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Lower extremity arterial disease - call for a standardized and comprehensive name of the disease to improve public awareness.

Vasa 2021 Jul;50(4):249

Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Unit, Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland.

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Integrative taxonomy reveals a new but common Neotropical treefrog, hidden under the name Boana xerophylla.

Zootaxa 2021 Jun 8;4981(3):401448. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Laboratório de Sistemática de Vertebrados, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, 90619-900, Brasil..

Boana xerophylla is a common treefrog widely distributed in northern Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. A recent study found molecular, acoustic, and morphometric differences between the populations located on opposite sides of the Orinoco River. Here, we carry out an updated molecular phylogenetic analysis, including new samples from all the countries along the distribution area, and analyzed additional call recordings from Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Read More

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Genetics, Diagnosis, and Management of Hürthle Cell Thyroid Neoplasms.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 10;12:696386. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Departments of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Hürthle cell lesions have been a diagnostic conundrum in pathology since they were first recognized over a century ago. Controversy as to the name of the cell, the origin of the cell, and even which cells in particular may be designated as such still challenge pathologists and confound those treating patients with a diagnosis of "Hürthle cell" anything within the diagnosis, especially if that anything is a sizable mass lesion. The diagnosis of Hürthle cell adenoma (HCA) or Hürthle cell carcinoma (HCC) has typically relied on a judgement call by pathologists as to the presence or absence of capsular and/or vascular invasion of the adjacent thyroid parenchyma, easy to note in widely invasive disease and a somewhat subjective diagnosis for minimally invasive or borderline invasive disease. Read More

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Image and video processing on mobile devices: a survey.

Vis Comput 2021 Jun 21:1-19. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Morpho Inc, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-0065 Japan.

Image processing and computer vision on mobile devices have a wide range of applications such as digital image enhancement and augmented reality. While images acquired by cameras on mobile devices can be processed with generic image processing algorithms, there are numerous constraints and external issues that call for customized algorithms for such devices. In this paper, we survey mobile image processing and computer vision applications while highlighting these constraints and explaining how the algorithms have been modified/adapted to meet accuracy and performance demands. Read More

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Biologically Relevant Lighting: An Industry Perspective.

Front Neurosci 2021 7;15:637221. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

BIOS Lighting, Carlsbad, CA, United States.

Innovations in LED lighting technology have led to tremendous adoption rates and vastly improved the metrics by which they are traditionally evaluated-including color quality, longevity, and energy efficiency to name a few. Additionally, scientific insight has broadened with respect to the biological impact of light, specifically our circadian rhythm. Indoor electric lighting, despite its many attributes, fails to specifically address the biological responses to light. Read More

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Model independent feature attributions: Shapley values that uncover non-linear dependencies.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 2;7:e582. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Shapley values have become increasingly popular in the machine learning literature, thanks to their attractive axiomatisation, flexibility, and uniqueness in satisfying certain notions of 'fairness'. The flexibility arises from the myriad potential forms of the Shapley value game formulation. Amongst the consequences of this flexibility is that there are now many types of Shapley values being discussed, with such variety being a source of potential misunderstanding. Read More

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Naming unrelated words predicts creativity.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(25)

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia.

Several theories posit that creative people are able to generate more divergent ideas. If this is correct, simply naming unrelated words and then measuring the semantic distance between them could serve as an objective measure of divergent thinking. To test this hypothesis, we asked 8,914 participants to name 10 words that are as different from each other as possible. Read More

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Multimodal monitoring of arousal, or just call your patient by name.

Irene Rozet

Br J Anaesth 2021 08 11;127(2):170-172. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:

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A Novel Virus of Associated with Sexual Precocity in .

mSystems 2021 Jun 8;6(3):e0000321. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Key Laboratory of Maricultural Organism Disease Control, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Qingdao Key Laboratory of Mariculture Epidemiology and Biosecurity, Qingdao, China.

Since 2010, sexual precocity, a typical sign of the iron prawn syndrome (IPS), resulting in the reduced size of farmed giant freshwater prawns , has caused substantial production losses. However, the cause of IPS was not clear. We ran tests for eight major shrimp pathogens, but none were detected from IPS-affected prawns. Read More

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That's not my name.

Fam Syst Health 2021 Mar;39(1):163-164

Department of Counseling and Marital and Family Therapy, University of San Diego.

In this brief article, the author states that beyond her family context, she has come to rec ognize the privilege and responsibility she has as a provider and an educator to promote inclusivity. When she meets a new patient or a new learner, particu larly those from different linguistic backgrounds than her own, she acknowledges that it may be hard for her to say their name, placing the burden to practice and be open to correction on herself. Some might argue names are trivial-what does it matter if someone pronounces your name cor rectly?-but we know it's not. Read More

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The Time has Come for All States to Measure Racial Discrimination: A Call to Action for the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS).

