675 results match your criteria myelitis measles


[COVID-19 and vaccination: a global disruption].

Med Sci (Paris) 2020 Nov 5;36(11):1034-1037. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Institut de recherche biomédicale des armées (IRBA), Unité biothérapies anti-infectieuses et immunité, 1 place Général Valérie André, 91220 Brétigny-sur-Orge, France - Institut Pasteur, Innovative vaccine laboratory, 75015 Paris, France - École du Val-de-Grâce, 1 place Alphonse Laveran, 75005 Paris, France.

Coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 is an emerging pandemic infection whose significant ability to spread in a naïve population is well established. The first response of states to the COVID-19 outbreak was to impose lock-down and social barrier measures, such as wearing a surgical mask or social distancing. One of the consequences of this pandemic in terms of public health was the suspension or slowdown of infant vaccination campaigns, in almost all countries. Read More

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November 2020

Cerebrospinal fluid findings in patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies. Part 2: Results from 108 lumbar punctures in 80 pediatric patients.

J Neuroinflammation 2020 Sep 3;17(1):262. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Children's Hospital Datteln, University Witten/Herdecke, Datteln, Germany.

Background: New-generation, cell-based assays have demonstrated a robust association of serum autoantibodies to full-length human myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) with (mostly recurrent) optic neuritis, myelitis, and brainstem encephalitis, as well as with neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-like or acute-disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)-like presentations. However, only limited data are yet available on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in MOG-IgG-associated encephalomyelitis (MOG-EM; also termed MOG antibody-associated disease, MOGAD).

Objective: To describe systematically the CSF profile in children with MOG-EM. Read More

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September 2020

Cerebrospinal fluid findings in patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies. Part 1: Results from 163 lumbar punctures in 100 adult patients.

J Neuroinflammation 2020 Sep 3;17(1):261. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Molecular Neuroimmunology Group, Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: New-generation cell-based assays have demonstrated a robust association of serum autoantibodies to full-length human myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) with (mostly recurrent) optic neuritis, myelitis, and brainstem encephalitis, as well as with neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-like or acute-disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)-like presentations. However, only limited data are yet available on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in MOG-IgG-associated encephalomyelitis (MOG-EM; also termed MOG antibody-associated disease, MOGAD).

Objective: To describe systematically the CSF profile in MOG-EM. Read More

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September 2020

The Future Importance of Travel Health in the Middle East: Oman's opportunity to enhance its services.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2020 05 28;20(2):e121-e124. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.

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School Nurses on the Front Lines of Healthcare: Infectious Diseases Popularized in the News.

NASN Sch Nurse 2020 Jul 3;35(4):212-216. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Professor, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine, Attending Pediatric Emergency Medicine Physician, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA.

School nurses may deal with students presenting with symptoms associated with infections popularized in the news. Although rare, the implications of missing or misdiagnosing these infections are potentially life-threatening and devastating. We present three students presenting with febrile illnesses associated with neurologic symptoms, a rash, and fatigue, focusing on the initial assessment and management of these students and their associated "hot topic" infection. Read More

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Global trends in measles publications.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 20;35(Suppl 1):14. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

American Red Cross, Nairobi, Kenya.

Introduction: Beginning with the 1960s, this review analyzes trends in publications on measles indexed by the National Library of Medicine from January 1960 to mid-2018. It notes both the growth in numbers of published papers, and the increasing number and proportion of publications, in the current century, of articles on such items as costing, measles elimination, and determinants of coverage.

Methods: A two-person team extracted from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) homepage all citations on measles beginning in 1960 and continuing through mid-2018. Read More

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November 2020

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio, Measles-Mumps-Rubella, and Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage and Associated Factors among Homeless Children in the Paris Region in 2013: Results from the ENFAMS Survey.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 04 21;17(8). Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Santé Publique France, French National Public Health Agency, F-94415 Saint-Maurice, France.

: The number of homeless families has increased considerably since the 1990s in France. We aimed to estimate the homeless children vaccination coverage (VC) for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, measles-mumps-rubella and hepatitis B and identify factors associated with insufficient VC according to birthplace. : A cross-sectional survey was conducted among homeless shelter families in the greater Paris area. Read More

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Vaccines for Older Travelers.

Authors:
Wolfgang Jilg

Interdiscip Top Gerontol Geriatr 2020 9;43:158-181. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany,

People who travel to countries where they are at risk of contracting specific infections often need specific vaccines. To make correct recommendations in this respect several points have to be considered. The state of health of the traveler should be known as well as his or her destination and travel style. Read More

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September 2020

Pandemic brings mass vaccinations to a halt.

Authors:
Leslie Roberts

Science 2020 04;368(6487):116-117

Leslie Roberts is a science writer in Washington, D.C.

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[Areas with declining vaccination coverage for BCG, poliomyelitis, and MMR in Brazil (2006-2016): maps of regional heterogeneity].

Cad Saude Publica 2020 6;36(4):e00015619. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brasil.

