282 results match your criteria msws

Instrumentally assessed gait quality is more relevant than gait endurance and velocity to explain patient-reported walking ability in early-stage multiple sclerosis.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

IRCSS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy.

Background And Purpose: People with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) often report walking limitations even when the gold standard Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) indicates normal walking endurance/autonomy. The present multicenter study on early-stage PwMS aims at analyzing which aspects are associated with patient-reported walking limitations measured with the 12-item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12).

Methods: Eighty-two PwMS (EDSS ≤ 2. Read More

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Experiences of a new training programme for final-year medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Future Healthc J 2021 Mar;8(1):e23-e26

Whittington Campus UCL Medical School.

The COVID-19 pandemic has seen the rapid introduction of innovative schemes to maximise the medical workforce and utilise untapped capacity within the NHS. One such innovation was the recruitment of final year medical students as medical support workers (MSWs) immediately following their final examinations and 4 months before they would have traditionally been employed in their foundation year 1 (FY1) roles. In this article we will describe how a unique programme, with a focus on welfare and pastoral support, was developed and implemented at a hospital in North London and illustrate why the overwhelmingly positive feedback from both the participants and their supervisors has had implications for how medical student training has been shaped for the September 2020 intake at this hospital. Read More

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[The effect of fampridine on gait in people with Multiple sclerosis (MS)].

Laeknabladid 2021 Apr;107(4):179-184

Department of Neurology, National University Hospital, Iceland.

Introduction: Fampridine is a drug for people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). It is a broad-spectrum voltage-dependent potassium channel blocker that enhances synaptic transmission. The drug has been shown to be able to enhance conduction in demyelinated axons, thereby leading to improved gait in patients with MS. Read More

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ECHO Telementoring Applied to Managing Students With Seizures: The Benefits for School Nurses.

NASN Sch Nurse 2021 Mar 14;36(2):104-109. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Consultant, Self-Employed, Boston, MA.

Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) is an evidence-based telementoring approach to connect often siloed school nurses with a network of expert clinical and academic faculty, as well as school nurse colleagues throughout the country by engaging in case-based learning. Managing Students with Seizures ECHO: The Importance of School Nurses (MSwS ECHO) provided two cohorts of school nurses with an interactive, bidirectional educational program focused on various aspects of seizures and epilepsy relevant to school nurse practice. MSwS ECHO enhanced school nurses' confidence in caring and advocating for students with seizures and epilepsy, expanded school nurses' access to resources and professional networks, and provided the opportunity to collaborate with experts and colleagues to problem solve challenging real-life cases. Read More

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Personalised inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation elicits clinically relevant improvements in physical function in patients with multiple sclerosis - The Danish MS Hospitals Rehabilitation Study.

Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin 2021 Jan-Mar;7(1):2055217321989384. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

MS Hospitals in Ry and Haslev, Haslev, Denmark.

Purpose: Evidence of the effects of inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) on physical function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is limited, particularly whether clinically relevant improvements can be achieved. The aim of this study, therefore, was to investigate the effects of personalised inpatient MDR on the physical function of MS patients.

Methods: Embedded in the Danish MS Hospitals Rehabilitation Study, a pragmatic study was performed in MS patients undergoing four weeks of inpatient MDR specifically targeting physical function. Read More

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February 2021

Synergistic Combination of Linezolid and Fosfomycin Closing Each Other's Mutant Selection Window to Prevent Enterococcal Resistance.

Front Microbiol 2020 9;11:605962. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Enterococci, the main pathogens associated with nosocomial infections, are resistant to many common antibacterial drugs including β-lactams, aminoglycosides, etc. Combination therapy is considered an effective way to prevent bacterial resistance. Preliminary studies in our group have shown that linezolid combined with fosfomycin has synergistic or additive antibacterial activity against enterococci, while the ability of the combination to prevent resistance remains unknown. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of using of a lower-extremity exoskeleton on disability of people with multiple sclerosis.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 Jan 27:1-8. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Charlestown, MA, USA.

Background: Although ongoing exercise is known to reduce disability in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), participation in lower-extremity exercise programs can be limited by their existing mobility impairments. Lower-extremity exoskeletons could address this problem by facilitating home and community locomotion and enhancing exercise capability but little data is available on the potential of this technology for reducing disability of people with MS.

