1,463 results match your criteria nematode abdominal

First report of the nematode using molluscs as natural intermediate hosts, based on morphology and genetic markers.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2021 Aug 23;15:105-111. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Laboratório de Referência Nacional para Esquistossomose - Malacologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21040-360, Brazil.

The life cycles of many parasitic nematodes include terrestrial gastropods as intermediate hosts. Over the past few decades, a number of cases of parasitism between molluscs and medically-important nematodes have been reported in Brazil, in particular, those involving the invasive giant African gastropod, , and zoonoses caused by the nematodes and , the etiological agents of neuroangiostrongyliasis and abdominal angiostrongyliasis, respectively. In the present study, larvae found infecting , , and , from two localities in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro were characterized using light and scanning electron microscopy, and sequences of the 18S rRNA and MT-CO1 genes. Read More

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Abdominal dioctophymosis in a domestic cat from the Peruvian rainforest confirmed morphologically and molecularly.

Parasitol Int 2021 Aug 18;83:102359. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Laboratorio de Epidemiologia y Economía Veterinaria, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Av. Circunvalación 2800, San Borja. Lima, Peru.

A case of abdominal dioctophymosis in a domestic cat was found in San Juan Bautista district, the Peruvian rainforest, in the Loreto department of Peru. The pet went to a veterinary clinic for a routine ovariohysterectomy during which a large nematode was found in the abdominal cavity. The nematode was morphologically identified as an adult female of Dioctophyme sp. Read More

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Image of the month: Target the bugs: hyperinfection.

Clin Med (Lond) 2021 03;21(2):e239-e240

University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Japan.

A 74-year-old woman carrying the human T-lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) presented with abdominal pain and vomiting. Computed tomography and microscopic analysis of the gastroduodenal drainage fluid made a diagnosis of paralytic ileus due to hyperinfection with underlying HTLV-1 infection. Strongyloidiasis should be included in the differential diagnosis for paralytic ileus in patients who have lived in or migrated from the endemic regions. Read More

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A new species of the genus Fredius Pretzmann, 1967 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Pseudothelphusidae) from Brazil, with comments on the southerly distribution of the family.

Zootaxa 2021 Jan 7;4903(2):zootaxa.4903.2.8. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Laboratório de Crustáceos do Semiárido (LACRUSE), Departamento de Ciências e Biológicas, Universidade Regional do Cariri, URCA. 63100-000, Crato, Ceará, Brazil..

A new species of pseudothelphusid crab of the tribe Kingsleyini Ortmann, 1897, from the southern Amazon region in the state of Rondônia, Brazil, is described and illustrated. Fredius avilai n. sp. Read More

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January 2021

Philometra longa n. sp. (Nematoda: Philometridae), a new parasite from the abdominal cavity of the eastern sea garfish Hyporhamphus australis (Hemiramphidae, Beloniformes) off Australia.

Syst Parasitol 2021 Apr 8;98(2):167-175. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW, 2678, Australia.

A new nematode species, Philometra longa n. sp. (Philometridae), is described from male and female specimens collected from the body cavity of the marine fish, Hyporhamphus australis (Steindachner) (Hemirhamphidae, Beloniformes) from off the south-eastern coast of Australia. Read More

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Rare case of (Nematoda: Enoplida) and sp. (Nematoda: Spirurida) in the subcutaneous tissue of a cat in Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Heliyon 2021 Feb 11;7(2):e06092. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Animal Pathology Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Medicine, CCAE, UFES, Alegre, ES, Brazil.

is the largest parasitic nematode of animals. It is most often found in the right kidney, but can also occur in the urinary system, ears, free abdominal cavity, mammary gland, thoracic cavity, and more rarely in subcutaneous tissue. The genus has specific parasitic characteristics according to its location, and may parasitize the respiratory tract or even the skin, varying according to species. Read More

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February 2021

Common bile duct obstruction caused by a helminth in a cat in the UK: ultrasonographic findings, histopathology and outcome.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055116920984391. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Northwest Veterinary Specialists, Ashville Point, Sutton Weaver, UK.

