142 results match your criteria neurogenic angiogenic

Expression of substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide and vascular endothelial growth factor in human dental pulp under different clinical stimuli.

BMC Oral Health 2021 03 23;21(1):152. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Endodontics Department, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Background: The aim of this study was to measure the dental pulp inflammatory response through neuropeptides (SP and CGRP) as a response to occlusal trauma, orthodontic movements and a combination of both, as well as the angiogenic defense mechanism through VEGF expression, which could be the initial step to mineralized tissue formation.

Methods: Forty human dental pulp samples were collected from healthy first premolars with extraction indicated due to orthodontic reasons from a sample of 20 patients. Patients were divided into four groups with 10 premolars each (1 mandibular and 1 maxillary premolar from each patient): healthy pulp control group, occlusal trauma group, moderate orthodontic forces group; and occlusal trauma plus moderate orthodontic forces group. Read More

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Evaluation of stemness properties of cells derived from granulation tissue of peri-implantitis lesions.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2021 Feb 18. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology & Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Hannover Medical School (MHH), Hannover, Germany.

Objectives: Peri-implantitis (PI) is an inflammatory disease associated with peri-implant bone loss and impaired healing potential. There is limited evidence about the presence of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and their regenerative properties within the granulation tissue (GT) of infrabony peri-implantitis defects. The aim of the present study was to characterize the cells derived from the GT of infrabony PI lesions (peri-implantitis derived mesenchymal stromal cells-PIMSCs). Read More

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February 2021

Biomarkers of Neurodegeneration and Precision Therapy in Retinal Disease.

Front Pharmacol 2020 18;11:601647. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Ophthalmology Operative Complex Unit, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.

Vision-threatening retinal diseases affect millions of people worldwide, representing an important public health issue (high social cost) for both technologically advanced and new-industrialized countries. Overall RD group comprises the retinitis pigmentosa, the age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the diabetic retinopathy (DR), and idiopathic epiretinal membrane formation. Endocrine, metabolic, and even lifestyles risk factors have been reported for these age-linked conditions that represent a "public priority" also in this COVID-19 emergency. Read More

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January 2021

Neurotransmitter Modulation of Carotid Body Germinal Niche.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Nov 3;21(21). Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBiS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, 41013 Seville, Spain.

The carotid body (CB), a neural-crest-derived organ and the main arterial chemoreceptor in mammals, is composed of clusters of cells called glomeruli. Each glomerulus contains neuron-like, O-sensing glomus cells, which are innervated by sensory fibers of the petrosal ganglion and are located in close contact with a dense network of fenestrated capillaries. In response to hypoxia, glomus cells release transmitters to activate afferent fibers impinging on the respiratory and autonomic centers to induce hyperventilation and sympathetic activation. Read More

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November 2020

Apigenin as a Candidate Prenatal Treatment for Trisomy 21: Effects in Human Amniocytes and the Ts1Cje Mouse Model.

Am J Hum Genet 2020 11 23;107(5):911-931. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Prenatal Genomics and Therapy Section, Medical Genomics and Metabolic Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA; Mother Infant Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center and Tufts Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02111, USA. Electronic address:

Human fetuses with trisomy 21 (T21) have atypical brain development that is apparent sonographically in the second trimester. We hypothesize that by analyzing and integrating dysregulated gene expression and pathways common to humans with Down syndrome (DS) and mouse models we can discover novel targets for prenatal therapy. Here, we tested the safety and efficacy of apigenin, identified with this approach, in both human amniocytes from fetuses with T21 and in the Ts1Cje mouse model. Read More

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November 2020

The Protective and Reparative Role of Colony Stimulating Factors in the Brain with Cerebral Ischemia / Reperfusion Injury.

