Handb Exp Pharmacol 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.
Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.
Mast cells (MCs) distribute to interface tissues with environment, such as skin, airway, and gut mucosa, thereby functioning as the sentinel against invading allergens and pathogens. To respond to and exclude these external substances promptly, MCs possess granules containing inflammatory mediators, including heparin, proteases, tumor necrosis factor, and histamine, and produce these mediators as a consequence of degranulation within minutes of activation. As a delayed response to external substances, MCs de novo synthesize inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and chemokines, by sensing pathogen- and damage-associated molecular patterns through their pattern recognition receptors, including Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Read More