20,243 results match your criteria mustard

Resolution of Hypoxia and Ascites With Percutaneous Intervention of Mustard Baffle Obstruction and Leak.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Jun 17;2(7):1079-1083. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Texas Adult Congenital Heart Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.

A 45-year-old man with history of Mustard repair for transposition of the great arteries, cirrhosis, and chronic hypoxemic respiratory failure presented for subacute worsening of his chronic symptoms, which were found to be secondary to a previously unrecognized baffle stenosis and leak. Percutaneous intervention resolved his ascites and hypoxia. (). Read More

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Simulation to Success: Treatment of a 3D Printed Heart Before Complex Systemic Venous Baffle Intervention.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Mar 4;2(3):486-487. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Heart Institute, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Three-dimensional imaging and printed heart models have become increasingly valuable in the management of patients with complex congenital heart disease. We successfully simulated a stenting procedure on a 3-dimensional printed model of a patient with d-transposition of the great arteries status post-Mustard operation with caval baffle atresia and stenosis. (). Read More

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Folate in Milk Fermented by Lactic Acid Bacteria from Different Food Sources.

Prev Nutr Food Sci 2021 Jun;26(2):230-240

Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology and.

Folates are essential micronutrients, and folate deficiency still occurs in many countries. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are known to be able to synthesize folates during fermentation, but the folate production is strain-dependent and influenced by the fermentation medium, presence of a folate precursor, and fermentation time. This study aimed to screen extracellular folate-producing LAB from local food sources and evaluate the factors influencing their folate biosynthesis during milk fermentation. Read More

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MUSTARD-a comprehensive resource of mutation-specific therapies in cancer.

Database (Oxford) 2021 Jul;2021

Department of Genome Informatics, CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB), Mathura Road, Delhi 110025, India.

The steady increase in global cancer burden has fuelled the development of several modes of treatment for the disease. In the presence of an actionable mutation, targeted therapies offer a method to selectively attack cancer cells, increasing overall efficacy and reducing harmful side effects. However, different drug molecules are in different stages of development, with new molecules obtaining approvals from regulatory agencies each year. Read More

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Qualitative Analysis of Lipid Peroxidation in Plants under Multiple Stress Through Schiff's Reagent: A Histochemical Approach.

Bio Protoc 2018 Apr 20;8(8):e2807. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Plant Molecular Biotechnology Lab, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar, India.

Lipid peroxidation is a physiological indicator of both biotic and abiotic stress responses, hence is often used as a biomarker to assess stress-induced cell damage or death. Here we demonstrate an easy, quick and cheap staining method to assess lipid peroxidation in plant tissues. In this methodology, Schiff's reagent, is used to assay for membrane degradation. Read More

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Glucosinolate-Enriched Fractions from Maca () Exert Myrosinase-Dependent Cytotoxic Effects against HepG2/C3A and HT29 Tumor Cell Lines.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jul 20:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

The consumption of glucosinolate (GL)-rich foods, including vegetables, such as mustard, broccoli, and maca, is associated with decreased risk of developing cancer. The GL content in maca, which is recognized as a "superfood", is approximately 100-times higher than that in other brassicas. Although maca is a potential dietary source of GLs, limited studies have examined the bioactivity of maca GLs using the combination of chemical characterization and bioassays. Read More

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Metabolite Profiling and Transcriptome Analysis Provide Insight into Seed Coat Color in .

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 5;22(13). Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Chongqing Rapeseed Engineering Research Center, College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.

The allotetraploid species (mustard) is grown worldwide as oilseed and vegetable crops; the yellow seed-color trait is particularly important for oilseed crops. Here, to examine the factors affecting seed coat color, we performed a metabolic and transcriptomic analysis of yellow- and dark-seeded . seeds. Read More

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Nitrate-Alkaline Pulp from Non-Wood Plants.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 1;14(13). Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Secondary and Higher Vocational School of Packaging Technology in Štětí, Kostelní 134, 411 08 Štětí, Czech Republic.

Because there is a lack of wood resources in many countries, this work focused on pulp and paper production from the waste and agricultural residues of non-wood plants. The work aimed to pulp the nitrate-alkaline of black mustard ( L.) and camelina ( L. Read More

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Rapidoxy® 100: A Solvent-Free Pre-treatment for Production of Canolol.

