25,135 results match your criteria negatively affect


Poor parental sleep did not predict future sleep problems in children aged 2 to 6 years.

Acta Paediatr 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

University of Turku, and Kaarina health center, Finland.

Sleep problems are common in young children and may negatively affect the wellbeing of both children and parents. Previous studies have reported that tired parents overestimated their children's sleep problems. Poor maternal sleep, recorded using  sleep electroencephalography, was associated with concurrent sleep problems in children aged 7-12 years, but paternal sleep was not. Read More

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Hyperglycemia and Hypo-HDL-cholesterolemia Are Primary Risk Factors for Age-related Cataract, and a Korean-style Balanced Diet has a Negative Association, based on the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jun 14;36(23):e155. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Food and Nutrition, Obesity/Diabetes Research Center, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea.

Background: The prevalence of cataracts is steadily increasing among the middle-aged and elderly worldwide. We hypothesized that adults aged > 50 years with age-related cataracts (ARCs) have an association with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components, and MS has interactions with different dietary patterns and lifestyles that affect ARC risk. We examined the hypothesis using the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES; a large-scale hospital-based cohort study), which collected data between 2004-2013. Read More

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Sleep timing and consistency are associated with the standardised test performance of Icelandic adolescents.

J Sleep Res 2021 Jun 14:e13422. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Obesity Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Sleep has been shown to affect cognitive function in laboratory studies; however, its association to the academic performance of adolescents has largely been demonstrated using self-reported measures. Studies with objective measures of both sleep and academic performance are limited. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the free-living sleep quantity, quality, and timing of 15-year-old adolescents measured with wrist actiography are associated with their scores on national standardised examinations as an objective measure of academic achievement. Read More

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Simultaneous imputation and classification using Multigraph Geometric Matrix Completion (MGMC): Application to neurodegenerative disease classification.

Artif Intell Med 2021 Jul 8;117:102097. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Computer Aided Medical Procedures (CAMP), Technical University of Munich (TUM), Boltzmannstr. 3, 85748 Garching, Germany; German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (DSGZ), Ludwig-Maximilians University (LMU), Fraunhoferstr. 20, 82152, Planegg, Germany. Electronic address:

Large-scale population-based studies in medicine are a key resource towards better diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of diseases. They also serve as enablers of clinical decision support systems, in particular computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) using machine learning (ML). Numerous ML approaches for CADx have been proposed in literature. Read More

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Survey of in-silico prediction of anticancer peptides.

Authors:
Nan Ye

Curr Top Med Chem 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Finance and Economics, Xinyang Agriculture and Forestry University, Xinyang 464000, China.

Cancer is one of the major causes of death among human beings. Traditional treatments of cancer kill cancerous cells and negatively affect normal cells. The side effects and high medical costs prevent effective treatment. Read More

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Palliative Care for Extracorporeal Life Support: Insights From the National Inpatient Sample.

Am Surg 2021 Jun 14:31348211024232. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Laboratories (CORELAB), David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Providing temporary cardiopulmonary support, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) carries a high risk of mortality. Palliative care (PC) may facilitate a patient-centered approach to end-of-life care in order to aid symptom management and provide psychosocial support to families. The present study aimed to identify factors associated with PC consultation and its impact on resource utilization in ECMO. Read More

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China carbon neutrality target: Revisiting FDI-trade-innovation nexus with carbon emissions.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 12;294:113043. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

European University of Lefke, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Department of Banking and Finance, Lefke, Northern Cyprus, TR-10, Mersin, Turkey. Electronic address:

Since the Paris Agreement, countries around the globe have been striving to achieve their carbon neutrality targets. However, because China has one of the largest economies in the world, to achieve its targeted carbon neutrality, the roles of foreign direct investment (FDI), technological innovation (TI), and trade are crucial. Therefore, this study aims to introduce the level of trade, renewable energy consumption (REC), and FDI from the years 1995-2017 as new determinants in promoting a sustainable environment in China. Read More

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Combination of ozone and ultrasonic-assisted aerosolization sanitizer as a sanitizing process to disinfect fresh-cut lettuce.

