1,274 results match your criteria netrin-1


Δ40p53 isoform up-regulates netrin-1/UNC5B expression and potentiates netrin-1 pro-oncogenic activity.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Sep;118(36)

Apoptosis, Cancer, and Development Laboratory, Equipe labellisée 'La Ligue', LabEx DEVweCAN, Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Lyon, INSERM U1052-CNRS UMR5286, Centre Léon Bérard, Université de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1, 69008 Lyon, France;

Netrin-1, a secreted protein recently characterized as a relevant cancer therapeutic target, is the antiapoptotic ligand of the dependence receptors deleted in colorectal carcinoma and members of the UNC5H family. Netrin-1 is overexpressed in several aggressive cancers where it promotes cancer progression by inhibiting cell death induced by its receptors. Interference of its binding to its receptors has been shown, through the development of a monoclonal neutralizing antinetrin-1 antibody (currently in phase II of clinical trial), to actively induce apoptosis and tumor growth inhibition. Read More

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September 2021

Programmable dual responsive system reconstructing nerve interaction with small-diameter tissue-engineered vascular grafts and inhibiting intimal hyperplasia in diabetes.

Bioact Mater 2022 Jan 25;7:466-477. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Cell Biology, Third Military Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China.

Small-diameter tissue-engineered vascular grafts (sdTEVGs) with hyperglycemia resistance have not been constructed. The intimal hyperplasia caused by hyperglycemia remains problem to hinder the patency of sdTEVGs. Here, inspired by bionic regulation of nerve on vascular, we found the released neural exosomes could inhibit the abnormal phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Read More

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January 2022

Developmental genes controlling neural circuit formation are expressed in the early postnatal hypothalamus and cellular lining of the third ventricle.

J Neuroendocrinol 2021 Sep 23;33(9):e13020. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Centre for Neuroendocrinology, Department of Anatomy, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

The arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus is central in the regulation of body weight homeostasis through its ability to sense peripheral metabolic signals and relay them, through neural circuits, to other brain areas, ultimately affecting physiological and behavioural changes. The early postnatal development of these neural circuits is critical for normal body weight homeostasis, such that perturbations during this critical period can lead to obesity. The role for peripheral regulators of body weight homeostasis, including leptin, insulin and ghrelin, in this postnatal development is well described, yet some of the fundamental processes underpinning axonal and dendritic growth remain unclear. Read More

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September 2021

IL-20 is involved in obesity by modulation of adipogenesis and macrophage dysregulation.

Immunology 2021 Aug 17. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

IL-20 is a proinflammatory cytokine of the IL-10 family and involved in several diseases. However, the regulatory role of IL-20 in obesity is not well understood. We explored the function of IL-20 in the pathogenesis of obesity-induced insulin resistance by ELISA, Western blotting and flow cytometry. Read More

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A ligand-insensitive UNC5B splicing isoform regulates angiogenesis by promoting apoptosis.

Nat Commun 2021 08 11;12(1):4872. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Istituto di Genetica Molecolare "Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza", Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Pavia, Italy.

The Netrin-1 receptor UNC5B is an axon guidance regulator that is also expressed in endothelial cells (ECs), where it finely controls developmental and tumor angiogenesis. In the absence of Netrin-1, UNC5B induces apoptosis that is blocked upon Netrin-1 binding. Here, we identify an UNC5B splicing isoform (called UNC5B-Δ8) expressed exclusively by ECs and generated through exon skipping by NOVA2, an alternative splicing factor regulating vascular development. Read More

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Vav2 is required for Netrin-1 receptor-class-specific spinal motor axon guidance.

Dev Dyn 2021 Aug 10. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Graduate Institute of Neural Regenerative Medicine, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Proper guidance of neuronal axons to their targets is required to assemble neural circuits during the development of the nervous system. However, the mechanism by which the guidance of axonal growth cones is regulated by specific intermediaries activated by receptor signaling pathways to mediate cytoskeleton dynamics is unclear. Vav protein members have been proposed to mediate this process, prompting us to investigate their role in the limb selection of the axon trajectory of spinal lateral motor column (LMC) neurons. Read More

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Netrin-1 in Glioblastoma Neovascularization: The New Partner in Crime?