Matern Child Health J 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Simmons School of Social Work, Simmons University, 300 The Fenway, Office P412-B, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Introduction: Racial/ethnic inequities in preterm birth (PTB) are well documented. Most of this research has focused on maternal behavioral and socio-demographic characteristics. However, the full magnitude of the racial/ethnic gap remains inadequately understood. Read More

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What's in a name? That which we call perinatal stress hyperinsulinism by any other name would smell so bitter.

J Perinatol 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Division Chief and Director Congenital Hyperinsulinism Center, Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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Hidden by the name: A new fluorescent pumpkin toadlet from the Brachycephalus ephippium group (Anura: Brachycephalidae).

PLoS One 2021 28;16(4):e0244812. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Projeto Dacnis, São Francisco Xavier and Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Species of Brachycephalus has been having taxonomical issues due its morphological similarity and genetic conservatism. Herein, we describe a new species of Brachycephalus from the south Mantiqueira mountain range and semidecidual forests in the municipalities of Mogi das Cruzes, Campinas and Jundiaí, state of São Paulo, Brazil, based on an integrative approach. It can be distinguished from all species of the B. Read More

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Quality Improvement in Critical Value Delivery at a Tertiary Care Center.

J Appl Lab Med 2021 Jul;6(4):985-991

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Prompt notification of critical laboratory values to providers is essential for effective patient care. To improve the delivery of these critical values, a quality improvement project was initiated to determine the obstacles to prompt notification and to identify possible interventions to improve this process.

Methods: Critical value call logs were retrieved, and delivery time, patient location, test name, and call time were abstracted and analyzed. Read More

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A Call for Culturally Responsive Transformational Leadership in College Sport: An Anti-ism Approach for Achieving Equity and Inclusion.

Front Sociol 2020 28;5:65. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States.

A longstanding fact in college sports in the United States (U.S.) is the reality that inequities, inequalities, and discrimination have been major issues preventing institutions from fostering harmonious diversity and inclusion. Read More

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In the name of the family? Against parents' refusal to disclose prognostic information to children.

Med Health Care Philos 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Institute for Biomedical Ethics, University of Basel, Bernoullistr. 28, 4056, Basel, Switzerland.

Parents frequently attempt to shield their children from distressing prognostic information. Pediatric oncology providers sometimes follow parental request for non-disclosure of prognostic information to children, invoking what we call the stability of the family argument. They believe that if they inform the child about terminal prognosis despite parental wishes, cohesion and family structure will be severely hampered. Read More

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Detection of malicious consumer interest packet with dynamic threshold values.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 17;7:e435. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Computer Science, Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.

As a promising next-generation network architecture, named data networking (NDN) supports name-based routing and in-network caching to retrieve content in an efficient, fast, and reliable manner. Most of the studies on NDN have proposed innovative and efficient caching mechanisms and retrieval of content via efficient routing. However, very few studies have targeted addressing the vulnerabilities in NDN architecture, which a malicious node can exploit to perform a content poisoning attack (CPA). Read More

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Chronic Pain: What Does It Mean? A Review on the Use of the Term Chronic Pain in Clinical Practice.

J Pain Res 2021 29;14:827-835. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

ISAL Foundation, Institute for Research on Pain, Rimini, Italy.

Chronic pain is nowadays used as an umbrella term referring to a wide range of clinical conditions, such as fibromyalgia, migraine, or long-standing pain states without actual known causes. However, labeling a patient's clinical condition with the term "chronic pain", when dealing with pain lasting longer than 3 months, might be misleading. This paper aims at analyzing the possible pitfalls related to the use of the term "chronic pain" in the clinical field. Read More

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A World after COVID-19: Business as Usual, or Building Bolder and Better?

Glob Policy 2021 Feb 19;12(1):157-166. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

The authors propose a holistic approach to life and living after the coronavirus crisis of 2020 has become history. Their method is to postulate studied reconsideration of the true needs of the human species, new know-how for all, novel codes of behavior, and drastic change to how we treat nature. Their findings name humanity's ballooning population as problem Number One. Read More

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February 2021

Revision of the Hawaiian endemic leaf-mining moth genus Philodoria Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae): its conservation status, host plants and descriptions of thirteen new species.

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 17;4944(1):zootaxa.4944.1.1. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Entomological laboratory, Graduate School of life Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka, 599-8531 Japan. McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA.

Philodoria Walsingham, 1907 is a threatened, Hawaiian endemic genus of leaf-mining gracillariid moths that feeds as larvae on many threatened and endangered Hawaiian endemic plants. These moths are poorly studied and species lack detailed descriptions of morphology, distribution data, and natural history information of adults and immatures. Based on extensive fieldwork from 2013 to 2016, and examination of museum specimens, we describe or redescribe 51 species, 13 which are new species and provide biological and distribution data for 41 species. Read More

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Energy natural orbitals.