Neuroendocrinology 2020 Oct 19. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Stroke is a debilitating disease and has the ability to culminate in devastating clinical outcomes. Ischemic stroke followed by reperfusion entrains cerebral ischemia / reperfusion (I/R) injury, which is a complex pathological process and is associated with serious clinical manifestations. Therefore, the development of a robust and effective post-stroke therapy is crucial. Read More

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October 2020

SDF-1α gene-activated collagen scaffold drives functional differentiation of human Schwann cells for wound healing applications.

Biotechnol Bioeng 2021 02 9;118(2):725-736. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Medicine, Tissue Engineering Research Group, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Enhancing angiogenesis is the prime target of current biomaterial-based wound healing strategies. However, these approaches largely overlook the angiogenic role of the cells of the nervous system. Therefore, we explored the role of a collagen-chondroitin sulfate scaffold functionalized with a proangiogenic gene stromal-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α)-an SDF-1α gene-activated scaffold on the functional regulation of human Schwann cells (SCs). Read More

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February 2021

Effects of one month of Common Yoga Protocol practice appear to be mediated by the angiogenic and neurogenic pathway: A pilot study.

Explore (NY) 2021 Sep-Oct;17(5):451-457. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the molecular effects of mindful activities such as yoga and meditation DESIGN: This was an open label single arm exploratory yoga intervention study.

Study Participants: 64 healthy individuals within the age of 18-60 years were recruited for this one month yoga intervention study.

Intervention: Common Yoga Protocol (CYP) is a standardized yoga protocol released by Ministry of AYUSH, India for International Yoga Day. Read More

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September 2020

Minocycline in Treating Glioblastoma Multiforme: Far beyond a Conventional Antibiotic.

J Oncol 2020 17;2020:8659802. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Halal Research Center of IRI, FDA, Tehran, Iran.

One of the most lethal forms of CNS pathologies is glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) that represents high invasiveness, uncontrolled proliferation, and angiogenic features. Its invasiveness is responsible for the high recurrence even after maximal surgical interventions. Minocycline is a semisynthetic analog of tetracyclines with potential anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects, distinct from its antimicrobial activity. Read More

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September 2020

Vascular protection and regenerative effects of intranasal DL-3-N-butylphthalide treatment after ischaemic stroke in mice.

Stroke Vasc Neurol 2021 Mar 21;6(1):74-79. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Neurology, Capital Medical University Affiliated Beijing Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China

Objective: To investigate the effects of DL-3-N-butylphthalide (NBP) via intranasal delivery after ischaemic stroke in mice.

Methods: C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups: sham, stroke with vehicle and stroke with NBP treatment. Ischaemic stroke was induced by permanent ligation of right middle cerebral artery with 7 min common carotid artery occlusion. Read More

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Metformin improves cognition of aged mice by promoting cerebral angiogenesis and neurogenesis.

Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Sep 16;12(18):17845-17862. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200123, China.

Metformin is a widely used drug for type 2 diabetes that is considered to have potential anti-aging effects. However, the beneficial effects of metformin in middle-aged normoglycemic mice are less explored. Here, we report that metformin treated by tail vein injection improved cognitive function of aged mice better than oral administration, which seem to show a dose-dependent manner. Read More

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September 2020

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor 165-Binding Heparan Sulfate Promotes Functional Recovery From Cerebral Ischemia.

Stroke 2020 09 10;51(9):2844-2853. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Institute of Medical Biology, Glycotherapeutics Group, A*STAR (S.J.C., R.A.A.S., S.M.C., V.N.).

Background And Purpose: Although VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor-165) is able to enhance both angiogenesis and neurogenesis, it also increases vascular permeability through the blood-brain barrier. Heparan sulfate (HS) sugars play important roles in regulating VEGF bioactivity in the pericellular compartment. Here we asked whether an affinity-purified VEGF-binding HS (HS7) could augment endogenous VEGF activity during stroke recovery without affecting blood-brain barrier function. Read More

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September 2020

Human placental trophoblast progenitor cells (hTPCs) promote angiogenesis and neurogenesis after focal cerebral ischemia in rats.