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 31;22(15). Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Laboratory of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 7800003, Chile.

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and common primary tumor of the central nervous system. It is characterized by having an infiltrating growth and by the presence of an excessive and aberrant vasculature. Some of the mechanisms that promote this neovascularization are angiogenesis and the transdifferentiation of tumor cells into endothelial cells or pericytes. Read More

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The Entry and Egress of Monocytes in Atherosclerosis: A Biochemical and Biomechanical Driven Process.

Cardiovasc Ther 2021 8;2021:6642927. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Artificial Intelligence Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, School of Automation and Information Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong, Sichuan, China 643000.

In accordance with "the response to injury" theory, the entry of monocytes into the intima guided by inflammation signals, taking up cholesterol and transforming into foam cells, and egress from plaques determines the progression of atherosclerosis. Multiple cytokines and receptors have been reported to be involved in monocyte recruitment such as CCL2/CCR2, CCL5/CCR5, and CX3CL1/CX3CR1, and the egress of macrophages from the plaque like CCR7/CCL19/CCL21. Interestingly, some neural guidance molecules such as Netrin-1 and Semaphorin 3E have been demonstrated to show an inhibitory effect on monocyte migration. Read More

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The expression of Netrin-1 in the MIA-induced osteoarthritic temporomandibular joint in mice.

Sci Rep 2021 Aug 3;11(1):15695. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST), Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education (KLOBM), School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, 237 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Subchondral bone degeneration is the main pathological change during temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) development. Netrin-1, an axon-guiding factor, might play roles in OA development and pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of Netrin-1 in TMJ OA and its possible role in the progression of TMJ OA and pain. Read More

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Homogenous overexpression of the extracellular matrix protein Netrin-1 in a hollow fiber bioreactor.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Aug 3;105(14-15):6047-6057. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Chemistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

The production of recombinant proteins for functional and biophysical studies, especially in the field of structural determination, still represents a challenge as high quality and quantities are needed to adequately perform experiments. This is in part solved by optimizing protein constructs and expression conditions to maximize the yields in regular flask expression systems. Still, work flow and effort can be substantial with no guarantee to obtain improvements. Read More

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Silencing Myeloid Netrin-1 Induces Inflammation Resolution and Plaque Regression.

Circ Res 2021 Aug 22;129(5):530-546. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

NYU Cardiovascular Research Center, The Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, New York University Grossman School of Medicine (M. Schlegel, M. Sharma, E.J.B., A.A.C.N., Y.C., M.S.A., E.M.C., G.J.K., C.v.S., J.G., R.F., C.A.N., L.C.S., D.P., E.A.F., K.J.M.).

[Figure: see text]. Read More

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Protective effects of the knockdown of lncRNA AK139328 against oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-induced injury in PC12 cells.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 2;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225002, P.R. China.

Cerebral ischemic stroke is a major cause of adult morbidity and mortality worldwide. Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to participate in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). However, to the best of our knowledge, the role of lncRNA AK139328 in cerebral ischemic stroke remains poorly understood. Read More

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September 2021

Netrin 1-Mediated Role of the Substantia Nigra Pars Compacta and Ventral Tegmental Area in the Guidance of the Medial Habenular Axons.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 8;9:682067. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante, Universidad Miguel Hernández-CSIC, Alicante, Spain.

The fasciculus retroflexus is an important fascicle that mediates reward-related behaviors and is associated with different psychiatric diseases. It is the main habenular efference and constitutes a link between forebrain regions, the midbrain, and the rostral hindbrain. The proper functional organization of habenular circuitry requires complex molecular programs to control the wiring of the habenula during development. Read More

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Prostaglandin E1 attenuates AngII-induced cardiac hypertrophy via EP3 receptor activation and Netrin-1upregulation.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2021 Jun 18;159:91-104. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Aims: Pathological cardiac hypertrophy induced by activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is one of the leading causes of heart failure. However, in current clinical practice, the strategy for targeting the RAAS is not sufficient to reverse hypertrophy. Here, we investigated the effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on angiotensin II (AngII)-induced cardiac hypertrophy and potential molecular mechanisms underlying the effect. Read More

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UNC5 dependence receptor family in human cancer: A controllable double-edged sword.

