152 results match your criteria muscles prevailed


Epidemiology, diagnostic approach and therapeutic management of tailgut cysts: A systematic review.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 17:e14546. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

First Department of Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Tailgut cysts (TGCs) are benign congenital abnormalities that usually present with non-specific symptoms, constituting a diagnostic dilemma for physicians. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature concerning clinical manifestations, diagnostic modalities and histologic findings of TGCs and highlight current knowledge on therapeutic management of this rare entity.

Methods: PubMed and Embase databases were systematically searched by two independent investigators (last search 18 February 2021) for studies concerning TGCs published in the past two decades. Read More

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Into the Deep: New Data on the Lipid and Fatty Acid Profile of Redfish Inhabiting Different Depths in the Irminger Sea.

Biomolecules 2021 05 9;11(5). Epub 2021 May 9.

Institute of Biology of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IB KarRC RAS), 11 Pushkinskaya Street, 185910 Petrozavodsk, Russia.

New data on lipid and fatty acid profiles are presented, and the dynamics of the studied components in muscles in the males and females of the beaked redfish, , in the depth gradient of the Irminger Sea (North Atlantic) is discussed. The contents of the total lipids (TLs), total phospholipids (PLs), monoacylglycerols (MAGs), diacylglycerols (DAGs), triacylglycerols (TAGs), cholesterol (Chol), Chol esters, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs), and wax esters were determined by HPTLC; the phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylcholine (PC), and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) were determined by HPLC; and fatty acids of total lipids were determined using GC. The Chol esters prevailed in muscles over the storage TAGs, and the wax ester content was high, which is a characteristic trait of vertically migrating species. Read More

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Influence of Dietary Lipids and Environmental Salinity on the n-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Biosynthesis Capacity of the Marine Teleost .

Mar Drugs 2021 Apr 29;19(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Departamento de Biología Animal, Edafología y Geología, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain.

Fish vary in their ability to biosynthesise long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) depending upon the complement and function of key enzymes commonly known as fatty acyl desaturases and elongases. It has been reported in the existence of a Δ4 desaturase, enabling the biosynthesis of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which can be modulated by the diet. The present study aims to evaluate the combined effects of the partial replacement of fish oil (FO) with vegetable oils and reduced environmental salinity in the fatty acid composition of relevant body compartments (muscle, hepatocytes and enterocytes), the enzymatic activity over α-linolenic acid (ALA) to form n-3 LC-PUFA through the incubation of isolated hepatocytes and enterocytes with [1-C] 18:3 n-3, and the regulation of the and in the liver and intestine. Read More

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Myocardial transcription of inflammatory and remodeling markers in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and systemic diseases associated with an inflammatory phenotype.

Res Vet Sci 2021 May 1;136:484-494. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, 00014, Finland; Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 268, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by macrophage-driven myocardial remodeling processes in a pro-inflammatory environment. To further investigate the mechanisms behind these processes, the myocardial transcription of cytokines and remodeling enzymes was comparatively assessed in cats with HCM and cats without cardiac diseases. Sixty-seven cats were included, 17 cats with HCM (including 5 with atrial thrombus; AT), and 50 cats without cardiac diseases. Read More

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Ontogenetic changes of hindlimb muscle mass in Cabot's tragopan (Galliformes, Phasianidae) and their functional implications.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China.

Cabot's tragopan (Tragopan caboti) is a vulnerable species, endemic to south-east China. It usually nests in trees and is more arboreal than other pheasants, but the myological features related to its arboreal habits are not well known. In the present study, 10 carcasses of this pheasant including hatchling chicks, juveniles, and adults, were dissected to obtain measurements of leg muscle mass, which is an important determinant of force-generation capacity. Read More

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February 2021

[Comparative analysis of the strength of the respiratory muscles in community-acquired pneumonia with different severity of endogenous intoxication].

Ter Arkh 2020 Apr 27;92(3):19-24. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Far Eastern Federal University.

Aim: To assess the strength of the respiratory muscles in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with varying severity of endogenous intoxication.

Materials And Methods: In the hospital, 78 men aged 1826 years with CAP were examined. СAP was diagnosed in 56 (72%) patients, severe CAP in 22 (28%). Read More

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[Damage to periarticular soft tissues in real clinical practice: frequency, nature, effectiveness of non - steroidal anti - inflammatory drugs].

Ter Arkh 2019 Dec 15;91(12):21-28. Epub 2019 Dec 15.

Nasonova Research Institute of Rheumatology.

Damage to periarticular soft tissues is a common pathology that causes severe pain and impaired function of the musculoskeletal system.

