J Psychiatr Res 2015 Oct 10;69:135-41. Epub 2015 Aug 10.
Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium; Department of Clinical Psychology, Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, Netherlands.
Many people with schizophrenia suffer from social impairments characterized by active social avoidance, which is related to social phobia common in schizophrenia, while motivational impairments can also result in passive social withdrawal. Although social avoidance is frequently reported in this population, this is the first study to directly compare approach-avoidance tendencies in schizophrenia patients (N = 37) and healthy controls (N = 29). Participants performed two tasks: a computerized approach-avoidance task (AAT) to assess response tendencies toward images of happy and angry faces with direct or averted gaze and a one-to-one personal space test (PST) to gauge more naturalistic approach-avoidance behaviors toward a real person bearing a neutral expression. Read More