12,450 results match your criteria nations countries

Optimizing Dementia Care for Mexicans and Mexican-Origin U.S. Residents.

Gerontologist 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Kent School of Social Work, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

In this article, we report on the recommendations of a bi-national conference that examined the institutional capacities and future ability of Mexico and the United States to address the need for affordable and sustainable dementia care that results from growing older adult populations. These recommendations reflect the large difference in resources between the two nations and each country's political and institutional capacity. Progress in both countries will require an expansion of programs or generation of new ones, to meet the needs of older adults, including improving access to services and actively managing the dementia care burden. Read More

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Head injury care in a low- and middle-income country tertiary trauma center: epidemiology, systemic lacunae, and possible leads.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Anesthesia, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER), Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, India.

Background: Although head injury (HI) from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) heavily contributes to the global disease burden, studies are disproportionately less from this part of the world. Knowing the different epidemiological characteristics from high-income nations can target appropriate prevention strategies. This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the clinico-epidemiological data of HI patients, focusing on the existing challenges with possible solutions from a developing nation's perspective. Read More

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The Vulnerability of Health Infrastructure to the Impacts of Climate Change and Sea Level Rise in Small Island Countries in the South Pacific.

Subhashni Taylor

Health Serv Insights 2021 31;14:11786329211020857. Epub 2021 May 31.

College of Arts, Society and Education, James Cook University, Smithfield, QLD, Australia.

Anthropogenic climate change and related sea level rise will have a range of impacts on populations, particularly in the low lying Pacific island countries (PICs). One of these impacts will be on the health and well-being of people in these nations. In such cases, access to medical facilities is important. Read More

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Maternal Death Review at a Tertiary Hospital in Ethiopia.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2021 Jan;31(1):35-42

Department of obstetrics and gynecology, Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: There is conflicting data on the rate and trends of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. There is no previous study done on the magnitude and trends of maternal death at Saint Paul's Hospital, an institution providing the largest labor and delivery services in Ethiopia. The objective of this study is to determine the magnitude, causes and contributing factors for maternal deaths in the institution. Read More

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January 2021

Assessing the mechanism of barriers towards green finance and public spending in small and medium enterprises from developed countries.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China.

Due to their different abilities to improve financial growth and improve social development, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have been referred to as the economy's backbone. Small- and medium-sized enterprises are crucial for both high- and low-income nations' financial development. Customers grow more conscious of their purchase choices, preferences, and environmental consequences. Read More

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Sustainable development goals assessment of Erzurum province with SWOT-AHP analysis.

Environ Dev Sustain 2021 Jun 17:1-27. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Geography, Faculty of Letters, Ataturk University, Yakutiye, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey.

Sustainable development is one of the issues that many developed and developing countries focus on in the world. The sustainability of human and natural resources is of great importance for securing the world and humanity's common future. In this context, this study aims to evaluate the socio-economic structure of Erzurum with analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and digitized strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis considering sustainable development goals (SDGs). Read More

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Designing the next generation of implementation research training for learners in low- and middle-income countries.

Global Health 2021 Jun 21;17(1):63. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

United Nations University International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH), UKM Medical Centre Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras, 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Efficacious health interventions tested through controlled trials often fail to show desired impacts when implemented at scale. These challenges can be particularly pervasive in low- and middle-income settings where health systems often lack the capacity and mechanisms required for high-quality research and evidence translation. Implementation research is a powerful tool for identifying and addressing the bottlenecks impeding the success of proven health interventions. Read More

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A review of bottom-up and top-down emission estimates of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in different parts of the world.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 14;283:131208. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Vrije Universiteit, Department of Environment and Health, Faculty of Sciences, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are widespread alternatives for the ozone-depleting substances chlorofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons. They are used mainly as refrigerants or as foam-blowing agents. HFCs do not deplete the ozone layer, but they are very potent greenhouse gases, already contributing to global warming. Read More

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Occupational Safety Practices and Associated Factors among Employees In Jinmao and Philip Van Heusen Textile, Hawassa Industrial Park, South Ethiopia.

Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2021 Jun 21:1-33. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region Health Bureau, Ethiopia Po Box 149.

: Occupational health and safety practice in the textile factory was neglected and in Ethiopia, there is little evidence on occupational safety practice and associated factors in a textile factory. This study aimed to assess the occupational safety practices and associated factors among employees in Jinmao and Philip Van Heusen textile, Hawassa Industrial Park, South Ethiopia, 2019. An institutional cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2019. Read More

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Lessons and challenges for the recycling sector of Brazil from the pandemic outbreak of COVID-19.

Waste Dispos Sustain Energy 2021 Jun 14:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Chemistry, Inorganic Processes Department, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Av, Athos da Silveira Ramos 149, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909 Brazil.

Abstract: The 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic imposed unprecedented challenges in Brazilian governance sectors, mostly in the waste management system. Herein, we analyse the main challenges of the recycling sector in Brazil to cope with this scenario. Understanding difficulties during the pandemic outbreak of COVID-19 can help improve waste recycling in the post-pandemic period in Brazil and other developing nations that face similar issues. Read More

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Challenges for Diagnostic Clarity for Post-stroke Cognitive Impairment and Behavioural Issues in Middle-Income Countries: Case Studies From Malaysia.

Front Neurol 2021 2;12:628876. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Health Systems and Population Studies Division, icddr, b, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Following stroke, individuals require ongoing screening, diagnosis and monitoring for cognitive impairment. Services and policies around these vary widely between settings, and reports from many countries highlight persistent under-diagnosis of cognitive impairment in the months and years after stroke. Missed and delayed diagnosis of post-stroke cognitive impairment, including dementia, are important factors in shaping the experiences of people so affected and their family members, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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Comparative Analysis of Psychology Responding to COVID-19 Pandemic in Brics Nations.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:567585. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Sovenga, South Africa.

The BRICS Forum, an independent international organization encouraging commercial, political, and cultural cooperation between Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, was formed in 2011, and these countries have a significant influence on their regional affairs. These nations were hit by COVID-19 at different times, and all adopted home quarantine to reduce the spread of the virus. We present a comparative analysis of actions of psychology and potential outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic in BRICS nations regarding five aspects: psychology in health policies, social roles of psychology, socioeconomic context, actions for the general population, and health professionals during stage 1 of the pandemic, and possible actions in stage 2. Read More

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An assessment of e-waste generation and environmental management of selected countries in Africa, Europe and North America: A systematic review.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 28;792:148078. Epub 2021 May 28.

Central Queensland University, 120 Spencer Street, Melbourne 3000, Australia. Electronic address:

Waste generated from electrical and electronic equipment collectively known as e-waste has remained a persistent environmental problem. Globally, approximately 53.6 million tons of e-waste was generated in 2019. Read More

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Freshwater availability status across countries for human and ecosystem needs.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 2;792:148230. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Water demand is expected to continue rising to support growing population, particularly in water-stressed countries and regions. Amid competitive water needs for agricultural, domestic, and industrial sectors, water allocations for environmental requirements are critical to ensure the sustainability of the ecosystems. This study takes stock of water availability trends per capita across countries and proposes a water scarcity indicator to quantify the amount of water available for agricultural, domestic, and industrial activities after the needs of freshwater ecosystems (environmental flow requirements, EFR) are ideally fulfilled. Read More

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Does COVID-19 pandemic disrupt sustainable supply chain process? Covering some new global facts.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Management, Aleppo University, Aleppo, Syria.

The adverse effects of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are widely visible in the economic structure, while the principal causal factor is the disruption of the supply chain process that leads to the economies into a global depression. The purpose of the study is to identify the critical factors that affect the global sustainable supply chain process in the cross-sectional panel of 38 European countries, 14 North American countries, 40 Asian countries, and a heterogeneous panel of 111 countries. The results show that an increase in susceptible coronavirus cases and death tolls limits the supply chain process because of nationwide closures of industries and business activities. Read More

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Epidemiology of End-Stage Kidney Disease on Renal Replacement Therapy: 35 Years Analysis Study Nephrologists.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2021 Jan-Feb;32(1):183-190

Department of Primary Care, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman.

