3,190 results match your criteria nacl result

Safranin T- SDS- GO ternary system: A fluorescent pH sensor.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jul 15;206:111977. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Chemistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, 25100, Turkey.

Graphene oxide (GO), one of the popular materials in recent years, has been synthesized according to the modified Hummers' method. Stable dispersions of different amounts of negatively charged GO were prepared in aqueous media. The GO/dye composites were prepared in deionized water by a simple method with the positively charged Safranin T compound (SfT), which is known to have strong fluorescence properties. Read More

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Effect of salt stress on proximate composition of duckweed ( L.).

Heliyon 2021 Jun 24;7(6):e07399. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, China.

The shortage of conventional feedstuff is one of the rising issues faced by the developing countries of the world. To bridge the gap between supply and demand of the major feedstuff it is desirable to practice the use of non-conventional feed resources. Duckweeds are the aquatic macrophytes growing in stagnant water bodies that offer a choice to be used as an alternate feed. Read More

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Highly Localized intracellular Ca signals promote optimal salivary gland fluid secretion.

Elife 2021 Jul 9;10. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Pharmacology and Physiology, U. Rochester, Rochester, United States.

Salivary fluid secretion involves an intricate choreography of membrane transporters to result in the trans-epithelial movement of NaCl and water into the acinus lumen. Current models are largely based on experimental observations in enzymatically isolated cells where the Ca signal invariably propagates globally and thus appears ideally suited to activate spatially separated Cl and K channels, present on the apical and basolateral plasma membrane, respectively. We monitored Ca signals and salivary secretion in live mice expressing GCamp6F, following stimulation of the nerves innervating the submandibular gland. Read More

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Microbial amelioration of salinity stress in HD 2967 wheat cultivar by up-regulating antioxidant defense.

Commun Integr Biol 2021 24;14(1):136-150. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India.

An experiment was conducted to investigate the potential of and plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) to ameliorate salinity stress in HD 2967 wheat cultivar. Plants were treated with four different levels of salinity viz. 0, 50, 100 and 200 mM NaCl (electrical conductivity value 0. Read More

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Optimization of fermentation conditions, purification and rheological properties of poly (γ-glutamic acid) produced by 1006-3.

Prep Biochem Biotechnol 2021 Jul 8:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P. R. China.

This study aimed to investigate the optimal fermentation condition, purification and rheological properties of extracellular polymers produced by 1006-3. An optimum temperature of 30.2 °C, inoculation amount of 6. Read More

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Adsorption of the Tartrate Ions in the Hydroxyapatite/Aqueous Solution of NaCl System.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jun 3;14(11). Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Radiochemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 3 Maria Curie-Skłodowska Square, 20-031 Lublin, Poland.

The research on the interaction of tartrate ions with the surface of hydroskyapatite was presented, including the measurements of the kinetics of tartrate ion adsorption and tartrate ion adsorption as a function of pH. The adsorption of tartrate ions was calculated from the loss of tartrate concentration in the solution as measured by a radioisotope method using C-14 labeled tartaric acid. In order to explain the mechanism of interaction of tartrate ions with hydroxyapatite, supplementary measurements were carried out, i. Read More

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Differential effects of inorganic salts on cellulase kinetics in enzymatic saccharification of cellulose and lignocellulosic biomass.

Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Chemical and Process Engineering (CPE), The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand.

Inorganic salt pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass has proven to be an efficient way to increase the efficiency of enzymatic saccharification. However, it is not clear that this improvement is the result of modification of the lignocellulosic substrate after pretreatment, or removal of inhibitor, or enhancement of cellulase or a combination of these events. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effects of inorganic salts on kinetics of cellulase enzymes (celluclast 1. Read More

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Determination of Six Tetracyclines in Eggs and Chicken by Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Combined with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography.

J AOAC Int 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Sichuan University, West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Chengdu 610041, China.

Background: The wide livestock usage of tetracyclines may result in drug residues in foods. Therefore, it is necessary to develop reliable methods for the determination of tetracyclines in foods.

Objective: A dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) combined with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for the analysis of six tetracyclines in eggs and chicken. Read More

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Arabidopsis SSB1, a Mitochondrial Single-Stranded DNA-Binding Protein, is Involved in ABA Response And Mitochondrial RNA Splicing.

