J Occup Health 2009 23;51(6):498-512. Epub 2009 Oct 23.
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.
Objectives: Many kinds of heavy metals are used in industry; thus, it is important for us to clarify their toxicity. For example, lead, which is a component of solder, is notorious for its neurotoxicity, and substitute materials have been sought for many years. Therefore, we examined the genotoxicity of lead and also those of metallic bismuth, indium, silver and antimony which are possible substitutes for lead in solder. Read More