Methods: We evaluated the Keeogo™ exoskeleton for people with MS using an open-label randomised cross-over design. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence and determinants of falls in persons with multiple sclerosis without a clinical disability.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Apr 18;49:102771. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Falls are common in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) and lead to destructive results, specifically with increasing disability. However, there is only scarce data investigating prevalence and determinants of falls in pwMS without a clinical disability. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate proportion of fallers and related factors in pwMS without a clinical disability. Read More

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Blood-Flow Restriction Training for a Person With Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: A Case Report.

Phys Ther 2021 Mar;101(3)

Hunter College - City University of New York, New York, New York, USA.

Objective: Blood flow restriction (BFR) training, in which an inflatable cuff partially occludes blood flow around the proximal portion of a limb, coupled with low-intensity resistance training (LIRT) has resulted in gains comparable with traditional progressive resistive exercise in healthy populations. The use of BFR with LIRT may enable people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to improve strength without an increase in fatigue. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of a BFR/LIRT program for a person with MS. Read More

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A cross-sectional comparison of performance, neurophysiological and MRI outcomes of responders and non-responders to fampridine treatment in multiple sclerosis - An explorative study.

J Clin Neurosci 2020 Dec 15;82(Pt A):179-185. Epub 2020 Nov 15.

Department of Regional Health Research, University of Southern, Denmark; Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Southern Jutland, Sønderborg, Denmark; Neurological Research Unit, MS Clinics of Southern Jutland (Sønderborg, Esbjerg, Kolding), University Hospital of Southern Jutland, Denmark.

Objective: To compare baseline physical and cognitive performance, neurophysiological, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes and examinetheir interrelationship inparticipants with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), already established aseither responder or non-responder to Fampridine treatment, andto examine associationswiththe expanded disability status scale (EDSS) and 12-item MS walking scale (MSWS-12).

Methods: Baseline data from an explorative longitudinal observational study were analyzed. Participants underwent the Timed 25-Foot Walk Test (T25FW), Six Spot Step Test (SSST), Nine-Hole Peg Test, Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test, Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), neurophysiological testing, including central motor conduction time (CMCT), peripheral motor conduction time (PMCT), motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitudesand electroneuronographyof the lower extremities, and brain MRI (brain volume, number and volume of T2-weighted lesions and lesion load normalized to brain volume). Read More

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December 2020

Reliability and Validity of the Lower Extremity Motor Activity Log for Measuring Real-World Leg Use in Adults With Multiple Sclerosis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 04 20;102(4):626-632. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.

Objectives: To determine the test-retest reliability and validity of the Lower Extremity Motor Activity Log (LE-MAL) for assessing LE use in the community in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Design: Prospective analysis of measures conducted by trained examiners.

Setting: Participants were evaluated by telephone on several measures of LE use. Read More

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Sexual orientation and social network size moderate associations between stigma and problematic alcohol use among male sex workers in the US Northeast: an observational study.

Sex Health 2020 11;17(5):429-436

Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University School of Public Health, 121 South Main Street, 4th Floor, Providence, RI 02912, USA; and Center for Health Promotion and Health Equity, Brown University School of Public Health, 121 South Main Street, 8th Floor, Providence, RI 02912, USA; and Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, 121 South Main Street, 2nd Floor, Providence, RI 02912, USA; and The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health, 1340 Boylston Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA; and Corresponding author. Email:

Background Stigma is associated with poor health among sexual minority individuals. However, no studies have examined the relationship between stigma and problematic drinking among male sex workers (MSWs). This study examined the relationship between sex work stigma and problematic alcohol use among MSWs. Read More

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November 2020

Acceptability and outcomes of an individualized exergaming telePT program for veterans with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study.

Arch Physiother 2020 1;10:18. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Neurology Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 50 Irving St. NW, Washington, DC 20422 USA.

Background: Physical rehabilitation services are an important component of treatment for persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) to improve and maintain physical mobility. However, PwMS often have significant barriers to outpatient physical therapy (PT) services including mobility deficits and lack of transportation. The integration of exercise gaming (exergaming) and telehealth into clinical PT practices may overcome these barriers. Read More

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October 2020

Improving our understanding of the most important items of the Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12 indicating mobility dysfunction: Secondary results from a RIMS multicenter study.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2020 Nov 14;46:102511. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

REVAL Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.

