2,307 results match your criteria multiple facets

Predicting University Adjustment from Coping-Styles, Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Personality: Findings from a Survey in a Sample of Italian Students.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Aug 17;11(3):894-907. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Enna "Kore", 94100 Enna, Italy.

Starting university life requires that students learn to cope with several personal, academic, and social challenges. A wide array of variables affects how students adjust to university life. This study was aimed to investigate which factors among coping styles, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and personality traits (i. Read More

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A word is worth a thousand pictures: A 20-year comparative analysis of aberrant abstraction in schizophrenia, affective psychosis, and non-psychotic depression.

Schizophr Res 2021 Sep 22;238:1-9. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

thinking is a cognitive process that involves the assimilation of concepts reduced from diffuse sensory input, organized, and interpreted in a manner beyond the obvious. There are multiple facets by which abstraction is measured that include semantic, visual-spatial and social comprehension. This study examined the prevalence and course of abstract and concrete responses to semantic proverbs and aberrant abstraction (composite score of semantic, visual-spatial, and social comprehension) over 20 years in 352 participants diagnosed with schizophrenia, affective psychosis, and unipolar non-psychotic depression. Read More

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September 2021

Parasitoid Causes Cascading Effects on Plant-Induced Defenses Mediated Through the Gut Bacteria of Host Caterpillars.

Front Microbiol 2021 6;12:708990. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States.

Koinobiont endoparasitoid wasps whose larvae develop inside a host insect alter several important facets of host physiology, potentially causing cascading effects across multiple trophic levels. For instance, the hijacking of the host immune responses may have effects on how insects interact with host plants and microbial associates. However, the parasitoid regulation of insect-plant-microbiome interactions is still understudied. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of Radiation on the Essential Nutrient Homeostasis and Signaling of Retinoids in a Non-human Primate Model with Minimal Bone Marrow Sparing.

Health Phys 2021 Oct;121(4):406-418

University of Maryland, School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Baltimore, MD.

Abstract: High-dose radiation exposure results in hematopoietic (H) and gastrointestinal (GI) acute radiation syndromes (ARS) followed by delayed effects of acute radiation exposure (DEARE), which include damage to lung, heart, and GI. Whereas DEARE includes inflammation and fibrosis in multiple tissues, the molecular mechanisms contributing to inflammation and to the development of fibrosis remain incompletely understood. Reports that radiation dysregulates retinoids and proteins within the retinoid pathway indicate that radiation disrupts essential nutrient homeostasis. Read More

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October 2021

Literature Retrieval for Precision Medicine with Neural Matching and Faceted Summarization.

Proc Conf Empir Methods Nat Lang Process 2020 Nov;2020:3389-3399

Division of Biomedical Informatics, University of Kentucky, Kentucky, USA.

Information retrieval (IR) for precision medicine (PM) often involves looking for multiple pieces of evidence that characterize a patient case. This typically includes at least the name of a condition and a genetic variation that applies to the patient. Other factors such as demographic attributes, comorbidities, and social determinants may also be pertinent. Read More

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November 2020

Fungal burn wound infection caused by : A case series on a rare etiology.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Oct 9;70:102848. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Introduction: Fusarium dimerum is a filamentous mold associated with poor outcomes in immunocompromised hosts and burn victims. It can be acquired via inhalation or through skin dehiscence.

Methods: Our work presents a Case series of 8 patients from ages 3-57 years who were admitted with multiple burn wounds over the past 6 months. Read More

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October 2021

Multiple discoveries, inevitability, and scientific realism.

Stud Hist Philos Sci 2021 Sep 16;90:30-38. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

IMT School for Advanced Studies, Lucca, Italy. Electronic address:

When two or more (groups of) researchers independently investigating the same domain arrive at the same result, a multiple discovery occurs. The pervasiveness of multiple discoveries in science suggests the intuition that they are in some sense inevitable-that one should view them as results that force themselves upon us, so to speak. We argue that, despite the intuitive force of such an "inevitabilist insight," one should reject it. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on student performance and self-evaluation in preclinical operative dentistry.

Eur J Dent Educ 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, dental schools were required to reformat their curricula to accommodate regulations mandated to protect the health of students and faculty. For students enrolled in the Operative Dentistry preclinical courses at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM), this modified curriculum included frontloading the course with lectures delivered remotely, followed by in-person laboratory exercises of learned concepts. The aim of this article was to determine the impact that the modifications had on student performance and student self-evaluation capabilities. Read More

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September 2021

Development and Validation of the Four Facet Mindful Eating Scale (FFaMES).