Aim: To determine the frequency, nature and clinical features of damage to periarticular soft tissues in real clinical practice, as well as the effectiveness of non - steroidal anti - inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the debut of treatment of this pathology.

Materials And Methods: During the observational study, the frequency of defeat of the periarticular soft tissues in the structure of visits to 68 outpatient orthopedic surgeons in different cities of Russia for 1 month was estimated. Read More

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December 2019

[The effect of age on the degree of strength restoration of the lower limb musles in the long-term period after surgical treatment of adult patients with spondylolisthesis.]

Adv Gerontol 2020 ;33(6):1107-1115

Russian Ilizarov Scientific Centre «Restorative Traumatology and Orthopaedics», 6 M.Ulianova str., Kurgan 640014, Russian Federation, e-mail:

The purpose of the work was to study the effect of age on the degree of isometric strength restoration of the lower limb muscles in the long-term period after surgical treatment of adult patients with spondylolisthesis. 36 patients with spondylolisthesis of I and II displacement degree and 50 normal subjects at the age of 41-66 years were included in the study. Maximum moments of the femur and leg isometric strength were studied using dynamometric stands. Read More

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Extracorporeal Life Support Enhances the Forward Pressure Wave to Cause a Mismatch between Cardiac Oxygen Demand and Supply.

Sci Rep 2019 09 25;9(1):13882. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Clinical and Laboratory Sciences and Medical Biotechnology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a world-famous life-saving method. Until now, changes in arterial wave properties due to ECLS have remained unexamined. In this study, we determined the effects of ECLS on arterial wave properties and ventricular/arterial coupling in male Wistar rats with the measured aortic pressure alone. Read More

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September 2019

[Optimized approach to the surgical treatment of patients with large and giant postoperative ventral hernia].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2019 (9):38-43

Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russia, Moscow, Russia, Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Care, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To optimize surgical approach in patients with large and giant postoperative ventral hernias through an analysis of early and long-term results of modern techniques of hernia repair.

Material And Methods: There were 680 patients with postoperative ventral hernia over a 15-year period who underwent surgery in the Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Care and Medical Unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (445 (65.4%) women, 235 (34. Read More

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October 2019

Clinical Findings and Electrodiagnostic Testing in Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow and Differences According to Site and Type of Nerve Damage.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 02;99(2):116-123

From the Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy (CV, FS); Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy (SC, SM); EMG Service, Local Health Unit Toscana Sud Est, Siena, Italy (AA, MM); and EMG Service, Local Health Unit Toscana Sud Est, "Nottola" Hospital, Montepulciano (Siena), Italy (GG).

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and electrodiagnostic testing in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow and differences according to site (humeroulnar arcade vs. retroepicondylar groove) and injury physiopathology (axonal vs. demyelinating), through prospective multicenter case-control study. Read More

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February 2020

POSTERIOR PENETRATING INJURY OF THE NECK: A CASE REPORT.

Acta Clin Croat 2018 Dec;57(4):776-779

1Osijek University Hospital Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia; 2Osijek University Hospital Center, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia; 3Osijek University Hospital Center, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.

- A 45-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency unit due to posterior stab wound of the neck. The knife was directed diagonally from the left to the right side of the neck in the dorsoventral axis. The patient was fully conscious upon admission with pain and paresthesia along the upper right extremity. Read More

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December 2018

[Contraction of the tensor fasciae latae muscle of the fascia of the broad thigh and flexion of the knee joint in the runners].

Wiad Lek 2019 ;72(3):318-322

Ośrodek Profilaktyki I Rehabilitacji Creator Sp. Z O.O. Łódź, Polska.

Objective: Introduction: The illustration of the ranges of bending the limb during the outflow allowed to divide the study group into two parts. In the majority of respondents, the initial flexion prevailed over the final one. The researchers focused on finding the reasons for the advantage of the final bend over the initial one in 30% of the subjects. Read More

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Characterization of biventricular alterations in myocardial (reverse) remodelling in aortic banding-induced chronic pressure overload.

Sci Rep 2019 02 27;9(1):2956. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Surgery and Physiology, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Aortic Stenosis (AS) is the most frequent valvulopathy in the western world. Traditionally aortic valve replacement (AVR) has been recommended immediately after the onset of heart failure (HF) symptoms. However, recent evidence suggests that AVR outcome can be improved if performed earlier. Read More

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February 2019

Diagnosis of IgG4 - related ophthalmic disease in a group of patients with various lesions of the eye and orbits.

Ter Arkh 2018 May;90(5):61-71

A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To provide demographic, clinical, laboratory, ultrasound, radiological, morphological/ immunomorphological phenotype of IgG4-related ophthalmic diseases, which allowsmaking a differential diagnosis with granulomatous, autoimmune, inflammatory, endocrine and hematologic diseases affecting the eye and orbits.