Int J Neurosci 2020 Aug 24:1-11. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Introduction: Reduction of blood flow below a threshold value in brain regions locally or globally is called cerebral ischemia and proper treatment requires either the restoration of normal blood flow and/or the administration of neuroprotective therapies. Human trophoblast progenitor cells (hTPCs) give rise to the placenta and are responsible for the invasion and vascular remodeling of the maternal vessels within the uterus. Here, we tested whether hTPCs promoted to differentiate along neural lineages may exhibit therapeutic properties in the setting of cerebral ischemia . Read More

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A Decellularized Matrix Hydrogel Derived from Human Dental Pulp Promotes Dental Pulp Stem Cell Proliferation, Migration, and Induced Multidirectional Differentiation In Vitro.

J Endod 2020 Oct 15;46(10):1438-1447.e5. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Dental pulp is a major composition in the pulp-dentin complex, which serves as protective system against dental trauma/infection. Functional dental pulp regeneration is highly desirable after pulpitis or pulp necrosis. However, endodontic regeneration has remained challenging for decades because of the deconstructive microenvironment and the lack of functional cells within the root canal system. Read More

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October 2020

A cross-platform approach to characterize and screen potential neurovascular unit toxicants.

Reprod Toxicol 2020 Jun 24;96:300-315. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Center for Computational Toxicology and Exposure, United States. Electronic address:

Development of the neurovascular unit (NVU) is a complex, multistage process that requires orchestrated cell signaling mechanisms across several cell types and ultimately results in formation of the blood-brain barrier. Typical high-throughput screening (HTS) assays investigate single biochemical or single cell responses following chemical insult. As the NVU comprises multiple cell types interacting at various stages of development, a methodology combining high-throughput results across pertinent cell-based assays is needed to investigate potential chemical-induced disruption to the development of this complex cell system. Read More

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Tumor-induced neurogenesis and immune evasion as targets of innovative anti-cancer therapies.

Signal Transduct Target Ther 2020 06 18;5(1):99. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Dirección de Proyectos e Investigación, Grupo Diagnóstico Médico Proa, 06400 CDMX, Cuauhtémoc, México.

Normal cells are hijacked by cancer cells forming together heterogeneous tumor masses immersed in aberrant communication circuits that facilitate tumor growth and dissemination. Besides the well characterized angiogenic effect of some tumor-derived factors; others, such as BDNF, recruit peripheral nerves and leukocytes. The neurogenic switch, activated by tumor-derived neurotrophins and extracellular vesicles, attracts adjacent peripheral fibers (autonomic/sensorial) and neural progenitor cells. Read More

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Revisiting the Regenerative Therapeutic Advances Towards Erectile Dysfunction.

Cells 2020 05 19;9(5). Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Urology and Oncology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an inability to attain or maintain adequate penile erection for successful vaginal intercourse, leading to sexual and relationship dissatisfaction. To combat ED, various surgical and non-surgical approaches have been developed in the past to restore erectile functions. These therapeutic interventions exhibit significant impact in providing relief to patients; however, due to their associated adverse effects and lack of long-term efficacy, newer modalities such as regenerative therapeutics have gained attention due to their safe and prolonged efficacy. Read More

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3D printing of Haversian bone-mimicking scaffolds for multicellular delivery in bone regeneration.

Sci Adv 2020 03 20;6(12):eaaz6725. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, P. R. China.

The integration of structure and function for tissue engineering scaffolds is of great importance in mimicking native bone tissue. However, the complexity of hierarchical structures, the requirement for mechanical properties, and the diversity of bone resident cells are the major challenges in constructing biomimetic bone tissue engineering scaffolds. Herein, a Haversian bone-mimicking scaffold with integrated hierarchical Haversian bone structure was successfully prepared via digital laser processing (DLP)-based 3D printing. Read More

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Effect of the Soluble Factors Released by Dental Apical Papilla-Derived Stem Cells on the Osteo/Odontogenic, Angiogenic, and Neurogenic Differentiation of Dental Pulp Cells.

