J Neurogenet 2021 Apr 28:1-22. Epub 2021 Apr 28.
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.
The biogenic monoamine octopamine (OA) is a crucial regulator of invertebrate physiology and behavior. Since its discovery in the 1950s in octopus salivary glands, OA has been implicated in many biological processes among diverse invertebrate lineages. It can act as a neurotransmitter, neuromodulator and neurohormone in a variety of biological contexts, and can mediate processes including feeding, sleep, locomotion, flight, learning, memory, and aggression. Read More