Case Summary: An 11-year-old neutered female domestic shorthair cat presented to our hospital with a 5-day history of vomiting, lethargy, anorexia and hyperbilirubinaemia, despite intravenous fluid therapy, gastroprotectants and antibiotic treatment. An abdominal ultrasound revealed a markedly distended common bile duct (diameter 6.2 mm). Read More

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February 2021

Endoscopic anisakis removal induced anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 19;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 19.

General Medicine Center, Shimane University Hospital, Izumo, Shimane, Japan

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February 2021

Traditional herbal medicine therapy of gallbladder ascariasis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Jan 30;15(1):26. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Department of Surgery, Hospital of Xinjiang Traditional Uyghur Medicine, Urumqi, 830049, China.

Background: Ascariasis is one of the common intestinal infections in developing countries, including China. Migration of Ascaris lumbricoides into the gallbladder is rare, unlike ascariasis of the bile duct and when it does occur, treatment is generally by endoscopic or surgical extraction.

Case Presentation: A 4-year-old Uyghur boy with a history of ascariasis developed intermittent upper abdominal pain for 7 days, was being treated by a local practitioner, and when the pain worsened with yellow sclera for 3 days, he was admitted to our hospital. Read More

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January 2021

Strongyloidiasis duodenum: A histopathological study.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2021 Jan-Mar;64(1):165-167

Department of Pathology, Vivekananda Polyclinic and Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Strongyloides stercoralis is an intestinal nematode that infects humans, percutaneously and has a complex life cycle. We report a case of a thirty year old male presenting with chief complaints of profuse watery diarrhoea, abdominal fullness, loss of appetite, creepy abdominal pain and low-grade fever for the last one month. He was on corticosteroids for systemic sclerosis. Read More

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January 2021

Ascaris in the Stomach.

N Engl J Med 2020 Nov 21;383(22):e122. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

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November 2020

Ectopic Dioctophyme renale in the thoracic and abdominal cavities associated with renal parasitism in a dog.

Parasitol Int 2021 Feb 24;80:102211. Epub 2020 Oct 24.

Departamento de Clínicas Veterinárias, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Campus Universitário, Capão do Leão, RS 96160-000, Brazil.

Dioctophymosis is the disease caused by the nematode Dioctophyme renale, normally found parasitizing the right kidney of dogs. The absence of symptoms is frequent in parasitized animals. The surgical procedures are commonly performed to treat this disease. Read More

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February 2021

Potential Mosquito Vectors of Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaira repens (Spirurida: Onchocercidae) in Aras Valley, Turkey.

J Med Entomol 2021 03;58(2):906-912

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University Kars, Turkey.

Dirofilaria immitis (Leidy, 1856) and Dirofilaria repens (Railliet & Henry, 1911) are mosquito-borne filarial nematodes that primarily affect dogs, causing heartworm disease and subcutaneous dirofilariosis. The canine heartworm is reported in different provinces in Turkey. However, studies about the transmitting mosquito species are limited. Read More

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Report of rare case of intense parasitism by 34 specimens of Dioctophyme renale in a dog.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2020 21;29(4):e011820. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Departamento de Clínicas Veterinárias, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas - UFPel, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Dioctophymosis is caused by Dioctophyme renale, a nematode that usually affects the right kidney of carnivores. The aim of this study was to report on a case of a dog with progressive weight loss and swollen abdomen that was diagnosed as presenting dioctophymosis. The patient underwent surgical treatment through which 34 nematodes were found, of which 18 were female and 16 were male, with a maximum length of 74 centimeters. Read More

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January 2021

IgE-mediated gastroallergic anisakiasis with eosinophilic oesophagitis: a case report.