Incidence and prevalence of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) population on renal replacement therapy (RRT) for some of the nations are well published. Oman's publication on this aspect is limited and therefore, this study was conducted. This study analyzed the data obtained from the RRT register in Oman. Read More

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Mastering stakeholders' engagement to reach national scale, sustainability and wide adoption of digital health initiatives: lessons learnt from Burkina Faso.

Fam Med Community Health 2021 Jun;9(3)

Scaling Up Nutrition Movement Secretariat, Country Liaison Team, United Nations Office for Project Services, Geneva, Switzerland

Although low-income countries have recently seen an exponential flourishing of digital health initiatives, the landscape is characterised by a myriad of small pilots that rarely reach scaling, sustainability and wide adoption. The case of Burkina Faso represents an exception where a digital health initiative initially conceived to improve the diagnosis of sick children under 5 has supported millions of consultations. Technical aspects such as interoperability, standardisation, and adaptation to the existing infrastructure were considered as they are prerequisites for scaling; so was the demonstration of the health impact and affordability of the initiative. Read More

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A commentary: Single dose HPV vaccination in low- and middle-income countries, time for implementation?

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent, Ghent, Belgium.

Although cervical cancer is becoming a rare disease in high income regions, it is still a major health issue in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Cervical cancer develops after infection with a high-risk human papilloma virus (hrHPV), an infection against which vaccination has been possible since 2006. Large population immunization programs have been organized in many higher income countries, and yet they have not been implemented in most of the lower and middle-income nations. Read More

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An open trial investigation of Treatnet Family among adolescents with substance use problems.

Addict Behav Rep 2021 Dec 27;14:100358. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Roehampton University, London, UK.

Introduction: Studies that used evidence-based family therapies have demonstrated significant effects in reducing adolescent drug use and delinquent behaviours, and in reducing comorbid mental health problems. However, almost all these studies were conducted in high-income countries. The overall aim of the present study was to explore the effect of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's (UNODC) Treatnet Family (TF) in reducing substance consumption, drug-related activities, reducing mental health problems, and in improving family interaction among adolescents with substance-use problems. Read More

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December 2021

Self-perceived burden and influencing factors in patients with cervical cancer administered with radiotherapy.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jun;9(17):4188-4198

Power Operation Department, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai 519000, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth commonest malignancy in women around the world. It represents the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in South East Asian women, and an important cancer death cause in women of developing nations. Data collected in 2018 revealed 5690000 cervical cancer cases worldwide, 85% of which occurred in developing countries. Read More

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External Beam Radiotherapy in Western Africa: 1969-2019.

Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Applied Radiation Biology and Radiotherapy Section, Division of Human Health, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Aims: We describe the absolute and per capita numbers of megavoltage radiotherapy machines (MVMs) in Western Africa from 1969 to 2019.

Materials And Methods: Western Africa was defined in accordance with the United Nations' delineation and inclusive of 16 countries. A literature search for publications detailing the number of cobalt-60 machines (COs) and linear accelerators (LINACs) in radiotherapy centres was carried out. Read More

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Country-level assessment of agrifood waste and enabling environment for sustainable utilisation for bioenergy in Nigeria.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 15;294:112929. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK.

It is essential to plug inefficiencies due to agrifood losses and wastes, which pose a significant threat to the sustainable supply of nutritional agrifood commodities/products. Country-specific evaluations of the extent of agrifood losses/wastes, including the pathways and impacts on net agrifood production, are crucial to inform interventions, research, policies and investments. This kind of knowledge is scarce in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries, many of which are food insecure. Read More

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Situational analysis of the 10 high drug resistant tuberculosis burden countries two years post-UNHLM declaration: progress and setbacks in a changing landscape.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND) India and South East Asia Region, India.

