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Associations between visual hallucinations and impaired visuo-spatial abilities in dementia with Lewy bodies.

Neuropsychology 2021 Mar;35(3):276-284

Cognitive Neurology Unit, Neurological Institute, Tel Aviv Medical Center.

In dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) recurrent visual hallucinations (VH) often coexist or occur consecutively to impaired visual perception. Since in-depth neuropsychological testing is time-consuming, and therefore, not routinely performed in clinical settings, we aimed to explore whether standard cognitive screening tests may be helpful to alert a clinician to the presence of VH in DLB by exploring association between visuo-spatial dysfunction and VH. The clock drawing, cube, and pentagons copying items from Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Mini-Mental State Exam and nonmotor Hooper visual organization test (HVOT) have been scored in DLB patients with and without VH using traditional and extended scoring methods. Read More

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Quality of life in patients with Marfan syndrome: a cross-sectional study of 102 adult patients.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):602-610

Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Chair of Sport Psychology, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetically determined multiorgan disease that leads to severe physiological and psychological impairments in adult life. Little consensus exists regarding quality of life (QOL) in individuals with MFS. The present study sought to investigate QOL in a representative cohort of adults with MFS. Read More

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Neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in pediatric bladder and bowel dysfunction.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Division of Urology, Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common pediatric problem that describes a constellation of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with constipation and/or encopresis. Its association with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric (NDP) problems is not well understood.

Objectives: Our primary aim was to identify pre-existing NDP disorders in children with BBD. Read More

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Neuropsychological Profile, Emotional/Behavioral Problems, and Parental Stress in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

Brain Sci 2021 Apr 30;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, Italy.

Background: The aim of our study was to trace a specific neuropsychological profile, to investigate emotional-behavioral problems and parental stress in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Level 1/High functioning (ASD-HF), Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) disorders and to highlight similarities and differences among the three groups.

Methods: We retrospectively collected the data from a total of 62 subjects with ASD-HF ( = 19) ADHD ( = 21), SLD ( = 22) and 20 typical development. All the participants underwent neuropsychological standardized test for the evaluation of cognitive profile (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Fourth Edition-WISC-IV), behavioral and emotional problems (Child Behavior CheckList CBCL), and parental stress (Parental Stress Index Short Form-PSI-SF). Read More

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Application value of CAIPIRINHA-VIBE with MOCO in liver magnetic resonance examination.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Apr 28;140:109739. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Radiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No.139 Middle Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410011, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the image quality of VIBE sequence using controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA-VIBE) and using generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA-VIBE) in liver magnetic resonance examination, and to evaluate the effect of non-rigid 3D-registration motion correction (MOCO) combined with CAIPIRINHA-VIBE on liver spatial location registration.

Methods: A total of 85 patients underwent pre-contrast GRAPPA-VIBE and CAIPIRINHA-VIBE breath-hold scan in the mask phase, and then underwent CAIPIRINHA-VIBE breath-hold scan in arterial phase, portal vein phase and delay phase after administration. After the scanning of four phases of CAIPIRINHA-VIBE completed, 3D images without and with MOCO of each phase were automatically generated. Read More

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Needle Fear among Children during Mass Measles Rubella (MR) Injectable Vaccination Campaign in North India: an Observational Study.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2021 Apr 24:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Surveillance Medical Unit Office, World Health Organization, Panchkula, Haryana India.

The cross-sectional observational study evaluated the prevalence and predictors of needle-fear among school-going children during mass Measles-Rubella (MR) immunization campaign (year 2017) in the north Indian city of Chandigarh. Fear of needle was assessed using a single-item self-report global question, anxiety was assessed using the Likert scale (score 1-5) and the standardized "Children Faces Scale" where facial responses were graded from 0 to 4. Out of a total sample of 2568 school children, 1225 (47. Read More

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Losing the Home Field Advantage When Playing Behind Closed Doors During COVID-19: Change or Chance?