Immunization is known to be one of the most successful and cost-effective health interventions, resulting in the eradication and control of various diseases in the world. However, Brazil has experienced a worrisome drop in vaccination coverage, associated with the resurgence of various previously controlled or eradicated diseases. This study thus conducted a situational diagnosis weighing Brazil's different regions and time trends in vaccination coverage in order to identify areas with reduction in vaccination coverage for BCG, poliomyelitis, and MMR. Read More

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September 2020

The History of the Personal Belief Exemption.

Authors:
Elena Conis

Pediatrics 2020 04 17;145(4). Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Graduate School of Journalism and Center for Science, Technology, Medicine, and Society, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California; and Department of Anthropology, History, and Social Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California

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Public health round up.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2020 Jan;98(1):4-5

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January 2020

[Update on vaccines: 2018 recommendations].

Authors:

Arch Argent Pediatr 2019 04;117(2):S37-S119

Beginning in 1974, the date on which the Expanded Program on Immunization was established in the Americas, the number of deaths and disabilities due to certain infectious diseases decreased considerably thanks to universally applied vaccines. A program that initially included four vaccines that protected against six diseases (tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio and measles) was consolidated, over the years, by incorporating new vaccines and significantly raising coverage rates. The Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría (Argentine Society of Pediatrics), as a leader of opinion, played a leading role in the incorporation of new vaccines, currently reaching one of the most complete vaccination calendars in the world, which improves the levels of inequality and inequity in public health. Read More

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Transverse myelitis following measles vaccination in a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta).

J Med Primatol 2020 04 2;49(2):103-106. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Comparative Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

A 16-year-old rhesus macaque presented with progressive, ascending quadriparesis following measles vaccination. He was diagnosed with transverse myelitis following MRI, gross necropsy, and histopathology. This is the first report of transverse myelitis in a rhesus macaque following measles vaccination. Read More

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The CORE Group Polio Project's Community Volunteers and Polio Eradication in Ethiopia: Self-Reports of Their Activities, Knowledge, and Contributions.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 10;101(4_Suppl):45-51

CORE Group Polio Project/Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

In 2001, the CORE Group Polio Project (CGPP) began to support polio eradication initiatives in hard-to-reach pastoralist and semi-pastoralist high-risk border areas of Ethiopia by training and supporting community volunteers (CVs) for immunization promotion and community-based surveillance activities. This article describes the development and current status of the CGPP CV network in Ethiopia. It also reports the results of a 2016 survey of CVs. Read More

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October 2019

Use of Social Mobilization and Community Mobilizers by Non-governmental Health Organizations in Malawi to Support the Eradication of Polio, Improve Routine Immunization Coverage, and Control Measles and Neonatal Tetanus.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 10;101(4_Suppl):85-90

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

Seventy-five percent of children aged 12-23 months in Malawi have received all eight basic vaccinations-still leaving many children at risk. The Malawi Expanded Program on Immunization comprehensive Multi-Year Plan 2016-2020 reveals several challenges impeding immunization and disease surveillance efforts, such as the fact that non-governmental health organizations (NGHOs) and communities are minimally included in the planning, implementation, and monitoring of these activities. This article examines the extent to which NGHOs are promoting the use of social mobilization (SM) and community mobilizers (CMs) for sharing health information related to the eradication of polio, the importance of routine immunization, and the control of measles and neonatal tetanus. Read More

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October 2019

Research protocol of two concurrent cluster-randomized trials: Real-life Effect of a CAMPaign with Measles Vaccination (RECAMP-MV) and Real-life Effect of a CAMPaign with Oral Polio Vaccination (RECAMP-OPV) on mortality and morbidity among children in rural Guinea-Bissau.

BMC Public Health 2019 Nov 11;19(1):1506. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Department of Clinical Research, OPEN, University of Southern Denmark, Winsløwparken 19, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.

Background: Measles and oral polio vaccinations may reduce child mortality to an extent that cannot be explained by prevention of measles and polio infections; these vaccines seem to have beneficial non-specific effects. In the last decades, billions of children worldwide have received measles vaccine (MV) and oral polio vaccine (OPV) through campaigns. Meanwhile the under-five child mortality has declined. Read More

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November 2019

Effect of vaccine reminder and tracker bracelets on routine childhood immunization coverage and timeliness in urban Pakistan: protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2019 Oct 30;19(1):1421. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

IRD Global, 583 Orchard Road, #06-01 Forum, 238884, Singapore.

Background: Inability to track children's vaccination history coupled with parents' lack of awareness of vaccination due dates compounds the problem of low immunization coverage and timeliness in developing countries. Traditional Reminder/Recall (RR) interventions such as paper-based immunization cards or mHealth based platforms do not yield optimal results in resource-constrained settings. There is thus a need for a low-cost intervention that can simultaneously stimulate demand and track immunization history to help reduce drop-outs and improve immunization coverage and timeliness. Read More

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October 2019

Stopping live vaccines after disease eradication may increase mortality.

Vaccine 2020 01 21;38(1):10-14. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Research Centre for Vitamins and Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark; OPEN, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark/Odense University Hospital, Denmark.

