173 results match your criteria native ethiopia

Refugee Employment Integration Heterogeneity in Sweden: Evidence From a Cohort Analysis.

Front Sociol 2020 2;5:44. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.

Sweden, like many other European countries, has lower employment levels for the foreign-born compared to native-born Swedes. To some extent, this could be due to the country's relatively large intake of refugees. However, few studies have focused entirely on the employment integration of these refugees. Read More

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Root Colonization and Spore Abundance of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Along Altitudinal Gradients in Fragmented Church Natural Forest Remnants in Northern Ethiopia.

Microb Ecol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

World Agroforestry (ICRAF), United Nations Avenue, P.O. Box 30677-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) spore density and root colonization are considered sensitive to host species and abiotic factors such as climate and soil. However, there is a knowledge gap about how fragmented native forest remnants might contribute to AMF conservation, what is the AMF spore density and root colonization, and to what extent climate change, particularly warming, might impact AMF. The aim of the study was to quantify the AMF spore density and root colonization along altitudinal gradients in three agro-ecological zones of nine church forests in northern Ethiopia. Read More

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Heteromerization of Dopaminergic Receptors in the Brain: Pharmacological Implications.

Desye Misganaw

Pharmacol Res 2021 Apr 6:105600. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Pharmacology and Toxicology unit, Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, P.O. Box 1145, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Dopamine exerts its physiological effects through two subtypes of receptors, i.e. the receptors of the D family (D and D) and the D family (D, D3R, and D), which differ in their pattern of distribution, affinity, and signaling. Read More

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Species diversity, composition, structure and management in agroforestry systems: the case of Kachabira district, Southern Ethiopia.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 15;7(3):e06477. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet, Ethiopia.

Agroforestry is increasingly being identified as an integrated land use enhancing plant diversity while reducing habitat loss and fragmentation. This paper examined species diversity, composition, structure and management in agroforestry systems Two Kebeles (Kachabira and Mesafe) were purposively selected for this study. Then, farmers who dominantly practiced agroforestry practices such as home garden, parkland and live fence were stratified based on wealth categories. Read More

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Multivariate characterization of phenotypic traits of five native cattle populations from Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Mar 18;53(2):212. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Live Gene - CTLGH, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Abergelle, Arado, Begait, Irob, and Raya are important native cattle populations that are well adapted to the harsh natural conditions in Tigray, Ethiopia. However, little is known about their phenotypic characteristics and inter-population variability. Understanding the phenotypic characteristics is the crucial step in an effort of maintaining genetic diversity and conserving important traits for adaptation. Read More

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Genetic insights into the globally invasive and taxonomically problematic tree genus .

AoB Plants 2021 Feb 8;13(1):plaa069. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Matieland, South Africa.

Accurate taxonomic identification of alien species is crucial to detect new incursions, prevent or reduce the arrival of new invaders and implement management options such as biological control. Globally, the taxonomy of non-native species is problematic due to misidentification and extensive hybridization. We performed a genetic analysis on several species, and their putative hybrids, including both native and non-native populations, with a special focus on invasions in Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania). Read More

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February 2021

Dispersal and competitive release affect the management of native and invasive tephritid fruit flies in large and smallholder farms in Ethiopia.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 29;11(1):2690. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Chemical Ecology Unit, Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 102, 230 53, Alnarp, Sweden.

African horticulture is seriously affected by fruit flies, both native and invasive. Novel sustainable control methods need testing against the backdrop of smallholder-dominated farming of Africa. We evaluated the potential of male-specific attractants (parapheromones) laced with insecticide to suppress the alien invasive Bactrocera dorsalis and native Ceratitis capitata. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic Diversities and Historical Dynamics of Native Ethiopian Horse Populations () Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphisms.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Jan 25;12(2). Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO), University of Porto, 4485-661 Vairao, Portugal.

Matrilineal genetic diversity and relationship were investigated among eight morphologically identified native Ethiopian horse populations using polymorphisms in 46 mtDNA D-loop sequences (454 base pairs). The horse populations identified were Abyssinian, Bale, Borana, Horro, Kafa, Kundido feral horses, Ogaden and Selale. Mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences were characterized by 15 variable sites that defined five different haplotypes. Read More

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January 2021

Woody species composition, structure, and diversity of homegarden agroforestry systems in southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.

Heliyon 2020 Dec 28;6(12):e05500. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Hawassa University, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, P.O. Box 128, Shashmene, Ethiopia.

Nowadays, the conservation of biodiversity is a major environmental challenge globally. Homegarden agroforestry systems (HGAFs) have a large potential for biodiversity conservation. However, little attention has been given to the relative importance of HGAFs in terms of biodiversity conservation. Read More

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December 2020

Pelvic organ prolapse surgery and health-related quality of life: a follow-up study.

BMC Womens Health 2021 Jan 2;21(1). Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Symptomatic prolapse impairs quality of life. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is considered an important outcome of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. However, it is rarely reported, and measures are inadequately used. Read More

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January 2021

Characterization of the complete chloroplast genome of Vahl (Lamiaceae).