Front Psychol 2021 15;12:658452. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Due to restrictions against the COVID-19 pandemic, spectators were not allowed to attend soccer matches at the end of the 2019/2020 season. Previous studies suggest that the absence of a home crowd changes the home field advantage in terms of match outcomes, offensive performance, and referee decisions. However, because of the small sample sizes, these changes may be random rather than meaningful. Read More

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Interventions to promote physical and mental health of nurses in elderly care: A systematic review.

Prev Med 2021 Apr 28;148:106591. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Institute of Human Movement Science, University of Hamburg, Mollerstraße 10, 20148 Hamburg, Germany; Biological Psychology and Neuroergonomics, Technical University of Berlin, Fasanenstraße 1, 10623 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

This systematic review focuses on the current evidence on interventions to promote physical and mental health in elderly care nurses. The literature was identified through the electronic databases Medline, PsycINFO and CINAHL using a combination of synonyms of the terms "elderly care nurses", "physical activity", "stress management", "occupational stress", "musculoskeletal diseases" and "incapacity to work". The search was performed in January 2020 and repeated in November 2020. Read More

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The Relation between Physiological Parameters and Colour Modifications in Text Background and Overlay during Reading in Children with and without Dyslexia.

Brain Sci 2021 Apr 25;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Laboratory for Neurocognition and Applied Cognition, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Reading is one of the essential processes during the maturation of an individual. It is estimated that 5-10% of school-age children are affected by dyslexia, the reading disorder characterised by difficulties in the accuracy or fluency of word recognition. There are many studies which have reported that coloured overlays and background could improve the reading process, especially in children with reading disorders. Read More

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Fear of pain moderates the relationship between self-reported fatigue and methionine allele of catechol-O-methyltransferase gene in patients with fibromyalgia.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(4):e0250547. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Basic Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain.

Previous research has shown a consistent association among genetic factors, psychological symptoms and pain associated with fibromyalgia. However, how these symptoms interact to moderate genetic factors in fibromyalgia has rarely been studied to date. The present research investigates whether psychological symptoms can moderate the effects of catechol-O-methyltransferase on pain and fatigue. Read More

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Rehabilitation of a Patient with Alien Hand Syndrome: a Case Report of a 61-Year Old Man.

J Rehabil Med Clin Commun 2021 24;4:1000050. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, BZIO, Bundeling Zorg Initiatieven Oostende (translation: Bundling of Care Initiatives Ostend), Ostend, Belgium.

Objective: Alien hand syndrome is a rare neurological disorder in which the patient makes seemingly purposeful movements of one hand, which are dissociated from any conscious intent. These abnormal movements are very annoying, and can be disabling, for the patient. There is no established effective treatment for alien hand syndrome. Read More

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February 2021

Production Time and User Satisfaction of 3-Dimensional Printed Orthoses For Chronic Hand Conditions Compared With Conventional Orthoses: A Prospective Case Series.

J Rehabil Med Clin Commun 2021 12;4:1000048. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Amsterdam University Medical Centers, University of Amsterdam, Rehabilitation Medicine, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Hand orthoses are often prescribed for persons with chronic hand and wrist impairments. This study assessed the feasibility, in terms of production time and user satisfaction, of 3-dimensional printed hand orthoses compared with conventional hand orthoses for this population.

Methods: In this prospective case series, both a conventional hand orthosis and a 3-dimensional printed hand orthosis were manufactured for 10 participants. Read More

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February 2021

Hooverball: Case Study, Literature Review and Clinical Recommendations.

J Rehabil Med Clin Commun 2020 30;3:1000038. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

With the increasing popularity of extreme conditioning programmes, athletes and patients are searching for new, engaging, high-intensity, total-body workouts. The sport of Hooverball is increasingly used as a workout. First devised in the USA in 1929 to keep President Hoover physically fit, Hooverball has experienced increasing popularity in the past 15 years. Read More

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September 2020

Association of daily physical activity with psychosocial aspects and functional capacity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: a cross-sectional study.

