Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.
From the Department of Family Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri Children's Mercy Kansas City, Health Services and Outcomes Research, Kansas City, Missouri School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri Center for Virus Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Missouri Global Health Innovations, Dallas, Texas Global Health Innovations-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.
Background: In Kenya, standard early infant diagnosis (EID) with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing at 6-week postnatal achieves early treatment initiation (<12 weeks) in <20% of HIV+ infants. Kenya's new early infant diagnosis guidelines tentatively proposed adding PCR testing at birth, pending results from pilot studies.
Methods: We piloted birth testing at 4 Kenyan hospitals between November 2017 and November 2018. Read More