Front Nutr 2021 2;8:687851. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

RapidOxy® 100 is an automated instrument originally designed for measuring the oxidative stability of both solid and liquid samples. The compact and portable design of RapidOxy® 100, and its built-in pressurized heating chamber, provides a suitable environment for studying processing conditions. The feasibility of using oxygen or an inert atmosphere provides the ideal environment to study the effect of dry heat pre-treatment on canola antioxidants. Read More

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A Little Experience Goes a Long Way: Chlormethine/Mechlorethamine Treatment Duration as a Function of Clinician-Level Patient Volume for Mycosis Fungoides Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (MF-CTCL)-A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 2;8:679294. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Rochester Skin Lymphoma Medical Group, Fairport, NY, United States.

Topical chlormethine yields high response rates in mycosis fungoides cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with early discontinuation often attributed to skin reactions. We evaluated over 4,000 patients and found an association of clinician case volume with treatment duration and early discontinuation of chlormethine gel. The minority of clinicians with high patient volume markedly outperformed clinicians with only few patients on both outcome parameters, yet case volume as low as five patients seemed to mark a threshold for avoiding early discontinuation of treatment regimen. Read More

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Lead speciation and availability affected by plants in a contaminated soil.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 9;285:131468. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Soil Science Department, Viçosa, MG, 36570-900, Brazil.

Changes in lead (Pb) speciation in the rhizosphere may be plant species-dependent and dictate Pb fate and behavior in the soil-plant system. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy can explain how these changes affect Pb availability in soils and its uptake by plants. We investigated the changes in Pb speciation and availability in the rhizosphere of eucalypt (Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus grandis), palisade grass (Urochloa brizantha cv. Read More

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Protocol for the Production of Doubled Haploid Plants of Brassica carinata.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2288:163-180

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada-Saskatoon Research and Development Centre, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Brassica carinata, also known as Ethiopian or Abyssinian mustard, is a drought- and heat-tolerant oilseed with great potential as a dedicated industrial feedstock crop for use in biofuel and other bio-based applications. Doubled haploid technology, a system that allows for the rapid development of doubled haploid, completely homozygous plants through microspore embryogenesis, has been applied routinely in both B. carinata breeding and basic research. Read More

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January 2021

New insights on the utilization of ultrasonicated mustard seed cake: chemical composition and antagonistic potential for root-knot nematode, .

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2021 Jul;22(7):563-574

Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh- 202002, U.P., India.

This study focused, for the first time, on the effect of ultrasonic features on the extraction efficiency of secondary metabolites in mustard seed cake (MSC). The nematostatic potential of sonicated seed cake was examined against the second-stage juveniles (J2s) of root-knot nematode, . The results show that a 35 ppm (parts per million) concentration of a sonicated extract (SE) sample of MSC caused 65% J2s mortality at 18 h exposure period in vitro. Read More

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Increased seed number per silique in Brassica juncea by deleting cis-regulatory region affecting BjCLV1 expression in carpel margin meristem.

Plant Biotechnol J 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement/ National Engineering Research Center of Rapeseed, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Mustard yield per plant is severely restricted by the seed number per silique. The seed number per silique in the Brassica juncea trilocular mutant J163-4 is significantly greater than that in normal bilocular plants. However, how the trilocular silique of J163-4 is formed remains unclear. Read More

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Comparative analysis of draft genome assemblies developed from whole genome sequences of two isolate samples differing in field virulence on .

Biotechnol Rep (Amst) 2021 Sep 22;31:e00653. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141004 Punjab, India.

causes downy mildew, a major disease of Brassicaceae species. We sequenced the genomes of two isolates of high (Sample B) and low (Sample C) virulence. Sequencing reads were first assembled with software's SOAPdenovo2, ABySS V2. Read More

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September 2021

Involvement of CYP347W1 in neurotoxin 3-nitropropionic acid based chemical defense in mustard leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae.

Insect Sci 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knöll Straße 8, Jena, 07745, Germany.

Chrysomelina beetles store 3-nitropropionic acid in form of a pre-toxin, isoxazolin-5-one glucoside conjugated ester, to protect themselves against predators. Here we identified a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, CYP347W1, to be involved in the production of the 3-nitropropionic acid moiety of the isoxazolin-5-one glucoside ester. Knocking down CYP347W1 led to a significant depletion in the concentration of the isoxazolin-5-one glucoside ester and an increase in the concentration of the isoxazolin-5-one glucoside in the larval hemolymph. Read More

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An engineered tetra-valent antibody fully activates the Tie2 receptor with comparable potency to its natural ligand angiopoietin-1.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 7;11(1):14021. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Drug Discovery Research, Astellas Pharma Inc., Tsukuba, Japan.

