicina - FAMED, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul - UFMS - Campo Grande (MS), Brasil.

Purpose: To compare orofacial anthropometric measurements, with weight, height and sex of newborns.

Methods: Observational cross-sectional study carried out with 130 newborns on exclusive breastfeeding. Data collection was performed by properly trained and calibrated speech therapists. Read More

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January 2022

Paternal characteristics associated with low birth weight among singleton births: a hospital-based birth cohort study in northern Tanzania.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 24;40:179. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Community Health Department, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

Introduction: low birth weight (LBW) remains a devastating adverse pregnancy outcome in low and middle income countries (LMICs). There is evidence showing that maternal demographic and pregnancy-related characteristics are associated with LBW. Little attention is given to paternal characteristics, which may be associated with a higher risk of LBW. Read More

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January 2022

Implementation research on kangaroo mother care, Bangladesh.

Bull World Health Organ 2022 Jan 26;100(1):10-19. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Objective: To describe the implementation, coverage and performance of the national kangaroo mother care programme in Bangladesh.

Methods: Kangaroo mother care services for clinically stable babies with birth weight under 2000 g were set up in government-run health-care facilities in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. Each facility provided counselling on kangaroo mother care, ensured adequate nutrition, and followed up mothers and babies. Read More

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January 2022

Annular pancreas in neonates; Case series and review of literatures.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2022 Apr-Jun;19(2):97-101

Department of Paediatric, Basrah Children Specialty Hospital, Iraq.

Background: The annular pancreas is a rare congenital disorder of the pancreas first recognized in 1818. It is believed to result from faulty rotation of the ventral pancreatic bud in its course around the posterior aspect of the duodenal anlage. The duodenum is encircled and might be obstructed by normal pancreatic tissue. Read More

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January 2022

Evaluation of maternal preferences for neonatal male circumcision in Enugu Nigeria.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2022 Apr-Jun;19(2):73-77

Sub-Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku/Ozalla Campus, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: Although circumcision in male neonates is one of the most common procedures performed in neonatal surgery, mothers' preferences concerning the aspects of circumcision are not well-known. Since mother is the likely parent to present child for circumcision, her preferences should be given adequate consideration.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate maternal preferences for neonatal male circumcision in Enugu. Read More

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January 2022

Six-sigma and quality planning of TORCH tests in the Peruvian population: a single-center cross-sectional study.

BMC Res Notes 2022 Jan 11;15(1):16. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Faculties of Health Science, School of Medicine, Universidad Norbert Wiener, 444 Arequipa Av., 51001, Lima, Peru.

Objective: To ensure the health of newborns, it is necessary to perform high-quality diagnostic tests. The TORCH panel is a set of tests that identifies infectious pathogens such as Toxoplasma (Toxo) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) that are common in low-setting populations. We performed TORCH panel quality planning using six sigma in a reference laboratory at Peru. Read More

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January 2022

A Survey of Parental Experience Within the Neonatal Unit During the Coronavirus Pandemic.

Ir Med J 2021 01 21;114(1):253. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Neonatology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin.

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January 2021

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Prevention, Recognition, Treatment, and Follow-up.

S D Med 2021 Dec;74(12):576-583

Department of Pediatrics, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), or neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) results from acute discontinuation of transplacental opioid exposure following delivery in the setting of maternal opioid use. A rise in the incidence of NAS coincides with the nationwide opioid epidemic. Addressing NAS requires a team approach. Read More

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December 2021

Intraperitoneal Extravasation of TPN and Associated Hepatic Hemorrhage as a Complication of a Malpositioned UVC in a Preterm Neonate.

S D Med 2021 Dec;74(12):554-558

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Extravasation of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) from a malpositioned umbilical venous catheter (UVC) is a rare cause of ascites in neonates. The gross appearance of the aspirated peritoneal fluid may mimic congenital chylous ascites, delaying an accurate diagnosis of the causative source. UVC malpositioning is associated with complications of various organs as related to the position of the UVC tip. Read More

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December 2021

State of South Dakota's Child: 2021.