Stem Cells Dev 2020 06 27;29(12):795-805. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Stem cells derived from dental apical papilla (SCAPs) can secrete various soluble factors, which may stimulate tissue repair and regeneration in vivo. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of the soluble factors released by SCAPs on the proliferation and differentiation of dental pulp cells (DPCs). We compared the osteo/odontogenic, angiogenic, and neurogenic effects of soluble factors released from SCAPs and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in vitro. Read More

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Dental Stem Cell-Derived Secretome/Conditioned Medium: The Future for Regenerative Therapeutic Applications.

Stem Cells Int 2020 31;2020:7593402. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Stem cells and Tissue Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Regenerative medicine literature has proposed mesenchymal stem/progenitor cell- (MSC-) mediated therapeutic approaches for their great potential in managing various diseases and tissue defects. Dental MSCs represent promising alternatives to nondental MSCs, owing to their ease of harvesting with minimally invasive procedures. Their mechanism of action has been attributed to their cell-to-cell contacts as well as to the paracrine effect of their secreted factors, namely, secretome. Read More

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January 2020

Pulp stem cells derived from human permanent and deciduous teeth: Biological characteristics and therapeutic applications.

Stem Cells Transl Med 2020 04 14;9(4):445-464. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Laboratory of Biomimetic Nanomaterials, Department of Orthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Human pulp stem cells (PSCs) include dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) isolated from dental pulp tissues of human extracted permanent teeth and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Depending on their multipotency and sensitivity to local paracrine activity, DPSCs and SHED exert therapeutic applications at multiple levels beyond the scope of the stomatognathic system. This review is specifically concentrated on PSC-updated biological characteristics and their promising therapeutic applications in (pre)clinical practice. Read More

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Efficient One-Step Induction of Human Umbilical Cord-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (UC-MSCs) Produces MSC-Derived Neurospheres (MSC-NS) with Unique Transcriptional Profile and Enhanced Neurogenic and Angiogenic Secretomes.

Stem Cells Int 2019 17;2019:9208173. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Stem Cell Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Cell therapy has emerged as a promising strategy for treating neurological diseases such as stroke, spinal cord injury, and various neurodegenerative diseases, but both embryonic neural stem cells and human induced Pluripotent Stem Cell- (iPSC-) derived neural stem cells have major limitations which restrict their broad use in these diseases. We want to find a one-step induction method to transdifferentiate the more easily accessible Umbilical Cord-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (UC-MSCs) into neural stem/progenitor cells suitable for cell therapy purposes. In this study, UC-MSCs were induced to form neurospheres under a serum-free suspension culture with Epidermal Growth Factor- (EGF-) and basic Fibroblast Growth Factor- (bFGF-) containing medium within 12 hours. Read More

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December 2019

Neurospheres Induced from Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells as a New Source of Neural Progenitor Cells.

Cell Transplant 2019 Dec 8;28(1_suppl):66S-75S. Epub 2019 Dec 8.

Stem Cell Center, Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Human adipose-derived stem cells are used in regenerative medicine for treating various diseases including osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, cartilage or tendon injury, etc. However, their use in neurological disorders is limited, probably due to the lack of a quick and efficient induction method of transforming these cells into neural stem or progenitor cells. In this study, we reported a highly efficient and simple method to induce adipose-derived stem cells into neural progenitor cells within 12 hours, using serum-free culture combined with a well-defined induction medium (epidermal growth factor 20 ng/ml and basic fibroblast growth factor, both at 20 ng/ml, with N2 and B27 supplements). Read More

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December 2019

Grafted muscle-derived stem cells promote the therapeutic efficiency of epimysium conduits in mice with peripheral nerve gap injury.