Cancer Lett 2021 Sep 30;516:28-35. Epub 2021 May 30.

Kyushu International Heavy Particle Beam Cancer Radiotherapy Center (SAGA HIMAT Foundation), Tosu, Japan. Electronic address:

UNC5 receptor family (UNC5A-D) have been identified as dependence receptors whose functions depend on the availability of their ligand netrin-1. Through binding to netrin-1, these receptors transmit signals for cell survival, migration and differentiation, and participate in diverse physiological and pathological processes. In the lack of netrin-1, however, these receptors initiate apoptosis-inducing signal. Read More

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September 2021

A Novel Netrin-1-Derived Peptide Enhances Protection against Neuronal Death and Mitigates of Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Mice.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 2;22(9). Epub 2021 May 2.

Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130021, China.

It has been reported that Netrin-1 is involved in neuroprotection following injury to the central nervous system. However, the minimal functional domain of Netrin-1 which can preserve the neuroprotection but avoid the major side effects of Netrin remains elusive. Here, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of a peptide E1 derived from Netrin-1's EGF3 domain (residues 407-422). Read More

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Tsukushi is essential for the formation of the posterior semicircular canal that detects gait performance.

J Cell Commun Signal 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Stem Cell Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Kyushu University, Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan.

Tsukushi is a small, leucine-rich repeat proteoglycan that interacts with and regulates essential cellular signaling cascades in the chick retina and murine subventricular zone, hippocampus, dermal hair follicles, and the cochlea. However, its function in the vestibules of the inner ear remains unknown. Here, we investigated the function of Tsukushi in the vestibules and found that Tsukushi deficiency in mice resulted in defects in posterior semicircular canal formation in the vestibules, but did not lead to vestibular hair cell loss. Read More

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Increased serum concentration of netrin-1 after intravitreal bevacizumab injection: is it a compensatory mechanism to counteract drug side effects?

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 May 31;21(1):243. Epub 2021 May 31.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Zihni Derin Yerleşkesi - Fener Mahallesi, 53100, Merkez/Rize, Turkey.

Background: To evaluate alterations in the serum concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and netrin-1 after intravitreal bevacizumab (BCZ) injection for the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME).

Methods: This prospective case-control study included a total of 50 participants assigned to one of three groups, including 10 individuals with DME and non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), 13 with DME, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), and 27 healthy individuals as a control group. Serum VEGF and netrin-1 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) immediately before, as well as 1 week and 1 month after, intravitreal BCZ injection. Read More

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Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Enhanced Neurite Guidance Growth through Netrin-1/DCC Signal Pathway in Primary Cultured Cortical Neurons of Rats.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 06 21;12(11):1931-1939. Epub 2021 May 21.

Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China.

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound is found to be effective in axonal regeneration, while the role of ultrasound in axonal growth guidance is still unclear. This study was performed to explore the neuroprotective role of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) both in vitro and in vivo. Primary cultured rat cortical neurons were subjected to 1. Read More

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Abundant Synthesis of Netrin-1 in Satellite Cell-Derived Myoblasts Isolated from EDL Rather Than Soleus Muscle Regulates Fast-Type Myotube Formation.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 26;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Laboratory of Cell and Tissue Biology, Research Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita 9, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan.

Resident myogenic stem cells (satellite cells) are attracting attention for their novel roles in myofiber type regulation. In the myogenic differentiation phase, satellite cells from soleus muscle (slow fiber-abundant) synthesize and secrete higher levels of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A, a multifunctional modulator) than those derived from extensor digitorum longus (EDL; fast fiber-abundant), suggesting the role of Sema3A in forming slow-twitch myofibers. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying fast-twitch myotube commitment remain unclear. Read More

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Netrin-1 marshals mitochondrial movement, morphology, and metabolism in myelin.

Neural Regen Res 2021 Dec;16(12):2399-2400

Montreal Neurological Institute, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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December 2021

PMN-derived netrin-1 attenuates cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury via myeloid ADORA2B signaling.

J Exp Med 2021 Jun;218(6)

Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, McGovern Medical School, Houston, TX.