Appetite 2021 Sep 10;168:105689. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

McGill University (Department of Psychology), Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives: Previous mindful eating scales stress the attentional domains of eating-specific mindfulness, such as present-moment attention to homeostatic cues of hunger and satiety while discounting other important domains such as non-judgment and decentering. The purpose of the series of studies was to develop and evaluate a multifaceted mindful eating scale that assesses several domains of eating-specific mindfulness.

Methods: A multistep process was used to construct the Four Facet Mindful Eating Scale (FFaMES). Read More

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September 2021

Caregiver burden by treatment and clinical characteristics of patients with glioblastoma.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: Glioblastoma is an incurable disease with a poor prognosis. For caregivers of people with glioblastoma, the burden of care can be high. Patients often present with different clinical characteristics, which may impact caregiver burden in different ways. Read More

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September 2021

Spatial localisation meets biomolecular networks.

Nat Commun 2021 Sep 9;12(1):5357. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Chemical Engineering, Centre for Process Systems Engineering, London, UK.

Spatial organisation through localisation/compartmentalisation of species is a ubiquitous but poorly understood feature of cellular biomolecular networks. Current technologies in systems and synthetic biology (spatial proteomics, imaging, synthetic compartmentalisation) necessitate a systematic approach to elucidating the interplay of networks and spatial organisation. We develop a systems framework towards this end and focus on the effect of spatial localisation of network components revealing its multiple facets: (i) As a key distinct regulator of network behaviour, and an enabler of new network capabilities (ii) As a potent new regulator of pattern formation and self-organisation (iii) As an often hidden factor impacting inference of temporal networks from data (iv) As an engineering tool for rewiring networks and network/circuit design. Read More

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September 2021

Associations of sleep with food cravings and loss-of-control eating in youth: An ecological momentary assessment study.

Pediatr Obes 2021 Sep 8:e12851. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Section on Growth and Obesity, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Division of Intramural Research, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background: Inconsistent sleep patterns may promote excess weight gain by increasing food cravings and loss-of-control (LOC)-eating; however, these relationships have not been elucidated in youth.

Objective: We tested whether sleep duration and timing were associated with food cravings and LOC-eating.

Method: For 14 days, youths wore actigraphy monitors to assess sleep and reported severity of food cravings and LOC-eating using ecological momentary assessment. Read More

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September 2021

Comparing multidimensional facets of stress with social, emotional, and physical well-being using ecological momentary assessment among a Hispanic sample.

Stress Health 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

R. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.

Stress is multidimensional, including exposure, subjective appraisals, perceived coping, rumination, and worry. Although research has shown each dimension can predict poor social, emotional, and subjective well-being, rarely have these dimensions of stress been compared as one is experiencing stress. This paper used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to repeatedly measure stress dimensions and self-reported health to test whether each stress dimension has a unique relationship with well-being over time at the between-person and within-person levels. Read More

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September 2021

Three dimensions of autophagy in regulating tumor growth: cell survival/death, cell proliferation, and tumor dormancy.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2021 Sep 4;1867(12):166265. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

CancerCare Manitoba Research Institute, CancerCare Manitoba, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Autophagy is an intracellular lysosomal degradation process involved in multiple facets of cancer biology. Various dimensions of autophagy are associated with tumor growth and cancer progression, and here we focus on the dimensions involved in regulation of cell survival/cell death, cell proliferation and tumor dormancy. The first dimension of autophagy supports cell survival under stress within tumors and under certain contexts drives cell death, impacting tumor growth. Read More

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September 2021

The de novo FAIRification process of a registry for vascular anomalies.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Sep 4;16(1):376. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Department of Medical Imaging, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Patient data registries that are FAIR-Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable for humans and computers-facilitate research across multiple resources. This is particularly relevant to rare diseases, where data often are scarce and scattered. Specific research questions can be asked across FAIR rare disease registries and other FAIR resources without physically combining the data. Read More

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September 2021

Common executive function predicts reappraisal ability but not frequency.

J Exp Psychol Gen 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

School of Social Sciences.

Cognitive reappraisal is an emotion-regulation strategy that positively impacts various facets of adaptive functioning (e.g., interpersonal relations, subjective well-being). Read More

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September 2021

Pregnant Smokers' Intention to Switch From Cigarettes to E-Cigarettes: A Reasoned Action Approach.