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2020 27;5(3):2174-2175. Epub 2020 May 27.

College of Pharmaceutical Science, Dali University, Dali, China.

Vahl is native to Central America and considered as an invasive plant in Mexico, the United States, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Australia. The complete chloroplast (cp) genome of was 150,836 bp in length, which contained a large single-copy (LSC) region of 82,129 bp, a small single-copy (SSC) region of 17,533 bp, and a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) region of 25,587 bp each. The genome harbored 130 genes, including 85 protein coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and 8 ribosomal RNA genes. Read More

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Isolated Native Tricuspid Valve Endocarditis in a Nonintravenous Drug User.

Case Rep Cardiol 2020 22;2020:8812597. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, GAMBY Teaching General Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a disease characterized by high morbidity and mortality. IE was first described in the mid-16th century. Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) represents 5% to 10% of all IE episodes in adults. Read More

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November 2020

Optimization of growth regulators on in vitro propagation of Moringa stenopetala from shoot explants.

BMC Biotechnol 2020 11 16;20(1):60. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Moringa stenopetala belongs to the flowering family Moringaceae and genus Moringa. It is often referred to as the East African Moringa tree because it is native only to southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya. The expansion of its cultivation and utilization throughout the world especially in Africa is becoming important. Read More

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November 2020

Genomic and transcriptomic analysis unveils population evolution and development of pesticide resistance in fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda.

Protein Cell 2020 Oct 27. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Department of Biochemistry, Genetics and Microbiology, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda, is a destructive pest native to America and has recently become an invasive insect pest in China. Because of its rapid spread and great risks in China, understanding of FAW genetic background and pesticide resistance is urgent and essential to develop effective management strategies. Here, we assembled a chromosome-level genome of a male FAW (SFynMstLFR) and compared re-sequencing results of the populations from America, Africa, and China. Read More

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October 2020

Effects of genomic and functional diversity on stand-level productivity and performance of non-native Arabidopsis.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 10 21;287(1937):20202041. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Biodiversity can affect the properties of groups of organisms, such as ecosystem function and the persistence of colonizing populations. Genomic data offer a newly available window to diversity, complementary to other measures like taxonomic or phenotypic diversity. We tested whether native genetic diversity in field experimental stands of affected their aboveground biomass and fecundity in their colonized range. Read More

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October 2020

Adolescent BMI and early-onset type 2 diabetes among Ethiopian immigrants and their descendants: a nationwide study.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2020 10 6;19(1):168. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Military Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem and the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: We assessed in a nationwide cohort the association between adolescent BMI and early-onset (< 40 years) type 2 diabetes among Israelis of Ethiopian origin.

Methods: Normoglycemic adolescents (range 16-20 years old), including 93,806 native Israelis (≥ 3rd generation in Israel) and 27,684 Israelis of Ethiopian origin, were medically assessed for military service between 1996 and 2011. Weight and height were measured. Read More

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October 2020

Comparison of Smartphone Photography, Single-Lens Reflex Photography, and Field-Grading for Trachoma.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 12 1;103(6):2488-2491. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Conjunctival examination for trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) guides public health decisions for trachoma. Smartphone cameras may allow remote conjunctival grading, but previous studies have found low sensitivity. A random sample of 412 children aged 1-9 years received an in-person conjunctival examination and then had conjunctival photographs taken with 1) a single-lens reflex (SLR) camera and 2) a smartphone coupled to a 3D-printed magnifying attachment. Read More

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December 2020

Historical Introgression from Wild Relatives Enhanced Climatic Adaptation and Resistance to Pneumonia in Sheep.

Mol Biol Evol 2021 03;38(3):838-855

Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

How animals, particularly livestock, adapt to various climates and environments over short evolutionary time is of fundamental biological interest. Further, understanding the genetic mechanisms of adaptation in indigenous livestock populations is important for designing appropriate breeding programs to cope with the impacts of changing climate. Here, we conducted a comprehensive genomic analysis of diversity, interspecies introgression, and climate-mediated selective signatures in a global sample of sheep and their wild relatives. Read More

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Native forests but not agroforestry systems preserve arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal species richness in southern Ethiopia.

Mycorrhiza 2020 Nov 9;30(6):749-759. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

LUT University, Lappeenranta, Finland.

The rapid conversion of native forests to farmland in Ethiopia, the cradle of biodiversity, threatens the diversity of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) pivotal to plant nutrition and carbon sequestration. This study aimed to investigate the impact of this land-use change on the AMF species composition and diversity in southern Ethiopia. Soil samples were collected from nine plots in each of three land-use types: native forest, agroforestry, and khat monocropping. Read More

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November 2020

Nitrogen availability and genotype affect major nutritional quality parameters of tef grain grown under irrigation.

Sci Rep 2020 08 31;10(1):14339. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, 8531100, M.P. Negev, Israel.