Materials And Methods: From 2004 to 2016 108 (78.2%) of the 138 patients were diagnosed with non-tumoral lesions of eye and orbits. Read More

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Studies on sporadic non-syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysms: 1. Deregulation of Jagged/Notch 1 homeostasis and selection of synthetic/secretor phenotype smooth muscle cells.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2018 06;25(1_suppl):42-50

1 Histology and Embryology Section, University of Verona Medical School, Italy.

Background Sporadic non-syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysms (SNSTAAs) are less well understood than familial non-syndromic or syndromic ones. The study aimed at defining the peculiar morphologic and molecular changes occurring in the media layer of SNSTAAs. Design This study was based on a single centre design. Read More

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A comparative assessment of fatty acids in Antarctic organisms from the Ross Sea: Occurrence and distribution.

Chemosphere 2017 May 9;174:747-753. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

University of Siena, Department of Physics, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Via Mattioli, 4, 53100 Siena, Italy.

Lipids are important energy source and structural component for cellular membranes and tissues, involved in the osmoregulation and immune response, and are very important in the bioaccumulation of lipophilic chemicals too. Among lipids, fatty acids (FAs) give information on diet of organisms, since FA of consumer lipids can be related to those of diet; plants and animals vary in their FA signature because of differences in the synthesis of lipids. In this study, lipid content and FA composition in tissues of Antarctic organisms from the Ross Sea (Odontaster validus, Sterechinus neumayeri, Chionodraco hamatus, Trematomus bernacchii, Pygoscelis adèliae) were assessed. Read More

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 Sarcopenia predicts reduced survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma at first diagnosis.

Ann Hepatol 2017 Jan-Feb 2017;16(1):107-114

Digestive and Liver Diseases Department, Sant'Andrea Hospital, School of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

 Background. Sarcopenia is a complication and independent risk factor for mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Aim: To assess the prevalence and influence of sarcopenia on overall survival in a cohort of cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma managed in a tertiary center. Read More

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February 2017

Bladder and bowel dysfunctions in 1748 children referred to pelvic physiotherapy: clinical characteristics and locomotor problems in primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare settings.

Eur J Pediatr 2017 Feb 19;176(2):207-216. Epub 2016 Dec 19.

Department of Epidemiology, School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

The aims of this study are to evaluate in a pragmatic cross-sectional study, the clinical characteristics of childhood bladder and/or bowel dysfunctions (CBBD) and locomotor problems in the primary through tertiary health care setting. It was hypothesized that problems would increase, going from primary to tertiary healthcare. Data were retrieved from patient-records of children (1-16 years) presenting with CBBD and visiting pelvic physiotherapists. Read More

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February 2017

[The diagnostic significance of the content in blood plasma of troponin and protein of cardiomyocytes binding fatty acids under acute coronary syndrome].

Authors:
V N Titov

Klin Lab Diagn 2016 Oct;61(10):672-80

The content of fatty acids-binding protein in blood serum increases in 2-3 hours after acute coronary syndrome and myocardium infarction and reaches its maximal value after 8/5 hours in average after beginning of cardiomyocytes destruction. To the end of the first day of acute coronary syndrome the content of fatty acids-binding protein in blood significantly decreases due to excretion with urine. The level of fatty acids-binding protein in blood during a day remains slightly higher than initial one. Read More

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October 2016

[Body profile and physical and cognitive function by age in ambulatory elderly women from the city of Córdoba].

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2015 ;72(2):78-92

Unlabelled: Aging produces body changes such as redistribution of fat and loss of muscle mass and strength, predisposing to fragility, functional impairment and disability.

Objective: To analyze the relationship between body profile and physical and cognitive function by age in in ambulatory elderly women from the city of Córdoba.

Methods: 178 healthy older women (OW) ≥60 years free living were evaluated attending centers of retirees and day homes in the city of Córdoba. Read More

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Ranolazine enhances nicardipine-induced relaxation of alpha1-adrenoceptor-mediated contraction on isolated rabbit aorta.

Acta Cardiol 2015 Apr;70(2):157-62

Ranolazine (RAN) and nicardipine (NIC) have been studied for their vasorelaxing effects but the combination of these agents against adrenergic vasoconstriction has not been tested. The present study aimed at investigating the vasorelaxing effect by the combination of the two agents on alpha1-adrenoceptor-mediated contraction on isolated rabbit aorta. Aortic rings were mounted for isometric tension recording in organ baths containing Krebs-Henseleit solution. Read More

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New model for cardiomyocyte sheet transplantation using a virus-cell fusion technique.