Activation of the tyrosine kinase with Ig and epidermal growth factor homology domain 2 (Tie2) receptor by angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is critical for vascular stabilization: it promotes survival signal transduction via auto-phosphorylation and reduces vascular permeability by strengthening tight junctions between endothelial cells. Thus, Tie2/Ang1 signaling is a promising therapeutic target for vascular diseases. However, in vivo use of existing Tie2 signaling modulators, such as recombinant Ang1, is restricted by limitations in manufacturability and stability. Read More

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Global warming potential and energy dynamics of conservation tillage practices for different rabi crops in the Indo-Gangetic Plains.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 3;296:113182. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Division of Environment Science, NRL Building, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110 012, India. Electronic address:

A field experiment was conducted during 2007-2019 under various rabi (winter) crops (viz., wheat, maize, barley and mustard) on a Vertisol in sub-tropical Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) with different tillage systems to assess energy indices, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and carbon sustainability index in assured irrigated fields. The tillage systems were: no tillage sown by a zero till drill (NT), no tillage with retention of previous crop residues at 6 t ha and sowing by a happy turbo seeder (HT), and conventional tillage (CT) where sowing was performed by a multi-crop zero till drill after twice harrowing + twice tilling + once rotavator operations. Read More

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[Determination of Allyl Isothiocyanate in Mustard and Horseradish Extracts by Single Reference GC and HPLC Based on Relative Molar Sensitivities].

Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 2021 ;62(3):73-78

National Institute of Health Sciences.

The main component of the Mustard and Horseradish extracts, which are used as natural food additives in Japan, is allyl isothiocyanate (AITC). The determination of AITC using GC-FID is the official method employed in the quality control assessments for these products. In this method, a commercially available AITC reagent is used as a calibrant. Read More

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Alkylated albumin-derived dipeptide C(-HETE)P derivatized by propionic anhydride as a biomarker for the verification of poisoning with sulfur mustard.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2021 Aug 2;413(19):4907-4916. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Bundeswehr Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Neuherbergstrasse 11, 80937, Munich, Germany.

Sulfur mustard (SM) is a banned chemical warfare agent recently used in the Syrian Arab Republic conflict causing erythema and blisters characterized by complicated and delayed wound healing. For medical and legal reasons, the proof of exposure to SM is of high toxicological and forensic relevance. SM reacts with endogenous human serum albumin (HSA adducts) alkylating the thiol group of the cysteine residue C, thus causing the addition of the hydroxyethylthioethyl (HETE) moiety. Read More

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Potential In Vitro Inhibition of Selected Plant Extracts against SARS-CoV-2 Chymotripsin-Like Protease (3CL) Activity.

Foods 2021 Jun 29;10(7). Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Instituto de Conservación y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain.

Antiviral treatments inhibiting Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) replication may represent a strategy complementary to vaccination to fight the ongoing Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. Molecules or extracts inhibiting the SARS-CoV-2 chymotripsin-like protease (3CL) could contribute to reducing or suppressing SARS-CoV-2 replication. Using a targeted approach, we identified 17 plant products that are included in current and traditional cuisines as promising inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 3CL activity. Read More

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Differential Response to Single and Combined Salt and Heat Stresses: Impact on Accumulation of Proteins and Metabolites in Dead Pericarps of .

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 30;22(13). Epub 2021 Jun 30.

French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben Gurion 84990, Israel.

Dead organs enclosing embryos, such as seed coats and pericarps, are emerging as important maternally-derived components of the dispersal unit that affect seed performance and fate. In the face of climate change and increased incidents of heatwaves, we sought to investigate the effect of salinity (S), short episodes of high temperature (HS), and combination of S + HS (SHS), at the reproductive phase, on the properties of dead pericarps of . Proteome and metabolome analyses revealed multiple proteins and metabolites stored in dead pericarps whose levels and composition were altered under single and combined stress conditions. Read More

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Preharvest Nutrient Deprivation Reconfigures Nitrate, Mineral, and Phytochemical Content of Microgreens.

Foods 2021 Jun 9;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80055 Portici, Italy.

While imparting gastronomic novelty and sensory delight, microgreens also constitute rudimentary leafy greens packed with nutrients and phytochemicals. As such, they comprise an upcoming class of functional foods. However, apart from bioactive secondary metabolites, microgreens also accumulate antinutritive agents such as nitrate, especially under conducive protected cultivation conditions. Read More

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Comparison of Salt-Related Knowledge and Behaviors Status of WeChat Users between 2019 and 2020.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 22;13(7). Epub 2021 Jun 22.