Womens Health Issues 2021 Aug 24. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Epidemiology, Cherokee Nation, Tahlequah, Oklahoma.

Introduction: This study used the reasoned action approach (RAA) to examine 1) factors associated with pregnant smokers' intention to switch from cigarettes to e-cigarettes and 2) the influence that intention to switch had on future expectations to resume cigarette use post-partum.

Methods: U.S. Read More

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HS Functions as a Sink to Modulate Central Metabolism, Bioenergetics, and Drug Susceptibility.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Aug 13;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Africa Health Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban 4001, South Africa.

HS is a potent gasotransmitter in eukaryotes and bacteria. Host-derived HS has been shown to profoundly alter () energy metabolism and growth. However, compelling evidence for endogenous production of HS and its role in physiology is lacking. Read More

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"Let us define ourselves": forced migrants' use of multiple identities as a tactic for social navigation.

BMC Psychol 2021 Aug 25;9(1):125. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

University of New England, Armidale, Australia.

Background: The article examines how and why multiple identities are altered, used and discarded by forced migrants.

Methods: The research is located in the constructivist paradigm. We used thematic analysis to analyse data gathered through interviews with nineteen forced migrants. Read More

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Ultrahigh Charge Separation Achieved by Selective Growth of BiOI Nanoplates on Electron-Accumulating Facets of BiOI Nanobelts.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Aug 16;13(33):39985-40001. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, P. R. China.

Ultrahigh charge separation was observed in BiOI/BiOI two-dimensional (2D)/one-dimensional (1D) hierarchical structures (HSs) constructed by selective growth of 2D monocrystalline BiOI nanoplates on the electron-accumulating (100) facet of 1D monocrystalline BiOI nanobelts. In addition to the presence of type-II heterojunction between BiOI and BiOI elementary entities in 2D/1D HSs, the type-II (100)/(001) surface heterojunction in BiOI nanobelt substrates was also confirmed by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and selective photoreduction/oxidation deposition experiments. The synergistic effect of two kinds of heterojunctions in BiOI/BiOI 2D/1D HSs endowed them with ultrahigh charge carrier separation and transfer characteristics. Read More

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Fish taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic diversity and their vulnerabilities in the largest river in southeastern China.

Ecol Evol 2021 Aug 24;11(16):11533-11548. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Key Laboratory of Mariculture (Ocean University of China) Ministry of Education Qingdao China.

Freshwater biodiversity is currently under multiple threats. Conservation of freshwater fish biodiversity needs to be prioritized because natural conservation resources are always limited.Samples were collected at 24 sites in the Min River, the largest basin in southeastern China. Read More

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Mast cell function in prostate inflammation, fibrosis, and smooth muscle cell dysfunction.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2021 10 23;321(4):F466-F479. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Urology, Feinberg School of Medicine, grid.16753.36Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Intraurethral inoculation of mice with uropathogenic (CP1) results in prostate inflammation, fibrosis, and urinary dysfunction, recapitulating some but not all of the pathognomonic clinical features associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). In both patients with LUTS and CP1-infected mice, we observed increased numbers and activation of mast cells and elevated levels of prostate fibrosis. Therapeutic inhibition of mast cells using a combination of a mast cell stabilizer, cromolyn sodium, and the histamine 1 receptor antagonist cetirizine di-hydrochloride in the mouse model resulted in reduced mast cell activation in the prostate and significant alleviation of urinary dysfunction. Read More

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October 2021

One Gene, Many Facets: Multiple Immune Pathway Dysregulation in SOCS1 Haploinsufficiency.

Front Immunol 2021 5;12:680334. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Cambridge Institute of Therapeutic Immunology and Infectious Disease, Jeffrey Cheah Biomedical Centre, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: Inborn errors of immunity (IEI) present with a large phenotypic spectrum of disease, which can pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a key negative regulator of cytokine signaling, and has recently been associated with a novel IEI. Of patients described to date, it is apparent that haploinsufficiency has a pleiotropic effect in humans. Read More

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Financial and Mental Health Concerns of Impoverished Urban-Dwelling Bangladeshi People During COVID-19.