Ultrason Sonochem 2021 Jun 6;76:105622. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Shijiashike Co., Ltd., Liaoyang 111000, China.

Reduction of sanitizer dosage and development of non-immersion disinfection methods have become major focuses of research. Here, we examined the disinfection efficacy of combining gaseous ozone (4 and 8 ppm) with aerosolized oxidizing sanitizer [sodium hypochlorite (SH, 100 and 200 ppm)] and aerosolized organic acid [acetic acid (AA, 1% and 2%) and lactic acid (LA, 1% and 2%)]. Notably, 1% AA and 4 ppm gaseous ozone were ineffective for disinfecting Salmonella Typhimurium, and treatment with 1% AA + 8 ppm ozone caused browning of lettuce leaves and stimulated increases in aerobic mesophilic count (AMC), aerobic psychrotrophic count (APC), S. Read More

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The quality of life and influencing factors in Turkish children receiving Cancer treatment.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Jun 11;61:213-218. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pediatric Nursing, Semra and Vefa Küçük Faculty of Health Sciences, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Nevşehir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the quality of life and the influencing factors in children aged 8-12 years who are treated for cancer in Turkey.

Design And Methods: The cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted on 300 children with cancer and their parents. The data were collected using the Questionnaire Form and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory PedsQL (4. Read More

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The characteristics of distal tears affect false lumen thrombosis rate after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for acute type B dissection.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center of Biomedical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China.

Objectives: A low false lumen thrombosis rate (FLTR) is common in patients with type B aortic dissection after they have undergone thoracic endovascular aortic repair, which indicates a poor long-term prognosis. This study aimed to establish a quantitative linear regression model to predict false lumen (FL) thrombosis accurately using morphological parameters.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we included 59 patients diagnosed with acute type B aortic dissection between 2014 and 2017. Read More

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Pediatric emergency department shift experiences and moods: An exploratory sequential mixed-methods study.

AEM Educ Train 2021 Jul 5;5(3):e10572. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Division of Emergency and Transport Medicine Children's Hospital Los Angeles Los Angeles California USA.

Objective: The objective was to investigate the impact of affective, social, behavioral, and cognitive factors on pediatric emergency department (PED) provider mood changes during clinical shifts, with the introduction of a novel on-shift measure.

Methods: The nominal group technique was used to generate the ED experience survey (EDES), encompassing factors that may influence PED provider mood. Providers were alerted via experience sampling method to complete the EDES and positive and negative affect schedule at randomly generated times. Read More

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An Immune-Related Long Non-Coding RNA Signature to Predict the Prognosis of Ewing's Sarcoma Based on a Machine Learning Iterative Lasso Regression.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 26;9:651593. Epub 2021 May 26.

Breast Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining, China.

The aim of this study was to construct a new immune-associated long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) signature to predict the prognosis of Ewing sarcoma (ES) and explore its molecular mechanisms. We downloaded transcriptome and clinical prognosis data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GSE17679, which included 88 ES samples and 18 matched normal skeletal muscle samples), and used it as a training set to identify immune-related lncRNAs with different expression levels in ES. Univariable Cox regression was used to screen immune-related lncRNAs related to ES prognosis, and an immune-related lncRNA signature was constructed based on machine learning iterative lasso regression. Read More

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Association Between Oral Microbiota and Cigarette Smoking in the Chinese Population.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 28;11:658203. Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

The oral microbiota has been observed to be influenced by cigarette smoking and linked to several human diseases. However, research on the effect of cigarette smoking on the oral microbiota has not been systematically conducted in the Chinese population. We profiled the oral microbiota of 316 healthy subjects in the Chinese population by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Read More

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The fate of overfilling in root canal treatments with long-term follow-up: a case series.

Restor Dent Endod 2021 May 29;46(2):e27. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Unit of Endodontic, Department of Oral Science, Nano and Biotechnology, University "G. D'Annunzio" of Chieti, Chieti, Italy.

This study describes 6 cases of endodontic overfilling with successful clinical outcomes during long-term (up to 35 years) radiographic follow-up. Successful endodontic treatment depends on proper shaping, disinfection, and obturation of root canals. Filling materials should completely fill the root canal space without exceeding the anatomical apex. Read More

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A Novel Modification of Woodward Procedure for Correction of Sprengel Deformity by Application of Anchoring Sutures.