Previous studies implicated the neuronal guidance molecule netrin-1 in attenuating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the tissue-specific sources and receptor signaling events remain elusive. Neutrophils are among the first cells responding to an ischemic insult and can be associated with tissue injury or rescue. Read More

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Netrin-1 functions as a suppressor of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 21;11(1):8585. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeå University, 90187, Umeå, Sweden.

Netrin-1 is a secreted protein that is well known for its involvement in axonal guidance during embryonic development and as an enhancer of cancer cell metastasis. Despite extensive efforts, the molecular mechanisms behind many of the physiological functions of netrin-1 have remained elusive. Here, we show that netrin-1 functions as a suppressor of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in various cellular systems, including a mutually inhibitory interaction with the BMP-promoting function of leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) proteins. Read More

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DCC regulates astroglial development essential for telencephalic morphogenesis and corpus callosum formation.

Elife 2021 Apr 19;10. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

The University of Queensland, Queensland Brain Institute, Brisbane, Australia.

The forebrain hemispheres are predominantly separated during embryogenesis by the interhemispheric fissure (IHF). Radial astroglia remodel the IHF to form a continuous substrate between the hemispheres for midline crossing of the corpus callosum (CC) and hippocampal commissure (HC). Deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) and netrin 1 (NTN1) are molecules that have an evolutionarily conserved function in commissural axon guidance. Read More

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Diagnostic efficacy of serum and urinary netrin-1 in the early detection of diabetic nephropathy.

J Investig Med 2021 Aug 16;69(6):1189-1195. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Clinical Pathology, Tanta University Faculty of Medicine, Tanta, Egypt

This study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of serum and urinary netrin-1 in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at different stages of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to compare its efficacy of estimation in serum with that in the urine. This study was carried out on 135 patients with T2DM and 45 healthy subjects. The patients with diabetes were divided according to urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) into: T2DM with normoalbuminuria, incipient DN with microalbuminuria, and overt DN with macroalbuminuria groups. Read More

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Netrin-1 receptor UNC5C cleavage by active δ-secretase enhances neurodegeneration, promoting Alzheimer's disease pathologies.

Sci Adv 2021 Apr 16;7(16). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Netrin-1, a family member of laminin-related secreted proteins, mediates axon guidance and cell migration during neural development. T835M mutation in netrin receptor UNC5C predisposes to the late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) and increases neuronal cell death. However, it remains unclear how this receptor is molecularly regulated in AD. Read More

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Association of plasma netrin-1 level with inflammatory balance and comorbidities in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD.

Tuberk Toraks 2021 Mar;69(1):30-38

Department of Chest Diseases, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey.

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common lung disease characterized by airflow restriction and systemic inflammation. Netrin-1 is a protein mainly produced in the central nervous system and has proven anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to determine netrin-1 level and its relationship with comorbidities in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD. Read More

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Biomarkers for the diagnosis of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr 22;10(4):4159-4173. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: With the development of new techniques, blood and other humoral biomarkers have become increasingly important in the diagnosis of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (AKI). We aimed to review and summarize the biomarkers associated with the diagnosis of sepsis-associated AKI.

Methods: We performed a systematic review in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and CNKI literature databases. Read More

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FEZ1 Forms Complexes with CRMP1 and DCC to Regulate Axon and Dendrite Development.

eNeuro 2021 Mar-Apr;8(2). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117593, Singapore

Elaboration of neuronal processes is an early step in neuronal development. Guidance cues must work closely with intracellular trafficking pathways to direct expanding axons and dendrites to their target neurons during the formation of neuronal networks. However, how such coordination is achieved remains incompletely understood. Read More

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Serum netrin-1 as a potential biomarker for functional outcome of traumatic brain injury.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Jul 16;518:22-27. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Liangzhu Hospital of Yuhang District of Hangzhou City, 1657 Moganshan Road, 311113 Hangzhou, China.

Background: Decreased serum netrin-1 concentrations have been found after acute brain injury. We investigated the role of serum netrin in prognosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: In this prospective and observational study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect serum netrin-1 concentrations in 50 mild TBI patients (Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, 13-15), 83 moderate TBI patients (GCS score, 9-12), 69 severe TBI patients (GCS score, 3-8) and 50 healthy controls. Read More

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