National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

In order to identify the status of salt-related knowledge and behavior of the residents who were active in WeChat software between 2019 and 2020, 10-day salt-related surveys were conducted in 2019 and 2020 based on the WeChat public platform of China Healthy Lifestyle for All Campaign. Distribution and scores of salt-related knowledge, salt reduction behavior and high-salt intake behavior between 2019 and 2020 were compared. Data of 2109 participants in 2019 and 12,732 participants in 2020 were left for analysis. Read More

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1,3,5-Triazine Nitrogen Mustards with Different Peptide Group as Innovative Candidates for AChE and BACE1 Inhibitors.

Molecules 2021 Jun 28;26(13). Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Organic Chemistry, Medical University, Mickiewicza Street 2a, 15-222 Białystok, Poland.

A series of new analogs of nitrogen mustards (-) containing the 1,3,5-triazine ring substituted with dipeptide residue were synthesized and evaluated for the inhibition of both acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and -secretase (BACE1) enzymes. The AChE inhibitory activity studies were carried out using Ellman's colorimetric method, and the BACE1 inhibitory activity studies were carried out using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). All compounds displayed considerable AChE and BACE1 inhibition. Read More

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In Vitro Production of Somaclones with Decreased Erucic Acid Content in Indian Mustard [ (Linn.) Czern&Coss].

Plants (Basel) 2021 Jun 25;10(7). Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Biotechnology Centre, JN Agriculture University, Jabalpur 482004, India.

is a crucial cultivated mustard species and principal oilseed crop of India and Madhya Pradesh, grown for diverse vegetables, condiments, and oilseeds. Somaclonal variation was explored as a probable source of additional variability for the manipulation of fatty acids, especially low erucic acid contents that may be valuable for this commercially important plant species. The plantlets regenerated from tissue cultures (R), their R generation and respective parental lines were compared for morpho-physiological traits and fatty acid profile for the probable existence of somaclonal variations. Read More

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Ethylene Supplementation Combined with Split Application of Nitrogen and Sulfur Protects Salt-Inhibited Photosynthesis through Optimization of Proline Metabolism and Antioxidant System in Mustard ( L.).

Plants (Basel) 2021 Jun 27;10(7). Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, India.

In the present study, the potential of ethylene as ethephon (an ethylene source) was investigated individually and in combination with split doses of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) soil treatments for removal of the damaging effects of salt stress (100 mM NaCl) in mustard ( L.). Plants were grown with 50 mg N plus 50 mg S kg soil at sowing time and an equivalent dose at 20 days after sowing [N50 + S50]. Read More

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Mass urine sugar testing to tackle post-COVID mucormycosis epidemic in India-MUSTARD concept.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Jun 18;15(4):102177. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon, Mittal Dental Clinic, Jaipur, India.

Background: Post-Covid mucormycosis is associated with very high morbidity and reasonably high mortality. The three main causes seem to be covid infection, excessive steroid usage and uncontrolled diabetes.

Methods: Of the three risk factors causing post-Covid mucormycosis, the only risk factor which can be modified quickly is uncontrolled diabetes. Read More

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Sunitinib and Evofosfamide (TH-302) in Systemic Treatment-Naïve Patients with Grade 1/2 Metastatic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: The GETNE-1408 Trial.

Oncologist 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Medical Oncology Department, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación 12 de Octubre (i+12), Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas (CNIO), Madrid, Spain.

Background: Sunitinib (SUN)-induced hypoxia within the tumor could promote the activation of the prodrug evofosfamide (EVO), locally releasing the cytotoxic DNA alkylator bromo-isophosphoramide mustard. SUNEVO, a phase II, open-label, single-arm trial, investigated the potential synergy of SUN plus EVO in advanced progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (panNETs).

Methods: Systemic treatment-naïve patients with advanced or metastatic, unresectable, grade 1/2 panNETs with a Ki67 ≤20%, received EVO 340 mg/m on days 8, 15, and 22 every 4 weeks and sunitinib 37. Read More

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Culture-independent analysis of the bacterial community in Chinese fermented vegetables and genomic analysis of lactic acid bacteria.

Arch Microbiol 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Food Science Institute, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310021, China.

Six different fermented vegetables were collected from Zhejiang Province, China, to explore the associated bacterial community using a high-throughput sequencing platform. A total of 24 phyla, 274 families and 569 genera were identified from 6 samples. Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the main phyla in all of the samples. Read More

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