J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2020 Oct-Dec;11(4):293-299. Epub 2020 Nov 26.
Institute of Neurosurgery, Operative Unit, Research Center and Master II Degree Surgical Approaches Craniovertebral Junction, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.
Background: The introduction of recent innovations in the field of intraoperative imaging and neuronavigation, such as OArm Stealth Station, allows to obtain crucial intraoperative data by performing safer and controlled surgical procedures. As part of the improvement of surgical visual magnification and wide expansion of surgical corridors, the 3D-4K exoscope (EX) represents nowadays an interesting and useful tool. Transoral approach (TOA) represents the historical gold standard direct microsurgical route to ventral craniovertebral junction (CVJ). Read More