Acta Clin Belg 2020 Sep 24:1-4. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Dermatology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Anisakiasis is an emerging zoonosis caused by the fish parasitic nematode Anisakis infecting the gastrointestinal tract. We describe a case of a 58-year-old woman diagnosed with gastro-allergic anisakiasis, in which the patient developed an acute food-induced IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction as well as concurrent gastro-intestinal manifestations after consumption of raw fish. The patient presented with epigastric pain, anaphylaxis and acute dysphagia caused by eosinophilic oesophagitis. Read More

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September 2020

Abdominal angiostrongyliasis can be diagnosed with a immunochromatographic rapid test with recombinant galactin from Angiostrongylus cantonensis.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2020 21;115:e200201. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Khon Kaen University, Faculty of Medicine and Mekong Health Science Research Institute, Department of Parasitology and Excellence in Medical Innovation, and Technology Research Group, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Angiostrongylus costaricensis is the causative agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, a zoonotic infection that may produce severe eosinophilic enterocolitis or hepatitis in humans. Parasites are usually not released in stools and serology has an important role in diagnosis. Since cross-reactivity is demonstrated between A. Read More

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September 2020

Strongyloides infection manifested during immunosuppressive therapy for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia.

Infection 2021 Jun 10;49(3):539-542. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

University Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, ASST Spedali Civili Hospital, Brescia, Italy.

Background: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has posed formidable public health and clinical challenges. The use of immunosuppressive agents, such as high dose corticosteroids and cytokine inhibitors (e.g. Read More

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Parasite in the Appendix.

N Engl J Med 2020 Sep;383(11):e72

Hôpital Nord, Marseille, France

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September 2020

The visceral larva migrans caused by : a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 3;36:150. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Radiology Department, Mother and Child Hospital, CHU Mohammed VI, Université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco.

Hepatic toxocarosis is caused by the dog´s roundworm, Toxocara canis. Responsible for an eosinophilic inflammatory syndrome causing liver damage that can be detected on ultrasound, computed tomography and sometimes magnetic resonance imaging. We report the case of a nine-year-old child, living in countryside, with a notion of cohabitation with canids. Read More

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December 2020

Spontaneous tricuspid valve chordal rupture in a dog with severe, irreversible pulmonary hypertension caused by Angiostrongylus vasorum infection.

Viktor Szatmári

BMC Vet Res 2020 Aug 26;16(1):311. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, 3584 CM, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: The adult worms of Angiostrongylus vasorum reside in the pulmonary artery of dogs and can lead to cardiac, respiratory, and central neurologic signs. Due to luminal obstruction and perivascular inflammation of the pulmonary artery branches, pulmonary hypertension can arise. Pulmonary hypertension, in turn, can lead to severe damage of the right-sided cardiac structures, leading to right ventricular remodeling and tricuspid valve regurgitation. Read More

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Generation of Loa loa infective larvae by experimental infection of the vector, Chrysops silacea.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 08 17;14(8):e0008415. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.

Basic and translational research on loiasis, a filarial nematode infection of medical importance, is impeded by a lack of suitable Loa loa infection models and techniques of obtaining and culturing life cycle stages. We describe the development of a new method for routine production of infective third-stage larvae (L3) of L. loa from the natural intermediate arthropod vector host, Chrysops silacea, following experimental infection with purified microfilariae. Read More

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Ultrasonography is insensitive but specific for detecting aortic wall abnormalities in dogs infected with .

Vet Rec 2020 Oct 5;187(8):e59. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Veterinart Diagnostic Imaging, The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Background: Spirocercosis is caused by the nematode (). The disease mainly affects dogs and is typically diagnosed by oesophagoscopy or faecal examination; however, these diagnostic tests may deliver false negative results during the migration phase of the nematode. The aim of the present prospective study was to evaluate whether ultrasonography could detect abnormalities in the abdominal aorta, celiac artery, and gastric wall structure as a diagnostic aid to detect infection in dogs. Read More

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October 2020

Imported Mansonella perstans infection in Spain.

Infect Dis Poverty 2020 Jul 23;9(1):105. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Laboratorio de Inmunología Parasitaria y Molecular, CIETUS, IBSAL, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007, Salamanca, Spain.