S D Med 2022 Jan;75(1):6-15

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

The total number of 2020 resident births in South Dakota continues to decline with a 4 percent decrease from the previous year yielding the state's lowest crude birth rate (12.3 per 1,000 population) since its first recording in 1910. Currently, similar to the U. Read More

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January 2022

Newborn Screening and Clinical Profile of Children with Sickle Cell Disease in a Tribal Area of Gujarat.

Indian Pediatr 2022 Jan 9. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

SEWA Rural, Jhagadia, Gujarat.

Objectives: To present the result of newborn sickle cell disease (SCD) screening and clinical profile of SCD newborns in a tribal area of Gujarat.

Methods: We screened all newborns of sickle cell trait (SCT) and SCD mothers for SCD using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) within two days of birth at a secondary care hospital in a tribal area in Gujarat from 2014 to 2019. Newborns with SCD were registered under an information technology based platform for hospital-based comprehensive care. Read More

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January 2022

Management and outcomes of extreme preterm birth.

BMJ 2022 01 10;376:e055924. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Institute for Women's Health London, University College London, London, UK.

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January 2022

Retrospective validation of the postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity (G-ROP) criteria in a Swiss cohort.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 Jan 10;22(1):19. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Currently used screening criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) show high sensitivity for predicting treatment-requiring ROP but low specificity; over 90% of examined infants do not develop ROP that requires treatment (type 1 ROP). A novel weight gain-based prediction model was developed by the G-ROP study group to increase the specificity of the screening criteria and keep the number of ophthalmic examinations as low as possible. This retrospective cohort study aimed to externally validate the G-ROP screening criteria in a Swiss cohort. Read More

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January 2022

Diagnosis of SLC25A46-related pontocerebellar hypoplasia in two siblings with fulminant neonatal course: role of postmortem CT and whole genomic analysis: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2022 Jan 10;22(1):20. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Center for Medical Genetics, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Pontocerebellar hypoplasia (PCH) is increasingly known as a degenerative disease rather than simple "hypoplasia". At least 21 disease-causing genes have been identified for PCH so far. Because PCH is very heterogenous, prognostic prediction based solely on clinical or radiologic findings is not feasible. Read More

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January 2022

Newborn Hearing Screening Benefits Children, but Global Disparities Persist.

J Clin Med 2022 Jan 5;11(1). Epub 2022 Jan 5.

National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA.

There is substantial evidence that newborn hearing screening (NHS) reduces the negative sequelae of permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) if performed in programs that aim to screen all newborns in a region or nation (often referred to as Universal Newborn Hearing Screening or UNHS). The World Health Organization (WHO) has called in two resolutions for the implementation of such programs and for the collection of large-scale data. To assess the global status of NHS programs we surveyed individuals potentially involved with newborn and infant hearing screening (NIHS) in 196 countries/territories (in the following text referred to as countries). Read More

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January 2022

Is a Forensic Cohabitation Program Recovery-Oriented? A Logic Model Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 21;19(1). Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Alberta Hospital Edmonton, Edmonton, AB T5Y 6A8, Canada.

Background: Recovery orientation is a movement in mental health practice. Although general mental health services have taken the lead in promoting recovery, forensic psychiatric systems have lagged behind because of the need to reconcile recovery principles with the complexities of legal mandates. Advocating recovery and making systemic changes can be challenging because they require seeking a balance between the competing duties to the patient and the public. Read More

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December 2021

Bionic for Training: Smart Framework Design for Multisensor Mechatronic Platform Validation.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Dec 30;22(1). Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, 43126 Parma, Italy.

Home monitoring supports the continuous improvement of the therapy by sharing data with healthcare professionals. It is required when life-threatening events can still occur after hospital discharge such as neonatal apnea. However, multiple sources of external noise could affect data quality and/or increase the misdetection rate. Read More

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December 2021