World J Stem Cells 2015 Jun;7(5):883-93

Yuto Takahashi, Daihachiro Tomotsune, Fengming Yue, Kanji Hirashima, Katsunori Sasaki, Department of Histology and Embryology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan.

Aim: To facilitate close contacts between transplanted cardiomyocytes and host skeletal muscle using cell fusion mediated by hemagglutinating virus of Japan envelope (HVJ-E) and tissue maceration.

Methods: Cardiomyocytes (1.5 × 10(6)) from fetal rats were first cultured. Read More

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Mechanism of right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis at risk for progression; a unifying pathway of development by normal growth and imbalance.

Authors:
Christian Wong

Scoliosis 2015 27;10. Epub 2015 Jan 27.

Fuglevadvej, 2800 Kgs, Lyngby, Denmark.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is regarded as a multifactorial disease and none of the many suggested causal etiologies have yet prevailed. I will suggest that adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has one common denominator, namely that initial curve development is mediated through one common normal physiological pathway of thoracic rotational instability. This is a consequence of gender specific natural growth of the passive structural components of thoracic spinal tissues for the adolescent female. Read More

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February 2015

NK-derived IFN-γ/IL-4 triggers the sexually disparate polarization of macrophages in CVB3-induced myocarditis.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2014 Nov 12;76:15-25. Epub 2014 Aug 12.

Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institutes of Biology and Medical Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is a common etiology of myocarditis with an increased morbidity and mortality in males. We previously reported that differential polarization of macrophages contributed to sexually dimorphic susceptibility of mice to CVB3-induced myocarditis. However, the underlying kinetics, impetus as well as the molecular mechanism remain unclear. Read More

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November 2014

The inverse association between relative abundances of oleic acid and arachidonic acid is related to alpha -linolenic acid.

Lipids Health Dis 2014 May 10;13:76. Epub 2014 May 10.

Section of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Oslo, Norway, Institute of Health and Society, Box 1130 Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway.

Background: Many health effects of oils rich in oleic acid (OA, 18:1 n9) seem to be opposite those of arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4 n6), i.e. concerning cardiovascular risk. Read More

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The law of equal innervation of both eyes: Thomas Reid preceded Hering by a century. An historical note.

Vision Res 2014 Aug 14;101:32-3. Epub 2014 May 14.

Division of Neurobiology, University of California, Berkeley, United States. Electronic address:

The law of equal innervation of the two eyes, positing that conjugacy of movement of our two eyes is basic and innate, was enunciated in Hering's 1868 persuasively argued monograph. It has prevailed over Helmholtz's contrary view that conjugacy is learned. Yet 100 years earlier, Thomas Reid (1710-1796), Scottish clergyman and professor of philosophy, advanced exactly the same view as Hering, using almost identical arguments. Read More

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Efficacy of isometric exercise full knee extension horizontally (FKEH)--a new and simple maneuver to predict early onset of hypertension.

Nepal Med Coll J 2013 Mar;15(1):68-70

Department of Physiology, Nepal Medical College, Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Hypertension is recognized as one of the risk factors for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Early identification of persons at increased risk for developing hypertension is a priority, which help them, to live a healthy life by altering lifestyle. Persons having predisposing factors of hypertension (e. Read More

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CMR sensitivity varies with clinical presentation and extent of cell necrosis in biopsy-proven acute myocarditis.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2014 Mar 19;7(3):254-63. Epub 2014 Feb 19.

Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nefrologic, Anestesiologic and Geriatric Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy; IRCCS L. Spallanzani, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether clinical presentation and type of cell death in acute myocarditis might contribute to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) sensitivity.

Background: Growing evidence indicates CMR is the reference noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of acute myocarditis. However, factors affecting CMR sensitivity are still unclear. Read More

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Distribution of adrenergic and cholinergic nerve fibres within intrinsic nerves at the level of the human heart hilum.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2014 Jun 12;45(6):1097-105. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Institute of Cardiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Objectives: The disbalance between adrenergic (sympathetic) and cholinergic (parasympathetic) cardiac inputs facilitates cardiac arrhythmias, including the lethal ones. In spite of the fact that the morphological pattern of the epicardiac ganglionated subplexuses (ENsubP) has been previously described in detail, the distribution of functionally distinct axons in human intrinsic nerves was not investigated thus far. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to quantitatively evaluate the distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)- and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-positive axons within intrinsic nerves at the level of the human heart hilum (HH), since they are of pivotal importance for determining proper treatment options for different arrhythmias. Read More

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