Several live vaccines may have beneficial non-specific effects (NSEs) reducing mortality more than can be explained by the prevention of the target infection, a phenomenon which has been linked to innate immune training. Most randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of oral polio vaccine (OPV) and measles vaccine (MV) have shown a large reduction in mortality that must have been at least partly nonspecific because it was much larger than the reduction explained by prevention of the target disease. Hence, stopping a live vaccine after disease-eradication could have negative health effects if the potential beneficial NSEs are not considered. Read More

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January 2020

Post-vaccination campaign coverage evaluation of oral cholera vaccine, oral polio vaccine and measles-rubella vaccine among Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals in Bangladesh.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2019 23;15(12):2882-2886. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

Infectious Diseases Division, icddr,b (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

: The new influx of Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMNs) into Bangladesh started in August 2017 through different entry points of Bangladesh. Considering the imminent threat of infectious diseases outbreaks, the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) decided to vaccinate children against three deadly diseases (measles, rubella and poliomyelitis) and oral cholera vaccine (OCV) for all except <1 year children. After completion of the campaigns, post-vaccination campaign evaluation was carried out to assess the coverage of OCV, OPV and MR vaccines during campaigns. Read More

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Strengthening immunization service delivery post Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Liberia 2015-2017.

Pan Afr Med J 2019 28;33(Suppl 2). Epub 2019 May 28.

World Health Organization, Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo.

Introduction: The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Liberia from 2014-2015 setback the already fragile health system which was recovering from the effects of civil unrest. This led to significant decline in immunization coverage and key polio free certification indicators. The Liberia investment plan was developed to restore immunization service delivery and overall health system. Read More

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September 2019

Increasing childhood vaccination coverage of the refugee and migrant population in Greece through the European programme PHILOS, April 2017 to April 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jul;24(27)

Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece.

After the 2016 Balkan route border closures, vaccination of refugee children in Greece was mainly performed by non-governmental organisations. Activities varied between camps, resulting in heterogeneity of vaccination coverage (VC). In April 2017, the European programme 'PHILOS - Emergency health response to refugee crisis' took over vaccination coordination. Read More

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Polio and measles: reasons of missed vaccination in Italy, 2015-2017.

Ann Ig 2019 May-Jun;31(3):191-201

Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

Background: Also in Italy, a flourishing evidence confirms the recent spread of vaccine hesitancy movements resulting in approximately 4-7% of the paediatric population not immunised every year against polio and approximately 9-15% against measles in the last few years. The aim of this paper is to describe the reasons of polio and measles missed vaccination in Italy, in the period 2015-2017, and to analyse any potential effect of the 2017 mandatory vaccination law.

Methods: Number of missed vaccinations in children younger than 24 months, stratified by reason, were collected separately for measles and polio with a regional level of detail. Read More

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Disease burden of varicella versus other vaccine-preventable diseases before introduction of vaccination into the national immunisation programme in the Netherlands.

Euro Surveill 2019 May;24(18)

Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, Netherlands.

IntroductionEstimating burden of disease (BoD) is an essential first step in the decision-making process on introducing new vaccines into national immunisation programmes (NIPs). For varicella, a common vaccine-preventable disease, BoD in the Netherlands was unknown.AimTo assess national varicella BoD and compare it to BoD of other vaccine-preventable diseases before their introduction in the NIP. Read More

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Four Italian experiences on vaccination policies: results and lessons.

Ann Ig 2019 Mar-Apr;31(2 Supple 1):36-44

School of Medicine, University Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: In 2018 the Council of Europe adopted a Recommendation on strengthened cooperation against vaccine preventable diseases. Among EU Member States, Italy has a long-lasting tradition of immunization policies implemented in the context of the National Health Service over the last forty years.

Methods: We identify, report and critically appraise four immunization strategies implemented in Italy in recent years and quantitatively assess their impact on coverage rates and other selected indicators. Read More

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A review on emerging and re-emerging of infectious diseases in Jordan the aftermath of the Syrian crises.

Authors:
Nabil Awni Nimer

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):412-414

Philadelphia University, Amman, Jordan.

The review aims to examine the emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases in Jordan, in parallel with the Syrian refugee crisis. Qualitative approach has been adopted for systematically examining the outcomes of Syrian Crisis, which resulted with emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. It has adhered that infectious diseases; including measles, tuberculosis, and Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, have hazardous effects on Syrian refugees along with alarming threats to local population in Jordan. Read More

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Enterovirus D68 and acute flaccid myelitis: do we need a measles mentality?

Authors:
Jason A Tetro

Microbes Infect 2019 Aug - Sep;21(7):271-272. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

College of Biological Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

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February 2020

Factors influencing basic vaccination coverage in Myanmar: secondary analysis of 2015 Myanmar demographic and health survey data.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 28;19(1):242. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Bureau of International Health Cooperation, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1, Toyama, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan.

Background: Immunization is one of the most effective measures for preventing disease when vaccination coverage is sufficient. Although vaccination coverage is known to be influenced by social and cultural barriers, the determinants of childhood immunization in Myanmar remain poorly understood. This study analyzed factors that influenced complete vaccination status (one dose each for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin and measles and three doses each for diphtheria-pertussis and polio) using 2015 data from the Myanmar Demographic Health and Survey. Read More

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February 2019

Public health round-up.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):4-5

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January 2019