Indian J Orthop 2021 May 2;55(Suppl 1):189-198. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopaedics, King Khalid University Hospital Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To report the functional and cosmetic results of cases with Sprengel deformity (SD) who underwent a novel technical modification in Woodward procedure for severe SD comprising of lowering of the scapula followed by stabilization of scapula with application of anchoring sutures.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-three children were operated at a mean age of 6.6 ± 2. Read More

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Adverse Effects of Selected Markers on the Metabolic and Endocrine Profiles of Obese Women With and Without PCOS.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 26;12:665446. Epub 2021 May 26.

Zoology Department, Science College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of the present study, is to investigate the influence of obesity, with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), on the levels of kisspeptin, vitamin D (Vit D), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and to explore the relationship between these parameters and endocrine and metabolic variables. The study group included 126 obese Saudi females. Of these 63 were suffering from PCOS while the rest were normo-ovulatory obese women (non-PCOS obese). Read More

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National Guard Couples Communicating During Deployment: The Challenge of Effective Connection.

Contemp Fam Ther 2021 Jun 6:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Michigan Public Health Institute, Okemos, MI USA.

Communication during a combat deployment has changed significantly in current times. Couples can now communicate with each other frequently and through multiple modes. Despite this greater availability of communication options, there remain unanswered questions related to how healthy deployment communication is best achieved between couples, particularly regarding navigating the uncertainty of deployment. Read More

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Interpretation of familiar metaphors and proverbs by Polish people in middle and late adulthood.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Background: The ability to understand figurative language, including metaphors and proverbs, decreases with age, although the phenomenon is not universal. Cognitive capacities and education play an important role in the competence connected with figurative language use and comprehension in people during the second half of life.

Aims: To identify possible similarities and differences in task performance by subjects representing middle adulthood (40-49 and 50-59 years old) and late adulthood (60-69 and 70-92 years old). Read More

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Effect of cognitive behaviour therapy on the improvement of psychological stress.

Authors:
Dongchao Yu

Work 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China E-mail:

Background: College freshmen, as a special group who are far away from their parents and begin to study and live independently, will face psychological stress in adaption to the college life, which may affect their working and living conditions in the university and even after entering the society if not solved reasonably. Hence, it is necessary to explore how to relieve the psychological stress of freshmen.

Objective: The study aimed to analyze the intervention effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on social psychological stress of freshmen under different demographic variables. Read More

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The influencing factors and coping styles of mental health stress responses of stroke caregivers.

Work 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Johns Hopkins College, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: For family caregivers, sudden stroke events and heavy caring works are stressful events. At present, controversies about the factors affecting caregivers' stress response and their correlation with coping styles still exist.

Objective: To explore the influencing factors and coping styles of mental health stress responses of stroke caregivers and promote caregivers to adopt positive coping styles for diseases and caring works. Read More

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It may cost an arm and a leg: workers value and occupational fatality rates in the U.S.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 13;21(1):1133. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kansas State University, 1114 Mid-Campus Dr, KS, 66506, Manhattan, USA.

Background: The present study aims to observe how societal indicators of workers' values at the state-level are related to health and safety outcomes, particularly major injuries and fatalities in the U.S. Underscoring workforce flexibility and workability over workforce stability and safety might be indicative of the worth of workers which can be associated with occupational safety and health concerns. Read More

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Noncanonical functions of glucocorticoids: A novel role for glucocorticoids in performing multiple beneficial functions in endometrial stem cells.

Cell Death Dis 2021 Jun 12;12(6):612. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Biomedical Science, Jungwon University, Goesan-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea.