Background: Mansonella perstans infection can be considered one of the most neglected tropical infectious diseases. Very few studies have reported on the clinical picture caused by infection with this nematode. Therefore, our study was aimed to describe the clinical patterns and treatment of imported M. Read More

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Abdominal angiostrongyliasis, report of two cases and analysis of published reports from Colombia.

Biomedica 2020 06 15;40(2):233-242. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Departamento de Patología, Hospital Universitario Hernando Moncaleano Perdomo, Neiva, Colombia.

Abdominal angiostrongyliasis is a parasitic zoonosis, endemic in the American continent. Its etiological agent is Angiostrongylus costaricensis, a nematode whose definitive hosts are rats and other rodents and the intermediate hosts, slugs. Mammals acquire the infection by consuming vegetables contaminated with L3 larvae. Read More

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Abdominal angiostrongyliasis: pathologic findings in Swiss mice infected with different doses of .

J Helminthol 2020 Jul 7;94:e169. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioexperimentação, Universidade de Passo Fundo - UPF, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil.

Abdominal angiostrongyliasis is caused by Angiostrongylus costaricensis, the definitive and intermediate hosts of which are wild rodents and terrestrial molluscs, respectively. Humans are accidental hosts and can be infected by ingesting the third-stage (infective) larvae (L3). It remains unclear whether the number of L3 inoculated is related to lesion severity. Read More

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Fatal outcome in a patient under immunosuppressant therapy infected with human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Strongyloides stercoralis: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Jul 2;20(1):470. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Hematology and Rheumatology, Kindai University School of Medicine, 377-2 Oonohigashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, 589-0014, Japan.

Background: Strongyloidiasis is a gastrointestinal parasitic infection caused by percutaneous infection with Strongyloides stercoralis. Digestive symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain are the main manifestation, but serious infections such as septicemia, purulent meningitis, and bacterial pneumonia may occur in individuals harboring human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) or who are immunocompromised. Although coinfection with Strongyloides stercoralis and HTLV-1 can lead to chronic strongyloidiasis and a disseminated form of the disease, there is a high rate of response to the anthelmintic ivermectin. Read More

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Clinical Features Associated with Strongyloidiasis in Migrants and the Potential Impact of Immunosuppression: A Case Control Study.

Pathogens 2020 Jun 23;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Barcelona Institute for Global Health, ISGlobal-Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.

is a widely distributed nematode more frequent in tropical areas and particularly severe in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with strongyloidiasis in migrants living in a non-endemic area and to assess the response to treatment and follow-up in those diagnosed with the infection. We performed a multicenter case-control study with 158 cases and 294 controls matched 1:2 by a department service. Read More

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A Case of Rheumatoid Arthritis with Hyperinfection.

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2020 Jun;44(2):112-114

Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Rheumatology, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

The patient was a 83-year- old male who worked as a farmer. He had complaints of weight loss, abdominal pain and joint pains for almost 5 months. Twenty days ago, the patient was checked at another hospital for complaints of occasional coughing and bloody sputum. Read More

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Ectopic dioctophymosis in a dog - Clinical, diagnostic and pathological challenges of a silent disease.

Parasitol Int 2020 Oct 16;78:102136. Epub 2020 May 16.

Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo, BR 482, 29520-000, Rive-Alegre, ES, Brazil.

A 9-month old, female, stray dog was rescued and conducted to a university veterinary hospital. Moderate anemia was observed and abdominal ultrasound revealed pancreatitis. Right kidney was not visualized due to intestinal gas. Read More

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October 2020

Angiostrongyliasis infection masquerading as granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a case-based review.

Rheumatol Int 2020 Jul 18;40(7):1171-1176. Epub 2020 May 18.

Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, SUNY Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Pulmonary angiitis is a small vessel vasculitis commonly reported in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) but is rarely attributed to angiostrongyliasis. We report a case of a patient with well-controlled rheumatoid arthritis, who was treated for GPA based on lung biopsy results with glucocorticoids (GC). Upon re-review of the initial pathology, along with peripheral eosinophilia and history of recent travel, the patient was eventually diagnosed with angiostrongylus-like nematode infection. Read More

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