Plant Cell Physiol 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Chongqing Key Laboratory of Plant Resource Conservation and Germplasm Innovation, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

A mitochondrion is a semiautonomous organelle that provides energy for life activities and balances plant growth and stress responses. Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates multiple physiological processes, including seed maturation, seed dormancy, stomatal closure, and various abiotic stress responses. However, the relationship between mitochondrial activity and the ABA response is unclear. Read More

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Identification of Salt Stress-Responsive Proteins in Maize (Zea may) Seedlings Using iTRAQ-Based Proteomic Technique.

Iran J Biotechnol 2021 Jan 1;19(1):e2512. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

College of Agriculture and Forestry, Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou 075000, China.

Background: Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits plant growth and yield worldwide.

Objective: To better understand the mechanism of salt stress adaptation in maize (), proteomic analysis of maize responses to salt stress were analyzed in seedling.

Materials And Methods: Taking maize seedlings untreated and treated with NaCl for 24 h as material, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) were used to analyze the protein expression profile of maize seedlings after salt stress. Read More

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January 2021

Surface Activity-Tuned Metal Oxide Chemiresistor: Toward Direct and Quantitative Halitosis Diagnosis.

ACS Nano 2021 Jun 25. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea.

Continuous monitoring of hydrogen sulfide (HS) in human breath for early stage diagnosis of halitosis is of great significance for prevention of dental diseases. However, fabrication of a highly selective and sensitive HS gas sensor material still remains a challenge, and direct analysis of real breath samples has not been properly attempted, to the best of our knowledge. To address the issue, herein, we introduce facile cofunctionalization of WO nanofibers with alkaline metal (Na) and noble metal (Pt) catalysts the simple addition of sodium chloride (NaCl) and Pt nanoparticles (NPs), followed by electrospinning process. Read More

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The digestive tract as an essential organ for water acquisition in marine teleosts: lessons from euryhaline eels.

Yoshio Takei

Zoological Lett 2021 Jun 21;7(1):10. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Laboratory of Physiology, Department of Marine Bioscience, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8564, Japan.

Adaptation to a hypertonic marine environment is one of the major topics in animal physiology research. Marine teleosts lose water osmotically from the gills and compensate for this loss by drinking surrounding seawater and absorbing water from the intestine. This situation is in contrast to that in mammals, which experience a net osmotic loss of water after drinking seawater. Read More

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Modulation of salinity impact on early seedling stage via nano-priming application of zinc oxide on rapeseed (Brassica napus L.).

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Jun 15;166:376-392. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

MOA Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River, College of Plant Science & Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address:

Salinity stress negatively affects the plant's developmental stages through micronutrient imbalance. As an essential micronutrient, ZnO can substitute Na absorption under saline conditions. Therefore, nanoparticles as technological innovation, improve the plant growth efficiency under biotic and abiotic stresses. Read More

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Arginase plays an important role in ammonia detoxification of yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Aug 17;115:171-178. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211, China. Electronic address:

A two-stage study was carried out to test the mechanism of arginase in ammonia detoxification of yellow catfish. At stage 1, fish was injected lethal half concentration ammonium acetate and 0.9% sodium chloride respectively every 12 h in six replicates for 72 h. Read More

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reversible tuning of chemical interface damping in single gold nanorod-based recyclable platforms through manipulation of supramolecular host-guest interactions.

Chem Sci 2021 Apr 15;12(20):7115-7124. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Chemistry, University of Ulsan 93 Daehak-ro, Nam-gu Ulsan 44610 Republic of Korea +82 52 712 8002 +82 52 712 8012.

Recently, chemical interface damping (CID) has been proposed as a new plasmon damping pathway based on interfacial hot-electron transfer from metal to adsorbate molecules. It has been considered essential, owing to its potential implications in efficient photochemical processes and sensing experiments. However, thus far, studies focusing on controlling CID in single gold nanoparticles have been very limited, and reversible tuning has remained a considerable challenge. Read More

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Development of rotational intraperitoneal pressurized aerosol chemotherapy to enhance drug delivery into the peritoneum.