Chronic stress has a negative impact on many fertility-related functions; thus, the recent decline in female fertility seems to be at least partially associated with increased stress. The secretion of glucocorticoids is a typical endocrine response to chronic stress and indirectly reduces uterine receptivity through the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. However, in addition to its well-known canonical role, the direct effects of chronic stress-induced glucocorticoids on various uterine functions and their underlying molecular mechanisms are complex and have not yet been revealed. Read More

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The adverse effects of policing on population health: A conceptual model.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jun 5;281:114103. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

While negative encounters between police and the community are not a new trend, recent high profile deaths of unarmed people of color have gained widespread national attention and ignited new movements demanding reform, accountability, and progress. Increasingly over the past few decades, researchers have examined the most extreme cases of lethal use of force, describing the context of these violent encounters, situational and personal characteristics, and underlying risk factors. More recent research has aimed to define the broader and more nuanced adverse effects that policing can have on population health. Read More

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The cost of being absent: Is meta-awareness of mind-wandering related to depression symptom severity, rumination tendencies and trauma intrusions?

J Affect Disord 2021 May 27;292:131-138. Epub 2021 May 27.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Deng, Li and Tang (2014) reported that depression symptom severity is negatively associated with dispositional mindfulness and importantly, positively associated with zone-outs (mind-wandering without meta-awareness). We replicated and extended their study by exploring possible explanations for these relationships, and by also investigating whether mind-wandering is related to (1) trait rumination subtype-brooding, depressive or reflective, and (2) trauma intrusions-a hallmark PTSD symptom, since both rumination and trauma intrusions strongly correlate with depression. We also explored if dispositional mindfulness-the opposing construct of mind-wandering-mediated these relationships. Read More

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Prostaglandin E2, 9S-, 13S-HODE and resolvin D1 are strongly associated with the post-stroke cognitive impairment.

Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 2021 Jun 10;156:106576. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolomics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Poland. Electronic address:

Background: Inflammatory derivatives of free fatty acids are involved in the development of neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunctions. The study aim was to establish the influence of eicosanoids on the cognitive status of stroke patients.

Methods: 73 stroke patients were prospectively evaluated towards the neuropsychological cognitive functions on the 7th day after stroke and after follow-up of 6 months. Read More

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Re: Herbicides Glyphosate and Glufosinate Ammonium Negatively Affect Human Sperm Mitochondria Respiration Efficiency.

Eur Urol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Reproduction Group, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Medical School, University of Antioquia, Antioquia, Colombia. Electronic address:

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Smoking and obesity negatively affect the favourable outcome of varicocelectomy in sub-fertile men.

Andrologia 2021 Jun 12:e14131. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Urology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

We assessed the effect of smoking and/or obesity on semen parameters and testosterone/oestradiol (T/E) ratio among sub-fertile men treated with sub-inguinal varicocelectomy. In this prospective, controlled, clinical study, 80 sub-fertile men with clinical varicocele who were subjected to sub-inguinal varicocelectomy were assigned into four equal groups (n = 20/each), group A: obese and smokers, group B: obese and nonsmokers, group C: smokers and nonobese and group D: nonsmokers and nonobese. Semen parameters, serum testosterone, oestradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, prolactin and calculation of T/E ratio were assessed at baseline and 6 months post-varicocelectomy. Read More

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Leached starch content and molecular size during sorghum steaming for baijiu production is not determined by starch fine molecular structures.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jun 9;184:50-56. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

School of Medical Instrument and Food Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety, the Ministry of Education of China, Institutes of Agricultural Science and Technology Development of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Sorghum steaming properties are important for both flavor and brewing efficiency of baijiu (Chinese alcohol liquor). However, it is currently unclear with respects to structural factors that affect sorghum steaming properties during baijiu production. In this study, starch fine molecular structures were characterized by size-exclusion chromatography and fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis for 8 sorghum varieties used in baijiu production. Read More

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Severe recalled labor pain and elective cesarean section in a subsequent delivery: a cohort study of Norwegian parous women.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute and Policlinic of Occupational and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Introduction: Some women keep on recalling intense labor pain experienced at childbirth to a degree that it may negatively affect their life during the postpartum period or lead them to request a cesarean section (CS) in the subsequent delivery. This longitudinal study aimed to assess the impact of severe recalled labor pain from the previous birth on the preference of and delivery by an elective CS in the subsequent delivery. Further, we investigated if co-occurring maternal demographic, somatic, and mental health factors related to the previous and subsequent delivery explain parts of a potential association. Read More

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