Artif Organs 2020 May 26;44(5):E214-E225. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Our research aimed to build allogeneic artificial conduits with epimysium and muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) from the skeletal muscle of mice. We applied the conduit to repair peripheral nerve defects and estimated the effectiveness of the repair process. In the research, we prepared epimysium conduits with lumens to bridge repair a 5-mm-long sciatic nerve defect from C57 wild-type mice and then transplanted green fluorescent protein (GFP)-MDSCs and Matrigel suspensions into the conduit. Read More

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Developmental toxicity of fipronil in early development of zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae: Disrupted vascular formation with angiogenic failure and inhibited neurogenesis.

J Hazard Mater 2020 03 30;385:121531. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Kookmin University, Seoul, 02707, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Fipronil has been widely used in agriculture to prevent aggressive insects from damaging agricultural products. Fipronil residues circulate in the environment and they have been detected in non-targeted organisms in aquatic environments. To study the effect of fipronil toxicity on environmental health, 6 h post fertilization (hpf) zebrafish embryos were treated with fipronil for 72 h. Read More

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IGFBP5 promotes angiogenic and neurogenic differentiation potential of dental pulp stem cells.

Dev Growth Differ 2019 Dec 10;61(9):457-465. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Beijing Stomatological Hospital,Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Dental stem cells for dental pulp regeneration have become a new strategy for pulpitis treatment. Angiogenesis and neurogenesis play a vital role in the pulp-dentin complex regeneration, and appropriate growth factors will promote the process of angiogenesis and neurogenesis. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 5 (IGFBP5) is involved in the regulation of tooth growth and development. Read More

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December 2019

Neuroprotective Potential of GDF11: Myth or Reality?

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jul 21;20(14). Epub 2019 Jul 21.

Institut de Formation en Biotechnologie et Ingénierie Biomédicale (IFR2B), Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, 43 150 Ben-Guerir, Morocco.

In the brain, aging is accompanied by cellular and functional deficiencies that promote vulnerability to neurodegenerative disorders. In blood plasma from young and old animals, various factors such as growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), whose levels are elevated in young animals, have been identified. The blood concentrations of these factors appear to be inversely correlated with the age-related decline of neurogenesis. Read More

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Stem Cells-based and Molecular-based Approaches in Regenerative Dentistry: A Topical Review.

Curr Stem Cell Res Ther 2019 ;14(7):607-616

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University on Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Background: Regenerative medicine is a growing branch of medicine aimed to treat damaged or lost tissues, to promote tissue formation and to restore both aesthetics and function. In the last years, several scientific articles have been focused on the regenerative procedures aimed to increase the survival rate of compromised teeth; the most effective approaches have been based on molecularbased and on cellular-based protocols; however, to date, both these techniques have not been carefully analysed and discussed, to know in details the advantages of each of them.

Methods: A literature search was undertaken on three electronic scientific databases: Medline via PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar. Read More

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Evaluation of Neurosecretome from Mesenchymal Stem Cells Encapsulated in Silk Fibroin Hydrogels.

Sci Rep 2019 06 19;9(1):8801. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Center for Biomedical Technology, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Physical and cognitive disabilities are hallmarks of a variety of neurological diseases. Stem cell-based therapies are promising solutions to neuroprotect and repair the injured brain and overcome the limited capacity of the central nervous system to recover from damage. It is widely accepted that most benefits of different exogenously transplanted stem cells rely on the secretion of different factors and biomolecules that modulate inflammation, cell death and repair processes in the damaged host tissue. Read More

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Xenotransplantation of human dental pulp stem cells in platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of full-thickness articular cartilage defects in a rabbit model.

Exp Ther Med 2019 Jun 17;17(6):4344-4356. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Genetics, Blood Center, Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (FAMEMA), Marília, SP 17519-050, Brazil.

Stem cells in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) scaffolds may be a promising treatment for cartilage repair. Human dental pulp stem cell (hDPSC) subpopulations have been identified to have substantial angiogenic, neurogenic and regenerative potential when compared with other stem cell sources. The present study evaluated the potential of hDPSCs in a PRP scaffold to regenerate full-thickness cartilage defects in rabbits. Read More

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