Drug Deliv 2021 Dec;28(1):1179-1187

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

This study aims to evaluate the drug distribution, tissue concentrations, penetration depth, pharmacokinetic properties, and toxicities after rotational intraperitoneal pressurized aerosol chemotherapy (RIPAC) in pigs. Because relevant medical devices have not been introduced, we developed our prototype of pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) and RIPAC by adding a conical pendulum motion device for rotating the nozzle. RIPAC and PIPAC were conducted using 150 ml of 1% methylene blue to evaluate the drug distribution and 3. Read More

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December 2021

Effect of a sp. Red Yeast Rice Extract on Germination of Bacterial Spores.

Front Microbiol 2021 24;12:686100. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Biotechnology, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Prague, Czechia.

The pink-red color of traditional sausages (cured meat) is the result of nitrite addition and the formation of nitrosomyoglobin. However, the pleasant color of processed meat products is a side effect of nitrite addition while the main anticipated goal is to suppress the germination of clostridial spores. The fungus is known as a producer of oligoketide pigments, which are used in Asian countries, especially in China, for coloring foods, including meat products. Read More

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Use of the Microheterogeneous Model to Assess the Applicability of Ion-Exchange Membranes in the Process of Generating Electricity from a Concentration Gradient.

Membranes (Basel) 2021 May 28;11(6). Epub 2021 May 28.

Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Chemistry and High Technologies, Kuban State University, 350040 Krasnodar, Russia.

The paper shows the possibility of using a microheterogeneous model to estimate the transport numbers of counterions through ion-exchange membranes. It is possible to calculate the open-circuit potential and power density of the reverse electrodialyzer using the data obtained. Eight samples of heterogeneous ion-exchange membranes were studied, two samples for each of the following types of membranes: Ralex CM, Ralex AMH, MK-40, and MA-41. Read More

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Degradation Monitoring of HDPE Material in CO-Saturated NaCl Environment through Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Technique.

Materials (Basel) 2021 May 25;14(11). Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak 32610, Malaysia.

Extensive damage due to saturated seawater and CO exposure under high temperature and pressure in high-density polyethylene (HDPE) has been studied by Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The degradation of square-shaped HDPE samples having 1 mm thickness was investigated at 70 bars with 60, 75, and 90 °C separately for three weeks in an autoclave chamber. A clear indication of aging was observed in terms of chain scission by the formation of the methyl group (1262 cm), and the appearance of degradation products, including the alcohol and hydroxyl groups. Read More

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Combined Effect of Impregnation with an Infusion and Osmotic Treatment on the Shelf Life and Quality of Chilled Chicken Fillets.

Molecules 2021 May 6;26(9). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of West Attica, Ag. Spyridonos 28, Egaleo, 12243 Athens, Greece.

The scope of this work is the study of a combined process including a dipping step into an oregano ( ssp. ) infusion (OV) followed by osmotic treatment of chicken fillets at 15 °C. Chicken fillets were immersed in an osmotic solution consisting of 40% glycerol and 5% NaCl with (OV/OD) and without (OD) prior antioxidant enrichment in a hypotonic oregano solution. Read More

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Effects of Sodium Chloride on the Physical and Oxidative Stability of Filled Hydrogel Particles Fabricated with Phase Separation Behavior.

Foods 2021 May 9;10(5). Epub 2021 May 9.

College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.

The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration (0-500 mM) on the physical and oxidative stabilities of filled hydrogel that were stabilized using heat-denatured whey protein concentrate and high methoxy pectin. Our results showed that with an increase in NaCl concentration, the particle sizes, zeta-potentials, and interfacial layer thickness of filled hydrogels significantly increased and the lightness and whiteness gradually decreased ( < 0.05). Read More

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Quantitative Proteome and PTMome Analysis of Arabidopsis Thaliana Root Responses to Persistent Osmotic and Salinity Stress.

Plant Cell Physiol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Abiotic stresses such as drought result in large annual economic losses around the world. As sessile organisms, plants cannot escape the environmental stresses they encounter, but instead must adapt to survive. Studies investigating plant responses to osmotic and/or salt stress have largely focused on short-term systemic responses, leaving our understanding of intermediate to longer-term adaptation (24 h - days) lacking. Read More

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Optimization of culture conditions for enhanced productions in mixotrophic culture.

Prep Biochem Biotechnol 2021 May 31:1-9. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar Branch, Sabzevar, Iran.