Background: The 12-item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) is currently the most widely validated, patient-reported outcome measure assessing patients' perception of the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on walking ability. To date, the majority of previous studies investigating the MSWS-12 have focused on the total score despite individual items being potentially informative. Therefore, our objective was to examine the associations between the individual items of the MSWS-12 and mobility and whether these associations depend on disability level. Read More

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November 2020

HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Sexual Practices Among Male Sex Workers Attending a Sexual Health Clinic in Melbourne, Australia: 2010 to 2018.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Feb;48(2):103-108

From the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health.

Background: There are limited data on HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) positivity and sexual practices among male sex workers (MSWs) both globally and particularly in Australia. This study aimed to explore demographic characteristics, sexual practices, and HIV/STI positivity among MSWs attending a sexual health clinic in Melbourne.

Methods: We analyzed computerized medical records of all first-visit consultations with men 18 years or older who self-identified as current sex workers and attended the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) between 2010 and 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Emergency response to the explosive growth of health care wastes during COVID-19 pandemic in Wuhan, China.

Resour Conserv Recycl 2021 Jan 18;164:105074. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Hubei Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment, Disposal and Recycling, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, PR China.

During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a worldwide pandemic, the security management of health care wastes (HCWs) has attracted increasing concern due to their high risk. In this paper, the integrated management of HCWs in Wuhan, the first COVID-19-outbreaking city with over ten millions of people completely locking down, was collected, investigated and analyzed. During the pandemic, municipal solid wastes (MSWs) from designated hospitals, Fangcang shelter hospitals, isolation locations and residential areas (e. Read More

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January 2021

Compression behaviors of mechanically biologically treated wastes of Tianziling landfill in Hangzhou, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Dec 3;27(35):43970-43986. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, 310018, China.

This study aimed to investigate the compression behaviors of mechanically biologically treated (MBT) wastes. For this purpose, the short-term compression-rebound and long-term compression tests were conducted on MBT wastes collected from Hangzhou Tianziling landfill in China. The results showed that the duration of immediate compression was obtained as 15. Read More

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December 2020

Octave-Tunable Magnetostatic Wave YIG Resonators on a Chip.

IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 2020 Nov 4;67(11):2454-2460. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

We have designed, fabricated, and characterized magnetostatic wave (MSW) resonators on a chip. The resonators are fabricated by patterning single-crystal yttrium iron garnet (YIG) film on a gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) substrate and excited by loop-inductor transducers. We achieved this technology breakthrough by developing a YIG film etching process and fabricating thick aluminum coplanar waveguide (CPW) inductor loop around each resonator to individually address and excite MSWs. Read More

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November 2020

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: An Underestimated Source of Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products in the Water Environment.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 08 6;54(16):9757-9768. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Barcelona 08034, Spain.

Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) have been the focus of increasing concern in recent decades due to their ubiquity in the environment and potential risks. Out-of-date PPCPs are usually discharged into municipal solid wastes (MSWs), enter the leachates in MSW landfills, and have serious adverse effects on the surrounding water environment. However, the occurrence and removal of PPCPs from landfill leachates have rarely been examined to date. Read More

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Violence and Victimization in Interactions Between Male Sex Workers and Male Clients in Mombasa, Kenya.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jun 19:886260520922361. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Male sex workers (MSWs) and male clients (MCMs) who engage their services face increased vulnerability to violence in Kenya, where same-sex practices and sex work are criminalized. However, little is known about how violence might arise in negotiations between MSWs and MCMs. This study explored the types of victimization experienced by MSWs and MCMs, the contexts in which these experiences occurred, and the responses to violence among these groups. Read More

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Construct Validity of the Gait Assessment and Intervention Tool (GAIT) in People With Multiple Sclerosis.

PM R 2021 Mar 27;13(3):307-313. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

National Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Health System, Gainesville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Introduction: In clinical practice, observational scales are the most common approach used to assess gait pattern in people with neurological disorders. The Gait Assessment and Intervention Tool (GAIT) is an observational gait scale, and it has proved to be the most comprehensive, homogeneous, and objective of all the observational gait scales studied in people with neurological conditions.

Objective: To study the construct validity of the GAIT in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Read More

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Responsiveness and clinically meaningful changes for the Persian versions of the multiple sclerosis walking scale-12 and the modified fatigue impact scale following balance and gait rehabilitation in people with multiple sclerosis.