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:663687. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Department of Psychiatry and Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the physical, mental and financial health of many individuals. Individuals living in impoverished crowded settings may be particularly vulnerable to COVID-19-related stressors. How substantially marginalized groups like impoverished urban-dwelling individuals have been impacted during this pandemic is poorly understood. Read More

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Investigating Principal Working Memory Features in Generalized, Panic, and Social Anxiety Spectrum Disorders.

Front Psychiatry 2021 6;12:701412. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Palestinian Neuroscience Initiative, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine.

Anxiety spectrum disorders are characterized by excessive and uncontrollable worrying about potential negative events in the short- and long-term future. Various reports linked anxiety spectrum disorders with working memory (WM) deficits despite conflicting results stemming from different study approaches. It remains unclear, however, how different anxiety spectrum disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and panic disorder (PD), differ in WM function. Read More

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Critical information thresholds underlying generic and familiar face categorisation at the same face encounter.

Neuroimage 2021 Aug 18;243:118481. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Institute of Research in Psychology (IPSY), University of Louvain, Louvain, Belgium.

Seeing a face in the real world provokes a host of automatic categorisations related to sex, emotion, identity, and more. Such individual facets of human face recognition have been extensively examined using overt categorisation judgements, yet their relative informational dependencies during the same face encounter are comparatively unknown. Here we used EEG to assess how increasing access to sensory input governs two ecologically relevant brain functions elicited by seeing a face: Distinguishing faces and nonfaces, and recognising people we know. Read More

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Microbiome reduction prevents lipid accumulation during early diapause in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens pipiens.

J Insect Physiol 2021 Aug 17;134:104295. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States. Electronic address:

The mosquito microbiome is critical to multiple facets of their biology, including larval development and disease transmission. For mosquitoes that reside in temperate regions, periods of diapause are critical to overwintering survival, but how the microbiome impacts this state is unknown. In this study, we compared the midgut microbial communities of diapausing and non-diapausing Culex pipiens and assessed how a reduced midgut microbiome influences diapause preparation. Read More

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Navigating marginalization and invisibility as Asian Americans in the U.S.

Am Psychol 2021 May-Jun;76(4):582-595

Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development, Tufts University.

In this paper, we articulate a conceptual model for the process of ethnic identity development and integration among Asian American children and youth that offers potential explanations for their marginalization as they negotiate multiple facets of their identities and locate themselves in local and national contexts. The conceptual model is based on an integration of theory and empirical research on the intertwined processes of ethnic identity development and socialization of children and youth in Asian American families and is anchored in the developmental domain of identity formation and integration. We present the conceptual model as three overlapping circles to represent salient features of physical and social contexts, prevalent metanarratives that have been empirically established as salient meaning-making frames pertinent to the lived experience of Asian Americans in the United States, and the dynamic individual-context interplay and mutual adjustment that is part of developmental process. Read More

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September 2021

Programmable Self-Assembly of Gold Nanoarrows via Regioselective Adsorption.

Research (Wash D C) 2021 28;2021:9762095. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), College of Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

Programing the self-assembly of colloidal nanoparticles into predetermined superstructures represents an attractive strategy to realize functional assemblies and novel nanodevices, but it remains a challenge. Herein, gold nanoarrows (GNAs) showing a distinct convex-concave structure were employed as unique building blocks for programmable self-assembly involving multiple assembly modes. Regioselective adsorption of 1,10-decanedithiol on the vertexes, edges, and facets of GNAs allowed for programmable self-assembly of GNAs with five distinct assembly modes, and regioselective blocking with 1-dodecanethiol followed by adsorption of 1,10-decanedithiol gave rise to programmable self-assembly with six assembly modes including three novel wing-engaged modes. Read More

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Plant developmental stage drives the differentiation in ecological role of the maize microbiome.

Microbiome 2021 08 13;9(1):171. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China.

Background: Plants live with diverse microbial communities which profoundly affect multiple facets of host performance, but if and how host development impacts the assembly, functions and microbial interactions of crop microbiomes are poorly understood. Here we examined both bacterial and fungal communities across soils, epiphytic and endophytic niches of leaf and root, and plastic leaf of fake plant (representing environment-originating microbes) at three developmental stages of maize at two contrasting sites, and further explored the potential function of phylloplane microbiomes based on metagenomics.

Results: Our results suggested that plant developmental stage had a much stronger influence on the microbial diversity, composition and interkingdom networks in plant compartments than in soils, with the strongest effect in the phylloplane. Read More

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