J Chem Phys 2021 Mar;154(9):094103

Fukui Institute for Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, 606-8103 Kyoto, Japan.

We propose and numerically demonstrate that highly correlated electronic wavefunctions such as those of configuration interaction, the cluster expansion, and so on, and electron wavepackets superposed thereof can be analyzed in terms of one-electron functions, which we call energy natural orbitals (ENOs). As the name suggests, ENOs are members of the broad family of natural orbitals defined by Löwdin, in that they are eigenfunctions of the energy density operator. One of the major characteristics is that the (orbital) energies of all the ENOs are summed up exactly equal to the total electronic energy of a wavefunction under study. Read More

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Atrioventricular Septal Defect: What Is in a Name?

Michael Rigby

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2021 Feb 15;8(2). Epub 2021 Feb 15.

MD FRCP FRCPCH, Royal Brompton Hospital, London SW3 6NP, UK.

Robert Anderson has made a huge contribution to almost all aspects of morphology and understanding of congenital cardiac malformations, none more so than the group of anomalies that many of those in the practice of paediatric cardiology and adult congenital heart disease now call 'Atrioventricular Septal Defect' (AVSD). In 1982, with Anton Becker working in Amsterdam, their hallmark 'What's in a name?' editorial was published in the . At that time most described the group of lesions as 'atrioventricular canal malformation' or 'endocardial cushion defect'. Read More

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February 2021

A scalable computational approach to assessing response to name in toddlers with autism.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Feb 28. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: This study is part of a larger research program focused on developing objective, scalable tools for digital behavioral phenotyping. We evaluated whether a digital app delivered on a smartphone or tablet using computer vision analysis (CVA) can elicit and accurately measure one of the most common early autism symptoms, namely failure to respond to a name call.

Methods: During a pediatric primary care well-child visit, 910 toddlers, 17-37 months old, were administered an app on an iPhone or iPad consisting of brief movies during which the child's name was called three times by an examiner standing behind them. Read More

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February 2021

Commentary: What's in a Name? That Which We Call a Truncus, by Any Other Name Would Look Like a Tetralogy.

Aaron Eckhauser

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address:

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February 2021

Use of sublingual tacrolimus in adults undergoing hematopoietic cell transplant: A pilot study.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2021 Feb 16:1078155221995230. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Division of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Introduction: Orally administered tacrolimus is widely used in hematopoietic cell transplant patients, but multiple clinical situations may arise rendering oral administration infeasible. The undesirable sequelae of intravenous administration, including toxicity, challenges with administration and cost call for innovative solutions to conserve existing supply and optimize safety and efficacy of medication delivery. We sought to demonstrate feasibility of sublingual tacrolimus use and estimate a sublingual-to-oral (SL:PO) conversion ratio in the hematopoietic cell transplant setting. Read More

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February 2021

Orf progressiva: giant progressive and destructive infections in the immunocompromised.

Dermatol Online J 2021 Jan 15;27(1). Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA.

Orf virus causes a self-limited infection in humans that resolves without scarring within 6-12 weeks. However, lesions in the immunocompromised can be progressive and disfiguring. The lesions frequently recur after treatment. Read More

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January 2021

Government-mandated warnings on cannabis legally sold for recreational use.

J Cannabis Res 2020 Jul 29;2(1):22. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Frequent cannabis use can pose risks to health and safety. Multiple governments have legalized the sale of cannabis for recreational use and mandated health and safety warnings for recreational cannabis packages or signs at sales locations. The purposes of this study were to identify common themes across warnings and to compare the actual warnings with those previously recommended by cannabis experts and cannabis users. Read More

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Searching for Meaning with Victor Frankl and Walker Percy.

Linacre Q 2021 Feb 13;88(1):94-104. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Philosophy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Patients present to physicians searching for more than scientific names to call their maladies. They rather enter examination rooms with value-laden narratives of illness, suffering, hopes, and worries. One potentially helpful paradigm, inspired in part by existentialism, is to see patients on a search for meaning. Read More

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February 2021

Is It Time to Call Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis by the Correct Name: Immune-Mediated Pulmonary Hemosiderosis?

Biplab K Saha

Am J Med Sci 2021 06 9;361(6):809-811. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Ozarks Medical Center, West Plains, MO, United States. Electronic address:

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"Call Me by My Name": Improving Communication with Family Members at the Bedside via the Caregiver Identification Badge.

Healthc Q 2021 Jan;23(4):60-64

A senior medical advisor to Health PEI in Charlottetown, PE; a former chief of staff at Humber River Hospital, Toronto, ON; and an associate professor of Medicine at the University of Toronto. He can be reached by e-mail at

Background: Patient and family experience are integral to the care that we provide. In the pediatric hospital setting, multiple family members are directly involved in patient care. We identified the need for greater caregiver name recognition at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON. Read More

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January 2021