Worldwide demand for tef (Eragrostis tef) as a functional food for human consumption is increasing, thanks to its nutritional benefits and gluten-free properties. As a result, tef in now grown outside its native environment in Ethiopia and thus information is required regarding plant nutrition demands in these areas, as well as resulting grain health-related composition. In the current work, two tef genotypes were grown in Israel under irrigation in two platforms, plots in the field and pots in a greenhouse, with four and five nitrogen treatments, respectively. Read More

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Addition of Whole Wheat Flour During Injera Fermentation Degrades Phytic Acid and Triples Iron Absorption from Fortified Tef in Young Women.

J Nutr 2020 10;150(10):2666-2672

Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Iron deficiency is a major public health concern in Ethiopia, where the traditional diet is based on tef injera. Iron absorption from injera is low due to its high phytic acid (PA) content.

Objectives: We investigated ways to increase iron absorption from FeSO4-fortified tef injera in normal-weight healthy women (aged 21-29 y). Read More

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October 2020

: A Potential Resource of the Production of the Native and Heterologous Enzymes for Industrial Applications.

Amit Kumar

Int J Microbiol 2020 1;2020:8894215. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Department of Biotechnology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

is a filamentous fungus that is a potential resource for industrial enzymes. It is a versatile fungal cell factory that can synthesize various industrial enzymes such as cellulases, -glucosidases, hemicellulases, laccases, lipases, proteases, -galactosidases, tannases, keratinase, cutinases, and aryl alcohol oxidase. has shown the potential to utilize low-cost substrates such as wheat bran, rice straw, sugarcane bagasse, rice bran, coir pith, black gram residue, and chicken feathers to produce enzymes cost-effectively. Read More

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Pharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Toxicity Profiles of L'Hér: A Scoping Review.

Infect Dis (Auckl) 2020 27;13:1178633720943509. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Pharm-Bio Technology and Traditional Medicine Centre of excellence, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda.

Introduction: L'Hér. is a native plant of sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar which is traditionally used for various ailments. Concerned with the scope of the available evidence, we designed a scoping review to critically analyze scientific evidence on 's pharmacology, toxicity, and phytochemistry to validate its ethnomedical use. Read More

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Wild Sorghum as a Promising Resource for Crop Improvement.

Front Plant Sci 2020 17;11:1108. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

(L.) Moench is a multipurpose food crop which is ranked among the top five cereal crops in the world, and is used as a source of food, fodder, feed, and fuel. The genus consists of 24 diverse species. Read More

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Ongoing tuberculosis transmission among second-generation Ethiopian immigrants.

Epidemiol Infect 2020 08 3;148:e181. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Pulmonary Division and Tuberculosis Center, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, and Faculty of Medicine in Galilee, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel.

Despite considerable efforts to control tuberculosis (TB) among Ethiopian immigrants in Israel, an outbreak of TB among second-generation Ethiopian immigrants that involved native Israelis occurred between January 2011 and December 2019. The aim of this article is to report on this outbreak and discuss the patient and health system barriers that led to its propagation. Overall, 13 culture-positive TB patients were diagnosed in this outbreak. Read More

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Validation of the Ethiopian Version of eHealth Literacy Scale (ET-eHEALS) in a Population with Chronic Disease.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2020 21;13:465-471. Epub 2020 May 21.

Health Informatics Department, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Although the measurement scale developed by Norman and Skinner is the widely used scale to assess consumers' eHealth literacy, translating and validating the scale for the language of the target population under consideration is necessary. Amharic is the official national language of Ethiopia, with 29.3% of native speakers. Read More

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Comparison of Synthetic Neuronal Model Membrane Mimics in Amyloid Aggregation at Atomic Resolution.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2020 07 19;11(13):1965-1977. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Biophysics, Bose Institute, Kolkata 700054, India.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe neurodegenerative disorder caused by abnormal accumulation of toxic amyloid plaques of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) or the tau proteins in the brain. The plaque deposition leading to the collapse of the cellular integrity is responsible for a myriad of surface phenomena acting at the neuronal lipid interface. Recent years have witnessed dysfunction of the blood-brain barriers (BBB) associated with AD. Read More

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Why is arabica coffee visited by so few non-Apis bees in its native range?

Ecology 2020 09 8;101(9):e03103. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 106 91, Sweden.

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September 2020

Genomic Diversity, Population Structure, and Signature of Selection in Five Chinese Native Sheep Breeds Adapted to Extreme Environments.

Genes (Basel) 2020 04 30;11(5). Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Institute of Animal Science (IAS), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100193, China.

Through long term natural and artificial selection, domestic sheep () have become adapted to a diverse range of agro-ecological environments and display multiple phenotypic traits. Characterization of diversity and selection signature is essential for genetic improvement, understanding of environmental adaptation, as well as utilization and conservation of sheep genetic resources. Here, we aimed to assess genomic diversity, population structure, and genomic selection among five Chinese native sheep breeds using 600K high density SNP genotypes. Read More

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