() is a green microalga known for its tendency to produce lipid and β-carotene. Fatty acid profile, lipid and β-carotene productions of the microalga cultivated under different mixotrophic conditions were assayed. Notably, in spite of a broad spectrum of substrates served, mixotrophic cultivations slightly affected the fatty acid composition, and as a result C16:0 and C18:0, C18:1, C18:2 and C18:3 were identified as main fatty acids. Read More

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Poly(aryl cyanurate)-Based Thin-Film Composite Nanofiltration Membranes.

ACS Appl Polym Mater 2021 May 13;3(5):2385-2392. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Films in Fluids Group-Membrane Science and Technology Cluster, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands.

The successful synthesis of poly(aryl cyanurate) nanofiltration membranes via the interfacial polymerization reaction between cyanuric chloride and 1,1,1-tris(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane (TPE), atop a polyethersulfone ultrafiltration support, is demonstrated. The use of cyanuric chloride allows for the formation of a polymer that does not contain hydrolysis-susceptible amide bonds that inherently limit the stability of polyamide nanofiltration membranes. In order to achieve a thin defect-free cross-linked film via interfacial polymerization, a sufficient number of each monomer should react. Read More

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Routine Postoperative Chemistry Panels Are Not Necessary for Most Total Joint Arthroplasty Patients.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Jun;103(11):968-976

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: The routine use of traditional chemistry-7 (chem-7) laboratory tests following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been called into question with the advent of short-stay procedures. Our objective was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical interventions associated with inpatient abnormal routine postoperative chem-7 panels.

Methods: From 2015 to 2017, 3,162 patients underwent a total of 3,721 TJA procedures, including primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) (n = 1,939; 52. Read More

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A Novel NaCl Concentration Detection Method Based on Ultrasonic Impedance Method.

IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 2021 May 26;PP. Epub 2021 May 26.

In this paper, we propose a novel method for real-time detection of NaCl concentration based on ultrasonic impedance method. Specifically, our method is based on the fact that different concentration of NaCl leads to differences in acoustic characteristics of ultrasonic waves. We conducted an experimental study on the relationship between the concentration and the amplitude of ultrasonic echo. Read More

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AT II Receptor Blockade and Renal Denervation: Different Interventions with Comparable Renal Effects?

Kidney Blood Press Res 2021 25;46(3):331-341. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Department of Internal Medicine 4 (Nephrology und Hypertension), University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Angiotensin II (Ang II) and the renal sympathetic nervous system exert a strong influence on renal sodium and water excretion. We tested the hypothesis that already low doses of an Ang II inhibitor (candesartan) will result in similar effects on tubular sodium and water reabsorption in congestive heart failure (CHF) as seen after renal denervation (DNX).

Methods: Measurement of arterial blood pressure, heart rate (HR), renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF), urine volume, and urinary sodium. Read More

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Callus Formation in Fractured Femur of Rats Treated with Injection of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Conditioned Medium.

Vet Med Int 2021 27;2021:8410175. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia.

Mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned medium (MSC-CM) is the extraction from stem cell medium containing biological substances, including growth factors and cytokines. These substances play roles in the various functions of body regulatory, including bone formation. However, the effect of MSC-CM derived from human umbilical cord injection in femur fracture healing of rats has not been reported previously. Read More

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Nanofiltration membranes for salt and dye filtration: effect of membrane properties on performances.

Water Sci Technol 2021 May;83(9):2146-2159

Department of Environmental Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 34467, Istanbul, Turkey E-mail: National Research Center on Membrane Technologies, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey.

In this study, commercial nanofiltration membranes (Toray, NF 270, Desal 5 L) were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, optical profilometry, contact angle, mechanical strength and zeta potential measurements. Filtration performance tests were conducted with distilled water, MgSO solution and synthetic dye solutions, respectively. Among three commercial membranes, the Toray membrane was thought to be better choice. Read More

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Enhanced biodegradation of light crude oil by immobilized Bacillus licheniformis in fabricated alginate beads through electrospray technique.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 May 6;193(6):328. Epub 2021 May 6.

Faculty of New Technologies Engineering, Zirab Campus, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Petroleum contamination of marine environments due to exploitation and accidental spills causes serious harm to ecosystems. Bioremediation with immobilized microorganisms is an environmentally friendly and cost-effective emerging technology for treating oil-polluted environments. In this study, Bacillus licheniformis was entrapped in Ca alginate beads using the electrospray technique for light crude oil biodegradation. Read More

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