Pulm Circ 2021 Apr-Jun;11(2):2045894021999955. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Pulmonary Diseases Unit, School of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), São Paulo, Brazil.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension impairs exercise tolerance and daily physical activity. Aside from the hemodynamic limitations, physical, cognitive, and emotional factors may play a relevant and as yet unexplored role. We investigated whether there is an association between the physical activity level and psychological disorders, health-related quality of life, and daily activities. Read More

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Validation of a novel contact-free heart and respiratory rate monitor.

J Med Eng Technol 2021 Apr 13:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

There is a growing need for remote monitoring of patients due to a lack of resources and infection control. Current systems use sensors that require constant physical contact with the user, which may result in discomfort or lack of adherence. In the present study, we evaluated the accuracy of a new contact-free system to monitor heart and respiratory rate. Read More

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Flexor digitorum superficialis muscular activity is more reliable than mentalis muscular activity for rapid eye movement sleep without atonia quantification.

Sleep 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Study Objectives: To evaluate interrater reliability for artefact correction in the context of semi-automated quantification of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia (RWA) in the mentalis and flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) muscles.

Methods: We included video-polysomnographies of 14 subjects with apnea-hypopnea-index in REM sleep (AHIREM)<15/h and 11 subjects with AHIREM≥15/h. Eight subjects had isolated REM sleep behavior disorder. Read More

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Reliability of the Cutting Alignment Scoring Tool (CAST) to Assess Trunk and Limb Alignment During a 45-Degree Side-Step Cut.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Apr 1;16(2):312-321. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention; Waseda University.

Background: Three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis is considered the gold standard for evaluating human movement. However, its clinical utility is limited due to cost, operating expertise, and lengthy data processing time. Numerous qualitative scoring systems have been introduced to assess trunk and lower extremity biomechanics during functional tasks. Read More

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The Dorsiflexion Range of Motion Screen: A Validation Study.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Apr 1;16(2):306-311. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

University of Evansville.

Background: Limited ankle dorsiflexion (DF) is associated with ankle sprains and other lower extremity injuries. Current ankle measurements can be laborious to perform in an athletic environment.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and discriminant validity of a novel closed-chain ankle DF ROM test, the standing ankle dorsiflexion screen (SADS). Read More

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The First-Night Effect in Elite Sports: An Initial Glance on Polysomnography in Home-Based Settings.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:641451. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Faculty of Sport Science, Unit of Sport Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Self-applied portable polysomnography is considered a promising tool to assess sleep architecture in field studies. However, no findings have been published regarding the appearance of a first-night effect within a sport-specific setting. Its absence, however, would allow for a single night sleep monitoring and hence minimize the burden on athletes while still obtaining the most important variables. Read More

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Kinematics and Esthetics of Grand Battement After Static and Dynamic Hamstrings Stretching in Adolescents.

Motor Control 2021 Apr 9:1-20. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

University of Antwerp.

The objective of this study was to explore the effects of static and dynamic hamstring muscles stretching on kinematics and esthetics of grand battement (high velocity kicks) in adolescent recreational dancers. Sixteen participants were assessed before and immediately after both stretching modalities. Kinematics of movement was measured by an optoelectronic system and esthetics was scored by a jury of professional dancers. Read More

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N/OFQ modulates orofacial pain induced by tooth movement through CGRP-dependent pathways.

BMC Neurosci 2021 Apr 9;22(1):25. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Orthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Center for Oral Research, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, No. 14, Section 3, Ren Min Nan Road, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) has been revealed to play bidirectional roles in orofacial pain modulation. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a well-known pro-nociceptive molecule that participates in the modulation of orofacial pain. We aimed to determine the effects of N/OFQ on the modulation of orofacial pain and on the release of CGRP. Read More

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Effects of functional movement screen training in high-school baseball players: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25423

Department of Rehabilitation, Saitama Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Kawagoe.

Background: In recent years, the functional movement screen (FMS) and FMS training have attracted attention as a means of preventing injury, but no studies have examined the effect of such training in high-school baseball players. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of FMS training on FMS score, physical function and baseball performance in high-school baseball players.

