13 results match your criteria naturalistic one-to-one

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Semantic Space Theory: A Computational Approach to Emotion.

Trends Cogn Sci 2021 02 18;25(2):124-136. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 2121 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA.

Within affective science, the central line of inquiry, animated by basic emotion theory and constructivist accounts, has been the search for one-to-one mappings between six emotions and their subjective experiences, prototypical expressions, and underlying brain states. We offer an alternative perspective: semantic space theory. This computational approach uses wide-ranging naturalistic stimuli and open-ended statistical techniques to capture systematic variation in emotion-related behaviors. Read More

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February 2021

Measuring Psychological Change and Predicting Recidivism Following the Swedish One-to-One Program.

Front Psychiatry 2019 29;10:811. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Retired, Bristol, United Kingdom.

The One-to-One program aims to reduce criminal recidivism among prisoners shortly awaiting release, and among probationers. Of 1,484 program participants in Sweden, 776 contained adequate data for analysis. Pre- and post-program scores were available for the Alternative Thinking Test, Levenson's Locus of Control Scale, Skill Survey, Citizen Scale, and Problem Checklist, all areas addressed in the program. Read More

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November 2019

Phase synchronization varies systematically with linguistic structure composition.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2020 02 16;375(1791):20190305. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Computation in neuronal assemblies is putatively reflected in the excitatory and inhibitory cycles of activation distributed throughout the brain. In speech and language processing, coordination of these cycles resulting in phase synchronization has been argued to reflect the integration of information on different timescales (e.g. Read More

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February 2020

Five-Year Effectiveness of the Multidisciplinary Risk Assessment and Management Programme-Diabetes Mellitus (RAMP-DM) on Diabetes-Related Complications and Health Service Uses-A Population-Based and Propensity-Matched Cohort Study.

Diabetes Care 2018 01 14;41(1):49-59. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Ap Lei Chau Clinic, Ap Lei Chau, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To evaluate the 5-year effectiveness of a multidisciplinary Risk Assessment and Management Programme-Diabetes Mellitus (RAMP-DM) in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes.

Research Design And Methods: A 5-year prospective cohort study was conducted with 121,584 Chinese primary care patients with type 2 DM who were recruited between August 2009 and June 2011. Missing data were dealt with multiple imputations. Read More

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January 2018

Parents' experiences of hope following a child's brain injury.

Authors:
Liz Bray

Nurs Child Young People 2015 Sep;27(7):22-6

Children's Trust, Tadworth, Surrey.

Aim: To explore the lived experiences of parents caring for their child following a severe to moderate acquired brain injury (ABI).

Methods: A Heideggerian phenomenological approach was used and the research set within the naturalistic paradigm. Eight parents were identified using purposive sampling. Read More

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September 2015

Converging evidence of social avoidant behavior in schizophrenia from two approach-avoidance tasks.

J Psychiatr Res 2015 Oct 10;69:135-41. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium; Department of Clinical Psychology, Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, Netherlands.

Many people with schizophrenia suffer from social impairments characterized by active social avoidance, which is related to social phobia common in schizophrenia, while motivational impairments can also result in passive social withdrawal. Although social avoidance is frequently reported in this population, this is the first study to directly compare approach-avoidance tendencies in schizophrenia patients (N = 37) and healthy controls (N = 29). Participants performed two tasks: a computerized approach-avoidance task (AAT) to assess response tendencies toward images of happy and angry faces with direct or averted gaze and a one-to-one personal space test (PST) to gauge more naturalistic approach-avoidance behaviors toward a real person bearing a neutral expression. Read More

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October 2015

Manager-employee interaction in ambulance services: an exploratory study of employee perspectives on management communication.

Authors:
Halvor Nordby

Health Care Manag (Frederick) 2015 Apr-Jun;34(2):113-22

Author Affiliation: The University of Oslo and The University College of Lillehammer, Norway.

Managers of ambulance stations face many communicative challenges in their interaction with employees working in prehospital first-line services. The article presents an exploratory study of how paramedics experience these challenges in communication with station leaders. On the basis of a dialogue perspective in qualitative method, 24 paramedics were interviewed in one-to-one and focus group settings. Read More

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October 2016

Christian worship leaders' attitudes and observations of people with dementia.

Dementia (London) 2014 Sep 28;13(5):586-97. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Newcastle Psychology team, Dementia Services, Northumberland Tyne and Wear NHS Foundation Trust, UK

Background: The cognitive, emotional, and psychological consequences of dementia are profound and can include memory loss, processing and, communication difficulties, social isolation and agitation. Procedural memory remains fairly intact in people with dementia (PWD) and is readily triggered via sensory cues and prompts. As religious services are often highly structured, it is likely that PWD can participate competently, potentially enhancing their quality of life, and wellbeing. Read More

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September 2014

Teaching receptive discriminations to children with autism: a comparison of traditional and embedded discrete trial teaching.

Behav Anal Pract 2012 ;5(2):49-59

Auburn University.

Discrete trial teaching (DTT) procedures have proven effective in teaching language to children with autism. Discrete trial teaching uses a highly structured, fast-paced format of instruction that is typically conducted in a one-to-one situation at a desk or table with minimal distractions. We compared this traditional model of DTT to a version of DTT in which instruction was embedded within the context of a more naturalistic, activity-based environment. Read More

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Stereotyped behaviour in children with autism and intellectual disability: an examination of the executive dysfunction hypothesis.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2011 Jul 4;55(7):699-709. Epub 2011 Jan 4.

University of Birmingham, School of Psychology, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Increasing attention has been paid to the executive dysfunction hypothesis argued to underpin stereotyped behaviour in autism. The aim of this study is to investigate one component of this model, that stereotyped behaviours are related to impaired generativity and compromised behavioural inhibition, by examining whether episodes of these behaviours terminate naturally without external intervention.

Methods: Using a naturalistic observational methodology the stereotyped behaviours of six participants with autism were recorded in real time over periods ranging from 3. Read More

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Effectiveness of a novel community-based early intervention model for children with autistic spectrum disorder.

Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 2010 Nov;115(6):504-23

Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

The Nova Scotia early intensive behavior intervention model -NS EIBI ( Bryson et al., 2007 ) for children with autistic spectrum disorders was designed to be feasible and sustainable in community settings. It combines parent training and naturalistic one-to-one behavior intervention employing Pivotal Response Treatment - PRT (R. Read More

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November 2010

The effectiveness of a group discrete trial instructional approach for preschoolers with developmental disabilities.

Res Dev Disabil 2001 May-Jun;22(3):205-19

Autism Partnership, Seal Beach, CA 90740, USA.

Group behavioral classroom instruction for children with developmental disabilities has been shown to allow for increased efficiency, approximation to naturalistic arrangements, and enhanced opportunity for interaction, social teaching and observational learning. This study examines the effectiveness of a group instructional extension of one to one discrete trial teaching, which involves the overlapping of trials between students along with the use of sequential and choral group teaching. A multiple baseline design across tasks was employed to examine the effectiveness of the group instructional approach in promoting acquisition of educational skills among preschoolers with autism and other developmental disabilities. Read More

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October 2001

Effect of training on general practitioners' use of a brief intervention for excessive drinkers.

Aust N Z J Public Health 1998 Apr;22(2):206-9

School of Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst.

Objective: To determine among general practitioners (GPs) the effect of three different types of training on utilisation of a brief, controlled drinking intervention.

Design: A non-randomised intervention study. Setting, participants: 96 GPs (64%) within the South Eastern Sydney Division of General Practice participated; 35 chose workshop training, 39 one-to-one training and 22 received a special kit by mail. Read More

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