Objectives: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is the leading cause of death globally related to antimicrobial resistance, affecting 500,000 emergent cases annually. In 2018, the first United Nations high level meeting (UNHLM) on tuberculosis, declared DR-TB a global public health priority. Bold country targets were established for 2018-2022. Read More

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Predictors of complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months in five countries in the Middle East and North Africa region.

Matern Child Nutr 2021 Jun 16:e13223. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Center for Research on Population and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Ensuring diets of children aged 6-23 months meet recommended guidance is crucial for growth and development and for the prevention of malnutrition including stunting, wasting and micronutrient deficiencies. Despite some improvement, indicators related to undernutrition and overnutrition fall short of global targets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region that consist of low- and middle-income countries witnessing political and social changes and a nutrition transition. This research aims at reviewing the situation related to the diets of children aged 6-23 months in five selected countries in the MENA region, examining factors affecting complementary feeding and providing recommendations for guiding effective strategies to improve it. Read More

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Core Values of Family Physicians and General Practitioners in the African Context.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 31;8:667144. Epub 2021 May 31.

Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Family Medicine is a growing specialty in the medical world. While it is expected that the specialty should have its own unique and established core values and tasks, the breath of the practice in several countries of the world has made this a daunting task. Core values and Tasks have far reaching effects on professions. Read More

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Effects of different drying methods and ascorbic acid pretreatment on carotenoids and polyphenols of papaya fruit in Ethiopia.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 4;9(6):3346-3353. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center for Food Science and Nutrition Addis Ababa University Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

Frequent consumption of fruits can prevent nutrient deficiencies and promote health. However, the perishability and unaffordability of fruits had led to very low levels of fruit consumption in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the retention of nutrients and bioactive compounds of papaya fruit ( L) with/without ascorbic acid pretreatment and drying under different techniques, to then estimate the vitamin A intakes for vulnerable population. Read More

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A bibliometric study on the research outcome of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.

F1000Res 2021 16;10:213. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

UniARC Services LLC, Udupi, Karnataka, India.

: Publication is one of the quantitative measures of countries' contribution to research and innovation. This paper attempts to understand the publication related information of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa). : Detailed analysis of publications on the basis of collaboration, research area, number of publications, percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spent on research, and citation is presented in the paper. Read More

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Does Financial Inclusion Diminish Poverty and Inequality? A Panel Data Analysis for Latin American Countries.

Soc Indic Res 2021 Jun 9:1-37. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Rod. Washington Luís - Km 235 CEP, 13565-905 São Carlos, SP Brasil.

Despite great developmental efforts in recent decades, Latin America still presents high levels of poverty and inequality when compared to developed nations. As explored widely in the literature, one potential instrument to diminish these issues is financial inclusion, including the access and usage of financial services by all people. Specifically, this paper verifies if financial inclusion and technology adoption decrease the poverty headcount ratio and the Gini index (i. Read More

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Incorporating oral PrEP into standard prevention services for South African women: a nested interrupted time-series study.

Lancet HIV 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Gilead Sciences, Foster City, CA, USA.

Background: As oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) becomes the standard of prevention globally, its potential effect on HIV incidence in clinical trials of new prevention interventions is unknown, particularly for trials among women. In a trial measuring HIV incidence in African women, oral PrEP was incorporated into the standard of prevention in the trial's last year. We assessed the effect of on-site access to PrEP on HIV incidence in this natural experiment. Read More

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Problems, policy and politics - perspectives of public health leaders on food insecurity and human rights in Australia.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 12;21(1):1132. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

The Institute of Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN) and the School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3217, Australia.

Background: To achieve zero hunger targets set within the United Nations' Agenda 2030, high-income countries such as Australia must reconsider current efforts to improve food security. This study aimed to; explore perspectives from public health nutrition experts on the usefulness of drawing on the international human right to food, and associated mechanisms, to address food insecurity; identify potential roles of key stakeholders in Australia to implement a rights-based approach; and examine barriers and enablers to achieving the right to food in Australia.

Methods: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with key informants (> 10 years professional experience). Read More

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