Methods: Subjects in this randomized controlled clinical trial were high-school male baseball players assigned to either an FMS training group (intervention group) or a control group. Read More

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Suspected Agomelatine-induced restless legs syndrome: a case report.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 04 7;21(1):180. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterized by unpleasant and distressing sensations in the lower limbs that are more pronounced in the evening, commence or worsen at rest, and show partial or complete relief following movement. It can occur as a primary disorder, secondary to medical conditions or treatment with medications including but not limited to antidepressants or antipsychotics.

Case Presentation: A 32-year old man with major depressive disorder showed partial response to Escitalopram 10 mg daily. Read More

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Sleep scoring based on video-electroencephalography monitoring in an Epileptology Unit: Comparison with polysomnography.

J Sleep Res 2021 Apr 6:e13332. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière-Charles Foix, Paris, France.

The aim of the study was to compare the performance of video- electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring and standard polysomnography for sleep scoring in an Epileptology Unit. We calculated the level of agreement between two methods of sleep scoring, using either 27-electrode video-EEG or polysomnography for 1 night in 22 patients admitted to our Epileptology Unit. Independent experts manually scored sleep using the American Academy of Sleep Medicine 2017 guidelines. Read More

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Thoracic movement screening in adults with cystic fibrosis: reliability of the Manchester musculoskeletal screening tool.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Apr 6:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Physiotherapy Department, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

: The Manchester Musculoskeletal Screening Tool (MMST) is used internationally to screen for pain, postural changes, and urinary incontinence in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). The tool has been validated for the outcome measures of pain and incontinence but not for the thoracic movement section. The aim of this study was to assess intra (single rater) and inter-rater (between rater) reliability of the thoracic movement screen section of the MMST. Read More

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The Comparisons of Physical Functional Performances between Older Adults with and without Regular Physical Activity in Two Different Living Settings.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 30;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.

We compared the physical function performances of community-dwelling and day care center older adults with and without regular physical activity (PA). A total of 163 Taiwanese older adults living in rural communities participated. PA habits and physical functional performances were assessed. Read More

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Potential Plant-Plant Communication Induced by Infochemical Methyl Jasmonate in Sorghum ().

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 4;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Section of Plant Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu 18618-689, Brazil.

Despite the fact that they are sessile organisms, plants actively move their organs and also use these movements to manipulate the surrounding biotic and abiotic environments. Plants maintain communication with neighboring plants, herbivores, and predators through the emission of diverse chemical compounds by their shoots and roots. These infochemicals modify the environment occupied by plants. Read More

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Sex Differences in Dysfunctional Movements and Asymmetries in Young Normal Weight, Overweight, and Obese Children.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 1;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Exercise Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84045, USA.

This study evaluated overall performance on the functional movement screen (FMS), prevalence of asymmetries and dysfunctional movements, and the relationship between measures of adiposity and the FMS score. Methods: Ninety-four (53 boys; 41 girls) 10-12-year-old children in Hungary and Germany who were participating in daily physical education performed the FMS. The mean FMS score in girls (14. Read More

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Physical performance across the cognitive spectrum and between dementia subtypes in a population-based sample of older adults: The HUNT study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Mar 24;95:104400. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Ageing and Health, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Norway; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Norway.

Background: Literature on physical performance in older adults across the cognitive spectrum remains inconclusive, and knowledge on differences between dementia subtypes is lacking. We aim to identify distinct physical-performance deficits across the cognitive spectrum and between dementia subtypes.

Methods: 11,466 persons were included from the 70-year-and-older cohort in the fourth wave of the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT4 70+). Read More

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Comparisons of orthodontic residents' performance and attitudes using 2D, 3D, and virtual reality surgical simulation methods.

J Dent Educ 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Purpose: Advances in virtual reality technology for surgical simulation methods may improve diagnosis and treatment planning of complex orthognathic surgery cases. The objectives were to assess orthodontic residents' performance and attitudes when treatment planning orthognathic surgery cases using two-dimensional (2D) digital, three-dimensional (3D) digital, and virtual reality (VR) surgical simulations.

Methods: The study had a mixed methods study design involving 20 graduate orthodontic residents. Read More

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