Physiother Theory Pract 2020 May 20:1-7. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Neurology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

: The Multiple sclerosis walking scale-12 (MSWS-12) and the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) are two popular outcome measures applied widely for assessing self-perceived walking ability and fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The present study aimed to examine responsiveness and clinically meaningful changes for the Persian versions of the MSWS-12 and the MFIS following balance and gait rehabilitation in PwMS.: Fifty-eight PwMS completed the Persian versions of the MSWS-12 and the MFIS before and after 4 weeks of balance and gait rehabilitation. Read More

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A Head-to-Head Comparison of an Isometric and a Concentric Fatigability Protocol and the Association With Fatigue and Walking in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2020 06 12;34(6):523-532. Epub 2020 May 12.

Exercise Biology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.

. Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptoms in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Distinction is made between subjective perceptions of fatigue and objective measures of fatigability. Read More

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Feasibility study of a 10-week community-based program using the WalkWithMe application on physical activity, walking, fatigue and cognition in persons with Multiple Sclerosis.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2020 Jul 18;42:102067. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

REVAL Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Agoralaan Building A, 3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: People with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) show diverse symptoms, such as fatigue and decline in motor and cognitive function. Physical activity shows to have a positive impact on many of these symptoms. However, many pwMS lead sedentary lives. Read More

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Validation of the Korean Version of the 12-Item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale and Application to Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder.

J Clin Neurol 2020 Apr;16(2):270-276

Department of Neurology, Research Institute and Hospital of National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

Background And Purpose: Gait problems are a primary complaint in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). The 12-item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale (MSWS-12) is a patient-reported measure assessing the impact of MS on the walking ability. We aimed to adapt and validate the Korean version of the MSWS-12 for the Korean population with MS and NMOSD. Read More

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Potential Impact of Targeted HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Uptake Among Male Sex Workers.

Sci Rep 2020 03 27;10(1):5650. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

Little is known about the potential population-level impact of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among cisgender male sex workers (MSWs), a high-risk subset of cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM). Using an agent-based model, we simulated HIV transmission among cisgender MSM in Rhode Island to determine the impacts of PrEP implementation where cisgender MSWs were equally ("standard expansion") or five times as likely ("focused expansion") to initiate PrEP compared to other cisgender MSM. Without PrEP, the model predicted 920 new HIV infections over a decade, or an average incidence of 0. Read More

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[Validation of the German Version of Pediatric Self-Efficacy for Diabetes-Type-1 Scale].

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2020 Aug 18;70(8):349-357. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department für Humanmedizin, Universität Witten/Herdecke Fakultät für Gesundheit, Witten.

Introduction: Since there is no suitable tool for measuring the specific, diabetes-related self-efficacy in children with type-1-diabetes in German language, this paper presents the construction and validation of Pediatric Self-Efficacy for Diabetes-Type-1 Scale (PSEDT-1). The intention was to develop a guideline-compliant, pediatric, revised self-efficacy scale on the basis of Grossman, Brink and Hauser̓s SED.

Design: Children with type 1 diabetes (N=221) were included in a clinical, multi-centre validation study. Read More

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Network-Level Correlates of Sexual Risk Among Male Sex Workers in the United States: A Dyadic Analysis.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2020 02;83(2):111-118

Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI.

Background: Male sex workers (MSWs) are at increased risk of HIV infection in the United States. Research is limited on sexual and drug use network characteristics of MSWs.

Setting: Community-based organization and health center in 2 US Northeast cities. Read More

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February 2020

Objective sensor-based gait measures reflect motor impairment in multiple sclerosis patients: Reliability and clinical validation of a wearable sensor device.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2019 Dec 23;39:101903. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Department of Molecular Neurology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen 91054, Germany; Fraunhofer Institut für Integrierte Schaltungen, Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Gait deficits are common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and contribute to disability but may not be easily detected in the early stages of the disease.

Objectives: We investigated whether sensor-based gait analysis is able to detect gait impairments in patients with MS (PwMS).

Methods: A foot-worn sensor-based gait analysis system was used in 102 PwMS and 22 healthy controls (HC) that were asked to perform the 25-foot walking test (25FWT) two times in a self-selected speed (25FWT_pref), followed by two times in a speed as fast as possible (25FWT_fast). Read More

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December 2019

Characterization of compression behaviors of high food waste content (HFWC) MSW and no food waste content (NFWC) MSW in China.

Waste Manag 2020 Feb 7;103:305-313. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 117576, Singapore. Electronic address:

In this paper, three sets of laboratory tests were conducted on high-food-waste-content (HFWC-), no-food-waste-content (NFWC-) and decomposed (D-) MSWs to characterize their compression behaviors. The immediate compression ratios C' were 0.30, 0. Read More

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February 2020